Navratri 2021: Maa Kushmanda On Day 4 - Vrat Katha, Significance, And Rituals

Goddess Kushmanda in 2021


October, 2021


On the 4th day of Navratri, the Goddess of strength Goddess Durga's fourth form Goddess Kushmanda is worshipped. According to Hindu beliefs, this world was only covered in darkness; then, she created this world with her godly humor. This is the reason that she is also known as the creator of the Universe. She is also known as "Aadiswaroop" or "Aadishakti." There is great importance of Worshipping Goddess Kushmanda on the fourth day of Navratri. According to traditional beliefs, the person who worships Goddess Kushmanda on the fourth day of Navratri with complete devotion receives age, fame, and power as blessings from her. With a light smile on her face, Goddess Kushmanda has eight hands. She is also known as "Asthbhuja." In her seven hands, she holds the ewer, bow, arrow, lotus flower, Kalash, rotating wheel, and a mace, respectively. Goddess was in this form after Goddess Parvati until she gave birth to Lord Kartikeya. In this form, Goddess carries the whole Universe and nourishes it. People who desire to have children should worship this form of the Goddess. Worshiping this Goddess is very beneficial for the worldly people, i.e., those who run a family.

इस पेज को हिंदी में पढ़ने के लिए “देवी कुष्मांडा” पर क्लिक करें।

Who is Kushmanda?

"Ku" means "some," "Ushma" means heat, and "Anda" means "The Universe." According to the scriptures, Goddess Kushmanda removed all darkness from the world with her divine smile. With a light smile on her face, Goddess Kushmanda is known as the remover of all sorrow. Her residence is the Sun. It is the sole reason that there is a bright light coming from the back of Goddess Kushmanda. She is the only form of Goddess Durga who has the power to live on the Sun.

The Representation of Goddess Kushmanda

With a light smile on her face, Goddess Kushmanda has eight hands which is why she is also known as "Ashthbhuja." In her seven hands, she holds the ewer, bow, arrow, lotus flower, Kalash, rotating wheel, and a mace, respectively. On the eighth hand is a chanting rosary which determines all the recipes for accomplishing things. The Amrit Kalash in the Goddess's hand blesses the devotees with long life and best of health. Goddess Kushmanda rides on the back of a lion which is a symbol of Dharma.

How did she come to be known as Kushmanda?

Kushmanda means Pumpkin. Goddess Durga came in the avatar of Kushmanda to get the world rid of the demons. According to legendary tales, Goddess Kushmanda created the Universe. It is a belief that if you offer a pumpkin, then she will be impressed by it. Being attached to the Universe and Pumpkin made her known as Kushmanda.

The importance of the fourth day of Navratri

Goddess Kushmanda is the head deity of the fourth day of Navratri. It is a widespread belief that if a devotee worships Goddess with a pure heart and according to all the correct rules, he/she is sure to get to a paramount in their life quickly. It is so believed that worshipping her on this day destroys all types of diseases from the devotee.

Favorite fruit of Goddess.

Offer white pumpkin fruit to Goddess Kushmanda. After this, offer her some yogurt and halwa. The Universe is believed to be like a pumpkin which is empty in the center. Goddess resides in the center of the Universe and protects the whole Universe. If you cannot find a raw pumpkin, you can also offer a ripe pumpkin to her.

All disease and mournings disappear.

Worshipping Goddess Kushmanda removes all the diseases and mournings from the lives of the devotees. With Goddess's blessings, there is prosperity in the devotee's age, fame, power, and health. People who are in the state of illness quite often should worship Goddess Kushmanda with total devotion.

