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Indian Festivals & Muhurat

Guru Nanak Jayanti
30 Nov, 2020

Every year, the birth commemoration of Guru Nanak Dev, the first Guru and founder of Sikhism, is celebrated as Gurpurab, Guru Nanak Jayanti, or Prakash Parv across the world on Kartik Purnima. Followers of Sikhism carry out Prabhat Pheri and Nagar Kirtan on the morning of Guru Nanak Jayanti and offer handkerchiefs. They make donations in Gurudwaras and feed the poor. Guru Nanak Jayanti is known as Guru Parv and Gurpurab, which translates into 'the festival of Guru' Gurpurab is the most important day for the followers of the Sikh religion. 

Guru Nanak Dev was born in Talwandi village of Shedkhupura district of Punjab, which is now a part of Pakistan. Every year, Sikh people celebrate the day of Kartik Purnima as Guru Nanak Day. Guru Nanak Dev is remembered and revered for his many noble deeds and contribution to humankind's spiritual development. Nanak Dev Ji gave the message of religious harmony, integrity, peace, and brotherhood. Guru Nanak Dev founded Sikhism, one of the major religions followed by millions worldwide. The saint Guru Nanak Dev Ji left for his heavenly abode on September 22, 1539, in Kartarpur, now a part of Pakistan.  

Guru Nanak Ji is remembered for his teachings and noble deeds that he performed during his lifetime. His teachings are still relevant, and millions of people across the globe follow his message. Nanak Dev's father was Baba Kaluchand Bedi and his mother was Tripta Devi. His parents named him Nanak. His father was the revenue officer with the local government in his village. Guru Nanak Dev showed signs of an insightful and intelligent mind from a very early age. He mastered many languages and became a polyglot at a very young age.  

He had a deep knowledge of Persian and Arabian languages. He started working as an accounts manager in the office of Daulat Khan Lodi. Nanak Dev Ji got married in 1487 with Sulakhni Devi while he was residing in Sultanpur Lodi. They became parents of two boys in 1491 and 1496. 

Guru Nanak Ji is known for his supreme spiritual knowledge and great values in life. To disseminate his brotherhood message and 'One God', Guru Nanak Ji left his home and travelled to faraway places, mostly on his feet. To spread his teachings and principles, he would go places and participate in religious discourse with common people and learned individuals, sages, and monks. Later, he renounced his worldly life and started living as a monk. Nanak Dev Ji extensively worked for the betterment of underprivileged and poor people of society. He spread awareness against discrimination, idol worship, and religious superstitions. He visited many Hindu and Islamic pilgrimage sites to interact with people of these faiths and made them aware of many religious malpractices. 

Guru Nanak Dev Ji devoted 25 years of his life to disseminating his teachings, during which time he travelled to distant places and touched the lives of millions of people. During the last leg years of his life, he settled in a village named Kartarpur, Punjab, now part of Pakistan's Punjab province. Here, Nanak Devi Ji lived till his death. After twelve years of Nanak Dev's death, Bhai Gurudas was born, who joined the Sikh mission from early childhood. Bhai Gurudas is remembered reverently for his great contribution to the development of the Sikh community. He opened many Dharmashalas (community rest house) and inspired people to follow Guru Nanak Dev Ji's teachings.  

Why Guru Nanak Jayanti is celebrated?

Gurpurab, also known as Guru Parv and Prakash Parv, is celebrated to mark the birth anniversary of Guru Nanak Dev Ji. Guru Nanak Dev, the first Sikh Guru, was born on April 15, 1469, at the place called Rai Bhoy's Talwandi in Nankana Sahib district, now part of Pakistan's Punjab province.  

Nankana Sahib was named after Guru Nanak Dev, which is home to one of the most popular religious shrines in the world, Gurudwara Nankana Sahib. This is one of the most sacred & important places of worship for Sikh people. Gurudwara Nankana Sahib is visited by lakhs of people every year from all over the world. The leader of Sikh Empire, Maharaja Ranjit Singh, popularly known as Sher-E-Punjab, renovated Gurudwara Nankana Sahib during his period. 

Who was Guru Nanak Dev Ji?

Guru Nanak Dev was the first-ever Sikh Guru and founder of Sikhism. He is known as Nanak Dev Ji, Baba Nanak, and Nanakshah among his followers. In Ladakh and Tibet, Nanak Dev Ji is known as Nanak Lama. He devoted all his life in the service of humankind. To preach his teachings and message, Nanak Ji travelled extensively, not just in South Asia but to regions as far as Afghanistan, Iran, and Arabian nations. In the Punjabi language, his travels are known as Udasis. 

He undertook his first Udasi Yatra between 1507 AD and 1515 AD. At the age of sixteen, he married Sulakhni Devi and became the father of two sons, Sri Chand and Lakhmi Das. Nanak Dev Ji took his last breath in 1539 AD, at a Dharmashala in Kartarpur district of present-day Pakistan. Before his death, he had declared Bhai Lehna as his successor, who later came to be known as Guru Angad Dev. Guru Angad Dev was the second Sikh Guru.  

Guru Nanak Dev Ji laid the foundation for Gurudwara Darbar Sahib Kartarpur . Guru Nanak Dev Ji was the first-ever Sikh Guru. He laid the foundation for the Kartarpur Sahib Gurudwara. He is known as Nanak, Nanak Dev Ji, Baba Nanak, and Nanakshah among the follower of Sikhism. His birth anniversary is celebrated as Gurpurab, also known as Guru Parv and Prakash Parv. 

Gurudwaras are decorated elaborately across the world. On the day of Gurpurab, also known as Prakash Utsav, Sikh worship place Gurudwaras are elaborately decorated with lights and flowers. Nonstop recitation (Akhand Path) of Guru Granth Sahib are conducted, and Langars are run. Preparations for grand celebrations start many days prior to the festival with the early morning procession called Prabhat Pheri. Sikh people in huge numbers participate in Prabhat Pheri and sing Guruvani and Satnam Wahe Guru. Large processions of Nagar-kirtan are also carried out. Groups participating in Nagar-Kirtan are welcomed by their community members at many stops during the course. Shabad-Kirtan are conducted, and special arrangements are made in Gurudwaras for the big day. Celebrations continue day and night till Gurpurab, the day of Guru Nanak Jayanti.   

Ten facts about Guru Nanak Dev

1. Guru Nanak Dev was born on the Purnima (full moon) Tithi of Kartik Shukla Paksha. People celebrate his birth anniversary every year as Guru Nanak Jayanti on Kartik Purnima.

2. Guru Nanak's father name Mehta Kalu and his mother was Tripta Devi. Guru Nanak Dev also had a sister; her name was Bebe Nanaki. 

3. Guru Nanak Dev felt a detachment from worldly life from the very beginning of his childhood. Later, he began spending all his time in spiritual contemplation and Satsang (religious discourse).  

4. Due to many miracles associated with him right from the young age, people started believing him as a divine personality. 

5. Right from childhood, Guru Nanak Dev opposed the various orthodox and conventional belief systems prevalent during that era. He used to visit pilgrimage sites and discourse with religious leaders to highlight their shortcomings. He would urge people not to get misguided by religious superstitions and preachers blindly. 

6. Guru Nanak Dev married Mata Sulakhni in 1487. He had two sons, Sri Chand and Lakhmi Das. 

7. Guru Nanak Dev gave the message of 'Ik Onkar' or 'One God'. He encouraged people of all faith and religion to worship one God. He rejected the idea of Murti Puja (idol worship) and polytheism. Nanak's teachings resonated with Hindus and Muslims equally.  

8. There is a famous story associated with Guru Nanak Dev. Once, Nanak's father gave him twenty rupees to start a business and instructed him to conduct a Sacha Sauda (profitable deal) with those twenty rupees. Nanak Dev set off on his journey to the city. On his way, he met with a caravan of saints and monks. He bought food for the saints with those twenty rupees and returned home. At home, his father inquired whether he made some profit or not, to which Nanak Ji replied with a yes and said he bought food for saints with that money. 

9. Guru Nanak Dev espoused the idea that God resides within, and if your heart lacks compassion and is filled with anger, animosity, hate, and malevolence for other people, then God will never stay in such an impure heart. 

10. During his final years, Guru Nanak Dev settled in Kartarpur. This holy saint left for his heavenly abode on September 22, 1539. Before his death, Guru Nanak Dev had appointed his disciple Bhai Lehna as his successor who later came to be known as Guru Angad Dev.  

The preaching of Guru Nanak Dev

1) Ik Onkar, that is, 'One God'. God is omnipresent. We all are the children of God and must live in solidarity with each other. 

2) We should keep fulfilling our duties without taking unnecessary stress, and always strive to be happy. 

3) He preached the philosophy of brotherhood and believed that all the citizens of the world are part of one extended family. 

4) One must stay away from greed and work diligently and honestly to earn a respectable living for themselves. 

5) One must never indulge in misappropriation and always work with integrity. Also, one must never hesitate to help the underprivileged. 

6) One must always endorse the idea of love, harmony, unity, brotherhood, and spiritual enlightenment in their life. 

7) One must never take pride in their wealth and worldly possessions. 

8) One must always respect women. Guru Nanak Dev treated men and women equally. 

9) Before preaching to others, a person should conquer their vices and bad habits.  

10) One must always remain humble and never let ego dictate their behaviour. 

List of Sikh Gurus

  • First Guru - Guru Nanak Dev
  • Second Guru - Guru Angad Dev
  • Third Guru - Guru Amar Das
  •  Fourth Guru - Guru Ram Das
  •  Fifth Guru - Guru Arjan Dev
  •  Sixth Guru - Guru Har Gobind
  • Seventh Guru - Guru Har Rai
  • Eighth Guru - Guru Har Krishan
  • Ninth Guru - Guru Tegh Bahadur
  • Tenth Guru - Guru Gobind Singh

After the first ten Gurus, the primary religious scripture of Sikhism, Guru Granth Sahib, is considered the living Guru or eternal Guru. There are total 1430 pages in Guru Granth Sahib which comprised the teachings of all the previous Gurus and the discourses of 30 other saints. 

Some important facts from the life of Shri Guru Nanak Dev Ji 

From a young age, Nanak Dev Ji displayed great poise and had an equanimous temperament. He opposed orthodoxy from a very early age.

Nanak Dev Ji was the first Sikh Guru and the founder of Sikhism. He was strongly against religious superstitions and pageantry prevalent in that period. 

Nanak Dev Ji was a philosopher, a social reformer, a poet, a family man, a Yogi, and a patriot. 

Nanak Dev Ji didn't approve the caste system. To eradicate this social evil, he started conducting 'Langar' (community kitchen), an inclusive dining concept in which free food was served to everyone without making a distinction based on caste, religion, race, ethnicity, financial background.

Nanak Ji disseminate the concept of 'Nirguna Upasana' (worship of formless God). He was strictly against the concept of idol worship. He propounded that God is one, almighty, and omnipresent. 

To spread the awareness about various social ills, Guru Nanak Ji travelled extensively in all the four directions. The journeys he undertook for this purpose were called Udasis. He travelled through Haridwar, Ayodhya, Prayag, Kashi, Gaya, Patna, Assam, Bikaner, Pushkar Tirth, Delhi, Panipat, Kurukshetra, Jagannatha Puri, Rameshwaram, Somanath, Dwaraka, Narmada Tat, Multan, Lahore, and many more regions across the Indian subcontinent. 

Teachings of Guru Nanak Dev Ji

1. God is one; worship him with full devotion.

2. God is omnipresent; every living being is part of One God. Always have faith in God. 

3. Those who worship God with a pure heart must never feel afraid of anyone and anything. 

4. One must diligently fulfil their duties and earn their livelihood with fair means. 

5. One must never engage in immoral activities. Even the thought of such activities is deplorable.  

6.If one commits is a mistake, inadvertently or intentionally, they should confess it in front of God and seek forgiveness for their wrongdoings. 

7. One must always strive to be happy and content. 

8. Men and women are equal and should be treated equally by one and all.  

9. One must always donate a portion of their income earned through fair means to the poor and needy people. 

10. One must stay away from vices such as greed, ego, jealously, etc. 

Celebrations on Guru Parv or Guru Nanak Jayanti 

To commemorate the birth anniversary of Guru Nanak Dev, grand celebrations are organized. Sikh community starts taking out Prabhat Pheri three weeks prior to Gurpurab. Akhand Path (nonstop recitation) of Guru Granth Sahib is conducted in Gurudwaras. Shabad-Kirtan (singing devotional songs) and tableaux are also carried out during processions, and Langars are run. Sikh people visit their loved ones on the day of Guru Nanak Jayanti, also known as Gurpurab, Guru Parv, and Prakash Parv, to exchange greetings of the festival. As we are living in a digital age, wishing each other on festival through various social media platforms like Facebook, WhatsApp, Instagram are gaining popularity, and people use these platforms to celebrate the festival and exchange wishes with their near and dear ones. 

Tulsi Vivah
26 Nov, 2020

On the Ekadashi Tithi of Kartik Shukla Paksha, also known as Dev Uthani Ekadashi, the ceremonial marriage of Tulasi plant and Shaligram is conducted. It is believed that performing this ritual pleases Lord Vishnu and Goddess Lakshmi. According to the Padma Purana, Goddess Tulasi is the incarnation or Avatar of Goddess Lakshmi. Shaligram is the manifestation of Lord Vishnu. The legend of their incarnation is found in the ancient text of Brahmavaivarta Purana. As per the scripture, conducting the marriage of Holy plant Tulasi and Shaligram brings peace and prosperity in life. Therefore in Sanatan Dharma, the tradition of conducting the marriage of Goddess Tulasi and Shaligram is followed with utmost devotion. 

The significance of Tulasi Vivah

Tulasi is considered sacred and has special significance in Hinduism. Along with religious significance, Tulasi is known for its scientific significance as well. From the scientific perspective, the Tulasi plant is well-known for its rich medicinal properties. In the Hindu religion, Goddess Tulasi is considered the incarnation of Devi Lakshmi, and she is married to Shaligram. Shaligram is depicted as the manifestation of Lord Krishna, the eighth incarnation of Lord Vishnu. The Ekadashi Tithi of Ashadha Shukla Paksha, also known as Devshayani Ekadashi, marks the four-month sleeping period of Lord Vishnu in Kshira Sagara. 

