Significance of Gudi Padwa 2021-222| Puja Vidhi and Vrat Sankalp in Gudi Padwa Festival
Gudi Padwa in 2021
In Gudi Padwa, Gudi means Vijay Pataka, and Padwa means Pratipada. On this festival, people decorate their houses with Pataka, Dhwaj, and bandhanwar. Puran Poli or sweet roti is made on the day of Gudi Padwa in Maharashtra. On this day, all the people in Maharashtra also play Gudi in their courtyard. The Gudi Padwa is mainly celebrated in Maharashtra to mark the beginning of the Hindu New Year or the New Year's start. According to the Panchang, the new year starts with the Pratipada of the Shukla Paksha of Chaitra month, and it is a tradition to celebrate this festival on this day. Gudi Padwa is celebrated with joy in the South Indian states, including Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, and Goa. Shukla Pratipada of Chaitra month is celebrated as the festival of Gudi Padwa. This day is observed all over the country as a new festival. There are certain beliefs about this festival in Hinduism. The Gudi is the flag, and Padva is the Pratipada Tithi. It is said that on Gudi Padwa, Brahma Ji created the universe. On this day, people decorate their houses with Bandanwar made of mango leaves. Especially in Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Maharashtra, there is a lot of excitement about it. The Bandanwar of mango leaves instills hope of a happy life among the people. People also have hopes of growing a good crop and welcoming prosperity at home.
Gudi Padwa is counted among the three munhatare of the year. This festival is also essential from a health point of view. Hence, the dishes prepared on the day of Gudi Padwa are incredibly healthy. Whether it is Prasad Pachhadi made in Andhra Pradesh or Puran Poli, Maharashtra made a sweet roti. It is believed about Pachadi that the health of an individual gets improved. The treatment of skin diseases also gets better by having it on an empty stomach.
On the other hand, sweet roti is also made from jaggery, neem flowers, tamarind, mangoes, etc. Since Navratri begins on this day, the celebration of Gudi Padwa is witnessed in different forms all over the country. It ends on Ramnavami with Durga Puja. On Gudi Padwa, people tend to clean their homes and decorate the house's courtyard and door with Rangoli, Bandanwar, etc. A Gudi, i.e., the flag is placed in front of the house. A swastika symbol is drawn on a vessel and wrapped in silk cloth, and kept on it. Traditional clothes are worn. Sun God is worshiped. On this day, the mantras of Sunderkand, Ram Rakshastra, Goddess Bhagwati are also chanted.
Importance of Gudi Padwa
'Gudi ' means Victory Flag. Gudi is the victory flag that symbolizes the victory of good over evil. At the same time, Padwa means Pratipada Tithi. At the Gudi Padwa festival, wake up early in the morning and make a flag with a big pole's help. For this, a cloth or new sari which has not been used before is wrapped on the bars. A bowl, glass, or lota is inverted on it. Then this victory flag is worshiped as God.
Many things are associated with Gudi Padwa. Let us see some of them:
1. One belief related to the Gudi festival is quite popular. On this day, a potter-son named Shalivahana conquered his enemies with an army of mud soldiers. It is the reason that Shalivahana Shaka begins from this day.
2. Some people also use Gudi to remember Chhatrapati Shivaji's victory.
3. It is also believed that Brahma Ji created the universe on this day. That is why Gudi is also considered Brahmadhvaj. It is also known as Indra Dhwaj.
4. According to the belief, on the day of the Gudi festival during the Ramayana period, Lord Sri Ram liberated the people from the tyrannical rule of Vanararaj Bali. Then the people there hoisted the victory flag in their homes, which is still hoisted today. Since then, this day is known as Gudi Padwa.
5. It is believed that applying Gudi brings prosperity to the house.
6. Gudi is also called Dharma-Flag; So each part of it has its specific meaning - the inverted character represents the head while the Dand represents the Meru Dand.
7. Farmers observe this festival in the joy of sowing after harvesting the rabi crop again. They also plow the fields on this day to pray for a good harvest.
8. Three and a half Muhurats are considered very auspicious during the whole year among the Hindus. The three and a half Muhurats are- Gudi Padwa, Akshaya Tritiya, Dussehra, and Diwali are considered half Muhurta.
History related to Gudi Padwa
Two mythological stories related to the Gudi Padwa festival are also prevalent. The first mythology is related to Lord Sri Ram. According to this myth, when Shriram Chandraji went out to find Sita Mata and met Sugriva. At that time, Sugriva was fighting with his elder brother, and he was a victim of Bali's torture. Then Lord Sri Ram helped Sugriva and killed Bali, and liberated Sugriva from Bali. Gudi Padwa festival is celebrated to commemorate this victory.
