Gandhi Jayanti 2021: The history and significance
Gandhi Jayanti in 2021
Gandhi Ji was born on October 2, 1869, in Porbandar in Gujarat. The birth of Father of the Nation Mahatma Gandhi is observed across the country with great pomp on October 2. Various functions are organized in schools and offices across the country on the occasion of Bapu's birthday. Bapu's full name was Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. Bapu, who got freedom for the country based on the non-violence movement, is still alive in the people's hearts. Gandhiji also went to prison many times for the independence of the country. Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869, in a place known as Porbandar in Gujarat. He left for London to study law and to become a barrister. Also, Gandhi received a barrister's degree after completing his studies in London. When Gandhi ji returned to India, the country's situation touched him much, and he fought a long war for the country's independence. Due to Gandhi ji's efforts, today, we are living an independent life.
Gandhi Ji's contribution to liberating the country is enormous. Along with remembering him, they also recall his method. Gandhi ji started such a massive movement of the country with non-violence, truth, and peace. Gandhi Ji believed that the British colonial powers were able to dominate India, owing to many differences and lack of unity among the folks. So he started many movements, such as the Non-Cooperation Movement, as he believed that it could help Indians weaken the colonial hold.
Gandhi Ji had started many movements, and all of them were for the country's independence, which was successful. All these moments started in 1919. In 1919, there was a movement against the Jallianwala Bagh massacre in which the countrymen gave full support to Mahatma Gandhi. After that, Gandhi ji started the Salt Satyagraha, which proved a great success. Salt Satyagraha was the most successful movement initiated by Mahatma Gandhi. This movement is also known as Dandi Yatra. The journey lasted for 26 days, which began on March 12, 1930, and ended on April 6, 1930.
Gandhi ji's movements started with few people. But the moment progressed, more people began to join them. The entire country is following Gandhi Ji and his principles. The Salt March's primary purpose was to stand against the English tax system. Due to this tax system, Indians were facing extreme difficulty in living their life. During this movement, many people got arrested. However, the British could not stop this movement, and the campaign proved a massive success because the Britishers realized that people are standing against them very firmly.
The British were also forced to think that they found it challenging to face the non-violence movement and they were witnessing that every campaign was a success. The British began to feel that it was easier to confront the violent reaction. It was clearly visible to britishers that they are losing their power. For the first time, the whole country was fighting for independence against the britishers. They all are standing firmly against the britishers. Even women also became a crucial part in the country's freedom movement. Mahatma Gandhi was the man who told the real importance of freedom to the nation. He taught Indians that they can achieve independence even without violence.
Why is Gandhi Jayanti Celebrated in October?
Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated on October 2. Gandhi ji was born on October 2. This day is also observed as World Non-Violence Day. He is famous worldwide for his non-violent movement and his principles. This day is celebrated to acknowledge him globally. Gandhi Ji believed that non-violence is a philosophy, a principle, and an experience based on building a better society.
How is Gandhi Jayanti Celebrated?
On Gandhi Jayanti, people offer homage in front of the Gandhi statue in Rajghat, New Delhi. This day has been declared a national holiday. Prayers are offered at the Samadhi of Mahatma Gandhi by the President and Prime Minister of India. The celebration of Gandhi Jayanti is observed with joy in all schools and offices.
About Mahatma Gandhi
Mahatma Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869, in Porbandar, Gujarat. His full name is Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. Mohandas was married to Kasturba at the age of 13. Gandhi went to England to study law. After four years, he returned to India after completing his studies and practiced here for a few days but got no success.
Meanwhile, he got an opportunity to travel to South Africa. There he faced racial discrimination. While travelling on a first-class train in South Africa, Mohandas Gandhi was thrown out of the coach by an Englishman with luggage.
In this way, he formed the Indian Congress against inhuman treatment and discrimination against Indians living in South Africa. During the struggle for the rights of Indians in South Africa, Gandhi also began to use the principles of self-purification and Satyagraha, which were part of his broader vision of non-violence. He united Indian workers, mining laborers, and agricultural laborers in South Africa and raised his voice against British rule injustice. After spending twenty-one years in South Africa, Gandhi came back to India in 1915.
Gandhi had played a pivotal role in the Indian freedom struggle. After returning to India, Gandhi led several movements for the independence of the country. He fought for India's liberation from the English state and raised his voice for the rights of Indians. He visited each and every part of the country and spread awareness about patriotism. The whole world remembers him as a priest of non-violence. Even he is also considered as the father of the nation.
People call him father of the nation due to his simple life and high ideals. Due to various movements like civil disobedience, Dandi march, and many more, britishers were forced to leave India and that was the win of Indian moments.
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was killed on January 30, 1948, by Nathuram Godse. Godse was a part of the Hindu Mahasabha. He accused Mahatma Gandhi of favoring Pakistan and opposed the principle of non-violence.