Lord Vishnu wakes from his four-month-long sleeping period on the day of Dev Uthani or Devutthana Ekadashi. Goddess Tulasi is very dear to Lord Vishnu, and he loves listening to the prayers of Tulasi when he wakes from sleep. On Dev Uthani Ekadashi, Goddess Tulasi is married off to Shaligram. If a person doesn’t have a daughter and can’t earn the ‘Punya’ of Kanyadan (giving away the daughter in marriage), then he should perform Tulasi Vivah, the ceremonial marriage of the Tulasi plant to earn the Punya of Kanyadan. It is believed that people who worship Tulasi in their home always prosper with an abundance of wealth. With Tulasi Vivah, auspicious ceremonies like wedding, etc., restart after the four-month hiatus. The Dev Prabodhini Ekadashi of Kartik month is the day dedicated to the marriage of Goddess Tulasi and Shaligram.  

Why is Goddess Tulasi married off to a stone? 

On the day of Dev Uthani Ekadashi, Lord Vishnu wakes up from his sleep after four months. Onwards this day, all the auspicious ceremonies restart in the Hindu religion after the hiatus of four months. The marriage of Goddess Tulasi and Shaligram is also conducted on Dev Uthani Ekadashi. A Tulasi plant is decorated like a Hindu bride with a wedding Saree draped around her, and Shaligram is the groom; during the wedding ceremony, all wedding rituals are observed with full devotion.   

Due to a curse, Lord Vishnu turned into a stone (Shaligram)

According to a legend, just when Vrinda’s vow was broken due to Vishnu’s trick, her husband Jalandhar was killed in the battle, and his head fell off in her courtyard. Vrinda was shocked to see the head of her husband. When she turned and asked her companion who he was as? Then, Vishnu revealed his true identity as he was disguising himself as Jalandhar and deceived Vrinda to break her vow made to Jalandhar. Feeling betrayed, Vrinda cursed Vishnu. She cursed Vishnu to go through the pain of separation from his wife just as she went through the pain of separation from her husband. The way you betrayed me by disguising yourself, your wife will be abducted by deception. You will be forced to live through the separation of your wife. Then Vrinda said, you have deceived me into breaking my vow; now you will turn into a stone. Henceforth, Lord Vishnu came to be called Shaligram. It is believed that due to this very curse of Vrinda, Lord Vishnu incarnated as Rama, the son of King Dasharatha of Ayodhya, and suffered the pain of separation from his wife, Sita. 

The association between Vrinda and Tulasi plant

As per the legend associated, the Tulasi plant originated at the exact spot where Vrinda became Sati. As the Tulasi plant shares its origin with the place where Vrinda died, Tulasi came to be known as Vrinda. It is said that when Vrinda cursed Lord Vishnu, he repented his deed by honoring Vrinda to become his consort in the form of Tulasi. Vishnu said he respected her integrity, and thus she would live forever with him as Husband and wife. 

Lord Vishnu further added that anyone who will conduct my marriage with you on Kartik Shukla Ekadashi would become worthy of my blessings, and I will fulfill every worldly and non-worldly desire of that person. Henceforth, the tradition of performing the ceremonial marriage of Shaligram and Tulasi on Dev Uthani Ekadashi started. Furthermore, Tulasi has special significance in the worship of Lord Vishnu. Without Tulasi leaves, the worship of Lord Vishnu is considered incomplete.   

Tulasi Vivah is helpful for people who don’t have a daughter.

The day of Kartik Shukla Ekadashi is considered most auspicious for Tulasi Vivah. This day is dedicated to the celebrations of the wedding of Goddess Tulasi with Shaligram. The wedding is performed by following all the important rituals of a Hindu wedding. Hence, any couple who doesn’t have a daughter should perform the rituals of Tulasi Vivah to earn the Punya of Kanyadan.   

Medicinal and Puranic significance of Tulasi plant

Tulasi is an important plant from a medicinal and health perspective. Brewing a few Tulasi leaves with tea will not just enhance its taste but also boost your immunity and keep you energetic throughout the day. These medicinal properties of Tulasi have made it an important ingredient in many Ayurvedic medicines and preparations. Tulasi holds high significance from a health as well as a religious perspective. On the one hand, Tulasi is beloved to Lord Vishnu, and on the other, she has deep animosity with Lord Ganesha. Usage of Tulasi leaves in any form is forbidden during Ganesha Puja. 

This miraculous legend associated with Tulasi Vivah

There are many legends associated with Tulasi Vivah, and one of them narrates the story of a particular Nanad-Bhabhi. As per the story, Nanad was an ardent devotee of Goddess Tulasi and would worship her with full devotion. But her sister-in-law (Bhabhi) did not approve of her worshipping Tulasi. She used to get angrily shout and taunt her Nanad that she would only get a Tulasi plant as a wedding gift or dowry. Furthermore, she would only serve Tulasi leaves in the reception dinner to the wedding guests and Baratis (groom’s side).  

Soon, the Nanad was old enough to be married off, and her wedding day arrived. Bhabhi broke the Tulasi plant in front of Baratis. But with God’s grace, all the leaves and soil turned into a sumptuous meal. This exasperated the Bhabhi even more, and instead of adorning her Nanad with golden jewellery, she put a Tulasi’s seed garland around her neck. But the very next moment, that Garland transformed into a beautiful gold necklace. Bhabhi did not stop there, and instead of giving bridal clothes to her Nanad, she gave her Janeo to wear. But that Janeo transformed into a beautiful silk Saree. Witnessing the incident, Nanad’s new family, that is, her husband’s family, praised her wholeheartedly. Seeing all those miracles, Bhabhi understood the importance and power of Tulasi Puja.   

Goddess Tulasi bestows boon only to her true devotees.

It is common knowledge that the offering of all your delicious sweets, fruits, and flowers would mean nothing if you don’t have devotion in your heart. But if you have true devotion in your heart for a deity, and worship them without any selfish interest, then a single flower would be enough to become worthy of God’s grace. This theory is justified by the next incident of the Nanad-Bhabhi story told above. According to the story, when the Nanad got married and went to live with her husband, the Bhabhi came to understand the importance of Tulasi Puja. She instructed her daughter to worship Tulasi.    

However, the daughter paid no heed to her mother’s instructions. Then, Bhabhi thought if she behaved with her daughter the same way she behaved with her sister-in-law during the latter’s wedding, maybe Goddess Tulasi bestows boons on her daughter as well. She repeated all her actions during her daughter’s wedding. But no miracle happened this time, and the broken Tulasi pot did not turn into delicious food, Tulasi garland did not transform into gold jewellery, and Janeo remained as it is. All these actions of the Bhabhi made them a subject of ridicule in society, and everyone criticized them.   

When Jowar transformed into gold and silver

The story of Nanad-Bhabhi further goes like this. After all that happened during the wedding, the Bhabhi never invited her sister-in-law home even for a day. One day, the brother thought that he should go and meet his sister. He shared these thoughts with his wife and proposed to bring along some gifts for his sister. To this, the Bhabhi put a handful of Jowar grain in a bag to be presented to the Nanad and handed it to her husband. Seeing this behaviour of his wife, the brother felt very bad. He thought it would be very awkward and inappropriate to gift Jowar to his sister, and he emptied the bag in front of cows in a cowshed on his way.   

But with the grace of Goddess Tulasi, all Jowar grains transformed into gold and silver. The cow owner was astonished to see this and asked the brother as to why he offered all that gold and silver to the cows. Brother was also stunned to see the miracle and shared the complete incident with the cowherd. Then the cowherd said it was all because of the blessings of Goddess Tulasi. Brother proceeded happily and reached his sister’s place. Seeing the precious gift, the sister and her family were overjoyed with happiness. 

The legend of Tulasi-Shaligram marriage 

Shaligram is the Avatar of Lord Vishnu. As per the Puranic legend, apart from Lord Ganesha and Kartikeya, Lord Shiva had one more son, and his name was Jalandhar. But Jalandhar had demonic qualities in him. He considered himself the most powerful, mighty, and formidable warrior among all the Gods and demons. He used to misuse his powers to trouble Gods. Jalandhar was married to an ardent devotee of Lord Vishnu, Vrinda. As Jalandhar would persistently bother Gods and try to snatch their kingdom, the trinity of Lord Brahma, Lord Vishnu, and Lord Shiva conceived a plan to kill him.   

But for Vrinda’s virtue and faithfulness, nobody could kill Jalandhar. To get the solution to this problem, Gods decided to ask the help of Lord Vishnu. Lord Vishnu made the plan of breaking Vrinda’s vow, which was protecting her husband. To execute their plan, Lord Vishnu disguised as Jalandhar and deceived Vrinda to break her vow. This way, the trinity of Lord Brahma, Lord Vishnu, and Lord Shiva succeeded in killing Jalandhar. Vrinda felt tormented knowing about the betrayal of Lord Vishnu, of whom she was an ardent devotee. In her anguish, Vrinda cursed Lord Vishnu to turn into a stone. All Gods implored Vrinda to take her curse back, and she capitulated. To repent for his betrayal, Lord Vishnu manifested himself in the form of a stone and henceforth came to be known as Shaligram. 

Puja Vidhi of Tulasi Vivah

As per the tradition, the ceremonial marriage of Tulasi, called Tulasi Vivah, is conducted on Kartik Shukla Ekadashi. On this day, Lord Vishnu also wakes after four months of the sleeping period, which begins on Dev Shayani Ekadashi. This Ekadashi also marks the resuming of auspicious ceremonies, like a wedding in Hinduism after the hiatus. As per the beliefs, Lord Vishnu, in his Shaligram Avatar, marries Tulasi on this day. Those who perform this ceremony earn Punya equivalent to Kanyadan. 

  • During the evening, before the marriage, draw a beautiful Rangoli and an eight-leaf lotus by using Geru powder.  
  • Then set up a Mandapa by using sugarcane. 
  • Place two Chowkis inside the Mandapa. Now place a Tulasi pot on one Chowki and either Shaligram or Lord Vishnu’s idol on another. 
  • Place Tulasi pot on the right-hand side of Shaligram. 
  • On Shaligram’s Chowki, draw an eight-leaf lotus and place a Kalash on it. Also, draw a Swastika on the Kalash. 
  • Put Tilak on mango leaves using Roli and decorate them around the brim of Kalash. Now, wrap a coconut with a red cloth and place it over the Kalash. 
  • Light a Ghee-Deepak in front of Tulasi pot and start the wedding ceremony. 
  • Then, dip a flower in Gangajal and sprinkle it on the Tulasi pot while chanting the Mantra - Om Tulsaya Namah. Sprinkle some Gangajal on Shaligram also.  
  • Put Roli Tilak on Tulasi and sandalwood Tilak on Shaligram. 
  • Wrap a red Chunari or Saree around Goddess Tulasi and offer Suhag-items, like bangles, Henna, etc. 
  • Perform the Abhishekam of Shaligram with Panchamrita and make an offering of yellow clothes. 
  • Offer flowers on the Kalash. Put a flower garland each on Tulasi and Shaligram.  
  • Then, put a betel nut, flowers, a few cardamoms, and Dakshina (money) in a cloth. 
  • A male member of your family should carry Shaligram in hands and make seven rounds around Tulasi. 
  • After completing Pheras or seven rounds, make Goddess Tulasi seated on the left-hand side of Shaligram. 
  • Offer sesame to Shaligram and perform his Aarti with camphor. 
  • After completing all rituals, offer the Bhog of sweets and Kheer-Puri to Goddess Tulasi and Shaligram. 
  • After the Puja, donate all the Puja-Samagri (items used during the Puja) along with the same Tulasi pot in a temple.  
  • If possible, plant Amla along with Tulasi at your home and perform Panchopachar Puja. 

One should never pluck Tulasi leaves after the sunset. Our scripture has made Tulasi plucking forbidden on certain days and Tithis, which are - new moon day, Chaturdashi Tithi, Sunday, Friday, and Saptami Tithi. Furthermore, don’t pluck Tulasi leaves without any reason. If you need Tulasi leaves during one of those aforementioned forbidden days, then use the fallen leaves of the Tulasi plant gathered around the pot, or you can pluck the leaves one day prior and use them during the forbidden days. Tulasi is a sacred plant, don’t pluck her leaves unless you need them. The leaves that you have used during the Puja can be reused after washing them with clean water.

Performing Tulasi Vivah confers a person with Punya Phal

It is believed that conducting Tulasi Vivah with devotion end all the problems coming in your marriage. Those who are finding it difficult to get married should also perform Tulasi Vivah to get the blessings of Goddess Tulasi and Lord Vishnu. Tulasi Vivah also confers one with the Punya equivalent to Kanyadan. 

Perform Tulasi Vivah with Manglashtaka Mantra

Tulasi Vivah is conducted by following the rituals of a Hindu wedding. Manglashtaka Mantra is chanted during the wedding rituals. In the same way, during the wedding rituals of Goddess Tulasi and Shaligram, Manglashtaka Mantra should be chanted. It is believed that the power of these mantras sanctifies the whole environment and increases positive energy. 

The benefits of conducting the Tulasi Vivah

Tulasi Vivah is performed on Dev Uthani Ekadashi. As parents, marrying off Goddess Tulasi to Shaligram bestows the fruits equivalent to Kanyadan. Those who don’t have a daughter should perform Tulasi Vivah by following all rituals to earn the Punya of Kanyadan. Couples who are facing a troubled relationship in their married life should perform Tulasi Vivah for a happy marriage. Conducting Tulasi Vivah with devotion confers peace and prosperity in your life and success to your children.  

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Dev Uthani Ekadashi
25 Nov, 2020

The Ekadashi fast is of enormous interest in the Sanatan Dharma. The Ekadashi, which occurs in the Shukla Paksha of Kartik month, is also known as Devotthan, Devauthani, or Prabodhini Ekadashi. Generally, this Ekadashi occurs after the festival of Diwali. Ashadh Devashayana on this day of Ekadashi in the Shukla paksha rise up, and hence it is known as Devotthan Ekadashi. It is considered that on this auspicious day of Ekadashi, Lord Vishnu gets up after four months of sleep in Kshirsagar. Any kind of marriage or any special functions are rarely done in these four months of Vishnu's slumber time. All the fortunate function commences after Lord Hari wakes up on Devotthan Ekadashi. Tulsi-vivah is also performed on this day, and the person who fasts on this day is said to attain BaikunthaDham.