The tale of Goddess Kushmanda

When darkness enveloped all four directions, there was no Universe. That was the time when Goddess Kushmanda, with a slight smile on her face, created the Universe. This form of Goddess is such that it can reside inside a Sun too. This form is as bright as the Sun. After making the Universe, Goddess generated the Tridev ( Brahma, Vishnu, Mahesh) and the Tridevis( Kali, Lakshmi, and Saraswati). Goddess Kushmanda is worshipped on the 4th day of Navratri. She is the fourth form of power, which is believed to be as stunning as the Sun. This form of our Goddess is described as something like this. Goddess Kushmanda, with her eight hands, encourages us to a Karmyogi life and earn courage; her sweet smile increases our life force and enables us to walk the most difficult paths with a smile on our face. Goddess Durga's fourth form is known as Goddess Kushmanda. With her slight smile, she generated the Anda, i.e., the Universe, which is why she is known as Kushmanda. When the Universe didn't exist, there was darkness everywhere. Then Goddess created the Universe with her bright smile. Therefore, she is the Aadi Swaroop( archetype) Aadi Shakti. On the eighth hand is a chanting rosary which determines all the recipes for accomplishing things. According to a legend, it is believed that when the Universe didn't exist, she was the one who created the Universe. She is the Aadi Swaroop( archetype) Aadi Shakti. Her home is located in the inner world of the solar system. She is the only one who has the ability and power to reside there. The radiance and effect of her body are as glorious as the Sun. By worshipping Goddess Kushmanda, all the diseases and mournings disappear from the lives of the devotees. With Goddess's blessings, there is prosperity in the devotee's age, fame, power, and health. Goddess feels happy even if she is being offered small things but with complete devotion. The Lion is her vehicle. On the Fourth day of Navratri, only this form of Goddess is worshipped. Worshipping Goddess Kushmanda on this day brings prosperity in the age, fame, power, and health of the devotee.

Pooja Vidhi of Mata Kushmanda

  1. Wake up early in the morning on the fourth day of Navratri and wear green clothes after bathing.
  2. Use a green seat on this day to worship the Goddess.
  3. Light a ghee lamp in front of Goddess Kushmanda's idol or Photograph and apply tilak on her.
  4. Offer clothes, saubhagya Sutra, sandalwood, Roli, turmeric, vermilion, durva, bilvapatra, jewelry, floral necklaces, fragrant, incense lamps, nevedh, fruits, betel leaves to Goddess while worshipping her.
  5. Now offer her green cardamom, fennel, and Raw Pumpkin fruit.
  6. Now chant Om Kushmanda devyey Namah: ( ॐ कुशमांडा देव्यै नमः )108 times.
  7. Perform aarti of Goddess Kushmanda and offer food to a brahman or else perform a donation.
  8. After this, it is also essential to worship the Tridev and Goddess Lakshmi.
  9. If you want, you can read and chant the Siddha Kunjika.
  10. After this, also take the prasad yourself.
  11. Male is very dear to Goddess Kushmanda, so after worshiping, you can offer prasad to everyone by providing it to the Goddess, and then you can also have it.

The Bhog of Goddess Kushmanda

It is believed that if something is offered to Goddess Kushmanda with total devotion, then she accepts it gladly. But Malpuye is very dear to Goddess Kushmanda.

Kushmanda Mantra

Om devi kusmandaey namah:

(ॐ देवी कूष्माण्डायै नमः॥)

Prayer Mantra

Surasampoorn kalasham rudhirapalutamev cha.

(सुरासम्पूर्ण कलशं रुधिराप्लुतमेव च।)

Sadhana hastpadhtabhyam khushmanda shubhdaastu mey.

(दधाना हस्तपद्माभ्यां कूष्माण्डा शुभदास्तु मे॥)


Ya devi sarvabhooteshu maa kushmandam rupenu sansthita.

या देवी सर्वभूतेषु मां कूष्मांडा रूपेण संस्थिता।

Namastasyey namastasyey namastasyey namoh namah:

नमस्तस्यै नमस्तस्यै नमस्तस्यै नमो नम:।।

Kushmanda Meditation Mantra

Vande vanchit kamarth chandraardhkritshekharaam

(वन्दे वाञ्छित कामार्थे चन्द्रार्धकृतशेखराम्।)

Sighrooda ashthbhuja kushmanda yashswinim

(सिंहरूढ़ा अष्टभुजा कूष्माण्डा यशस्विनीम्॥)

Bhasvar bhanu nibham anahat stitham chaturth durga trinetram

(भास्वर भानु निभाम् अनाहत स्थिताम् चतुर्थ दुर्गा त्रिनेत्राम्।)

Kamandalu, chaap, baan, padd, sudhakalash, chakra, gada, japvatidhraam

(कमण्डलु, चाप, बाण, पद्म, सुधाकलश, चक्र, गदा, जपवटीधराम्॥)

Pataambar paridhanam kamniyaam mriduhasya nanalandkar bhushitaam

(पटाम्बर परिधानां कमनीयां मृदुहास्या नानालङ्कार भूषिताम्।)

Manjir, haar, keyur, kidkini, ratankundal, manditaam

(मञ्जीर, हार, केयूर, किङ्किणि, रत्नकुण्डल, मण्डिताम्॥)

Prafful vandanachaaru chibukam kaant kapolaam tugam kuchaam

(प्रफुल्ल वदनांचारू चिबुकां कान्त कपोलाम् तुगम् कुचाम्।)

Komlaandi samermukhi shrikanti nimannabhi nitmbaneem.

