Navratri 2021 Day 6: Know All About Maa Katyayani Mantras, Stotras, And Offerings

Goddess Katyayani in 2021

11

October, 2021

(Monday)

Goddess Katyayani is worshipped on the Navratri's sixth day. Goddess Katyayani was born in the house of Sage Katyayan. Therefore, she is known as Katyayani. Goddess assumed this form to kill the demon named Mahishasura. This form of the Goddess is considered very violent; that's why she is also known as the God of war. According to Hindu mythological, worshipping Goddess Katyayani removes defects in marriage, and the God of Jupiter will get pleased and make combinations on an amazing wedding. If she is worshiped with complete devotion, then the married life will be filled with happiness and peace. According to mythological beliefs, worshipping Goddess Katyayani blesses the devotee with ways to generate the Aagya Chakra; also, he will be full of supernatural brightness and effect. Worshipping Goddess Katyayani destroys all diseases, grief, sorrow, and fear.

इस पेज को हिंदी में पढ़ने के लिए “देवी कात्यायनी” पर क्लिक करें।

Who is Goddess Katyayani?

It is a widespread belief that the great sage performed many austerities, which impressed The Aadishakti. As a blessing, she took birth as his daughter; that is why she is known as Goddess Katyayani. Goddess Katyayani is believed to be the Goddess आधीशिष्ठत्री of the Brij. According to mythological beliefs, the gopis' worshipped Goddess Katyayani on the banks of river Yamuna to get Lord Shri Krishna as their husband. It is also believed that Goddess Katyayani killed the Tyrannical Demon Mahishasura and freed the three worlds from his terror.

The representation of Goddess Katyayani

The form of Goddess Katyayani is gleaming and gorgeous. She has four arms. The upper hand on the right side of Goddess Katyayani is in the Abhay Mudra or in the gesture of fearlessness, and the lower arm is in the VaraMudra or the motion of generosity. On the left side, the upper hand carries a sword, and the lower hand holds a Lotus flower. Goddess Katyayani rides the back of a lion.

Roots (Origin)

Katyayani is the sixth avatar of Goddess Durga, who is worshipped on the sixth day of Navratri. According to ancient legends and Hindu scriptures, she was born as the daughter of Sage Katyayan. Sage Katyayani was born in the Katya Genealogy. This Genealogy originated from The great Sage Vishwamitra. In this way, she was named "Katyayani," which means the daughter of Katyayan. According to other legends, Sage Katyayan was the person who worshipped Goddess Katyayan; that is why the name of "Katyayani acknowledges her."

The importance of the Worship of Goddess Katyayani

According to the scriptures, it is the day to worship the sixth form of Goddess Aadishakti, i.e., Goddess Katyayani. In the central character of Durga Saptshati, where the mention of Mahishasur is found, Goddess Katyayani was the one to kill him. That is why she is also called Mahishasur Mardini by her devotees. Worshipping this Goddess blesses girls with the right life partner and also removes any obstacles from their marriage. In the Bhagwat Puran, all the pleasures of this world become accessible to the devotees of Goddess Katyayani. Goddess is always generous towards her devotees and fulfills all their wishes. The form of Goddess Katyayani is in itself the manifestation of this fact. Sage Katyayan was the greatest devotee of Goddess Aadishakti. Impressed by his austerities, she blessed him with a boon of being born in his family as his daughter. It is believed that Lord Rama and Lord Shri Krishna also worshipped this form of Goddess Katyayani. The Gopis of Brij Mandal also worshipped her with the desire to have Lord Shri Krishna as their husband. Goddess Katyayani told Sage Katyayan that she would be born to him as his daughter, but the root cause behind her revelation is to maintain Dharma in this universe, and to achieve this end of Mahishasura is necessary. The Goddess killed Mahishasura and freed the world from fear.

According to Hindu beliefs

According to Hindu scriptures, it is believed that devotees worship Goddess Katyayani because she is the idol of bravery, knowledge, and power. It is said that the devotees are blessed with inner power after worshipping her. According to the scriptures and Vedas, it is noted that marriageable girls perform a Katyayani fast lasting for a month to receive a good husband. Over one month, Goddess Katyayani is worshiped regularly with flowers, prayers, incense sticks, and sandalwood. According to Hindu beliefs, Goddess Katyayani holds more importance for her female devotees. That is why, in some regions of Tamil Nadu, during the time of Pongal, young girls worship Goddess Katyayani to receive prosperity and a good fate. Worshipping Goddess Katyayani also removes all forms of negativity from the lives of her devotees.