Importance of Devuthani Ekadashi

In our Vedas and Puranas, there is a faith that on this Ekadashi, which occurs after Diwali, the almighty rises. So that is why all the prosperous practices like marriage, upanayana, or Graha Pravesh, etc., begins after the occasion of Devauthanigyarasi. Hence Tulsi marriage is also performed on this day of Gyarasi. Chalk is made in houses with rice flour. Lord Vishnu is worshipped between the cane canopy. Firecrackers are burned on this day. DevauthaniGyarasi is most commonly known as Chhoti Diwali. From this day of Gyarasi, the carrier of Mars gets its strength again. On this day of Kartik Shukla Ekadashi, along with the tulsi marriage, it is hoped that all the positive tasks in the house should be done sleekly. As the tulsi plant is also a portrayal of nature and is also considered as a medicinal plant, it is donated among all for it benefits everyone. After four months of sleep, awakened Lord Vishnu resumes all the auspicious works after this moment. According to the Indian Calendar, the day of Ekadashi is also actually ponderous. Hence this day is celebrated with exceptional rituals. From this day, onwards marriages and many auspicious functions start. Keeping a fast on this day is also said to be of huge importance. Women perform Tulsi marriage and renovate their lawn with khadi, and celebrates the festival with bhajans and songs.

Why is Devouthani Ekadashi celebrated?

On this day, Shri Hari wakes up. This day is called Dev Prabodhini Ekadashi or Devauthanigyarasi. All the Manglik tasks, which has been stopped for four months, also starts. According to the Vishnu Purana, Lord Vishnu annihilated a ghastly beast named Shankhasura and then the Ekadashi of Asadh Shukla Paksha, which is known as Harishayani Ekadashi in which Shri Hari slept on the bed of Sheshnag started.  The awakening of Lord Vishnu after relinquishing the yoga sleep of four months means that in four months, we can reorganize the energy which we gathered from self-study and worship, into karmas which will have advantages in our lives. 

Panchabhika fast

The KartikPanchTirthaMahasnan starts as well, and it continues till Kartik Purnima. 'PanchabhikaVrat' starts from the Ekadashi day in the month of Kartik, in which bathing is done for five days while staying without water(nirjala). This is performed for the fulfillment of Dharma, Artha, Kama, and Moksha. According to Ekadashi Mahatyam termed in PadamPurana, the fruit of Devotthan Ekadashi fasts is equivalent to a thousand AshwameghYajna and a hundred RajasuyaYajna. Keeping a fast on Ekadashi day is knowledgeable and delightful. Having a bath in holy rivers and praying to Lord Vishnu on this day is of great importance. This fast on Ekadashi is considered to lessen the sins which we do after taking birth in this world and makes it easier for us to get the cycle of birth and death.

Benefits of donating a lamp

It is said in the testament of Devotthan Ekadashi is the Shaligram figure of Lord Vishnu and the marriage day of Goddess Vrinda, i.e., Tulsi. On this day, Lord Vishnu wakes up after a sleep of four months and resume the works of managing the universe. Lord Rudra relaxes as he is free from the task of creation during the four months of Lord Vishnu's sleep. So on this day, Lord Vishnu is worshipped with full dedication and faithfulness. On this daylight, some lamps on the roof of the house and don't keep any part of the house dark in the night as it increases happiness and well-being. 

Do not pluck basil leaves 

Tulsi should not be plucked from the plants on the day of Devotthan Ekadashi. On this day of Ekadashi, Shaligram form of Goddess Tulsi and Lord Vishnu were married, so Tulsi leaves should be worn on this day. Lamps should lighten up under Tulsi plants. On the next day, i.e., Dwadashi tithi, the fasting should be broken by consuming tulsi leaves, and the leaves should not be plucked by the one who was fasting, so children or elders who have not fasted should pluck the leaves. 

After all, Why does Shri Hari fall asleep?

Once upon a time, his beloved Lakshmi Ji said to Lord Vishnu-Lord, you stay awake the whole day, and when you sleep, you sleep for years, and the balance of nature loses. Therefore take the lesson from it and sleep by a schedule as it will also help me. After hearing what Lakshmi Ji said, Lord Vishnu smiled and replied, 'Devi' what you have said is true and appropriate; waking up does not give rest to all the other Gods and especially to you because of my service. From today onwards, I will sleep for the four months of the rainy season, which will be called Alpnidra and Yojanidra, which will be the ultimate blessing for my followers. During this time, all the fanatic who will care for me in the spirit of my sleep, I will always stay in their homes with you and bless them.

Tulsi Shaligram marriage

The marriage of Lord Vishnu, who is also known as Shaligram and Vishupriya Tulsi, is performed on Ekadashi by women who bath in Kartik. The marriage ceremony of the Tulsi tree and Shaligram is performed under the beautiful mandap. Vishnushastram, including Namastak, is recited during the ceremony. According to the scriptures, the reason to celebrate this Tulsi-Shaligram marriage is the attainment of virtues and happy married life. In the month of Kartik, no donation is greater than donating a tulsi tree. In Prithvi Lok, Goddess Tulsi is recognized by eight names, and they are:-  

Vrindavani, Vrinda, Vishvapujita, Vishvapavani, Pushpasara, Nandini, Krishnajivani, and Tulsi. In the holy offerings of Shree Hari, the Presence of Tulsi leaf is compulsory, and Tulsi leaves are offered in Lord's rosary and feet.

Devotthan Ekadashi Vrat and Puja Vidhi

Lord Vishnu is worshipped and awakened on the day of Prabhodhini Ekadashi.

    Religious deeds performed on this day are as follows-

    On this day, we are expected to get up in the morning, take a vow and do meditation on Lord Vishnu.

    Just After taking a bath and cleaning the house, the feet of Lord Vishnu are drawn in the courtyard.

    After drawing the pounder from ochre, fruit, sweet, plum, water chestnut, season fruit, and sugarcane are put in it, and it is covered with thread.

    On this day in the night, lamps and Diyas are lightened at the place of worship and also outside the house.

    Every family members of the house should worship Lord Vishnu and other deities at the night

    After this, Lord Vishnu should be awakened with the help of concha, bell-gharial, etc. And this sentence should be repeated:-Utho Deva, Baitha Deva, Anguriya Chatko Deva, New Cotton, New Cotton, Dev Raise Karthik month.

Chanting of Mantras

In Hinduism, the chanting of mantras has great importance. Almost all the predestination is done using the mantras. There is also predestination of awakening the Gods by chanting mantras, recitation, strings, bell sound, and bhajan-kirtan on the day of Devuthani Ekadashi.

This mantra is chanted

Uttistha Govind Tyaj Nidran Jagatpatye.  Tvayi Supte Jagannath Jagat Suptam Bhavedidam

 Uttheta Chestate Sarvamuttishottistha Madhava.  Gatamegha Viachaiva Nirmalam Nirmaladishsh

 Sharadanchi Pushpani Grihaan Mam Keshav.

And if the above mantra is not known or if there is not a pure accent, raise Shri Narayana by saying 'Get up deva, sit deva'.  After awakening Srihari, worship him with the Shodashopachari method. Lord's Charanamrit must be taken to increase happiness and good luck.  It is believed that Charanamrit destroys all diseases, and protects them from premature death, eliminates all suffering.  On the day of Devothani Ekadashi, recitation and fasting of Vishnu praise, Shaligram, and Tulsi glory should be observed.

Devauthani Ekadashi: Mythological Fast Story

Once there was a king, and in his kingdom, everyone used to keep fasting on Ekadashi. on the day of Ekadashi, food was not given to anyone, including the animals. One day a man came to the King from another state and requested the King to hire him. The King agreed to hire him, but he has put a condition before him that he will get food every day to expect on the day of Ekadashi. For that time, the man accepted the King's condition, but on the day of Ekadashi, when fruits were given to the man, he disagreed with having the fruits; instead, he went to the King and pleaded with him that fruit is not sufficient for him and he will die of hunger and requested the King to give him food. After this, the King reminded him of the condition, but he didn't agree to give up on food, so the King gave me flour, daal, rice, etc. After getting the food from the King, the man, as usual, went to the river, took his bath, and started to prepare the food. After the food was cooked, he started calling God to come and have the food. On his call, God wearing Pitambar came in quadrilateral form and started eating with him with love. 

The Lord became impeded after having the meal, and the man went to his work. After fifteen days, when again came the Ekadashi, the man requested the King to give him the food in double amount. After asking for a reason, he replied to the King that he remained hungry that day because God also used to eat with him, and the food was not enough for two people. After hearing this, the King was surprised and was not ready to believe the fact that God eats with the man. The King Said that he used to keep fast on Ekadashi, worship God, but God never appeared before him. After hearing this, the man said that if he is not able to believe, then he must come along with him and hide behind the tree and see everything that's happening there. 

As the King wanted to check whether the man is true or not, he went near the river and hid behind the tree. As usual, the man-made the food and kept calling God till the evening, but God didn't appear. Finally, the man prayed to God that if he does not come, then he will jump into the river and die. But then also God didn't come. So he started moving towards the river to kill himself. Knowing his strong intention to give up his life, God soon appeared and stopped him from doing that, and both enjoyed the meal together. After completing the meal, God took him to his abode in his plane. Seeing this, the King realized that there is no benefit of fasting until the mind is pure.  The King got a lesson from this.  He, too, started fasting from the heart and finally got to heaven. 

Devauthani Ekadashi Story

There was a king, and the people lived happily in his kingdom. However, no one in his kingdom ever sells 'anna' or food items; everyone only sold fruits. Once God decided to take his test, and God converted himself into a beautiful girl, and then he sat on the road. At that time only, King was passing by, and he got utterly surprised. And then he asked her, 'who are you? Why are you sitting here? Then the beautiful woman said that I am destitute and I have no identity in this city and so I could not ask for help from anyone. The King got attracted to her looks, and then he said, 'why don't you come to my palace and live there as my queen?' The beautiful lady said that 'I would listen to you only if you give all your responsibilities. 

Also,  I would have all rights over your kingdom. Whatever I will cook, you will eat' As King was already extremely attracted, so he agreed to all her sayings. The next day, it was Ekadashi and queen ordered to sell food at the market. She also cooked fish and mutton and asked the King to eat it. When King saw it he said, it is Ekadashi, and so he would only eat fruits. At that point only, the queen reminded him about the promise that he made, and then she said, either you eat food or else I would behead your elder son. At this point, the King decided to explain his situation and share his problem with the other queen, and so the elder queen said, 'dear King does not get sad, but you must not give up on virtue or ethics, and so she suggested sacrificing his son. At this time only, the son returned and saw tears in his mother's eye, and so he asked the reason behind it. When he came to know the reason, he agreed to sacrifice his head. He said you must respect and protect ethics and virtue. 

When King agreed to do it, God Vishnu appeared and said 'I am impressed by your values, you can ask me anything as a blessing' Then King said that 'with your mercy, we do have everything, all we expect from you is to guide us'At that only, King gave his son and then the son flew in into the heavenly world.  

Special things that you must perform on Devathaon Ekadashi 

Let's try to understand a few important solutions:

1.    On this day, you should donate milk mixed with Kesar to the almighty Lord Vishnu. If God gets happy and feels content, he would make all your wish come true 

2.    On this auspicious day, devotees must get up early in the morning and take a bath. If you do this, your entire family would be blessed. After that, you must also chant the pious and pure 'Gayatri Mantra', which would make your health better 

3.    For financial benefits, on the day of Ekadashi, you must offer any white sweets or rice pudding to the powerful Lord Vishnu. Make sure you do put 'Tulsi' in it

4.    Devotees must offer coconut and almonds to Lord Vishnu consecutively for 11 Ekadashis

5.    Try to wear yellow colored clothes on this day. You could also offer yellow fruit to the Almighty

6.    On this day, towards evening, you must light pure Ghee Diyas and chant 'वासुदेवाय नम' eleven times and also take around. This would help you to keep your house calm and serene 

7.    On this day, you must collect water in 'दक्षिणावर्ती शंख' and offer to Lord Vishnu. This will impress Lord Vishnu and Maa Lakshmi 

8.    On this day, you must offer water to the Peepal tree and also lit some Diyas. It is believed that the peepal is the symbol of Lord Vishnu. You must perform this ritual to get over the debts

9.    You must keep a picture of the statue of Lord Vishnu when you are praying. You must include some money and then keep it with you after puja

10.    On this day, you must visit any spiritual place and chat Gayatri Mantra

11.    On this day, if anyone proceeds with 'Tulsi- Shaligram' Marriage, he or she would be blessed for life

12.    There are eight popular names, such as:

 देवी तुलसी आठ नामों वृंदावनी, वृंदा, विश्वपूजिता, विश्वपावनी, पुष्पसारा, नंदिनी, कृष्णजीवनी और तुलसी. You must add Tulsi in it to make your prayers more effective

13.    On this day, you must roam around the 'Tulsi' eleven times 

What to do and What not to do on this day?

Things you should do:

    You must light some candles and Diyas on this day.

    You must put the light everywhere in your house.

    People could prefer 'Tulsi-Shaligram' Marriage on this day. 

    You must keep fast on this day.

    You must pray to Lord Vishnu and also sing spiritual songs.

    You must offer Tulsi to Lord Vishnu. 

    Married people who chant 'Tulsi Namastak' would be blessed.

    You must not consume salt on this day.

    You must also not drink water.

    You must also eat fruits.

    You must chant beautiful and effective prayers.

    You must donate food to the poor and needy.    

Things you should not do:

    Make sure you do not eat rice as it is not allowed on this day as it might have a severe impact on your next birth.

    You must not fight or misbehave with anyone.

    Make sure you do not pluck Tulsi leaves on this day. 

    So make sure you do pluck flowers and leaves on the previous day.

