Indian Festivals & Muhurat
Republic Day is the day which the whole nation celebrates together with great enthusiasm. January 26 is the Republic Day for the people of India. It is an important day, so it is celebrated every year since January 26, 1950. British rule had been prevalent in our motherland India for a long time, and the people of India have performed slavery for many years, due to which the people of India had to follow the British's laws. After a long struggle, Indian freedom fighters finally got to India free on August 15, 1947. Almost two and a half years after independence, i.e., on January 26, 1950, India established its Constitution, and India called itself a democratic republic. The Indian Constitution got passed by our Parliament on January 26, 1950, after about two years, eleven months, and eighteen days. India called itself a sovereign, democratic, Republic after which January 26 was celebrated as Republic Day by India's people. No one likes to be dependent. Even animals do not like slavery; we are still humans. Even if the bird is kept in a gold cage, it still wants to live in the open sky. It is to establish that freedom is most valuable. Merely getting free is not enough; maintaining and nurturing it is also not less challenging.
इस पेज को हिंदी में पढ़ने के लिए “गणतंत्र दिवस” पर क्लिक करें।
The Importance of Republic Day
Republic Day is our national festival, which is celebrated on January 26. On January 26, 1950, the Constitution of India replaced the Government of India Act 1935. January 26 was opted to implement the Constitution because, on this day in 1930, the Indian National Congress announced Purna Swaraj at midnight during the Lahore session. Republic Day is considered to be a prestigious national holiday all over India. Apart from Republic Day as a holiday in the country, Independence Day and Gandhi Jayanti are also national holidays. According to the definition of democracy, it is "rule by the people, for the people, of the people." In today's time, it has become a fashion to be termed democratic. Some kind of euphoria is prevalent. We have got freedom after many difficulties. Through this, we can tell our upcoming generation about our glorious history. At the same time, we receive inspiration from the country's sons by witnessing them, and passion gets generated to do anything for the country.
The Meaning of Indian Republic Day
Gana means people, and tantra means governance. Republic or democracy means the people's rule, the country, or a state where they choose their representative. Such a nation is labeled as a democratic republic. Such a system exists in our country. That is why our country is called a democratic republic. Republic means a country where the general public has the right to choose and remove the ruling government. Such a government is never autocratic because no one has power in their hands. The form of our government is parliamentary. A government is a group of few people who work on the prescribed procedure. It has three parts - the executive, the judiciary, and the administration.
The History of Indian Republic Day
The enormous history of Indian Republic Day is quite impressive; it started on January 26, 1950. Since the implementation of India's Constitution by dismantling the 'Government of India Act' in our country, the Republic Day program is observed every year on January 26 to honor the Constitution and Republic of India. But, there is another history associated with this day, and it started on January 26, 1930, as it was considered the historic day when Congress first demanded Purna Swaraj. It began when, in 1929, during the Congress session in Lahore under Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru's chairmanship, a resolution got passed that if by January 26, 1930, the English government did not grant 'Dominion status' to India, India would declare completely independent. After this, until January 26, 1930, the British government did not respond to Congress's demand. So from that day, Congress started its active movement for complete independence. When India got independent on August 15, 1947, the Government of India, keeping in mind the historical importance of January 26, chose this day to establish the Republic.
Why is Republic Day Celebrated?
The people have been given the right to choose the government in our country. Many countries in the world are democratic countries, but not all are republics. Both are the same thing. It seems the same, but there is a slight difference. Let's see what the difference is. Law is governed in the Republic. A republican country ensures that nobody's rights are denied, like minorities, etc. Having no power, it is not autocratic, so some powers are given to the President along with the prime minister. In this regime, everyone works together and supports each other. That is why in India, many times, the President refuses to sign the laws made by Parliament, but this is not the case in democratic countries. The rules made by Parliament are final and acceptable. It is now to be understood why India is called a republican government and the significance and features. You can also understand it in this way. There is democracy in all the world nations, but not all those countries fall in the Republic's parameters. Let's take the example of England. There is democracy in England, but it is not a republican country. The parliamentary system in our Constitution is derived from England itself. However, it is different from that.
The Constitution was prepared after about two and a half years.
After independence, a drafting committee was instructed to prepare a draft of India's permanent Constitution at a meeting on August 28, 1947. On November 4, 1947, India's draft of the Constitution was laid in the House under Dr. BR Ambedkar's chairmanship. After taking almost three years, it was completely ready. And finally, the wait was over on January 26, 1950, and it got implemented.
National Festival of India: Republic Day
Republic Day is not an ordinary day. It was the day when our India attained complete independence because even though India became independent on August 15, 1947, it became utterly independent when January 26, 1950. The newly constituted Constitution of India got enacted by removing the 'Government of India Act.' Therefore, from that day on January 26, this day is celebrated as Republic Day in India. It is one of India's three national festivals. The other two are Gandhi Jayanti and Independence Day, as Republic Day is a national holiday worldwide. In many places like schools and offices, programs are celebrated a day in advance.