Ya devi Sarvabhuteshu Shakti Roopen Sansthita

Goddess Katyayani is worshipped on Navratri's sixth day. Lion rider Goddess Katyayani killed Mahishasura, which is why worship brings amazing power, and you will receive the power to fight your enemies. Chanting this Mantra of Goddess Jagdamba is always fruitful.

Ya devi Sarvabhuteshu Shakti Roopen Sansthita. Namastasyey Namastasyey Namastasyey namoh namah:

(या देवी सर्वभूतेषु शक्ति रूपेण संस्थिता। नमस्तस्यै नमस्तस्यै नमस्तस्यै नमो नम:॥)

Meaning: Hey Goddess! Amba, who is omnipresent in the form of power and fame, I bow before you again and again.

Reasons – Goddess is known as Katyayani

The sixth form of Goddess Durga, i.e., Goddess Katyayani, was also worshipped by Lord Rama and Lord Shri Krishna. The Gopis of Brij Mandal also worshipped her with the desire to get Lord Shri Krishna as their husband. The tales of Goddess Katyayani can be found in Devi Bhagwat, Markandaya, and the Skand Puran. It is mentioned in the scriptures that Sage Katyayan was the devotee of Goddess Aadishakti. He did not have any children. He performed austerities for the Goddess and, in return, asked for a daughter as a boon. During this time, the atrocities of Mahishasura were increasing day by day. He chased away the Gods from heaven. The energy was formed by the rage of the Gods, which in the form of a girl child. This energy was born in the home of Sage Katyayan in the form of his daughter. The sage knew that the Goddess was born in his home as his daughter. The sage was the first one to worship the Goddess, and that is why she came to be known as Katyayani.

The Goddess killed Mahishasura.

The original purpose for the appearance of the Goddess was the death of Mahishasura. On the day of Ashwin Shukla Navami, after being worshipped by Sage Katyayan, she appeared to kill Mahishasura. After this, the Goddess engaged in war with Mahishasura on the ninth and tenth days or Navami and Dashami teeth of Navratri. On the day of Dashami, the Goddess ate a beetle leaf filled with honey and killed Mahishasura. After this, she was known as Mahishasura Mardini. Worshipping her makes it possible to quickly achieve all the four goals of human life, namely Artha (wealth), kama (desire), Dharma (righteousness), and moksha (liberation). It is mentioned in the Skand Puran that Goddess Katyayani was born out of the natural rage of God. She was the one who rode on the back of a lion given to her by Goddess Parvati and killed Mahishasura. She represents power. The mentions of Goddess Katyayani can be found in DeviBhagwat Puran and Devi Mahatameya of Markandeya Puran, composed by Sage Markandeya. The mention of Goddess Katyayani can also be found in Buddhist and Jain scriptures and many other Tantrik scriptures and the Kalika Puran( tenth century), especially the Goddess's mention is said that Lord Jagannath and Goddess Katyayani live in Odisha.

The procession of The Goddess on the Sixth day of Navratri

In Puja Pandals, on the sixth day in the evening, a celebratory musical procession carrying The Goddess on a palanquin is carried out. The vine tree with two entangled vines is worshipped and is invited to the worship of the Goddess. On the seventh day of Navratri, early in the morning, this vine is also carried on the palanquin, and then it is worshipped to make the light flow into the eyes of the Goddess. After completing this task in the Puja Pandals, the Goddess's face is uncovered, and the devotees can admire her look and feel blessed.

The procedure of worshipping Goddess Katyayani

  • On the 6th day of Navratri, i.e., on Shashthi, wear red or yellow clothes after bathing.
  • First of all, place an idol or a picture of Goddess Katyayani.
  • Now spray Ganga Jal all over the place and purify it.
  • Now, place a lighted lamp in front of The Goddess.
  • Now, place a flower in your hand and bow down in front of the Goddess and meditate.
  • After this offer, yellow flowers, raw turmeric bales, and honey.
  • Worship the Goddess with incense sticks and a lamp.
  • After worshipping her, distribute the prasadam to everyone and then consume it yourself as well.

The favorite food and color of Goddess Katyayani

The favorite color of Goddess Katyayani is the color red, and it is believed that she can be pleased with an offering of honey. It is also believed that it is auspicious to offer honey to Goddess Katyayani on the sixth day of Navratri. As a result of heeding to the Gods' prayers, Goddess Katyayani went on a war with Mahishasura. When Goddess Katyayani felt tired during her duel with Mahishasura, she ate a beetle leaf filled with honey which removed all her tiredness, and she was able to kill Mahishasura. To please and worship Goddess Katyayani, one should offer her Beetle leaves filled with honey. The right time to meditate for Goddess Katyayani is the twilight period. It is believed that worshipping the mother with incense, lamps, and guggul removes all obstacles, particulary at this time. The devotee who offers the Goddess five types of sweets and then serves the prasadam to unmarried girls will have the challenges of receiving an income removed by The Goddess herself. The person will be successful in earning money according to his hard work and ability.