    You must follow 'Brahmacharya Fast' on this day, or else Lord Vishnu would get furious. 

    The person who is fasting must sleep on the floor.

     Do not consume alcohol on this day.

    You must not sleep and perform prayers to Lord during the entire night.

    You must not lie to anyone.

    You must not insult anyone.

    Also, you must not hurt any living beings.

Chhath Puja
20 Nov, 2020

Chhath Parva or Chhath Puja is a folk festival of India celebrated on the Shashthi Tithi of Kartik Shukla Paksha. Chhath Puja is also known as Surya Shashthi. This festival is celebrated six days after Diwali. Chhath Puja is predominantly and grandly celebrated in the North Indian states of Bihar, Jharkhand, and Eastern Uttar Pradesh. On this day, Sun God and Chhathi Maiyya are worshipped. The main ritual of this festival involves offering Arghya (water) to Sun God and Chhathi Maiyya. Since the past few years, Chhath Puja has gained significant importance among the folk festivals of India, and due to this reason, it has emerged as one of the most popular and widely celebrated festivals of not just Bihar and Jharkhand but also other regions of India.  

In Bihar, the grandeur and spirit of Chhath Puja are all-pervasive and spectacularly matchless. Basically, Chhath Puja is dedicated to the worship of the Sun. As per the mythological beliefs, Chhath is considered the sister of Sun. It is believed that worshipping Sun God on Chhath Parva pleases Chhath Mai (Chhath Maiyya), and she grants boon such as wealth and prosperity, peace and harmony to everyone who worships Sun God with full devotion. 

History of Chhath Puja?

The biggest and most important festival of Hindus, Diwali, is like an exquisite string of festivals. This beautiful festival does not end on Bhai Dooj but continues till Chhath. Chiefly celebrated in Uttar Pradesh and Bihar, the Chhath Parva is an important festival of North India, now enthusiastically celebrated across the country. Chhath is not just a one-day festival, but a grand celebration during which festivities continue for four days. It starts with Nahay-Khay on day-1 and culminates with the offering of Arghya to the rising Sun on the fourth day, the festival of Chhath holds unique mythological significance in Hinduism. 

Mythological significance of Chhath/Legend of Chhath

During Chhath Parva, Goddess Chhathi is worshipped, whose legends find a mention in Brahmavaivarta Purana. As per the legends, the son of first Manu Swayambhuva, King Priyavrata, had no children of his own, and this made him utterly unhappy and desolate. Sage Kashyapa suggested the King should perform a Yajna to be blessed with a son. The King performed the Yajna as per the command of the sage. As a result of the boon received, Queen Malini gave birth to a boy, but unfortunately, the baby was stillborn. This misfortune made the King, the Queen, and the entire clan even more miserable.    

As they were mourning the loss, a plane descended from the sky carrying Goddess Shashthi. When the King reverently bowed his head in front of the Goddess, she said - I am Goddess Shashthi, the adopted daughter of Lord Brahma. I am the protector of children and bless all those childless couples with their own child who worship me with full devotion. Then she put her hand on the dead child, and with her divine touch, the baby was alive again. King could not contain his happiness to see his dead son alive and worshipped Goddess Shashthi devotedly. Henceforth, people started worshipping Goddess Shashthi to get her blessings. 

The Scientific significance of Chhath Parva

There are deep scientific insights hidden behind the significance of Chhath Parva. Actually, Shashthi Tithi is a special astronomical event. On this day, Sun’s ultraviolet rays hit the surface of the Earth with more intensity and frequency. The rituals followed on Shashthi Tithi have immense powers to protect the life on Earth with potential ill-effects of accumulated ultraviolet rays. Observance of Chhath Parva protects living beings from the harmful effects of Sun’s (star) ultraviolet rays. 

Observance of Chhath began in Mahabharata Era 

As per the beliefs, the observance of Chhath began in the Era of Mahabharata. It was Karna, the son of Sun God, who initiated the Chhath ritual by worshipping Sun on this day. Karna was an ardent devotee of Sun, and he would stand in waist-deep water for hours every day and offer Arghya to Sun. With the blessings of Sun, Karna became a mighty and formidable warrior. Even in this age, the ritual of offering Arghya (Arghya-Daan) on Chhath is observed with full devotion. 

Draupadi observed Chhath Vrat

There is one more legend associated with Chhath Parva. According to this legend, Draupadi observed Chhath Vrat when Pandavas lost their kingdom in the game of dice. With the power of this Vrat, Draupadi’s wish was granted, and Pandavas regained their lost kingdom. According to folk tales, Sun God and Goddess Chhathi are brother and sister. Therefore, worshipping Sun on Chhath is considered highly propitious.    

Observance of Chhath as a penance of killing Ravana 

There is a Chhath legend associated with Lord Rama and Goddess Sita. As per the mythological legend, when Lord Rama and Goddess Sita returned to Ayodhya after their 14-year exile, on the command of sages and saints, they decided to perform Rajsurya Yajna as an act of atonement of the sin of killing Ravana. To perform the Yajna rituals, they invited Rishi Mudgal. Rishi Mudgal sprinkled some holy water from the river Ganges on Goddess Sita and suggested that she should worship Sun on the Shashthi Tithi of Kartik Shukla Paksha. Goddess Sita worshipped Sun for six days while staying at the Ashrama of sage Mudgal.

Go to Festival’s main page.     

When is Chhath Parva celebrated?

The festival of Chhath, which is dedicated to the worship of Sun God, is celebrated twice a year, on Chaitra Shukla Shashthi and Kartik Shukla Shashthi. However, the festival celebrated on the Kartik Shukla Shashthi is more important and main Chhath Parva. Kartik Chhath Puja holds high religious and mythological significance. This four-day-long festival is also known as Chhath Puja, Dala Chhath, Chhathi Mai, Chhath, Chhath Mai Puja, Surya Shashthi Puja, etc.

Why Chhath Puja is observed?

There are various reasons for performing Chhath Puja and observing the Vrat, but Chhath Puja is chiefly performed to worship Sun and to seek his blessings. With the blessings of Sun, a person remains in good health throughout the year. Sun also bestows material comfort and prosperity on his devotees. Childless couples seek Sun’s blessings to conceive. Chhath Vrat is also observed to be blessed with a virtuous child. This Vrat is observed for the fulfillment of all the worldly as well as the non-worldly desires. 

Who is Goddess Shashthi, and how she originated?

Goddess Chhath is considered to be the sister of Sun God. But according to Chhath Vrat legend, Goddess Chhath is shown as Devsena, the daughter of Supreme God. According to Devsena herself, she originated from the sixth part of the primal nature, Prakriti, the feminine manifestation of divine power, and this is the reason she is called Shashthi. Goddess says anyone who wants to be blessed with a virtuous child should observe my Vrat and worship me ritualistically on the day of Kartik Shukla Shashthi.  

In religious scripture, the legend of Chhath Vrat is also associated with Lord Rama and Goddess Sita. After returning to Ayodhya from their 14-year exile, Lord Rama and Goddess Sita observed Shashthi Vrat and worshipped Sun God on Kartik Shukla Shashthi. According to another legend, during Mahabharata Era, Kunti worshipped Sun God before marriage and was blessed with a mighty and formidable son, Karna. 

Karna, who was born to an unmarried mother Kunti with the blessings of Sun God, and was abandoned in the river by his own mother, was himself an ardent devotee of Sun. He would worship Sun for hours while standing inside the water. It is believed that Sun blessed Karna with great powers and benedictions. Hence, people worship Sun on Kartik Shukla Shashthi to seek his blessings and grace. 

Chhath Parva continues till four days

Goddess Chhath is the sister of Sun God. The festival of Chhath is dedicated to the worship of Sun. To propitiate Goddess Chhath (Chhath Maiyya), Sun is worshipped on Shashthi Tithi. People meditate upon Goddess Chhath (Chhath Maiyya) and worship Sun on the banks of holy rivers Ganges and Yamuna or any water body nearby their place. The main and most important ritual of Chhath Puja is performing Sun’s Puja, offering the Arghya and taking a holy bath in some water body, like a river, pond, or lake. On the first day of this 4-day long festival, the house is cleaned and dusted extensively. Rural India follows this tradition religiously and performs a comprehensive cleaning of their houses.  

During the four days of the festivities, only vegetarian food is consumed. On the second day, the rituals of Kharna are observed. On the third day, the setting Sun is worshipped, and Sandhya Arghya is given to the Sun. On the fourth day of the festival, Usha Arghya is offered to the rising Sun. Observing Vrat on Chhath is considered highly propitious. Those who observe Chhath Vrat with full devotion and rituals become worthy of Sun’s grace and are bestowed with wealth and happiness. Worshipping Sun on Chhath blesses childless couples with a virtuous child.  

The first day of Chhath Puja, Nahay Khay - Although Chhath Puja is observed on Kartik Shukla Shashthi, the festivities begin on Kartik Shukla Chaturthi with the observance of Nahay Khay. According to the belief, Vrattis (those who observe the Chhath Vrat) take a holy bath in a water body, especially in a river, wear new clothes and partake in vegetarian food as Prasad. As per the customs, the Vratti eats first, and then other members of the family take their food. 

The second day of Chhath Puja, Kharna - On the day of Kartik Shukla Panchami, the Vratti observe a whole-day Vrat (fast) and takes their meal after performing the Puja in the evening. The observance of the second day is known as Kharna. On this day, the Vratti abstains from eating and drinking even a single drop of water the whole day. In the evening, Kheer is prepared with rice and jaggery. Salt and sugar are not used in Kheer preparation. Rice Pittha and Roti, greased with Ghee, are also served as Prasad in the evening.  

The third day of Chhath Puja, Sandhya Arghya - On the third day of Chhath festivities, which is Kartik Shukla Shashthi, Sandhya Arghya is given to Sun during the Sandhya Kaal. In the evening, seasonal fruits are placed in a bamboo basket, and the winnowing basket of Arghya is decorated with Thekua, rice Laddu, and other items. After making all these arrangements, the Vratti, along with their family, step inside the water and offer Arghya to the Sun. While giving the Arghya, water, and milk is offered to Sun, and Chhathi Maiyya is worshipped by offering the contents of the winnowing basket (Sup). After worshipping the setting sun in the evening, folk songs dedicated to Goddess Chhathi are sung later in the night, and Vrat Katha is narrated. 

The fourth day of Chhath, Usha Arghya - On the last day of Chhath Parva, Usha Arghya is given to Sun God. On this day, devotees reach the riverbank before Sunrise and offer Arghya to the rising Sun. Then, Vrattis pray to Goddess Chhath for the long and prosperous life of their children and the peace and prosperity of their whole family. After worshipping and offering the Arghya to Sun, Vrattis break their fast by drinking a concoction of raw milk and taking a little Prasad. The breaking of the fast is called Vrat Parana. 

Chhath Puja Vidhi/Rituals

1. Collect the following items before Chhath Puja and then offer Arghya to Sun God by following all the important rituals. 

2. Three large bamboo baskets, three winnowing baskets (Sup) either in bamboo or brass, a plate (Thali), milk, and glass. 

3. Rice, vermilion, lamp (Deepak), coconut, turmeric, sugarcane, lesser yam, vegetables, and sweet potato. 

4. Pears, a large lemon, honey, a betel leaf, an unbroken betel nut, Keraw (small green peas), camphor, sandalwood, and sweets. 

5.For Prasad (food offering), take these items -Thekua, Malpua, Kheer-Puri, Suji Halwa, and rice Laddu.

6. Wake up before Sunrise on the day of Chhath.

7. One should take a holy bath in some nearby lake, pond, or river. 

8. After the holy bath, while standing inside the water, pray to the rising Sun and perform ritualistic worship.  

9. Light a Diya using pure Ghee, and offer Dhup and flowers to the Sun. 

10. Mix seven kind of flowers, rice, sandalwood, and sesame in water and offer Arghya to Sun on Chhath. 

11. Bow your head reverently and pray to Sun God and chant one of the following Mantras 108 times - ‘Om Ghrini Suryaya Namah,’ ‘Om Ghrini Suryah Adityah’, ‘Om Hreem Hreem Suryaya’, ‘Sahastrakiranaya Manovanchhit Phalam Dehi Dehi Swaha’, or ‘Om Suryaya Namah’. 

12. The right method to offer Arghya - Place the aforementioned items in a bamboo basket. While offering the Arghya, place Prasad items in a winnowing basket along with a lit Diya. Then step inside the river and make the offering of Arghya to Sun God.    

13. Donate food items to Brahmins and the poor as per your ability. 

14. Donate clothes, food, food grain, etc., to the poor.  

Some basic information regarding Chhath Puja

The folk festival of Chhath, also known as Surya Shashthi, is celebrated across the world by the diaspora of people who migrated from Bihar, Jharkhand, and eastern Uttar Pradesh. Despite the increasing popularity of the festival, a large section of Indian people is still not familiar with the most basic information related to the Chhath Puja. Furthermore, many questions regarding this festival arise in the mind of those people who celebrate this festival every year. 

1. Which deities are worshipped on Chhath or Surya Shashthi Vrat?

On Chhath or Surya Shashthi Vrat, Sun is worshipped as a prime deity, who is the direct manifestation of divine power and the prime source of life on Earth. Along with Sun, Goddess Shashthi, also known as Chhath Maiyya, is also worshipped. As per the mythological beliefs, Goddess Shashthi blesses children with good health and long life and protect them from all adversities. On this day, the Arghya is also given to the wives of Sun God, Usha, and Pratyusha. During Chhath Vrat, Sun and Goddess Shashthi are worshipped together, and due to this reason, Chhath Parva is one of the most unique and popular festivals in India. 

2. Sun is an important Hindu deity, but who is Goddess Chhath? 

A manifestation of Prakriti as its integral part, the primal feminine power, which governs the very nature of life on Earth, is described in religious scripture as Devsena. Because she is the sixth part of Prakriti, Devsena came to be known as Goddess Shashthi. She is also known as the adopted daughter of Lord Brahma. In Purana, she is also identified with the name Katyayani. During Navaratri, she is worshipped on the sixth day or Shashthi Tithi. On the regional level, Shashthi Tithi is known as Chhath Maiyya, who blesses childless couples with a child and protect all children in the world. 