Proposal for Purna swaraj
The day of January 26 was opted to establish the Constitution. It was done because, in 1929, Congress passed the resolution of Purna swaraj against the slavery of the British. In December 1929, a meeting of the Indian National Congress was held under Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru's chairmanship. It got announced that if the British government did not give India the post of Dominion by January 26, 1930, India would declare itself completely independent.
Constitution Day is also celebrated.
After India's independence, the Constituent Assembly was formed, which started its work on December 9, 1946. It took about two years, 11 months, 18 days to make the world's most extensive written Constitution. The Constitution of India was handed over to the President of the Constituent Assembly, Dr. Rajendra Prasad, on November 26, 1949. Hence, November 26 is celebrated every year as Constitution Day. The Constituent Assembly held a total of 114 days at the time of framing the Constitution, and the press and the public were also free to be a part of it. After several reforms and changes, 308 members of the assembly signed two handwritten copies of the Constitution on January 24, 1950. Two days later, on January 26, the Constitution came into force across the country.
A national festival full of pride
It is an honor to observe Republic Day for people living in India and Indians living abroad. This day holds particular importance, and it is celebrated with great enthusiasm by the people participating in many activities and organizing them. People eagerly wait for this day to become a part of it repeatedly. The preparations for the Republic Day celebrations start about a month before. During this time, people's movement is banned at India Gate due to security reasons so that any criminal incident gets prevented before happening. It also ensures the security of the people over there on that day.
National festival - a sign of unity in diversity
On this day in India, special arrangements are made for this festival in all the state capitals. It is also arranged in New Delhi. The program starts with the act of flag hoisting and the national anthem by the President. Each State presents Jhanki for their respective diversity. After this, parade, prize distribution, march past, etc., are performed by the three forces. And finally, the whole atmosphere reverberates with "Jana Gana Mana."
Republic Day Celebrations
The Republic Day celebrations in India are celebrated with pomp and show. On January 26, the President of India hoists the national flag, and the national anthem is sung. Although Republic Day is celebrated with great pomp in the entire country, its form is worth witnessing in Delhi. Every year on Republic Day, a grand parade is organized from India Gate to Rashtrapati Bhavan. Army, Air Force, and Navy personnel also participate in this parade. During this parade, the heads of the three armies salute the President. Not only this, but three armies also display modern weapons on this day, which is a symbol of national power. Also, children from different schools in the country take part in this parade and present colorful programs. A unique aspect of the Republic Day celebrations is that in this ceremony, one chief guest from the whole world's countries is chosen who is present there during the entire program. Jhanki of all the states is presented during the parade at the Republic Day celebrations. In this Jhanki, all the states offer a glimpse of their diversity and culture. Not only this, every State presents a beautiful form of folk songs and folk dances in its State. People come from over the country to participate in the Republic Day celebrations and sit in the visitors' gallery. Along with this, the national channels are broadcasted live, thereby showing a glimpse of this ceremony to the country's entire people. And finally, the atmosphere of the whole of India reverberates with "Jana Gana Mana Gana."
School and college students are very excited to celebrate this festival and start preparing for it a month in advance. On this day, students are awarded prizes and certificates, etc., for performing better in the academy, sports, or other education fields. Family people attend social events organized on this day with their friends, family, and children. Everyone gets ready to witness the show, which happens on the Rajpath on TV at 8 am.
Celebrating Republic Day is a matter of honor
It is a great honor for people living in India and Indians living abroad to celebrate Republic Day. Everywhere in schools, in colleges, in offices, etc., on January 26, India's flag is hoisted, and there are many programs for which preparations start months before its arrival. The people of India celebrate January 26 with full enthusiasm and joy. The movement of people is stopped at India Gate due to security reasons.
How is our parliamentary system different from the parliamentary system of England?
1. Inspired by England's parliamentary system, we also have a parliamentary system. In England, like us, people choose MPs, and then all those MPs together elect the Prime Minister.
2. The Prime Minister of England is also responsible for people like our country. The public has the right to elect and remove this Prime Minister every five years. That is why England is also a democratic country, but still, England is not called a republic.
3. England is not just the only nation that has such a tradition. There are many countries of the world, including Japan, Spain, Belgium, Denmark, where there is a democracy, but there is no republic, but it is not so with India, that is why our country is the most unique. Indeed, it is honestly said, "Sare Jahan Se Acha, Hindostan Hamara."
4. Also, there is an underlying difference. The difference is of the person in the highest position of power, which is not understood as we do not witness it.
5. If the people have the right to choose and remove the person sitting in the highest position of power, that country is called a democratic. (As in India.) If not, that country would not be called a republican.
6. It is not so in England. There, the king (or queen) is seated at the highest position of power. Even today, only for the sake of it, there is Rajshahi. The people of England can change the Prime Minister, but not the King or Queen.