(कोमलाङ्गी स्मेरमुखी श्रीकंटि निम्ननाभि नितम्बनीम्॥)

Kushmanda source

Durgatinashini tavhim daridradi vimashinneem

(दुर्गतिनाशिनी त्वंहि दारिद्रादि विनाशिनीम्।)

Jayandna dhanandam kushmandey pranmamyahum

(जयंदा धनदां कूष्माण्डे प्रणमाम्यहम्॥)

Jagnmata jagatkatri jagadaadhar roopneem

(जगन्माता जगतकत्री जगदाधार रूपणीम्।)

Charachareshree kushmandey pranmamyahum

(चराचरेश्वरी कूष्माण्डे प्रणमाम्यहम्॥)

Treylokyasundari tavhim dukha shok nivareeneem

(त्रैलोक्यसुन्दरी त्वंहि दुःख शोक निवारिणीम्।)

Paramanandmayi, kushmandey pranmamyaham.

(परमानन्दमयी, कूष्माण्डे प्रणमाम्यहम्॥)

Aarti of Goddess Kushmanda

Chautha jab navratra ho, kushmanda ko dhyaate

(चौथा जब नवरात्र हो, कूष्मांडा को ध्याते।)

Jisne racha brahmand yeh, pujan hai unka

(जिसने रचा ब्रह्मांड यह, पूजन है उनका)

Aadya shakti kehte jinhe, ashthbhuja hae roop.

(आद्य शक्ति कहते जिन्हें, अष्टभुजी है रूप।)

Is shakti ke tej se kahi chav kahi dhoop

(इस शक्ति के तेज से कहीं छांव कहीं धूप॥)

Kumhadey ki bali karti hae tantrik se svikaar

(कुम्हड़े की बलि करती है तांत्रिक से स्वीकार।)

Pethey se bhi reejhti satvik krein vichaar

(पेठे से भी रीझती सात्विक करें विचार॥)

Krodhit jab ho jaaye yeh ulta krein vyavhaar

(क्रोधित जब हो जाए यह उल्टा करे व्यवहार।)

Usko rakhti door maa, peeda deti apaar

(उसको रखती दूर मां, पीड़ा देती अपार॥)

Surya chandra ki roshni yeh jag me faelaaye

(सूर्य चंद्र की रोशनी यह जग में फैलाए।)

Sharanaagat ki mae aaya tu hi raah dikhaye

(शरणागत की मैं आया तू ही राह दिखाए॥)

Navraatro ki maa kripa krdo maa

(नवरात्रों की मां कृपा कर दो मां)

Navraatro ki maa kripa krdo maa

(नवरात्रों की मां कृपा करदो मां॥)

Jai maa kushmanda maiyaa

(जय मां कूष्मांडा मैया।)

Jai maa kushmanda maiyaa

(जय मां कूष्मांडा मैया॥)

Benefits of Worshipping Goddess Kushmanda

  1. Worshipping Goddess Kushmanda keeps all types of diseases away.
  2. Worshipping Goddess Kushmanda increases Lifeline fame and power.
  3. A little worship of Goddess Kushmanda makes her happy, and the devotees are blessed with a comfortable, contented and life full of prosperity.

Don't do these things while worshipping Goddess Kushmanda, even if you forget.

Do's :

  1. Chant the 108 names of Goddess Durga.
  2. Light the infinite Monolith lamp at your home.
  3. Worship Goddess Durga two times a day, i.e., morning and evening, and before you worship her, meditate remembering Lord Ganesha.
  4. Don't eat just after chanting the mantras or after worship.
  5. Offer prasad of fruits and pumpkin fruit to 12 years and younger aged girls.


  1. During chanting the mantra of Goddess Durga, don't move your body and don't chant the mantra in a sing-song manner.
  2. Imbibe purity in your heart and thoughts.
  3. During Navratri, respect your mother and other women of her age. Start any work after takeing their blessings.
  4. Do not use deceit, fraud, and profanity.
  5. Follow the path of Brahmacharya and do not fall in the company of the wrong people.

Chant this mantra to get relieved of all problems

Sharanagat dinaarth paritraan prayane

(शरणागत दीनार्थ परित्राण परायणे)

Sarvsyaatir harey devi narayani namostutey

(सर्वस्यार्ति हरे देवि नारायणी नमोस्तुते)

You can read similar write-up on relevance of astrology in indian festivals, Chaitra NavratriPopular Vrat dates for all other major Indian Festivals.