3. Where do you find the mention of Sun-worship in our religious scripture? 

In our religious scripture, Sun is considered a Guru, a teacher. Sun was also the Guru of Lord Hanuman. Lord Rama chanted ‘Adityahridayastotram’ to seek the blessings of the Sun before aiming the last arrow on Ravana and triumphing over the evil forces. When Lord Krishna’s son Samba was afflicted with leprosy, then he worshipped Sun God and got rid of the disease. Sun has been a primal deity being worshipped since the ages prior to the Vedic period. 

4. What is the place of Sun among other deities of Sanatana Dharma? 

Sun is placed among those five prime deities, who are first-worshipped during any religious ceremony or event. As per Matsya Purana, these deities are collectively called Panchadeva - Sun God, Lord Ganesha, Goddess Durga, Lord Shiva, and Lord Vishnu.

5. What are the benefits of worshipping the Sun God, and what does Puranas opine on this matter? 

Sun God is a benevolent and compassionate deity. He bestows all of his worshipers with long life, good health, wealth and prosperity, progeny, glory, fame, fortune, and success. Above all, he is the ultimate source of light on Earth and enlightens people to conquer darkness. Those who worship Sun with full devotion get rid of all mental and physical afflictions. Those who worship him never face penury, misery, sorrow, and blindness in life. Sun is considered as the glory of Lord Brahma. Sun blesses his devotees with Purushartha, that is, Dharma (Righteousness), Artha (Prosperity), Kama (Pleasure), and Moksha (Liberation), and is the protector of the entire universe. 

6. Why do people gather at river banks or around lake and ponds during Chhath Puja?

The most important ritual of Sun worship on Chhath Puja is the offering of Arghya. Taking holy bath in rivers such as the Ganges and offering Arghya to Sun God while standing inside the water is considered very auspicious. However, this Puja can also be done at any clean place. 

7. A large crowd gather around water bodies on Chhath. What measures can one take to comfortably perform the Puja? 

Because a lot of people don’t prefer performing Chhath Puja at crowded river banks, the practice of performing the Puja at home is fast gaining popularity. Many people observe Chhath Vrat and offer Arghya from their courtyard or terrace. People adapt rituals with changing times and their convenience. 

8. Why do mostly women observe Chhath Vrat? 

It is highly usual for women natives to take extreme pains to perform various rituals and prayers for ensuring the safety and wellbeing of their family. It is associated with the sacrificial nature of women in general. Thus, most women keep this fast. However, Chhath Vrat can be performed by both men and women. Childless women observe this Vrat to be blessed with a virtuous child. Mothers observe this fast for the longevity and good health of their children.  

9. Can this Puja be performed by a person of any social status or caste? 

Sun does not discriminate with his subjects, and he provides his light and energy uniformly and equally upon us. There is no restriction based on Varna or caste; people from all caste and Varna can perform this Puja. People coming from all sections of society perform Chhath Puja with full devotion. Everyone participates in rituals with the spirit of togetherness and brotherhood. Those who have faith in the Sun, whatever religion or caste they come from can perform Chhath Puja. 

10. Does Chhath Puja give any social message? 

During Surya Shashthi Vrat, people worship the setting Sun with the same devotion as they worship the rising Sun. This provides many significant clues and insights about this unique festival. It showcases the spiritual supremacy of India in the world. This festival doesn’t discriminate on the basis of caste and treats all people equally. The bamboo baskets, which are used to offer Prasad to Sun, are made by underprivileged people of our society. All these points made the social significance of Chhath quite evident.   

11. Why is there a special association of Bihar with Chhath Puja?

The unique tradition of worshipping the Sun along with Goddess Shashthi, is seen during this folk festival. Due to this very reason, Chhath Parva is closely associated with Bihar. In Bihar, the tradition of Sun worship is prevalent for ages. One can find the mention of Bihar’s many famous Surya temples in Surya Purana. Also, Bihar is the birthplace of Karna, the son of Sun. This all leads up to a special devotion for Sun in the hearts of the Bihari people.   

12. What is the significance of Bihar’s Deo Surya Mandir? 

The most important factor that makes this temple unique is that the main entrance of this temple opens in the west direction, while generally, Sun temples open in the east direction. It is believed that this unique Surya temple was built by the architect of God, Vishvakarma. This Surya temple is a sublime example of Hindu architecture. 

13. Apart from the Kartik month, when is Chhath Puja observed in a year?

Apart from Kartik month, Chhath Vrat is also observed from Chaturthi to Saptami Tithi of Chaitra Shukla Paksha. Colloquially, this Chhath is called ‘Chaiti Chhath’. 

14. During Chhath Puja, why some devotees take pains such as prostrating and reaching the river banks by rolling over the ground?

Colloquially, this practice is called ‘Kashti Dena’, which translates as ‘to take pains’. In most of cases, only those who have taken an oath or vow for various reasons perform this practice as a sign of devotion.  

Bhai Dooj
16 Nov, 2020

Bhai Dooj is a festival to celebrate the sacred relationship of a brother and a sister. Bhai Dooj or Bhaiya Dooj is also known as Bhai Teeka, Yam Dwitiya, and Bhatru Dwitiya. It is celebrated on the second day of Shukla Paksha of the Kartik Month. This date falls on the second day of Diwali. On this day, sisters apply 'Tilak' on their brother's forehead and pray for their long life, happiness, and prosperity. And in return, brothers gift them with gifts. God of Death, Yamraja, is also worshipped on this day. It is believed that Yamraja came to his sister's house, Yamuna, to have food. 

Importance of Bhai Dooj 

Dedicated to celebrating the pure relationship of brothers and sisters, Bhai Dooj is a significant festival in Hinduism. This festival's main aim is always to uphold the flow of love and goodwill of brothers and sisters. The relationship between Yamraja and his sister Yamuna is proof that relationships are above everything. Bhai Dooj teaches us that no matter how busy we are in our lives, we should try to make sure that we must take time out for our relatives on special occasions. This is the purpose of celebrating this festival every year. 

Why do we celebrate Bhai Dooj? 

Dedicated to glorify the relationship between the brothers and sisters, this festival holds the utmost importance in Hinduism. Celebrated on the second day of the Krishna Paksha of the Kartik month, this festival is also known as Yam Dwitiya. 

How do we celebrate Bhai Dooj?

There is a unique way to celebrate this festival. Early morning, sisters take a bath and worship Lord Vishnu and Lord Ganesha. After this, they apply Tilak on their brother's forehead. Brothers visit their sister's house and even have food there. They also give them gifts. To take a bath in the Yamuna river and worship on the banks of this river is considered to be very promising. 

Rules for celebrating Bhai Dooj 

1. According to the scriptures, when the second date comes in the afternoon of Kartik Shukla Paksha, Bhai Dooj is celebrated on that day. If the second date falls on both days, then there is a law to celebrate Bhai Dooj the next day. Apart from this, if the second date does not come on the afternoon of both days, Bhai Dooj should be celebrated the next day. These three views are more popular and valid.

2. According to another opinion, if Pratipada Tithi starts in the midday (the third part of the day) in Kartik Shukla Paksha, then Bhai Dooj should be celebrated. This opinion is not said to be logical.

3. The brother should offer Tilak and food only afternoon on the day of Bhai Dooj. Apart from this, Yama Pujan should also be done afternoon.

Story of Bhai Dooj

There was a king who used to play Chaupar with his brother in law. His brother in law used always to defeat him. The King thought that he wins every time because he celebrates Bhai Dooj every year and his sister's majesty. 

He ordered that his brother in law will not celebrate the Bhai Dooj with his sister. He closed all gates and made sure that he cannot get in any way. When Lord Yamraja looked at this, he immediately turned the brother in law into a dog. The dog went inside the palace. The queen recognized that the dog is his brother and applied Tilak on his forehead and rubbed her hand on his head, and the dog left. 

After this, the queen's brother went to the King and challenged him to play Chaupar with him again. King was shocked to know that his brother in law met his wife and even celebrated Bhai Dooj with her with Lord Yamraja. After this, the King also went to his sister's house to celebrate Bhai dooj with her. On hearing this, Yama got worried and started thinking that in this way, the existence of Yampuri will end. Seeing his brother worried, his sister Yamuna told him, that brother, you should not worry, give me this boon that people who have a meal with sister today and take a bath at Vishramghat in Mathura city, They do not have to go to Yampuri. They can get free from this bond of life and death. Lord Yamraja granted his sister's wish, and since then, the festival is celebrated by all sisters and brothers. 

Go to Festival’s main page.  

What to do on Bhai Dooj 

1. Sisters should invite brothers to their place and apply Tilak, Chandan, and Roli on their forehead. 

2. Sisters should gift their brothers Tambul. It is believed that it signifies the sister's good luck. 

3. Brothers should take a bath in the Yamuna river. They get freedom from their Yamdosh. 

4. brothers should bring water to their homes from River Yamuna. 

5. Sisters should prepare rice kheer. It is a symbol of the long lives of both brothers and sisters. 

6. Brothers should give gifts to their sisters on this day. 

7. Seek blessings from your elder sister by touching her feet. 

8. While applying Tilak on your brother's forehead, make sure he's facing the north direction. 

9. Seek blessings from the elderly of the house. 

10. Both of them should do Isht ki Pooja. 

What to not do on Bhai Dooj

1. Do not eat alone. Make sure you eat the meal with your sister. If you're unable to meet your sister, have food sitting near a cow. 

2. Brothers and sisters should not fight on this day. 

3. Do not disrespect the food cooked by your sister.

4. Do not disrespect the gift given by the brother.

5. Do not lie to your sister on this day. If you do this, Yamraja will be angry with you.

6. do not eat or drink on this day.

7. brothers and sisters should not eat anything before performing the ceremony. 

8. Sisters should cook food for their brothers with full of affection and care.

9. Offer the brother sweets after applying Tilak 

10. Do not forget to give the brother a 'gola' as it is considered very sacred.

Govardhan Puja
15 Nov, 2020

The pure and pious Govardhan Puja has significant importance in Hinduism. The festival is one of the most incredible ways to show love and gratitude to nature and other humans. Along with that, just on the second day of the Shukla Paksha, the fantastic festival of Govardhan Puja or Anna Koot is widely celebrated across the country. The beautiful festival is celebrated all over the country. Still, it appears to be it is the most vital festivals of North India especially in Braj Bhoomi such as Mathura, Vrindavan, Nandgaon, Gokul and Barsana. Also, Govardhan Puja is popularly known as Annakoot. One could witness the authentic essence of this wonderful festival just on the next day Deepawali, especially celebrated in Braj. Eventually, Godhan is the worship of cows during the Govardhan Puja. The beautiful reference is just like Goddess Lakshmi Provides happiness, Joy, Prosperity and serenity to everyone in the same way the serene cow mother also ensures good health and money. As per the ancient believe when Lord Sri Krishna lifted the Govardhan Parvat for consecutive seven days on his youngest fingers to save everyone from the destructive torrential rain of the Braj, the Gopikas remained happily content in his shadow.

On the seventh day, the powerful Lord Krishna laid down the huge Govardhan Parvat and declared the auspicious and beautiful celebration of Annakoot by worshipping the Govardhan every year. Since then, the wonderful festival is named as Annakoot. On Kartik Shukla Pratipada, which is one the second day of the Deepawali, worshipping Govardhan or Cow Worshipping, holds significant importance. Along with that, it is also believed that on this day after worshipping cow, one should also gift cow spinach, gifts, food and clothes.

Anyone who worships cow and celebrates Govardhan Puja would be truly blessed with true joy, happiness and prosperity. It is widely celebrated numerous beautiful parts of the country such as Vrindavan and Mathura, and this is one of the primary festivals which is widely celebrated. The pious teachings of the religious legend Lord Krishna, the one who has lifted the people of Gokul from the Indra's anger by lifting the giant Govardhan Mountain on his little finger to break the pride of Indra.

Just after the Indra's Pride was destroyed, Lord Krishna stated that on the day of Kartik Shukla Pratipada, one should make 56 Bhog and worship the huge and powerful Govardhan Parvat. Even the residents of Gokul get fodder for the animals from the wonderful Govardhan Parvat. It is this huge mountain that stops the cloud and gives them rain which is eventually helpful in improving the agriculture and fertility of the land.

And so this proves this immense significance of celebrating Govardhan Puja. Since then, there is a wonderful ritual that one has to follow to worship the Govardhan Parvat, and that is by preparing Annakoot on the day of Govardhan Puja. As per another religious belief, this beautiful festival is celebrated because Kanha eventually raised the huge the Govardhan on his little finger to save the people of Gokul from Indra'sIndra's anger. The people in a way to show gratitude and thankfulness prepared 56 Bhog and offered it to the great Lord Krishna. Pleased and content with this gesture of Gokul dwellers, Shri Krishna blessed the people that he would always protect the people of Gokul.

Importance of Govardhan Puja

Govardhan Puja holds immense importance in Indian Society. As per the authentic Vedas and tradition, there is a wonderful rule to worship the powerful Gods of Varuna, Indra and Agni and many others. On this day, one should worship the huge Govardhan Parvat, Godhan that is a cow, and of course, Lord Shri Krishna holds special importance. This festival disseminates the message to save mankind and show immense gratitude towards all the resources provided by nature. By celebrating Govardhan Puja, we get a chance to express our gratitude and thankfulness to nature and all its resources. The huge and beautiful Govardhan Parvat is worshipped during this puja. The message is that one should show gratitude and respect towards the various natural resources which enrich our life such as trees, animals, birds, river and mountains.

One of the main reasons behind the balance of the climate in India is the presence of mountains, garlands and rivers. And so, this is the day to show gratitude, thankfulness towards all the different natural resources or which are popularly known as natural wealth. On this day, you must worship cow as it is their ghee, milk, buttermilk, curd and butter as well as cow dung, which has definitely enriched the living standards of mankind. In this kind of circumstances, a cow which is considered to be as important as the pious River Ganga in Hinduism is widely worshipped. On this day, people worship by singing, dancing and thanking the beautiful Govardhan Parvat by making Annakoot that refers to different kind of food items. The belief is that the mountain is eventually the real God or Guardian as it gives the human beings a way to live, provides shelter in crucial moments in order to save lives. Every year, Govardhan Pooja is beautifully celebrated by following various important customs and traditions. People worship Lord Krishna on this auspicious day to celebrate the victory of good over the bad, God over the evil. People do worship Govardhan Parvat because it has protected the people.