What kind of desires does her worship fulfill?

  • Worshipping her is considered to be very important to get unmarried girls married earlier.
  • She is also worshipped for desired marriage and love marriage.
  • Her worship is fruitful for married life.
  • Marriage will take place even if the chance of marriage is slight in the person's horoscope.

The Goddess is related to which planet and Gods and Goddesses?

  • Being connected to a woman's marriage is the reason she is connected to the planet Jupiter.
  • She is also partially related to Venus because of her relationship with the couple's life.
  • Venus and Jupiter are both supernatural and Bright planets; that is why The Goddess's radiance is supernatural and complete.
  • The Goddess is related to Lord Shri Krishna and her Gopis, and she is the Ashthiatri Devi of the Brijmandal.

How to worship Mother Katyayani for early marriage?

  • Wear Yellow clothes during twilight time.
  • Lighten up a lamp in front of The Goddess and offer yellow flowers to her.
  • After this, offer her three bales of turmeric.
  • Chant the mantras of Goddess Katyayani.
  • The mantras are as follows-

"Katyayani mahamaye,

Mahayoginaudhishwari

            ("कात्यायनी महामाये , महायोगिन्यधीश्वरी।

             नन्दगोपसुतं देवी, पति मे कुरु ते नमः।।")

Nandgopastum devi, pati se kuru tey namah:

  • Keep the bales of Turmeric safe with you.

How will the worship of Goddess Katyayani accelerate?

  • Offer honey to Goddess Katyayani.
  • It will be best if this honey is offered in a silver vessel.
  • This will increase your influence and increase attractiveness.

Benefits from the worship of Goddess Katyayani

Worshipping Goddess Katyayani destroys all the obstacles of the marriage of unmarried girls, and they receive a suitable husband. Also, if the Goddess is worshiped according to the prescribed process, the devotee can win over any obstacle coming in their way of achieving success. Worshipping the sixth form of Goddess Durga, i.e., Goddess Katyayani removes the Rahu born and Kaal Sarp Dosh. It is believed that worshipping Goddess Katyayani removes all mental, skin, bone-related infections and diseases and decreases cancer chances. Offer Goddess Katyayani a gourd. By the way, to impress the Goddess, you can also offer her honey and sweetened beetle leaf. If the planet Jupiter is poorly placed in your horoscope, then your Jupiter can be placed in a better position just by worshipping Goddess Katyayani. Worshipping Goddess Katyayani generates the Aagya Chakra, because of which the seeker himself attains all the siddhis. The worship of the Goddess destroys all sorrow, anger, fear, etc.

The tale of Goddess Katyayani

According to Hindu legendary tales and The Shiva Mahapuran, once there lived a Monster named Mahishasura who had immense mental and physical powers. Mahishasura's objective was to destroy all creators and their creations, including the Earth. That is why Goddess Parvati appeared in another form of Goddess  Durga, i.e., Goddess Katyayani, to protect the Earth with her power and brute strength and to kill Mahishasura. Mahishasura could change his appearance multiple times. Once when he assumed a Buffalo's appearance, Goddess Katyayani rose from the back of her lion and attacked the monster's neck with her trident and killed him. This is why she is known as the warrior Goddess of the Earth and as the savior. According to yet another famous legend, The great Sage Katyayan performed severe penance for Goddess Aadishakti. Pleased by his austerities, the Goddess gave blessed him with a boon that she will be born to him as his daughter. The Goddess was born in the ashram of Sage Katyayan. The Goddess was brought up by Sage Katyayan himself. According to the scriptures, the tyranny of the demon named Mahishasura increased significantly.

At that time, the Goddess was born out of the glory of the Tridevs. The Goddess was born to Sage Katyayan on the day of Chaturdashi of Krishna paksha of the Ashwin mas(month). After this, Sage Katyayan worshipped her for three days. The Goddess killed Mahishasura on the Dashami tithi. After this, Shumbha and Nishumbha also invaded heaven and snatched the throne of Indra, and took the Navagrahas(nine planets) as a hostage. They also completely snatched away the powers of the Gods of fire and air. Both of them insulted the Gods and threw them out of heaven. After this, all the Gods prayed to Goddess Katyayani, after which she killed both Shumbha and Nishumbha, and by doing so, the Gods were liberated from this crisis because the mother had blessed the Gods that she would protect them in times of crisis.