Some interesting facts related to Republic Day
1. On Republic Day, the program of Purna Swaraj got celebrated for the first time on January 26, 1930, in which there was a pledge to achieve complete independence from the British rule
2. A Christian tune gets played during the Republic Day Parade, named "Abide with me," as it is one of Mahatma Gandhi's favorite sounds.
3. President Sukarno of Indonesia was invited as the chief guest of India's first Republic Day celebrations.
4. Republic Day celebrations were first observed in Rajpath in the year 1955.
5. A 31-gun salute is given to India's President during the Republic Day celebrations of India.
Conclusion of Republic Day Celebrations
After celebrating the Republic Day celebrations enthusiastically, the ceremony is concluded with great pomp and show, called the Beating Retreat. The ceremony is held on January 3, January 26, that is, January 29. Three armies also participate in this ceremony. The ceremony is celebrated near Rashtrapati Bhavan. The President attends the program as the chief guest whom the chief of the three armies' salutes.
You can read similar write-up on relevance of astrology in indian festivals for all other major Indian Festivals.
Vasant Panchami holds particular importance in Hinduism. Goddess Saraswati is worshipped on this day. This day is celebrated in the Eastern part of India with a lot of pomp and show. On this day, females wear yellow colored clothes to worship Goddess Saraswati. Amongst the six existing seasons, people admire Vasant the most.
Vasant Panchami can be recognized when the flowers bloom at their fullest, and sunflower seeds get spread in the farms when wheat starts to blossom when the mango trees begin to get mango seeds, and there are butterflies all around. Such is the grace of Vasant Panchami. This day is also known as Sri Panchami and embarks the beginning of the season of Vasant. Vasant Panchami is essential for the farmers as it is the best harvesting season. As mentioned earlier, during this phase, the sunflower seeds begin to embellish the farms, trees and flowers are at their happiest, and people fly kites in the sky. In Punjab, they celebrate Vasant Panchami on the fifth day by flying kites and worshipping Goddess Saraswati. In Hinduism, Goddess Saraswati is considered to be the goddess of education. All students worship Her on this day. In the Bhagvat Gita, Lord Krishna has said, “Vasant is one of my forms.” To welcome this festival, Lord Vishnu and Lord Kama are worshipped on the fifth day of the month of Maagh. That is why; this festival is called Vasant Panchami. This festival is also celebrated as the day of Goddess Saraswati’s birth. In Rigveda, Goddess Saraswati is has been described as:
Prano Devi Saraswati VajebhirvarjinvatiDheenamadhitrayavatu.
The meaning is as follows: Goddess, you are the ultimate power. Bless our minds, bless us with progress, and help us develop the right attitude. You are the source of our behavior and intellect. The grace of the Goddess’s progress and form has its scintillating grandeur.
For regular days We at Bajrangi Dhaam always perform a small Pooja ritual and Basant Panchami celebration for selected followers & the overall prosperity of our large client base every year on this day in the morning around 7.30 am.
Importance of Basant Panchami
In this festival, flora and fauna, as well as the wildlife, are full of happiness along with human beings. Although the entire month of Maagh bestows happiness on all, Basant Panchami has its wholesome beauty and importance. Since ancient times, this festival is considered to be the day of Goddess Saraswati’s birth. That is why, on this day, She is worshipped as Maa Sharda as the Goddess of knowledge and intellect. Even all the creative artists such as writers, singers, dancers, actors, and so on worship Goddess Saraswati and offer their greetings to Her.
Ancient Importance of Basant Panchami
The ancient importance of Basant Panchami is related to Ramayan. When Ravana abducted Maa Sita and took her to Lanka, then Lord Rama went to a lot of places to look for her, one of the places being Dandkadhnya. Here, an elderly woman named Shabari used to live. When Lord Rama went to her hut, she fell in love with him and offered him berries. It is believed that Shabari’s hut still exists in the Dang district of Gujarat. It was the occasion of Vasant Panchami when Lord Rama visited this place. Today, the inmates of this place worship the idol of Lord Rama and believe that Lord Rama visits them and sits with them. This place also has the temple of Mother Shabari.
Vasant Panchami also reminds all of us of Prithviraj Chauhan. He defeated Mohammad Ghori sixteen times but left him alive every time out of big-heartedness. In the seventeenth time, Mohammad Ghori defeated Prithviraj Chauhan and took him to Afghanistan to torture him. He removed his Raj’s eyes. Before sentencing Raj to death, Mohammad Ghori wished to witness Raj’s magical skill of “Shabdavedi Baan.” Taking advantage of this situation, Poet Chandabardai gave a hint to Raj.
Ta Upar Sultan, Mat Chuko Chauhan.