People bathe their cows and oxen in the morning and do decorate them with saffron and garlands. People also make a pile of cow dung and worship it by preparing delicious food items such as Kheer, Batasay, Garland, sweet, delicious food. Also, many of them also prepare ''Navaidha or 108 types of food for Chappan Bhog that is 56 kind of food which is specially prepared and offer to God.

The shape of Govardhan Parvat is peacock shaped which could be easily described as Radha Kunda, and Shyam Kunda makes eyes, Dan Gati makes the neck, Mukharbind forms mouth and Panchari makes long-winged waist. It is believed that Pulastya Muni. The curse of Pulastya Muni, it is believed that the height of the mountain is decreasing every day, which appears to be equal to a seed of mustard every day. The story is once in Satyug, Pulastya Muni went to Dronakaila which appears to be the king of the mountains. The kind was immensely sad, and then appealed to and requested to the sage that he is not able to tolerate the disconnection from his son.

With a special condition, he sent his son with sage but he was kept down on the way, he would stay there only forever. Passing through the Brijmandal, Muni did put him down to defecate. As soon as he was back, he did realize that he could not pick him up from that place and got angry and cursed Govardhan that he would gradually shrink in size. Earlier it was 64 miles long, 40 miles wide and 16 miles high which was later reduced to 80 feet. The beautiful Govardhan Puja is popularly known as Annakoot. It is almost a modern-day party as it lasts for months. In many places, even Bhandara is also arranged for people.

Why is Govardhan Puja celebrated?

Eventually, the Annakoot and Govardhan Puja have begun from the Dwapar Yuga after the wonderful incarnation of the powerful Lord Krishna. In Hinduism, worshipping of Lord Govardhan Nathji with cow dung is worshipped. Just After that, to please the powerful Giriraj Bhagwan that is referred to the mountain is offered delicious and pure food to Annakoot. It is widely celebrated in temples on this day. The religious belief behind worshipping Govardhan is that the almighty, the superior Lord Krishna wanted to break the unreasonable pride of powerful Lord Indra as he got furious because people started worshipping the Govardhan Mountain. To protect the people of Gokul and to save everyone from the destructive anger of Indra, Krishna raised the huge and powerful Govardhan Mountain on his little finger and protected the people of Gokul from the anger destructive anger of Indra. 

Also, It is stated that after this Lord Krishna himself suggested preparing the delicious 56 Bhog on the pious and serene day of Kartik Shukla Pratipada to worship Govardhan Parvat.

Since that time only, the serene practice of Govardhan Puja and Annakoot is widely celebrated every year. Lord Krishna and Govardhan Parvat and Annakoot are properly worshipped.

On this day, everyone prays and please Maa Lakshmi and Lord Krishna to gather courage, wealth, beautiful house and so on. If you could please them, you could absolutely notice a significant profit in various ventures. You must also make new and delicious dishes.

You must not use anything related to onion or garlic. You must also offer food to powerful Lord Krishna. You would witness happiness, satisfaction and joy. It is performed on the second day of Deepawali. Basically, it is all about worshipping nature and was started by Shri Krishna. The Govardhan Mountain is worshipped based on nature, cow and everything that is offered to you. The puja begins in Braj, and it soon became popular.

Go to Festival’s main page.  

Why is Lord Indra worshipped?

Along with Govardhan and Lord Krishna, Indra is also worshipped. It is a great festival to thank and show gratitude to all the Gods who have helped in growing food like Lord Indra, Agni. Also, Tree and Water Gods are also worshipped. Specifically, Lord Indra is praised and worshipped because he apologizes to the almighty Lord Krishna. He was pardoned, and so he is also worshipped at Govardhan Puja.

Why was Indra angry?

It is believed that every year before Govardhan Puja the people of Brij performed Govardhan Puja as he provides rain which helps in growing crops and keeping the weather favourable. However, during the Dwapara Yuga, when Shri Krishna saw his Mother Yashoda preparing for the Indra Puja, he asked them to worship the Govardhan Parvat, trees, plants rather than Indradev as nature helps make everyone's life better and more affluent. All the Brij Wasis did agree and started to worship to Govardhan. By looking at this, Lord Indra got angry then made it rain for the next seven consecutive days. Lord Krishna lifted the huge Govardhan Parvat on the smallest finger. But in the end, Indra had to apologies to Lord Krishna. 

Govardhan Puja Procedure

  1. Govardhan is made from cow dung, and then it is beautifully decorated with flowers. Govardhan Puja is done in the morning or evening. During worship, incense, lamp, Naivedya, water, fruits etc. should be offered to Govardhan. On this day, cattle and animals used in agricultural work are worshipped.
  2. Govardhan Ji is made as a man lying with cow dung. An earthen lamp is placed in the place of the navel. In this lamp, milk, curd, Ganga water, honey, Betashe etc. are put during worship and later on as Prasad.
  3. After the pooja, You must say Jai Govardhanji while doing seven circumambulations. 
  4. At this time just after the parikrama, the circumambulation is done by dropping water from the lotus and sowing barley.
  5. Truly, Govardhan Giri is considered as God and worship him in the house on this day increases the wealth, progeny and cow juice.
  6. The powerful Lord Vishwakarma is also worshipped on this day of Govardhan Puja. On this occasion, machines are worshipped in all factories and industries.

गोवर्धन पूजा मंत् :

गोवर्धन धराधार गोकुल त्राणकारक/

विष्णुबाहु कृतोच्छ्राय गवां कोटिप्रभो भव//

नैवेद्य अर्पित कर निम्न मंत्र से प्रार्थना करें:

लक्ष्मीर्या लोक पालानाम् धेनुरूपेण संस्थिता।    

घृतं वहति यज्ञार्थे मम पापं व्यपोहतु।।

गोवर्धन आरती (Govardhan Aarti) :

श्री गोवर्धन महाराज, ओ महाराज,
तेरे माथे मुकुट विराज रहेओ।

तोपे पान चढ़े तोपे फूल चढ़े,
तोपे चढ़े दूध की धार।
तेरे माथे मुकुट विराज रहेओ।

तेरी सात कोस की परिकम्मा,
और चकलेश्वर विश्राम
तेरे माथे मुकुट विराज रहेओ।

तेरे गले में कण्ठा साज रहेओ,
ठोड़ी पे हीरा लाल।
तेरे माथे मुकुट विराज रहेओ।

तेरे कानन कुण्डल चमक रहेओ,
तेरी झाँकी बनी विशाल।
तेरे माथे मुकुट विराज रहेओ।

गिरिराज धरण प्रभु तेरी शरण।
करो भक्त का बेड़ा पार
तेरे माथे मुकुट विराज रहेओ।

Why is Govardhan Puja called Annakoot?

If you wish to perform this Puja, You must remember that Yashoda Nandan Krishna and Govardhan Parvat are worshipped by making Annakoot, and this probably could be in reason it is named as 'Annakoot'. It is eventually the kind of food that is prepared by vegetables, milk and rice. 

Method of making Annakoot

One is supposed to make all seasonal vegetables; milk, Mawa, dry fruits and rice are used to make Annakoot. Also, fresh fruits and sweets are brought to God. Fifty-six types of foods are included in Annakoot. With all these, Lord Krishna is worshipped in the Pradosh Kaal (evening time) by law. Along with this, worshipping cow and feeding jaggery and green fodder are considered auspicious.

How is Annakoot worshipped?

- On this auspicious occasion, Varuna, Indra, Agni are worshipped on this day in the Vedas.

- Along with the cows, their Aarti is done, and they are fed fruit sweets.

- Cow dung replicates Govardhan Parvat

- After this, it is worshipped with flowers, incense, lamps, Naivedya.

- On this day, every member of the household cooks from the same kitchen.

- Get to taste various delicious and different types of dishes are made in food.

Events on Govardhan Puja

1. Govardhan Puja is widely celebrated and is a festival that is dedicated to ensuring gratitude and thankfulness to nature and Lord Krishna. On this occasion of Govardhan Puja, a religious occasion like Annakoot which is Bhandara are organized in various temples. Food is also distributed among the people. 

2. It is an amazing idea to put circumambulation of Mount Govardhan on Govardhan Puja. It brings a lot of blessing, joy and prosperity with the blessing of Lord Krishna. 

Story of Govardhan worship

There is a serious story behind the celebration of Govardhan Puja, and according to the sayings, Lord Krishna has advised people to perform Govardhan Puja. It is also stated that one day when the mother of Krishna, Yashoda was praying to Lord Indra, Krishna abruptly asked his mother why is she worshipping Lord Indra. Krishna's mother innocently answered that all the dwellers are praying to Lord Indra for rain. The rain will be immensely helpful in growing the crops, and even cows will get fodder to eat. While listening to his mother, Krishna immediately replied that everyone should pray to Govardhan rather than Lord Indra. He further added that cows get grasses to eat when they visit the huge Govardhan Parvat. This convinced Yashoda, and she further influenced people of the village as well. Gradually, the villagers started to pray to Govardhan than Indra. When the Brijwasis were praying, Indra Devta saw it, and he got extremely angry and started the rain. Due to heavy torrential rain, the villagers got to face many troubles, and then they went to Lord Krishna for help. At the same time, due to incessant rains, water started filling the homes of the people, and they could not find any place to hide their heads. To protect the people from the troubles, Lord Krishna lifted the huge Govardhan Mountain on his little finger and under it all the Brjwasis for shelter as the rain did not stop for consecutive seven days. As soon as Lord Indra realized that Lord Krishna is another form of Lord Vishnu, he realized his mistake and stopped the rain. After the rain stopped, Lord Krishna put the mountain down and ordered people to worship Govardhan Mountain, and since then this festival is beautifully celebrated in many places. 

How to get enormous profit during Govardhan Puja? 

Measures of financial prosperity and everlasting success

For financial consistency and success, you must perform this:

  • Make sure you give a cow a bath and then put Tilak on her

  • Make sure your fruit and fresh vegetables 

  • Revolve cow seven-time

  • Take the soil near the hoof of the cow

  • Make sure you do maintain the safety

  • If you go to this soil by applying Tilak, then you will definitely get success.

To get better jobs and seek better opportunities 

  • You must visit Peepal Tree on any Saturday
  • You must tie a black thread 
  • You are supposed to put nine knots in the threads, and then you must pray for change
  • Come straight home from there
  • There will be a change in the job as soon as possible.

Ways to get children

  • Make Panchamrit with milk, curd, honey, sugar and ghee.

  • Mix Ganga water and Tulsi Dal in it

  • Offer Panchamrit to Lord Krishna by filling it in a conch.

  • After this, chant "Mala Krishna Klein" 11 beads.

  • Take Panchamrit. Your wish will be fulfilled.

Things to do and what not do during Puja hours 

What to do?

  • One must perform Govardhan Puja at a proper time auspiciously to complete the rituals properly. It is better that you must invite a Pandit to proceed with the rituals.
  • You must put massage oil in the morning, and you must take bathe before worship
  • You must make a Govardhan Parvat and then properly worship the huge and powerful Govardhan Parvat

What not to do?

  • Make sure you do not arrange the Govardhan Puja and Annakoot in a closed room
  • Do not forget to worship Ishtadeva or Lord Krishna while worshipping cows.
  • Make sure you do worship 'Ishtadeva or Lord Krishna' while worshipping cows
  • Make sure you do not see the moon on this day

 

Diwali
14 Nov, 2020

Diwalis is a very beautiful festival that brings lots of happiness with it. It is a festival of lights, and it is also called 'Deepotsav.' Diwalis sheds light on the victory of light over darkness, and it fills our lives with happiness. This festival strengthens our relationships, removes all the petty issues, and makes our relationship warm and cordial. Diwali is not only celebrated in our country but also in other countries. A gazetted holiday has been declared on this festival, when all the government offices, such as schools, colleges, banks, etc. remain closed. People of different religions celebrate Diwali, and many fables or myths are related to this festival. But all these myths sheds light on the victory of truth over evil and victory of light over darkness. This festival is celebrated because, one this day, Lord Rama, returned to Ayodhya along with his wife after defeating Ravana, the ruler of Lanka, and freeing her from his clutches. After killing Ravana, Rama got victory over evil. Therefore, Ayodhya's people welcomed him by lighting Diyas of Ghee on the black night of Amavasya. Since then, this festival has been assumed as the victory truth over evil. Since that day, this great festival has been celebrated after twenty days of Dussehra festival with gusto, zeal, and enthusiasm. 

When is Diwali celebrated? 

In the northern hemisphere, this Dipotsav is celebrated with great fervour and zeal on the full-moon day of Autumn. It is celebrated in October or November month as per the Gregorian calendar. 

