Gandhi Jayanti 2021
Gandhi Jayanti in 2021
Gandhi Ji was born on October 2, 1869, in Porbandar in Gujarat. The birth of Father of the Nation Mahatma Gandhi is observed across the country with great pomp on October 2. Various functions are organized in schools and offices across the country on the occasion of Bapu's birthday. Bapu's full name was Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. Bapu, who got freedom for the country based on the non-violence movement, is still alive in the people's hearts. Gandhiji also went to prison many times for the independence of the country. Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869, in a place known as Porbandar, in Gujarat. He left for London to study law and to become a barrister. Also, Gandhi received a barrister's degree after completing his studies in London. When Gandhiji returned to India, the country's situation touched him much, and he fought a long war for the country's independence. Due to Gandhiji's efforts, today we are free.
Bapu's contribution in liberating the country is enormous. Along with remembering him, they also recall his method. Gandhiji started such a massive movement of the country with non-violence, truth, and peace. Bapu has got the country free with the help of these principles. Gandhiji believed that the British could dominate India because of the latter the support of Indians. The British ruled India only. Apart from that, they got financial help from Indians only, and Gandhiji took advantage of this situation. Gandhiji requested the entire country to boycott English products altogether. It benefitted the Indians and posed a loss to the British.
Gandhiji believed that the British could dominate in India because they got the support of Indians. The British ruled India only. Besides, they used to get financial help from Indians only. The benefit of which Gandhi Ji took advantage of well. Gandhiji requested the entire country to boycott English products altogether. Which benefited India, and the British suffered a significant loss.
Bapu had started many movements, and all of them were for the country's independence, which was successful. It can be inferred that the beginning of the first movement happened in 1919. In 1919, there was a movement against the Jallianwala Bagh scandal in which the countrymen gave full support to Bapu. After that, Gandhiji started the Salt Satyagraha, which was successful. Salt Satyagraha was the most successful. This movement is also known as Dandi Yatra. The journey lasted for 26 days, which started on March 12, 1930, and ended on April 6, 1930, in Dandi's coastal village.
Gandhiji's movements started with some people. But as these campaigns went on, more people began to join them. One example of such a campaign is the salt movement, which started with a few people, but the whole country later got included in it. The entire country was ready to follow Gandhiji's guidance. The Salt March's primary purpose was to stand against the English tax system. Due to this, the lives of Indians had become difficult. Due to this movement, many arrests also took place. However, the British could not stop this movement, and this movement was a massive success because the British realized that their rule was getting weak.
The British were also forced to think that they found it challenging to face the non-violence movement witnessing every campaign's success. The British began to feel that it was easier to confront the violent reaction. The British government was able to see it losing its rule. For the first time, the whole country was fighting for independence in unison that too based on non-violence. Women also became a part of the country's freedom movement because women also got freedom for themselves. Mahatma Gandhi was the man who decided to liberate the whole country and started the campaign. He told the entire country that every fight is not loaded with blood. The war can also be performed by following non-violence, even if it is a fight to liberate the country.
2. Why is Gandhi Jayanti Celebrated in October?
Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated annually on October 2. Gandhiji was born on October 2. This day is also observed as World Non-Violence Day. Gandhi Ji is famous worldwide for his non-violent movement. This day is celebrated to acknowledge him globally. Gandhiji believed that non-violence is a philosophy, a principle, and an experience based on building a better society.
3. How is Gandhi Jayanti Celebrated?
On Gandhi Jayanti, people offer homage in front of the Gandhi statue in Rajghat, New Delhi. This day is has been declared as a national holiday. Prayers are offered at the Samadhi of Mahatma Gandhi by the President and Prime Minister of India. The celebration of Gandhi Jayanti is observed with joy in all schools and offices.
4. About Mahatma Gandhi
National father Mahatma Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869, in Porbandar, Gujarat. His full name is Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. Mohandas was married to Kasturba at the age of 13. Gandhi went to England to study law. After four years, he returned to India after completing his studies and practiced here for a few days but got no success.
Meanwhile, he got an opportunity to travel to South Africa. He also faced racial discrimination in South Africa. While traveling on a first-class train in South Africa, Mohandas Gandhi was thrown out of the coach by an Englishman with luggage.
In this way, he formed the Indian Congress against inhuman treatment and discrimination against Indians living in South Africa. During the struggle for the rights of Indians in South Africa, Gandhi also began to use the principles of self-purify and Satyagraha, which were part of his broader vision of non-violence. He united Indian workers, mining laborers, and agricultural laborers in South Africa and raised his voice against British rule injustice. After spending twenty-one years in South Africa, Gandhi came back to India in 1915.
Gandhi had a pivotal role in the Indian freedom struggle. After returning to India, Gandhi led several movements for the independence of the country. He was a skilled politician who fought for India's liberation from the English state and raised his voice for the rights of poor Indians. He roamed around the country and made people aware of his patriotism. The whole world remembers himself as a priest of non-violence.