Prithviraj Chauhan didn't miss the sign this time, and she shot directly at Ghori’s chest. After this, Chauhan and Chandbardai killed each other through a knife as a token of self-sacrifice. This incident took place in 1192 on the day of Vasant Panchami.
Vasant Panchami And Saraswati Puja
Goddess Saraswati is also worshipped on Vasant Panchami. She is the Goddess of knowledge and intellect. According to the Guru-Shishya tradition, parents send their kids to the Gurukul on this day only. This day is auspicious in terms of the formal education of the children. Being the Goddess of knowledge and creativity, She is worshipped on this day. People associated with creativity worship her on the same day. Just as soldiers consider armaments and the day of Vijaydashmi auspicious, creative people think Vasant Panchami is the bright day for them. All the creative artists such as writers, singers, dancers, actors, and so on worship Goddess Saraswati and offer their greetings.
Why is Basant Panchami Celebrated?
The word “Basant” means Vasant, and “Panchami” means the fifth day. That is why; when the season of Vasant arrives in the month of Maagh, this festival, the grandest among all, is celebrated on the fifth day. Simultaneously, this day is celebrated as the day of Goddess Saraswati’s birth according to the spiritual books. Nature is at its full glow on the onset of Vasant Panchami. Trees shed their old leaves only to pave the way for the new ones. Sunflower seeds begin to flower on the farms. The weather is abundant. Such beauty can be witnessed only on Vasant Panchami. On this day, schools and colleges worship Goddess Saraswati along with the students. We all know that there are six seasons in India, namely, Vasant, Grishma, Varsha, Sharad, Hemant, and Shishir. Amidst all these, Vasant is considered to be the most abundant season as Nature gets shrowded with greenery during this time. Also, wheat and Sunflower are in the center of agriculture. It seems as if the farm of wheat has dressed in green sarees, and the sunflower farms have adorned themselves with gold ornaments.
According to Hindu Purana, Lord Brahma created the universe and human beings and other living creatures at the request of Lord Vishnu. However, Lord Brahma was not satisfied with this creation and lacked something, due to which there was silence all around. After seeking Lord Vishnu’s permission, Lord Brahma sprinkled water onto the universe, which created vibrations. A euphoric power emerged amidst the trees. This power was that of a four-armed beautiful woman who had the instrument Veena on the one hand and Var Mudra on the other. The other two hands had a book and a garland on the other. Lord Brahma requested her to play Veena, and the moment she played Veena, all the living beings on the Earth got the skill of speech, the speed of water got momentum, the wind got strong. It was then when Lord Brahma gave her the name “Saraswati.” Goddess Saraswati is the Goddess of knowledge, intellect, and wisdom and the Goddess of Music. Vasant Panchami is the day of knowledge transference. This day is considered auspicious as this day removes ignorance, and children are made to learn the first letter on this day. It is believed that this day is bright for indulging in studies. All schools worship Goddess Saraswati on this day. She loves white flowers, and hence, on the day of Vasant Panchami, Goddess Saraswati is worshipped wearing white clothes, and white flowers are given as offerings to Her.
Importance of Yellow Color in Basant Panchami
The yellow color of Basant Panchami symbolizes success, progress, and abundance. During Vasant Panchami, flowers are at the fullest; they get their best glow, sunflower seeds seem to get the shine of gold and wheat crops at their abundant phase. Vasant Panchami is considered to be the most admired of all seasons.
Forms of Vasant Panchami in Various Places
On this day, all the devotees tend to bathe in Ganga and other religious rivers on the fifth day and worship Goddess Saraswati. There are many devotees in Haridwar (Uttarakhand) and Allahabad (Uttar Pradesh) during this festival. On this day, lakhs and lakhs of devotees worship on the banks of Ganga and Sangam. Apart from this, people from places like Punjab, Haryana, Uttarakhand visit Himachal Pradesh and dive into sulfur's warm waters. On this day, people wear yellow clothes in India's northern region and eat yellow colored dishes. In the rural parts of Punjab, people fly yellow-colored kites in the yellow sunflower fields. On the one hand, Goddess Saraswati is worshipped through the sounds of Dhaak in the West Bengal region, and other hand, in places like Bilaspur (Chhattisgarh), fairs are arranged in Sikh places like Guru-ka-Lahore. It is believed that Guru Gobind Singh was born on Vasant Panchami.
The Story of Vasant Panchami
Lord Brahma created this universe on the orders of Lord Vishnu, wherein he created humans and flora as well as fauna. However, Lord Brahma was not satisfied with this creation and lacked something, due to which there was silence all around. After seeking Lord Vishnu’s permission, Lord Brahma sprinkled water onto the universe, which created vibrations. A euphoric power emerged amidst the trees. This power was that of a four-armed beautiful woman who had the instrument Veena on the one hand and Var Mudra on the other; the other two hands had a book and a garland on the other. Lord Brahma requested her to play Veena, and the moment she played Veena, all the living beings on the Earth got the skill of speech, the speed of water got momentum, the wind got strong. It was then when Lord Brahma gave her the name “Saraswati.” Goddess Saraswati is the Goddess of knowledge, intellect, and wisdom and the Goddess of Music. Vasant Panchami is the day of knowledge transference. This day is considered auspicious as this day removes ignorance, and children are made to learn the first letter on this day. It is believed that this day is great for indulging in studies. All schools worship Goddess Saraswati on this day. She loves white flowers, and hence, on the day of Vasant Panchami, Goddess Saraswati is worshipped wearing white clothes, and white flowers are given as offerings to Her.
