Chaitra Navratri 2021 Start to End Date: Chaitra Navratri Kalash Sthapana Time and Importance

Chaitra Navratri in 2021

13 April, 2021



22 April, 2021


Navratri festival is celebrated with great zeal and enthusiasm and pomp and show in India. It is celebrated twice a year. Do you know why it is celebrated? What story is related to it? I, Vinay Bajrangi, throw light on the famous story related to Chaitra Navratri.   

Famous Ramayana Story Related to Chaitra Navratri

According to a story related to Chaitra Navratri, Lord Brahma asked Rama to please Goddess Chandi Devi by worshipping her so that He could be blessed to kill Ravana. And according to religious terms and conditions, Lord Brahma also arranged 108 svelte blue water lilies for Chandi Devi’s worship and havan. On the other hand, Ravana also started doing recitation of Chandi Path to please Goddess Chandi Devi to get immortality. Now, Lord Indra conveyed the message of Ravana doing Chandi Path to Rama through the wind. 

When Ravana came to know that 108 blue water lilies are being offered to Goddess Chandi Devi to please Her by Rama, He disappeared one of these flowers from Havan materials kept at the altar so that Rama worshipping Goddess Chandi Devi is obstructed. When 108 blue water lilies were found short of one flower, Rama’s resolution seemed to weaken.  Then, Rama remembered that these flowers are also called ‘Kamalnayan Navankanj Lochan.’ He wondered why He should not gouge one of His eyes to offer it to Goddess Chandi Devi.  No sooner did Rama try to gouge one of his eyes with quiver, Goddess Durga appeared before Him and said that she was pleased with His worshipping and blessed Him to be victorious in the battlefield. 

On the other hand, Lord Hanuman appeared in the guise of a Brahmin boy and landed on the place where Ravana was worshipping Chandi Devi. And the place where chanting of Shola (Jayadevi ... Bhurtiharini) was going on by Brahmins, lord Hanuman mispronounced ‘Harini’ word as ‘Karini.’ The meaning of ‘Harini’ is the one who removes the sufferings of people and ‘Karini’ is the one who gives sufferings to others. Because of mispronunciation of this word, Ravana’s worshipping was obstructed. And Goddess Durga fired at Ravana and cursed him. Ultimately, Ravana was completely ruined.

Chaitra Navratri is celebrated in the form of this truth and victory of religion. 

What is the meaning of worshipping? 

The meaning of worshipping is to imitate or emulate the character of God by seeing His picture.  

That is to say that while worshiping Goddess Durga, you should emulate the qualities of Her character in your life. 

Importance of Chaitra Navratri in Hindu Religion

Chaitra Navratri has great importance in Hindu religion. It is presumed that during Navratri days that lasts for nine days, Goddess Durga lives on the earth. And she is worshipped in different characters. Goddess’s worshipping starts from the first day of the Her idol’s installation at a place and come to an end on the ninth day after Her idol’s holocaust. The wishes of devotees are fulfilled after they have worshipped Her as per religious terms and conditions. 

When is Ghatasthapana Done?

Ghatastaapana is done on the first day of Chaitra Navratri according to auspicious ghatasthapana muhurat. During Navratri, Kalash Sthaapana has special importance. According to religious presumptions, installation of Kalash is considered very fruitful. During Navratri days, various goddesses—Shailputri, Brahmacharini, Chandraghanta, Kushmanda, Skandamata, Katyayani, Kalratri, Mahagauri and Siddhidatri—are worshipped.  

Why is Kalash Sthaapana Done? 

The place is cleaned and purified with Ganges before a Kalash is placed on it. Kalash is decked with five types of leaves, where turmeric roots, betel nuts, scutch grass, etc. are kept. Sand altar is made before placing a Kalash on it and barley are sown in it. Sowing of barley is done to please wealth and prosperity giver goddess, Annapurna. A photo or idol of Ma Durga is placed in the heart of altar. After this, makeup products, roli, rice, sindoor, garland, chunri, saree, and ornaments are offered to the Her. Akhand Deep is burnt on Kalash which remains alight till the last day of keeping fast. 

Worshipping Method of Kalash

Kalash should be worshipped as per religious conditions. For this, one should sow seven types of grains in an earthen pot and then keep Kalash on it. Fill Kalash with a mixture of water and Ganges. Now, tie Kalawa (a red-coloured thread) around this Kalash. At the mouth of Kalash, keep the leaves of mango or ashok.  After this, tie a Kalawa around the coir of coconut. Now, wrap a red piece of cloth around the coconut and keep it on Kalash. Recall all gods and goddesses. 

You can read similar write-up on relevance of astrology in indian festivals for all other major Indian Festivals.