Goddess Katyayani Mantra

Om Devi Katyayani namah:

(ओम देवी कात्यायनी नमः)

Goddess Katyayani meditation mantra

Vandey vanchitam manortharth chandraghritkrit shekharam

(वन्दे वांछित मनोरथार्थ चन्द्रार्घकृत शेखराम्।)

Singhruda chaturbhuja Katyayani yashasvaneem

(सिंहरूढ़ा चतुर्भुजा कात्यायनी यशस्वनीम्॥)

Svarnaaagya chakra sthitam shashtam durga trinetram

(स्वर्णाआज्ञा चक्र स्थितां षष्टम दुर्गा त्रिनेत्राम्।)

Barabheet karam shagpaddharam Katyayansutam bhajami

(वराभीत करां षगपदधरां कात्यायनसुतां भजामि॥)

Pataambar paridhanam samermukhi nanalankar bhushitam

(पटाम्बर परिधानां स्मेरमुखी नानालंकार भूषिताम्।)

Manjeer, haar, keyur, kimkini, ratnkundala manditam

(मंजीर, हार, केयूर, किंकिणि रत्नकुण्डल मण्डिताम्॥)

Prasannvadna panchvadharam kantkapola tunga kuchaam

(प्रसन्नवदना पञ्वाधरां कांतकपोला तुंग कुचाम्।)

Kamniyam lavnyam trivlivibhushit nimra nabhim.

(कमनीयां लावण्यां त्रिवलीविभूषित निम्न नाभिम॥

Goddess Katyayani psalm lessons

Kanchnabha varabhyam paddadhara mukutojjvalam

(कंचनाभा वराभयं पद्मधरा मुकटोज्जवलां।)

Smerumukhim shivpatni katyaynesute namoastutey

(स्मेरमुखीं शिवपत्नी कात्यायनेसुते नमोअस्तुते॥)

Patambar parridhanam nanalankaar bhushitam

(पटाम्बर परिधानां नानालंकार भूषितां।)

Sighstitham padmahastam katyayansute namoastutey

(सिंहस्थितां पदमहस्तां कात्यायनसुते नमोअस्तुते॥)

Paramanvandmayi devi parbrahma paramaatma

(परमांवदमयी देवि परब्रह्म परमात्मा।)

Paramshakti,parambhakti,katyaynsute,namoastute

(परमशक्ति, परमभक्ति,कात्यायनसुते नमोअस्तुते॥)

Maa Katyayani Ki Aarti (मां कात्यायनी की आरती )

Jai Katyayani Maa, Maiyya Jai Katyayani Maa

(जय कात्यायनि माँ, मैया जय कात्यायनि माँ )

Upma rahit bhavani, du kiski upma

(उपमा रहित भवानी, दूँ किसकी उपमा ॥)

Maiyya jai Katyayani, Girjapati Shiv ka tap, asura rambh kinhiam

(मैया जय कात्यायनि, गिरजापति शिव का तप, असुर रम्भ कीन्हाँ )

Var-fal janam rambh griha, mahishasur linham

(वर-फल जन्म रम्भ गृह, महिषासुर लीन्हाँ ॥)

Maiyya jai Katyayani, kar shashank-shekar tap, Mahishasura bhaari.

(मैया जय कात्यायनि, कर शशांक-शेखर तप, महिषासुर भारी)

Shasan kiyo suran par, ban atyachaari

(शासन कियो सुरन पर, बन अत्याचारी ॥)

Maiyaa jai Katyayani, trinayan brahm shachipati, pahuchey achyut griha.

(मैया जय कात्यायनि, त्रिनयन ब्रह्म शचीपति, पहुँचे, अच्युत गृह).

Mahishasura badh hetu, sur kinhau aagraha

(महिषासुर बध हेतू, सुर कीन्हौं आग्रह ॥)

Maiyya jai Katyayani, sun pukaar devan mukh, tej hua mukhrit.

(मैया जय कात्यायनि, सुन पुकार देवन मुख, तेज हुआ मुखरित)

Janam liyo Katyayani, sur-nar, muni ke hetu

(जन्म लियो कात्यायनि, सुर-नर-मुनि के हित ॥)

Maiyya jai Katyayani, ashwin krishna- chauth par, prakati bhavbhamini.

(मैया जय कात्यायनि, अश्विन कृष्ण-चौथ पर, प्रकटी भवभामिनि)

Poojey rishi Katyayani, naam Katyayani

(पूजे ऋषि कात्यायन, नाम काऽऽत्यायिनि ॥)

Maiyya jai Katyayani, Ashwin shukla-dashi ko, Mahishasu mara

(मैया जय कात्यायनि, अश्विन शुक्ल-दशी को, महिषासुर मारा)

You can read similar write-up on relevance of astrology in indian festivals, Chaitra NavratriPopular Vrat dates for all other major Indian Festivals.