How to Worship Goddess Saraswati on Vasant Panchami
1. Wear yellow clothes on this day. Start prayers facing the East and north direction.
2. Keep the idol of Maa Saraswati on a yellow cloth and offer Her Roli, Saffron, Turmeric, rice, yellow flowers, yellow sweets, Curd, Halwa, and so on as Prasad.
3. Offer white Chandan to Goddess Saraswati and keep yellow/white flowers in her right hand.
- Saffron milk porridge is the best offering that can be made to Maa Saraswati.
- Chanting the mantra ॐऐंसरस्वत्यैनमः by holding a turmeric garland is the best way to worship her.
- Do not wear black and blue clothes while the ritual is on. If there are obstacles in studies, the unique offering must be made to Maa Saraswati on this day.
Saraswati Puja Mantra Number-1:
Sa Mam Patu Saraswati BhagvatiNisheshjadhyapaha (1)
ShuklamBhrahvichar Saar ParmaamAadhyamJagdwaapinim
Saraswati Mantra Number-2:
According to old belief systems, Devi Rati and Lord Kama are also worshipped, and the ritual is called Shodshopchaar Puja
Shodshopchaar Puja Mantra:
अमुकनामसंवत्सरेमाघशुक्लपञ्चम्याम्अमुकवासरेअमुकगोत्रःअमुकनामाहंसकलपाप - क्षयपूर्वक - श्रुति -
स्मृत्युक्ताखिल - पुण्यफलोपलब्धयेसौभाग्य - सुस्वास्थ्यलाभायअविहित - काम - रति - प्रवृत्तिरोधायमम
पत्यौ/पत्न्यांआजीवन - नवनवानुरागायरति - कामदम्पतीषोडशोपचारैःपूजयिष्ये।
If couples worship Goddess Rati and Lord Kama on Vasant Panchami and chant Shodshopchar mantra, they will be able to lead a joyful life full of fulfillment and conjugal bliss.
Devi Rati and Lord Kama’s Chants
ॐवारणेमदनंबाण - पाशांकुशशरासनान्।
धारयन्तंजपारक्तंध्यायेद्रक्त - विभूषणम्।।
सव्येनपतिमाश्लिष्यवामेनोत्पल - धारिणीम्।
Why is Vasant Panchami Special?
Among many auspicious timings, Vasant Panchami is particular of “Abhujh Timing.”
- Marriage and other ceremonies can be done during this phase.
- Knowledge and Science can be attained at their best during the union of these seasons.
- Blessings can be sought in the field of Music, creativity, and spirituality during this time.
- Offer prayers to Goddess Saraswati during this time if there are obstacles in the field of studies.
New Work will attain Success on Vasant Panchami.
New things can be started during Vasant Panchami. House warming ritual can be done during Vasant Panchami. New business deals can be made on Vasant Panchami for the best results. Similarly, all kinds of delayed work can be pursued during this time for optimum outcomes.
How to get Blessed Intellectually?
- Saraswati Puja holds utmost importance on this day.
- On this day, Neel Saraswati Chants should be chanted in front of Goddess Saraswati.
- Ignorance vanishes on this day.
- Knowledge and wisdom can be attained as blessings on this day.
10 Ways to Strengthen the positioning of Planets on Vasant Basanti
1. If Buddha is weak, wisdom starts fading.
2. To come out of such a situation, worship Maa Saraswati.
3. Offer green colored fruits to Maa Saraswati.
4. If Brahaspat is weak, it gets challenging to attain knowledge
5. Wear yellow clothes on Vasant Panchami to come from such a situation.
6. Use yellow fruits and flowers while worshipping on Vasant Panchami.
7. If Shukra is weak, restlessness prevails.
8. It gets challenging to choose a career (See the link below to read more about this).
9. Worship Maa Sarawati in such a situation.
10. Use the white flowers to worship Maa Saraswati.
You can read similar write-up on relevance of astrology in indian festivals for all other major Indian Festivals.
Shiva means Kalyankari, and Shiva means Baba Bholenath, Shiva means Shivashankar, Shivashambu, Shivji, Shivji, Neelkanth, Rudra, etc.