5 Interesting Facts Related to Mahatma Gandhi
1. Mahatma Gandhi left for London to study law and to become a barrister. After completing studies in London, he obtained a barrister's degree but was unsuccessful in the first hearing in the Bombay High Court.
2. Steve Jobs, the founder of Apple, one of the world's largest mobile companies, wore round glasses to honor Gandhi Ii and due to this he faced so many issues at that time.
3. There are more than 50 roads on Mahatma Gandhi's name, excluding small roads in India. Also, there are about 60 roads abroad in the name of Gandhi Ji.
4. Mahatma Gandhi was selected for the Nobel Prize 5 times, but he did not receive the Nobel Prize even once.
5. Bapu used to walk 18 km daily.
How Gandhiji came to be known as 'Mahatma' and 'Father of the Nation':
On January 12, 1918, Rabindranath Tagore was addressed to Gurudev in a letter written by Gandhi. Tagore addressed Gandhi for the first time in a letter written on April 12, 1919, to the 'Mahatma.' Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose first addressed him as the Father of the nation in his speech broadcast from Radio Singapore on July 6, 1944. It is also said that Netaji had earlier addressed Gandhiji as "father of the nation" on June 4, 1944, in a message broadcasted from Azad Hind Radio Rangoon. On Gandhi's death, Pandit Nehru addressed the Nation on radio and said, "The father of the nation is no more."
Mahatma Gandhi's movements Helped India in Getting Freedom.
The First Satyagraha campaign was against the Transvaal Asiatic Registration Act in 1906. In 1920 he became a part of the Indian National Congress Party and, on January 26, 1930, declared India's independence from British rule. After this, in 1917, he introduced many movements such as Champaran Satyagraha, Non-Cooperation Movement. It was because of these movements that India got independence from the British Raj.
Champaran in Bihar was the first Satyagraha under the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi. In 1917, after reaching Champaran in Bihar, he organized a satyagraha to support farmers who were forced to plant indigo and other crops for business and not food grains.
Along with this moment, he initiated many moments like Non-cooperation movement, Civil Disobedience Movement, Swaraj, and Quit-India movement against the British government.
Mahatma Gandhi- The Hero of Peace
The day of October 2 is a great opportunity for us to remember the teachings, leanings, and sacrifice of the Father of the Nation. The entry of Mohan Das Karamchand Gandhi in the Indian political system offers ample reason for making many people happy and attracting thousands of Indians to fight against biritish law system. People love and follow the vision of Gandhi Ji, which later on Called Gandhi Darshan. Along with Indians, many people across the world were attracted to his ideology.
The Celebration at the Schools and Colleges
Various activities such as drama, sports, and speech are organized in schools, colleges, and other educational institutions on non-violence and Gandhi's efforts in the Indian freedom struggle. Other exciting activities like essay writing competitions, Mahatma Gandhi slogan competitions, Gandhi Jayanti speech competitions, quiz competitions, and painting competitions are always organized for various institutions.
Awards are also rewarded to the best performers for the competitions mentioned above. Besides, schools and colleges are decorated with Gandhiji's photo posters, Mahatma Gandhi slogans, and Gandhi Jayanti images. Apart from this, children dress up like Gandhi Ji and perform some slogans, which help these educational institutes to spread awareness about Mahatma Gandhi among children.
Mahatma Gandhi remains an ideal and inspiring leader for the youth. Like Nelson Mandela, James Lawson praised Gandhi's principle of non-violence for freedom and liberty also followed widely.
Gandhi Ji did a great job in achieving Swaraj. He was the main reason behind the improved economic condition of our nation. He eliminated other social evils like untouchability from our country and tried to make some policy to protect the rights of people. He also supported women's empowerment.
Gandhi Ji has led various movements like the Non-Cooperation Movement (1920), Dandi March (1930), and Quit India Movement (1942). All these movements were highly successful and also supported by the youth.
Role of Mahatma Gandhi in the Indian National Movement for Independence
One of the most significant and most successful movements under the supervision of Gandhi Ji was the Champaran movement. When Mahatma Gandhi returned to India, he saw that farmers of India were facing so many problems in living their life.
Champaran is a small district located in North Bihar where farmers were forced to cultivate indigo on 20% of their total agricultural land. Farmers suffered heavy losses by growing indigo on their fertile lands. It is because after growing indigo, the land becomes barren. He saw this and started Champaran Satyagrah.
Gandhi also started a campaign for poor farmers to increase their wages and was successful in it. There was a 35% increase in wages after the movement. In 2007, the occasion of Gandhi Jayanti was declared the "International Day of Non-Violence" by the United Nations General Assembly. He died on January 30, 1948, due to the attack of Hindu nationalist Nathu Ram Godse.
The purpose of celebrating Gandhi Jayanti is to spread the philosophy, principles, and precious ideology of Mahatma Gandhi to the people and instill a sense of non-violence and trust in people worldwide. In this way, we pay our heartfelt tribute to our great leader every year. We remember Bapu for his great deeds on every Gandhi Jayanti.
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