Mahatma Gandhi became the popular Father of Indians due to his simple life and high ideals. During the war for independence, Gandhiji was forced to leave India on August 15, 1947, due to various movements, such as civil disobedience, the British leaving India, and visiting Dandi.
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was killed on January 30, 1948, by Nathuram Godse. Godse was a part of the Hindu Mahasabha. He accused Mahatma Gandhi of favoring Pakistan and opposed the principle of non-violence.
5 Interesting Facts Related to Mahatma Gandhi
1. Mahatma Gandhi left for London to study law and to become a barrister. After completing studies in London, he obtained a barrister's degree but was unsuccessful in the first debate in the Bombay High Court.
2. Steve Jobs, the founder of Apple, one of the world's largest mobile companies, wore round glasses to honor Gandhiji.
3. There are more than 50 roads on Mahatma Gandhi's name, excluding small roads in India. Also, there are about 60 roads abroad in the name of Gandhiji.
4. Mahatma Gandhi was selected for the Nobel Prize 5 times, but he did not receive the Nobel Prize even once.
5. Bapu used to walk 18 km daily.
6. How Gandhiji came to be known as 'Mahatma' and 'Father of the Nation':
On January 12, 1918, Rabindranath Tagore was addressed to Gurudev in a letter written by Gandhi.
Tagore addressed Gandhi for the first time in a letter written on April 12, 1919, to the 'Mahatma.'
Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose first addressed him as the Nation's Father in his speech broadcast from Radio Singapore on July 6, 1944. It is also said that Netaji had earlier addressed Gandhiji as "father of the country" on June 4, 1944, in a message broadcasted from Azad Hind Radio Rangoon.
On Gandhi's death, Pandit Nehru addressed the Nation on radio and said, "The father of the nation is no more."
7. Mahatma Gandhi's five movements Helped India in Getting Freedom
The First Satyagraha campaign was against the Transvaal Asiatic Registration Act in 1906. In 1920 he became a part of the Indian National Congress Party and, on January 26, 1930, declared India's independence from British rule. After this, in 1917, he introduced many movements such as Champaran Satyagraha, Non-Cooperation Movement. It was because of these movements that India got independence from the British Raj. Read here these movements run by Gandhiji:
Champaran Satyagraha: Champaran in Bihar was the first Satyagraha under the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi. In 1917, after reaching Champaran in Bihar, he organized a satyagraha to support farmers who were forced to plant indigo and other cash crops and not food grains.
8. Mahatma Gandhi- The Hero of Peace
The day of October 2 provides another opportunity for a grateful nation to remember the Father of the Nation's teachings. The arrival of Mohan Das Karamchand Gandhi in the Indian political scene offers ample reason for making a lot of people happy and attracting thousands of Indians and with it the main reason for cheering his life-vision, which later on Called Gandhi Darshan. It is even more surprising that Gandhiji's personality made a place in the hearts of millions of his countrymen. In later times, many people across the world were attracted to his ideology.
9. The Celebration at the Schools and Colleges
Various activities such as drama, sports, and speech reading are organized in schools, colleges, and other educational institutions on non-violence and Gandhi's efforts in the Indian freedom struggle. Other exciting activities like essay writing competition, Mahatma Gandhi slogan competition, Gandhi Jayanti speech competition, quiz competition, and painting competitions are always organized for various institutions.
Awards are also rewarded to the best performers for the competitions mentioned above. Besides, schools and colleges are decorated with Gandhiji's photo posters, Mahatma Gandhi slogans, and Gandhi Jayanti images. Apart from this, young children dress up like Gandhi.
Gandhi remains an ideal and inspiring leader for the youth forever. Like Nelson Mandela, James Lawson praised Gandhi's principle of non-violence for freedom and liberty.
Gandhiji did a great job in achieving Swaraj. He also improved the peasants' economic condition. He eliminated other social evils like untouchability or society's untouchability. She also supported women's empowerment.
Gandhiji has led various movements like the Non-Cooperation Movement (1920), Dandi March (1930), and Quit India Movement (1942). All these movements were highly successful and also supported by the youth.
10. Role of Mahatma Gandhi in the Indian National Movement for Independence
One of the most significant and most successful movements under the supervision of Gandhiji was the Champaran movement. When Mahatma Gandhi returned to India, he saw so many problems the farmers of India were facing.
Champaran is a small district located in North Bihar whereas, farmers were forced to cultivate indigo on their little pieces. Farmers suffered heavy losses by growing indigo on their fertile lands.
Gandhi also led the struggle for poor farmers to increase their wages and was successful in it. There was a 35% increase in wages after the movement. In 2007, the occasion of Gandhi Jayanti was declared the "International Day of Non-Violence" by the United Nations General Assembly. He died on January 30, 1948, due to the attack of Hindu nationalist Nathu Ram Godse.
The purpose of celebrating Gandhi Jayanti is to spread the philosophy, principles, and precious ideas of Mahatma Gandhi to the people and instill a sense of non-violence and trust in people across the world. In these ways, we pay our heartfelt tribute to our great leader every year. We remember Bapu for his great deeds on every Gandhi Jayanti.
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