Lord Shiva is the most adored God among all Hindu Gods. He is loved by demons too. He is loved due to his simplicity. His rituals are also very simple. If Lord Shiva is invoked purely, He becomes pleased. Mahashivratri is celebrated everywhere. It is known for the union of Shiva and Shakti. Religiously, Mahashivratri is the symbol of Nature and Man union. Followers of Shiva keep fast on this day and seek God’s blessings. Temples continue to offer Shiva Milk and Water. According to Shiva Purana, Mahashivratri is celebrated on the fourth day of Krishna Paksha in the month of Falgun. It is the biggest festival of the Hindus. Monday is believed to be the day of Lord Shiva.
इस पेज को हिंदी में पढ़ने के लिए “महा शिवरात्रि” पर क्लिक करें।
Similarly, monthly Shivaratri is also celebrated. Mahashivratri is celebrated twice in a year, one in the month of Falgun and Shravan. The former is called Mahashivratri. People keep fast on this day and invoke Lord Shiva by following all the rituals, which are very simple. People offer Him water and fruits and stay awake for the whole night. They are on Kavadh and take Gangajal, which is used for bathing Lord Shiva.
For regular days We at Bajrangi Dhaam always perform a small Pooja ritual and Maha Shivratri celebration for selected followers & the overall prosperity of our large client base every year in the morning around 7.30 am.
Why is Mahashivratri Celebrated?
Shivaratri is celebrated on the previous day of the New Moon, the fourteenth day of the month. Among all the Shivratri, the one which arrives during February-March holds particular importance. On this night, the northern corner of the houses is organized so that the energy of Nature enters appropriately. This day helps the people in reaching the religious and spiritual zenith. The rituals go on for the entire night. As the conventions are followed for the whole of the night, it is ensured that the spinal cord is straight and the rules of Nature are not disturbed.
Importance of Mahashivratri
This day holds importance for people who believe in spirituality and religion. It is also essential who are caught in the web of desires related to familial life. People who are caught in worldly affairs consider Mahashivratri as the day of attaining victory over the enemies. For spiritual leaders, Shivratri is the day when Lord Shiva went to Kailash and became a rock. As per Yogic tradition, Lord Shiva is not considered a God. He is considered to be a Yogic Guru who teaches the Shishyas about meditation. After a series of Yoga, Lord Shiva became as motionless as a rock. This day is believed to be Mahashivratri. After taking the form of a stone, all the movements inside him took a pause. That is why a lot of spiritual leaders consider the night of Mahashivratri as the night of motionlessness.
Lord Shiva took a form for the first time
As per old myths, Lord Shiva gave his darshan for the first time on Mahashivratri. He gave his darshan in the form of Shivling in the fire in one of the Jyotirlingas, a shivalinga which had no end and no beginning. It is believed that Lord Brahma took the form of a dove and tried to see the topmost part of the Shivalinga but in vain. He couldn't reach the top part of the Linga. Even Lord Vishnu tried to know about the Shivalinga as a Varah but in vain.
Union of Shiva and Shakti
Devotees of Lord Shiva are awake for the entire night on Mahashivratri. They celebrate the marriage of Shiva and Shakti. Lord Shiva left his Vairagya life and adopted Grihastha life and became a Grihastha. It is believed that the observation of Holi after a fortnight of Mahashivratri has this reason only.
Shivalinga was seen at 64 places
One of the stories tells that on Mahashivaratri, the shivalinga emerged in 64 places. Among them, we only know the names of the 12 sites, and we call them Jyotirlinga. People lighten up diyas at the Mahakaleshwar Temple in Ujjain to see the fire oriented invincible Linga. One of the idols of Lord Shiva is called Lingobhav, meaning which has emerged from the Linga, a Linga which has no end and no beginning.
The Religious Rule of the Fasting on Mahashivaratri
There are a lot of rules related to Mahashivaratri. These are:
1. Mahashivaratri is celebrated on the first Chaturdashi, which is known as Nishithatvyapini. The eighth Muhurt at night is a critical phase. In other words, when Chaturdashi begins, and the eighth Muhurt meets with Chaturthi, then only Mahashivaratri is celebrated.
2. Mahashivaratri is observed on the first day of the Nishit Kaal and Chaturthi, on the second day. Chaturdashi should be in contact with the 2nd Nishit in the first part of the previous day Nishit
3. Except in two places, fasting is observed on the next day in every other area.
Puja-Vidhi For Mahashivaratri
1. Water/Milk is stored in a small mud container. Belpatra, Aak Dhature, and rice are kept on the container's top only to be put over the Shivalinga. If there is no temple in the vicinity, one can create a mud murti of Shiva and offer prayers.
2. On this day, Shiva Purana should be read, and Mahamrityunjaya Jaap, along with Shiv Panchakshar Mantra, Om Namah Shivaya, must be chanted. Staying awake at night is also a ritual on Mahashivatri
3. According to the Shastras, it is best to observe this day at the Nishit Kaal. However, Purohits can perform the puja on any prahar as per their convenience.