The second mythology is related to Shalivahana. Shalivahana defeated Shaka on the day of Chaitra Shukla Pratipada. Apart from this, on Gudi Padwa, Shalivahana Kaalgadhna got started, known as Shalivahana Shaka. Also, a myth is that a potter named Shalivahana defeated the enemies by making an army of mud. Gudhi Padwa was celebrated on the occasion of Chaitra Shukla Pratipada. From the day of Gudi Padwa, Shalivahana Samvat is believed to begin.
Puja-Vidhi of Gudi Padwa
The following method is only done on the main Chaitra:
• New Year Phal Shravan (knowing new year's horoscope)
• Oil Abhyanga (bath with oil)
• Nimba Patra Prashan (eating neem leaves)
• Start of Chaitra Navratri
• Ghat Sthapana
Pujan-Mantra of Gudi Padwa
The following mantras are to be recited for Puja on Gudi Padwa. Some people also keep fast on this day.
Morning Vrat Sankalp
ॐ Vishnu: Vishnu: Vishnu: Adya Brahmano Vyasa: Parardhe Sriswetavarakaalpe Jambudvipe Bharatvarshe Amuknamasamvatsare Chaitrasukh Pratipadi Amukwasara Amukgotrah Amukanamaham Praharamanasya Navvarsyasya Prathamdivase Vishwasrijah Sri Brahmanah
Prasadaya Vratam Karishye.
A person observing a fast after worship should chant this mantra:
ॐ Chaturbhirvadanai: Vedana Chaturo Bhavayan Subhan.
Brahma mein Jagantam srishta Hridaye Shashvatah Vaset.
Gudi Padwa is Celebrated this Way
Gudi Padwa starts from Navratri and ends till Ramnavami. This festival is celebrated with grandiloquence across the country, but the way to celebrate it is different in different states. On Gudi Padwa, people clean their homes, decorate their houses after cleaning. In decorating, make Rangoli and Bandanvar on the courtyard and door of the house. A flag is placed in front of the house called Gudi. A swastika symbol is made on a vessel and wrapped on silk cloth and kept there. Also, on Gudi Padwa, people wear traditional clothes and worship the sun god. Apart from this, it is considered reasonable to chant the mantras of Ram Rakshastra, Sundarkand, and Goddess Bhagwati on Gudi Padwa.
The Vidhi of Observing Gudi Padwa
1. Gudi is decorated after morning bath etc.
2. People clean the houses. In villages, houses are painted with cow dung.
3. According to the Shastras, one should perform Abhyanga Snaan on the day of Arunodaya.
4. There is a custom to worship Gudi immediately after sunrise. It should not be delayed much.
5. Beautiful Rangoli is made with bright colors, and fresh flowers are used to decorate the house.
6. People get ready by wearing new and beautiful clothes. Generally, Marathi women wear nauvari (9 yards long saree) on this day, and men wear kurta-pajama or dhoti-kurta with saffron or red turban.
7. The family gather and celebrate this festival and congratulate each other on the new festival.
8. On this day, there is a tradition of listening to the horoscope of the new year.
9. Traditionally, the festival is started by eating sweet neem leaves as prasad. Generally, on this day, sweet neem leaves, jaggery, and tamarind chutney are made. It is believed that it clears blood and increases the body's immunity. Its taste also symbolizes the fact that life is sour and sweet, like chutney.
10. Sreekhand, Puran Poli, Kheer, etc., delicacies are made at Gudi Padwa.
11. In the evening, people also perform the traditional dance called lezim.
How to Install Gudi
1. On this day, after waking up in the morning, ubtan of the gram flour and oil is applied. After that, a bath is taken.
2. The place where Gudi is applied is cleaned thoroughly.
3. After this, take the Sankalp of Puja and make a swastika at the cleaned place. After this, construct the sand altar.
4. After this, spread a white-colored cloth and color it with turmeric kumkum. After this, make an Ashtadal and worship Brahma Ji's idol with all the rules and regulations.
5. Finally, perform the Sthaapana of Gudi.
Pataka and Toran are installed at home.
On the day of Gudi Padwa, celebrated on Chaitra Shukla Pratipada, there is a tradition of putting Pataka and Torans in the house as Gudi means "Victory." It is why people put flags etc., in their homes on this day, which signifies their and their family's victory. But some people put it in any Disha and Dasha of the house, but according to the religious and Vastu Shastra, it should be placed in the south-east corner, i.e., the Aagneya Kodh. So, on this day, you should also take care of the process of installing a pataka. A red Pataka measuring a quarter-and-a-half hand should be displayed in a five-handed high pole. Many people also install Dhwaja on this day. Pataka has three corners, and Dhwaja has four corners. You can install any of these two.
In whose name should you meditate while installing Pataka?
According to religious beliefs, while installing the Dhwaja or Pataka, one should meditate in the names of Som Digambar Kumar and Ruru Bhairava and pray to them to protect one's Dhwaja or pataka. Pray for the happiness and prosperity of your home. It is said that by doing this, the victory of the native is ensured. Also, there is an increase in happiness and prosperity in life. Promising results of Ketu are also achieved. Not only this, but the Vastu of the house is also fixed
Surya Samvedana Pushpe, Dipti Karunyagandhane.