Importance of Diwali and its History

Since ancient times, Diwali/Deepawali has been a very big and important festival celebrated by Hindus. The word 'Diwali is made of two Sanskrit words—Deep and Aawali. The meaning of 'Diwali' word is a series of Diyas. That's why the Diwali festival is also called Dipotsav or a festival of Diyas. The meaning of this festival is the lights or the festival of lights. This festival is celebrated especially for cleanliness and lights. Because of this festival, the houses and their surrounding areas are also cleaned. Moreover, this festival connects us with our tradition, thereby making us aware of the might of our inner soul's might. It also makes us aware that at last, truth and goodness always wins. Many mythological stories associated with Diwali further increase its importance. From this festival, we all get a lesson to move on the path of truth. It is clear from the name of 'Diwali' itself that it is a festival of lights. People start their preparation months before its celebration. There is illumination all around due to the lighting of Diyas. Even today, the worship of this festival is done traditionally. Diwali festival is celebrated every year in Autumn, i.e., in October or November month. During that time, the weather remains pleasant, though it is light cold. People celebrate it on the new moon day of Kartik, and hence this dark night of Amavasya is removed from the light of Diyas. It is assumed that just as the light of the Diyas removes the darkness and spreads the light, similarly, this Diwali festival removes the darkness from our life and fills it with the light of a new dawn. This festival brings lots of happiness with it and gives a lesson to lead our lives in the right direction. On the day of Diwali, we distribute sweets and gifts among our friends, relatives, and neighbours. And give them lots of good wishes. Because of which small differences in our relationships disappear, and sweetness gets filled in our relationships. Our relationships become stronger. That's why this festival is also called the festival of the meeting. Diwalis is a very big festival, so on this day, all the government departments, such as schools, colleges, and, banks remain closed. Not only Indians celebrate the festival of lights but also the people of other countries. There is a gazetted holiday on the eve of this festival in Sri Lanka, Nepal, Australia, Malaysia, Singapore, Myanmar, Pakistan, etc. Diwalis is celebrated by people of various religions, such as Sikh, Buddha, and Jain. Many myths are related to this festival, and people of different religions celebrate it differently. But all these things throw light on the victory of darkness over light and truth over evil. Diwali is celebrated by Jains because, on this day, the twenty-fourth Tirthankara, Mahavir Swami attained salvation (Moksha), and on this day, his first disciple, Gautam Gandhar, attained enlightenment, which sheds light on the victory of knowledge over ignorance. 

The Most Popular Story of Deepawali  

Return of Rama to Ayodhya: In the religious book, Ramayana, it has been mentioned that Lord Rama returned to Ayodhya after fourteen years, during which he stabbed Ravana. In his grand welcome, the people of Ayodhya lighted Diyas to express their happiness and enthusiasm. Ayodhya city was illuminated with lights in Rama's reverence.

First Story

Once, a king presented a sandalwood forest to a woodcutter after becoming delighted with him. But a woodcutter was after all a woodcutter. He did not understand the value of sandalwood. He used to bring sandalwood from the forest to burn it for cooking his food. The kind came to know about it from his detectives. Now, he understood that only intelligent people could spend their money wisely. This is why Goddess Laxmi and God Ganesha are worshipped together so that a person having money should know how to use it wisely. 

Second Story

Lord Krishna killed Narkasur a day before Diwali. Narkasur was a demon, so he freed this world from his terror by killing him. For this reason, Diwali is celebrated as a symbol of the victory of good over evil. 

The Story of Indra and Bali

Once, the demon Raj Bali fearing the King of Gods hid somewhere. In search of a demon, Devraj Indra reached a vacant home, where Bali had hidden himself in donkey's disguise. They both started talking to each other. While they were talking, a woman emerged from Bali's body. On being questioned by Dev Raj Indra, the woman said, "I am Goddess Laxmi. I do not remain stable at a place due to my nature. I stay stable at a place where truth, charity, fast, tenacity, might, and religion prevail. I remain stable in that person's home, who is truthful, friendly to Brahmins, and follows religious rules. In this way, it is clear that Goddess Laxmi lives in that place permanently where good and virtuous people live.

The Story of King and Saint

According to an ancient story, once a saint thought of leading a kingly lifestyle. For this, he started doing Tapasya (Austerity) for Goddess Laxmi to please Her. When Tapasya was over, Goddess Laxmi was pleased with him and granted his wishes. When his wishes were fulfilled, he reached King's court and ascended the throne to topple King's crown. The King saw a poisonous snake coming out of his crown. Seeing this, King was very pleased because the saint had defended him against the snake. Once, the saint asked all the courtiers to go out of the King's palace. No sooner had they gone than the King's placed turned into rubble. The King praised him. Listening to his praise, the saint became arrogant. Now, he realized his mistakes. Now, he started pleasing Lord Ganesha to rid the King of his resentment. Again, the saint was given his initial position. That's why it is said that intelligence is a must for wealth. This is why Goddess Laxmi and God Ganesha are worshipped together in the form of wealth and intelligence.

The Story of Goddess Laxmi and Money Lender's Daughter

There was a money lender in a village. His daughter used to offer water at the Peepal tree every day. Goddess Laxmi used to live on the tree where she used to offer water. One day, Goddess Laxmi asked the money lender's daughter, "I want to become your friend." The girl said, "Let me ask my father." She said this to her father, and her father consented. The next day, the money lender's daughter accepted her friend request, and they started talking to each other like good friends. One day, Goddess Laxmi brought the money lender's daughter to her home. Goddess Laxmi welcomed her at her home wholeheartedly. She offered her different varieties of food. After warm hospitality, when the money lender's daughter left for her home, Goddess Laxmi asked her when she would invite her. The money lender's daughter did invite Goddess Laxmi, but she became sad due to her home's poor financial condition. She though that she would not be able to treat her properly. The money lender saw his daughter sad and understood everything. He asked his daughter to clean the kitchen using soil. He also asked her to burn a Diya with four Battis and sit at a place to recall Goddess Laxmi. In the meantime, an eagle flew carrying a gull necklace to her. The money lender's daughter sold it to arrange a feast. After some time, Goddess Laxmi came to her house with Lord Ganesha. The money lender's daughter welcome both of them very well. Goddess Laxmi was very pleased with her hospitality, and the money lender became very rich.

Special Preparation for Diwali

The preparation starts many days before Diwali. Houses and buildings are painted. Old and outdated things are thrown into the garbage. Every nook and corner of the house is cleaned. From this perspective, this is a festival of cleanliness. Diwalis is a festival of great zeal and enthusiasm, which we await impatiently. That's why people start preparation months before this day. It is assumed that Goddess Laxmi always resides in a neat and clean place. That's why this festival's preparation starts with cleanliness. Every corner of the house is cleaned in a better than the best way. The shops are also cleaned. The garbage of the whole year is dumped out. All the things that are not used or those things, such as worn-out clothes, broken and damaged utensils, or other irreparable are dumped out of the house. If there are crevices in your home, then they will be repaired. After that, houses and shops are painted. The houses are decorated differently. Houses are decorated 4-5 days before Diwali day. After that, people indulge in a shopping spree—buying new clothes for family members, buying gifts for friends and relatives, buying kitchen utensils and many other things, such as golden ornaments, vehicles, etc. Besides, all the essential things related to Gods' worship, such as Diya-Batti, idols of Ganesha and Laxmi, clothes for deities, colourful lights, Diyas, and candles for the decoration of the house. Along with these things, orders are given for sweets. New clothes and gifts are also purchased for servants working in restaurants, shops, etc. On Diwali day, houses are cleaned and mopped and decorated with lotus flowers and mango leaves. Along with it, houses are decorated with colourful lights. At the threshold of the house, Rangoli is made, and a Diya is lighted, which remains alight the whole day. The happiness prevails in the home. All the young children listen to this festival's importance and stories related to it from their elders. The women prepare different varieties of sweets. After that, in the evening, all the family members get together to worship the Goddess of wealth Laxmi and obstacle remover Ganeshji and pray to them for their wellbeing, peace, and prosperity. After that, young people touch elders' feet to seek their blessings and then go to their neighbours' houses to wish and congratulate them. After worship, the house is decorated with Diyas. The lights of these Diyas remove Amavasya night's darkness and illuminates it. After that, crackers are exploded. Having done this, all the family members, friends, and neighbours enjoy dinner altogether. In this way, this grand festival is celebrated with zeal and enthusiasm. And it brings lots of happiness to our lives. It sweetens our mutual relationships and removes all petty issues from our lives. On Diwali day, all people decorate their houses with different decorative materials. People illuminate their respective homes with different types of Diyas, worship Goddess Laxmi and burn crackers. Women make Rangoli in the courtyard of their houses. In the evening, people meet each other with dry fruits and sweets.

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The tradition of worshipping Laxmi and Ganesha on Diwali

On Diwali’s day, worshipping Goddess of wealth Laxmi and Lord Ganesha by placing their idols in the east direction of the home in the evening removes all the obstacles from people’s lives. And they get wealth and fame.

Importance of worshipping Laxmi on Diwali

Mother Laxmi is the Goddess of wealth. We all know that we get both luxury and splendour by Mother Laxmi’s grace. By pleasing the Goddess of wealth on the auspicious date of Kartik Amavasya, one can get both blessings and prosperity. Sharad Purnima festival that comes before Diwali is celebrated like the birth anniversary of Mother Laxmi. Then, by worshipping her on Diwali, one can expect riches and prosperity from her.

Importance of Ganesha’s worshipping on Diwali

Lord Ganesha is called the God of intelligence. According to Hindu mythology, no worshipping or rituals are performed without worshipping Lord Ganesha. This is also the reason Lord Ganesha is worshipped on Diwali. After getting a blessing for prosperity by worshipping the Goddess of wealth, a person needs intelligence to use his wealth for the right things. Lord Ganesha is worshipped with this prayer that lord Ganesha enlightens our path by bestowing intelligence on us.

Importance of Diwali’s five days

Dhanteras

Naraka Chaturdashi

Lakshmi Pooja

Govardhan Puja

Bhai Dooj

Diwali’s Worshipping Materials

The worshipping materials needed for worshipping Goddess Laxmi include Kesar, Roli, Rice, Betel Leaves, Betel Nuts, Fruits, Flowers, Puffed Rice, Batase, Sindoor, Dry Fruits, Sweets, Panchaamrit, Ganges Water, Dhoop, Agarbati, Cotton Batti, Kalewa, Coconut, and a Copper Vessel for Kalash.

How to do Preparation for Worshipping on Diwali?

1. Make a Swastik either on a thali or ground after purifying it or install any Yantra. Now, make a Kalash of cupper vessel, keep Panchamrit, Ganges water, betel nuts, coins, and cloves in it; cover it with a piece of black cloth. Now, take a raw coconut and wrap Kalave (a red thread) around it and place it on Kalash.

2. Keep rupees, golden or silver coins, the idol of Goddess Laxmi or idols of Laxmi, Ganesh, and Saraswati made up of soil or idols of other deities, where you have made Shri Yantra. 

3. If you have any metallic idol, consider it a personification of God, bathe it with Ganges water and decorate it with Akshat, sandalwood, and fruits and flowers. On its right side, light a Panchmukhi lamp, in which ghee or sesame oil is used.

4. The specialty of Diwali is related to the worshipping of Goddess Lakshmi. On this day, Goddess Lakshmi is welcomed through worshipping in every house, family, office, etc. On Diwali day, householders and business people expect wealth and prosperity from the Goddess of wealth, Laxmi.

Worshipping Methodology on Diwali

1. The older adults of home or even those who worship regularly should keep a fast for Goddess Laxmi. During the worshipping of Goddess Laxmi, all the family members should remain indoors. The concerned family member should take a bath, sit on an Asan (a holy seat), do Aachman and Pranayama, and take a pledge. After that, recall the name of Ganeshji and take Gandh, Aakshat, flowers, scutch grass, sweet and Ganges water in your right hand and offer them to Ganesh, Mahalaxmi, Mahasaraswati, Mahakali, Kuber, etc. while worshipping them.

2. Worshipping Kuber proves very useful. For worshipping Kuber, first, make Swastik on your safe or vault where you store your money and recall Kuber.

3. First and foremost, worship Ganesha and Mahalaxmi, place Kalash and then worship Mahalaxmi and other deities. After worshipping them, all the family members should organize parties and explode crackers.

4. Now take Aakshat, flowers, water, and money in your hand. Take all these things in your hand and chanting Sankalp Mantra, take a pledge, “I am so-and-so person, sitting at so-and-so place and time, going to worship you so that I should get scriptural results. First, worship Ganeshji and Mahalaxmi. 

5. Take some water in your hand, and recollecting the name of God, offer worshipping materials to Him. Take Aakshat and flowers in your hand. Finally, complete the process of worshipping after taking Aarti of Mahalaxmi. Your home will be full of happiness, peace, and prosperity.

6. After worshipping Deepawali methodologically, Aarti of Mahalaxmi is taken with an alight Diya full of Ghee. For Aarti, take thali and make a Swastik with Roli, keep some Aakshat and flowers in it, light a Char- Mukhi Diya full of Cow Ghee, take Aarti of Mother Laxmi amidst the ringing of Sankh, Ghanti, Damru, etc. 

7. While doing Aarti, all the family members should be altogether. Every family member should take Aarti of Mother Laxmi seven times. After taking Aarti seven times, the thali of Aarti should be handed over to the next family member standing in a queue. Every family member should do the same. 

8. Worshipping of Goddess Saraswati is also emphasized on Diwali. Therefore, after worshipping Goddess Laxmi, one should worship Goddess Saraswati also.

9. In addition to worshipping Mahalaxmi, the lord of wealth, Kuber, should be worshipped on Diwali and Dhanteras. Worshipping of Kuber maintains a steady flow of wealth at home.

How to worship Ledger Account?

To worship ledger account, one should make a Swastik, using Sandalwood mixed with Kesar or red Kusum, on a ledger book during the auspicious time of worshipping. After that, one should write 'Om Ganeshay Namah' on it. Now, one should take a new satchel and keep five lumps of turmeric, Kamalgatta, Aakshat, Scutch grass, coriander, and some money in it. Also, make a Swastik on a satchel and offer it to Goddess Saraswati. 

Crackers and Fireworks

Whatever negative feelings have developed in you for the last one year—anger, envy, and fear—should be exploded in the form of crackers. With every cracker, explode all the negative feelings you have for a particular person in your mind or write that person's name on a cracker for whom you have ill feelings and explode it, knowing that you have burnt all the negative feeling against him or her. But what do we do? Instead of eliminating negative feelings against that person, we tend to destroy that person or keep burning ourselves in negative feelings' fire. It would help if you had an alternative way also. Explode all your negative or ill feelings along with a cracker and befriend that person again. Then, you will feel lighter and better with love, peace, and pleasure. After that, distribute sweets along with him and indulge in merry-making. Do not explode the person but explode his vices along with crackers. Indeed, this is the right way to celebrate Diwali.

Economic Importance of Diwali

The biggest shopping season of the year starts on the Diwali festival. All the business, ranging from small to big, such as clothes, utensils, lime, colours, worshipping materials, decorative items, confectionery, and sweet shops and even gold and silver and vehicle shops—witness brisk sale during this festival's season.