Shivaratri- Jyotish Perspective
Lord Shiva is himself the Chaturthi Tithi. Every month, on the Chaturthi of Krishna Paksha, Mahashivaratri is celebrated. This tithi is considered to be auspicious. As per mathematical astrology, Surya Uttarayan happens, and Seasons changes also take place on Mahashivaratri. Moon is at its weak during Chaturthi of Mahashivaratri. Lord Shiva keeps Moon in his forehead, and that is why Moon is under control. Offering prayers to Lord Shiva helps in fulfilling desires, strengthens willpower, and increases courage.
Old Belief related to Mahashivaratri
There are many stories associated with Shivaratri. Goddess Parvati meditated for Lord Shiva. This resulted in the marriage of Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati in the month of Falgun on Chaturdashi. That is why Mahashivratri is considered to be pious.
Once, there was a hunter named Chitrabhanu. He raised his family by killing animals. He had taken money from a moneylender, but an angry moneylender took him captive in a Shivamath because he could not clear the debt on time. And it was Shivratri that day. In the process of being confined, the hunter kept listening to Shiva's holy things in the monastery, while he also heard Shivaratri's story fast. In the evening, the moneylender called him and asked to repay the loan, and the hunter promised to return the entire loan the next day. The moneylender obeyed him and left him. The hunter set out to hunt in the forest. But due to being in captivity all day, he was disturbed by hunger and thirst. At sunset, he came near a reservoir and climbed a tree on the banks of a gorge there to drink some water, because he hoped that some animal would come here to quench his thirst.
The tree was of Bel-Patra, and there was a Shiva lingam under the same tree, which was hidden under a dried Bel-leaf. Hunter could not find the person. Tired of hunger and thirst, he sat on the same loft. The twigs he broke while making the scaffolding fell on the Shivling by chance. In this way, fasting and thirsty hunters also fasted throughout the day, and bell-sheets were offered to the Shivalinga. At one o'clock in the night, a pregnant lady came to drink water at the pond. As the hunter attacked, a few leaves and a few drops of water fell on the lingam made below, and inadvertently the hunter's first attack was worshiped. Mrigi said, I am pregnant and will have a baby soon. Do not kill two lives. It is not morally right.
I will give birth to a child and will present myself in front of you. The hunter did not kill it, and it ran away amidst the bushes. After some time, another Mriga came out of the bushes. The hunter was making himself ready for another attack. A few bells fell on the Shivalinga, and the hunter's second attack was on point. The deer said I had come back after a long time. I am in search of my husband. I will meet him and offer myself to you. The hunter was tensed as he did not kills two prey. The last hour of the night was passed. Then another deer escaped with her children. The hunter was about to kill when the deer said, "I will return these children to their father. Do not kill me this time. Please do not laugh and say, leave the victim in front. I am not such a fool. I have lost my prey twice before. My children must be suffering from hunger and thirst. In reply, Mrigi again said, just like you are concerned for your children, children, I am also worried for them. I will leave them to their father and surrender myself to you immediately. Hearing the deer's low voice, the hunter felt pity for him. He let that chicken escape too. In the absence of hunting, the hunter sitting on the vine tree was being thrown down by breaking the bell-sheet. The worship of his third Prahar was also done automatically. When the dawn came, another deer came, and the hunter had made his mind to kill it. The deer said, " If you have killed thforthree deer and small children that come before me, do not delay in killing me also as I do not wish to suffer the loss caused by their death. I am the husband of those deer. Please give me life too, if you have given them life. Hearing the deer, the hunter narrated the whole story to the deer. Then the deer said, the way my three wives have gone as promised, they will not be able to follow their path with my death. So, just as you have left him as a confidant, let me also go. I will come to you soon. The hunter's restless heart was purged by fasting, night-awakening, and offering the bell-sheet on Shivling. Bhagavad Shakti was in him. His hand missed the bow and arrow, and he let the antelope run.
After a while, the antelope appeared before the family hunter so that he could hunt them. Still, the hunter was very apologetic for seeing such a kindred spirit of wild animals. He started crying. By not killing that deer family, the hunter removed his hard heart from living violence and made him soft and kind forever. All the Dev Samaj from Devalok were also observing this event. After doing this, Lord Shiva was pleased and immediately showed him his divine form and gave him Guha's name by giving him a boon of happiness and prosperity. This was the guise with which Lord Sri Rama had made friends with him. If ignorance is such an outstanding result of worshiping Lord Shiva on the day of Mahashivaratri, then the worship of Devadhidev Mahadev will be all the pious.