Labhwa Shubham Navavarsheasmin Kuryatsarvasya Mangalam.
Meaning, just as the sun gives light, gives flowers, senses, and teaches us compassion, may this New Year provide us with knowledge every moment and our every day, every moment is auspicious.
These works will get benefitted from Gudi Padwa day.
The Gudi Padwa festival falls in the Spring. Make a powder of neem fruits and neem leaves on this day. After that, mix black pepper, salt, heing, cumin, sugar, and ajwain in neem powder. Now consume this mixture. You will stay away from many diseases through this.
Dishes made on Gudi Padwa
Maharashtra has a tradition of serving and eating some unique dishes on the day of Gudi Padwa. On this day, Puran Poli or sweet roti is made in Maharashtra. Jaggery, neem flower, tamarind, and raw mango are mixed to make this dish. This dish also has a philosophy of its own. It is said that jaggery is for sweetness in life, neem flowers remove bitterness from one's life, tamarind and raw mangoes symbolize the sour-sweet experiences of life. In other states, too, there are different traditions of observing this festival.
In which states of India is Gudi Padwa celebrated?
In Konkan, Goa, and Kerala, it is celebrated as Samvatsar Pavo. The rest of the Konkani migrants in Karnataka know it as Yugadi. The public of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana observe it as Ugadi. Kashmiris observe it as Navreh. In Manipur, it is marked as Sajibu Nongma Panda (Sajibu Nongma Pānba) or Meetei Cheiraoba. Chaitra Navratri starts from this day for North Indians. It is believed that on this day, Brahmaji created the universe. One worships not only Brahmaji and the principal deities of the universe created by him, Yaksha-rakshasas, Gandhwars, sages-sages, rivers, mountains, animals, birds, and insect-mites, but also diseases and their remedies. A new festival begins on this day. Hence, this date is also known as 'Navamsavatsar.' Chaitra is a month in which trees and vines flourish and bloom. The day of Shukla Pratipada is considered the first day of the moon art. The primary basis of Life's Vanaspati is provided with Samaras by the Moon only. It has been believed to be the king of medicines and Vanaspati.
Gudi Padwa Celebration in various places
This festival is celebrated by different names at different places in the country.
1. Konkani community in Goa and Kerala celebrate it as Samvatsar Pavo.
2. In Karnataka, this festival is called Yugadi.
3. In the states of Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Gudi Padwa is celebrated as Ugadi.
4. Kashmiri Hindus celebrate this day as Navreh.
5. In Manipur, this day is called Sajibu Nongma Panda or Meitei Cheiraoba.
6. Chaitra Navaratri also begins on this day.
On this day, people apply for Gudi in Maharashtra. Hence this festival is called Gudi Padwa. An inverted urn of silver, copper, or brass is placed over it with bamboo and is decorated with beautiful cloth. Generally, this cloth is of saffron color and silk. Gudi is then decorated with gathi, neem leaves, mango stalks, and red flowers.
Gudi is placed on a high place, such as the house's roof, to be seen from a distance. Many people also install it on the main door or windows of the house.
Do this work on this day to achieve peace, happiness, prosperity, wealth, and honor in life.
1) After taking auspicious Sankalp of the Puja, spread a clean white cloth on the newly constructed chowki or sand altar and make an Ashtadal lotus with turmeric saffron-colored on it and install the Suvarnamurti of Brahmaji on it.
2) After worshiping Ganeshambika, worship Brahmaji with the mantra 'Om Brahmane Namah' and worship Shodashopchar.
3) Humble prayers are offered to Brahmaji for the destruction of the eternal obstacles. Prayers are also done for the welfare of the year and for the year to be auspicious: -
'Bhagavansattvaprasaden Varsha Kshemmihastu Mein. Samvatsaropasarga Me Vilayam Yantavasheshatah
4) After worshiping, one should eat only after feeding the Brahmins with various fine and sattvic substances.
5) One should listen to the king of that year, the minister, the chief of the army, etc., and the year's result from the new calendar.
6) Pachang should be donated according to potential, and the piao should be established.
7) On this day, you should wear new cloth and decorate the house with dhwaj, pataka, Vandanvar, etc.
8) On Gudi Padwa day, powder of neem leaves and flowers should be made and eaten by adding black pepper, salt, heing, cumin, sugar candy, and ajwain. It does not cause blood disorders and attains a healthy life.
9) Ghat sthapana and Tilak fast is also done for Navratri on this day. In this fast, one should worship a river, lake, or house and make a statue of Samvatsar and worship him with mantras named 'Chaitraya Namah,' 'Vasanthaya Namah' etc. After this, Puja should be done.
10) After observing the fast on Navami, mother Jagadamba should be worshipped from the heart to get the fruits of auspicious wishes.
You can read similar write-up on relevance of astrology in indian festivals for all other major Indian Festivals.