Diwali festival is a great festival for all and sundry. It is a special festival for business people because they clear all the last year's dues and start afresh. Business people start a new business transaction after worshipping Mother Laxmi with a new ledger and pen so that their business goes smoothly throughout the whole year. That's why this great festival has great economic importance.

What to Do on Diwali? 

1. On Diwali day, ring Sankh or Ghanti in every room of the home after worshipping Goddess Laxmi. As a result of this, negative energies and poverty go out of the house, and Mother Laxmi enters home.

2. On Diwali day, light a Diya full of oil, keep a clove in a Diya, and take Aarti of Hanumanji. You can bring such a Diya from any Hanuman temple. 

3. Go to any Shiva temple and offer Aakshat or some rice to the deity. Remember that rice is of full size and not broken. Do not offer broken rice on Shivling. 

4. While worshipping Mahalaxmi, keep yellow clamshell. By keeping these things before Goddess Laxmi, you can please her easily. As a result, your problems related to money will disappear.

5. While worshipping Goddess Laxmi, keep turmeric roots before her. After worshipping Her, keep those turmeric roots in that place where you keep your money. 

6. On Diwali day, you must buy Jhadu (broom). Clean your home wholly with it. When it is not in use, hide it at a certain place.

7. On Diwali day, donate a Jhadu in any temple. If there are Mahalaxmi temples near your home, then donate fragrant Agarbatti there.

8. On this day, there is Amavasya. So, on this day, offer water to the Peepal tree. Doing this eliminates Shani Dosh and Kaal Sarp Dosh.

9. For worshipping Goddess Laxmi on Diwali day, stable Lagna is considered appropriate. Worshipping in this Lagna enables Goddess Laxmi to live in your home permanently. Keep Lakshmi yantra, Kuber Yantra, and Shri yantra while worshipping. The use of Sphatik yantra is considered appropriate. 

10. Light a Diya full of oil under a Peepal tree near your home.

11. Offer scutch grass to the first-worshipped Shir Ganesh. By offering 21 scutch blades of grass to Ganesha, you can get His grace. Doing this on Diwali day, Goddess Laxmi’s grace is also sought along with Lord Ganesha.

12. Worship Mahalaxmi’s picture, where Laxmi Goddess is sitting near lord Vishnu’s legs. Worshipping such an image makes Goddess Lakshmi happy very quickly.

13. On Diwali day, recite Sri Sukta and Kanakadhara Stotra. Ram Raksha Stotra or Hanuman Chalisa, or Sundarkand, can also be recited.

14. Remember that home should be cleaned appropriately on every Amavasya of the month. After cleaning, burn Dhoop and Deep. Doing this purifies your home’s atmosphere, and there will always be prosperity in your home.

15. Light a Diya near a Tulsi plant in your home on Diwali night. Also, offer a piece of cloth to the Tulsi plant.

16. Chant Mahalaxmi’s Maha Mantra, “Om Shree Shri Shree Kamle Kamalalaye Praseed Praseedshri Shri Shree Om Mahalakshmi” at least 108 times with a mala (necklace) made up of Kamalgatta (stem of Lotus).

Dhanteras
13 Nov, 2020

Dhanteras, every year, is celebrated on the thirteenth day of the Kartik Krishna Paksha. It is a ritual to buy brand new things on this day. Goddess Lakshmi is worshipped on this day as this day brings an increase in wealth. Lord Dhanwantari also incarnated on this day, which is why it is called Dhan Teresa. Dhanwantari and Mata Lakshmi are among the fourteen gems received during the Samudra Manthan performed jointly by the gods and demons. This date is also known as Dhanwantari Trayodashi.

Dhanteras is a famous festival among the Hindus. It marks the commencement of Diwali. In Jainism, Dhanteras is also called Dhanya Teras and Dhyan Teras. Lord Mahavira revitalized Jain dharma on this day. According to tradition, Mahavira attained omniscience, i.e., absolute or complete knowledge, thus making Diwali one of the most important Jain festivals. This day is also known as National Ayurveda Day.

Why do we buy Utensils on Dhanteras?

God Dhanwantari appeared on the thirteenth day of the Kartik Krishna Paksha by churning of the sea. He had a pot filled with nectar when he appeared. Hence, utensils are bought on this day as God Dhanwantari had a utensil in hand. One should purchase utensils of brass and silver as it will please Lord Dhanwantari. Dhanteras also bring good health and fortune.

Importance of Lightning Diya in the South direction 

According to Indian culture, health is considered above wealth. The saying 'पहला सुख निरोगी काया, दूजा सुख घर में माया' is famous even today. This is why Dhanteras is given so much importance and celebrated before Diwali.

Dhanteras Mythology

One day Yamraja asked his messengers that when you take someone's life away from them, do you sometimes have mercy for them? Does it sometimes break your heart that you cannot do anything about it? Yamdoots hesitated and said, we follow your instructions. Our purpose is not to feel this way. Yamraja felt that maybe they are scared of him, and that's why not telling the truth. He asked them to be fearless and tell him everything honestly. Yamdoots then said that once they came across a situation that shook their heart and didn't want to do their job. Yamraja asked them to tell him what had happened. 

Yamdoots said, "Once there was a king named Hans who went for a hunt in the jungle. Amidst the hunting, he lost his way and got separated by the other hunters. The king crossed the borders and went to another kingdom. King Hema heartily welcomed King Hans. 

The same day King Hema's wife gave birth to a baby boy. Astrologers calculated the constellations and said that the boy would die after four days of getting married. By the king's order, that child was placed as a celibate in a cavity on the river Yamuna banks. He was asked to stay away from women. 

Time passed by, and one day, King Hans's daughter went to the river Yamuna banks. She saw the celibate and married him. On the 4th day of the marriage, the prince died." 

When the yamdoots got to know about their story, they felt devastated. They couldn't listen to what happened to the newlywed couple. They exclaimed that their tears didn't stop when they were picking the young prince's dead body. 

To this, Yamraja said, "what can we do? For restriction of the legislation, we have to this unpleasant terrible job." 

One of the Yamdoots replied, "Maharaja, is there nothing we can do to escape the premature death?" 

Yamraja said that there is a solution to this dreadful situation. 

Worshiping Dhanwantri and doing the Deep Daan relieves premature death. In the house where this worship is done, there is no fear of early death. 

After this incident, the practice of worshipping Dhanwantri and doing the Deep Daan started. According to this belief, in the evening of Dhanteras, people light Diyas in the south direction to pray to Lord Yam. As a result, the worshipper and his family get protection from the God of Death's wrath. If you light a Diya and worship Goddess Lakshmi, it brings good health to the family. 

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How did Lakshmi Ji reach the farmer's house? Another story 

Shrihari, who once resided with Mata Lakshmi in Kshirsagar, realized that the death could be inspected. Mata Lakshmi also started asking to come with him.

Lord Vishnu said that she has to follow his conditions if she wants to come with him. Mata Lakshmi agreed and came to visit Earth with him. After some time, Lord Vishnu asked her to wait at a place for him and not go anywhere until he comes back and asks her to. Mata Lakshmi refused to listen to Lord Vishnu and continued to follow him. 

She came across a beautiful mustard field and got delighted after seeing beautiful yellow mustard flowers. She decorated herself with these beautiful flowers. After some time, she saw a sugarcane field. She got very excited as she wanted to have the tasty ripped sugarcane. 

Seeing this, Lord Vishnu got very angry with her as she stole the poor farmer's fruits. He cursed her to stay with the farmer for 12 years and help him with his farming. After cursing her, Lord Vishnu left for Kshirsagar. 

Mata Lakshmi took care of him for 12 years and even blessed him with silver jewels. In the thirteenth year, when Lord Vishnu came to take her back, the farmer refused to send Mata Lakshmi back. To this, Lord Vishnu said that no one could stop her from going. She is always moving from places to places. The farmer still didn't agree and begged Mata Lakshmi to stay with him.

With this, Mata Lakshmi came up with a solution. She asked the farmer to follow whatever she says, and if he does this, she will come back for a year. She said tomorrow is the thirteenth. Clean your house nicely. Then in the evening, worship me with lightning a Diya. Fill a copper vessel for me with coins. If you do this, I will reside in your house for a year. And when the farmer did this, he became prosperous again. Every year, the thirteenth day of Krishna Paksha of Kartik month is celebrated as Dhanteras.

Dhanteras Puja Vidhi

It is always preferred to pray in the evening. At the place of worship, the idols of Lord Kubera and Dhanwantari should be kept on the north side. Along with them, worship Mata Lakshmi and Lord Ganesha. It is said that Lord Kubera should be offered sweets of white colour while Lord Dhanwantari should be offered yellow sweets. This is because the yellow colour is Lord Dhanwantari's favorite. Flowers, fruits, rice, roli, dhoop, and Diyas should be kept in the Pooja thaali. Lord Yamraja should be prayed after lighting the Diya. 

Dhanteras astrological concept 

Ancient narratives are not just stories, as they have essential roles in today's environment as well. According to astrology, if there is any problem in the house due to disease, clash, pain, court case, or enemy, what kind of lamp would be benefited by burning? What type of oil in the lamp is best can be calculated. 

Lamps and Oils 

  1. Lamps made out of flour are considered favorable for any occasion or Pooja. 

  2. Ghee diyas should be lighted to get freedom from money constraints. 

  3. Sesame oil lamp should be lit to get rid of Saturn's disaster. One gets rid of the troubles coming at home.

  4. Lamp of mahua oil should be lighted in the house temple for the long life of the husband. 

  5. Flaxseed oil lamp should be lit to calm the condition of planets Rahu and Ketu. 

  6. To win a pending court case, light a five-faced lamp in front of the house temple. 

  7. To avoid enemies or prevent any objections, please Shani Dev by burning a mustard oil lamp.

What to Do on Dhanteras  

  • Clean your house thoroughly. This brings positive vibes in one's life and home.

  • Make sure you clean all spider webs around you as they can cause hindrance in your wealth. 

  • Close the doors of your bathroom. Open bathroom doors attract negative energy and cause problems in money matters. 

  • The Northside of the house is said to belong to Lord Kubera. Keep this side of the house clean as they can be a smooth inflow of money. 

  • Make sure you close all the taps of the house as wastage of water means less income. 

  • Don't buy any sharp objects like scissors, knives, etc. 

  • Buy a brand-new broom as it is a symbol of Mata Lakshmi. 

  • Buying items of brass, steel, gold, and silver on Dhanteras is considered very auspicious.

What to not do on Dhanteras 

  • Don't touch the broom using your foot. This means you're disrespecting Mata Lakshmi. 

  • Do not buy oil at all on Dhanteras nor buy any such item in which oil is used. If you have to buy oil, buy oil one or two days before Dhanteras.

  • Don't buy anything black. It is considered to be inauspicious. 

  • Do not give loans to anyone on this day. If you do so, it will cause money loss. 

  • Do not buy any glass item. Glass is said to be related to Rahu. 

  • Worship Lord Dhanwantari also and not just Lord Kubera. 

  • Do not come into blows with anyone on this day. It is believed that Mata Lakshmi doesn't bless the house whose members are fighting. 

  • Do not use vindictive weapons.

  • Do not disrespect elders. Mata Lakshmi doesn't bless the house in which elders are being disrespected and insulted. 

Dhanteras Mantra

कुबेर धन प्राप्ति मंत्र-

ॐ श्रीं ह्रीं क्लीं श्रीं क्लीं वित्तेश्वराय नमः॥

कुबेर अष्टलक्ष्मी मंत्र-

ॐ ह्रीं श्रीं क्रीं श्रीं कुबेराय अष्ट-लक्ष्मी मम गृहे धनं पुरय पुरय नमः॥

कुबेर मंत्र-

ॐ यक्षाय कुबेराय वैश्रवणाय धनधान्याधिपतये

धनधान्यसमृद्धिं मे देहि दापय दापय स्वाहा॥

Festivals are eventually a great way to celebrate happiness, express joy, disseminate positive vibes, and instill the feeling of brotherhood and prosperity by enriching and enhancing the rich heritage, culture, and traditions. Festivals are an amazing and great way to let your emotions out and let your loved ones feel extremely happy and content. Along with that, festivals also play a vital role in adding structure and ensuring perfect shape to social lifestyle. It helps to establish a strong connection and also helps in tightening the societal norms. It helps everyone to connect with families and enrich the glorious background, as it would be immensely helpful in building great relationships. Festivals are eventually a sort of distraction from our monotonous lifestyle and exhausting routine. It eventually motivates and inspires everyone to acknowledge and value the important moments in life. Festivals are a great event to disseminate knowledge and inculcate the feeling of deep emotions to the next generation.

All festivals are celebrated to uplift the culture and traditions. It is basically an astounding way to unite everyone and inculcate the strong feeling of rejoicing, brotherhood, and prosperity. There are innumerable festivals that are celebrated, including National, Religious and Seasonal ones. The idea of a celebration is to instill the feeling of enthusiasm and optimism and strengthen the community norms and take it to a different level.

National Festivals:

It is an astonishing way of unification, and it let us dive deep into the glorious and prestigious history of a country. By celebrating different National Festival, one could simply gain knowledge, information, and the treasured history of the nation. Celebrating the foundation day of a nation always makes its citizen feel proud and happy. Along with that, the celebration of days like Independence Day or Europe VE day (Victory of Europe during WWII) is widely celebrated across the continent, which is impeccably helpful in fostering the feeling of oneness and nationality in everyone. It eventually solidifies and inculcates the feeling of patriotism and spirits in society.

Religious Festivals: 

It plays a vital part in enriching the family knots. In order to keep it simple and short, basically religious festivals help everyone to understand the authentic and deep culture and tradition. Festivals are a medium to understand ethics, traditions, and principles. Different religious festivals throw light on various aspects, such as love, tolerance, understanding, and enlightenment. It is a great way to celebrate the occasion and express gratitude to God on special events.

Seasonal Festivals:

Seasonal Festivals definitely reflect the inner voice and attitude of people towards nature and show gratitude towards the almighty. The festivals are important as they are somewhere also related to the food supply. Human Beings eventually adore nature and acknowledge the benefits and advantages. In simpler terms, the main ideas of celebrating all festivals are associated with harmony, peace, prosperity, and enlightenment.