Shiv Ji can offer Darshan through this Jaap
The most famous mantra is the Mahamrityunjaya Mantra to receive Mahadev's grace and blessings, the God of Gods. This is the mantra, which can remove the fear of untimely death and revenge. Mahashivaratri day is an essential day for Lord Shiva because, on this day, Shiva and Shakti meet. Rudraprashita of Shivpuran states that chanting the Mahamrityunjaya Mantra on Mahashivaratri can be helpful. According to Shiva Purana, by chanting Mahamrityunjaya Mantra, the devotee can fulfill his/her wishes. This year Mahashiva Yoga has been organized in which you can satisfy your desires by chanting this mantra.
1. According to Shiv Puran, if you chant the Mahamrityunjaya Mantra for a million times on the day of Mahashivaratri so that physical purification can occur, and diseases get removed. Negative energy gets released.
2. By chanting the Mahamrityunjaya Mantra two lakh times, you can get the achievement of remembering the things of your previous birth. According to the Puranas, there is a lot of power in this mantra, and you can also know about the past life.
3. If the devotee completes chanting of Mahamrityunjaya mantra three lakh times, then he can get the accomplishment of getting the things he desires. When this happens, his worldly life becomes very prosperous.
4. As per Shiva Purana, if Mahamrityunjaya Jaap is completed four lakh times, Lord Shiva can be seen in the dream.
5. Lord Shiva is very easy on his devotees. He soon becomes happy, so he is called Bholenath. On the day of Mahashivaratri, Lord Shiva gives direct darshan if the devotee completes the Jaap in 5 lakhs times.
6. On the day of Mahashivratri, if one chants Mahamrityunjaya Mantra 10 lakh times, he gets complete phal. One who looks for salvation attains salvation.
Include these in your Puja to make Lord Shiva Happy
1. Bholenath Mahadev has the title of being the creator of the whole universe. In Rudraprashita of Shivpuran, it is told that Shivaji is happy if we include these things during Puja on Mahashivaratri. As per astrology, Shivji loves Bel Patra. This leaf is used in the first place in the worship of Lord Shiva. It is believed that the three leaves of the belpatra are symbolical of the three eyes of Lord Shiva
2. If you use sesame and barley in Shivaji's puja, then all your sins come to an end. The blessings of ancestors are also given, and negative energy gets removed from the house.
3. You can use Bhasma in the puja of Bholenath. Bhasma is very dear to Lord Shiva. It must be kept in the worship of Lord Shiva on Shivaratri. If the fasting devotees put ash on Shivalinga, they gain divine powers.
4. You can use Rudraksha in the puja of Lord Shiva on Mahashivratri. Shiva and Rudraksha are parts of the same coin. Rudraksha is formed from the tears of Lord Shiva. The house gets purified by keeping Rudraksha in the place after worship.
5. You can also use Dhatura in the puja of Lord Shiva. It is believed that that Lord Shiva always uses Dhatura as food. During the Samudra Manthan, Lord Shiva had become quite agitated when he drank the poison. Then Dhatura had given him relief.
6. You can use silver or copper Trishul and snake in the worship of Bholenath on Mahashivratri. The snake is always in the neck of Lord Shiva. Establish Trishul and Nag of Pooja in the house. This will not harm the house.
What should be taken special care of during the worship of Shivji
In Rudraprashita of Shivpuran, it is told that during the puja of Shivji on this day, many things should be taken special care of. This not only completes the worship of Shiva but also blesses him. On the festival of Shivaratri, Shiva devotees fast with full devotion. On this day, a considerable number of devotees are seen in Shiva temples.
1. Lakshmi's accomplishment is attained by performing the rituals of Shivalinga with sugarcane juice on Mahashivratri. Also, you get freedom from all kinds of hostility. While offering sugarcane juice to Shivling, one should chant Om Namah: Shivaya.
2. When you do Abhishek with the water of a pilgrimage on Shivling, you get salvation. Related diseases and doshas also end. You will witness a magical change in life.
3. If both the husband and wife of Lord Shiva are given milk on Mahashivaratri, they get blessings to have children (See the link below to read more about this). Along with Brahmins, provide food to the poor and needy. This has been said in the Shiv Purana.
4. Worship of Lord Shiva not only brings wealth but also cures all diseases. This is considered to be good for healing.
5. The Shivpurana states that worshipping Lord Shiva with the thousand names of ghee from the stream of ghee expands the lineage, and on anointing with sugars mixed with milk, root wisdom also turns into superior intelligence.
6. You can get rid of debt (See the link below to read more about this) by offering whole rice to Lord Shiva on Mahashivratri. If you adorn and worship Shivling with cooked rice, then the Mangal Dosh of your horoscope also becomes slow.
Worship Lord Shiva Through Rudrabhishek on Mahashivaratri
On Mahashivaratri, many people do Rudrabhishek to please Lord Shiva. Rudrabhisheka means the invocation of Lord Rudra, that is, the invocation of Rudra's mantras on the Shivling. Rudra is also considered as a form of Lord Shiva in the scriptures. It is believed that this form of Lord Shiva eases people's distress. According to a myth, Lord Vishnu and Lord Brahma did Rudrabhisheka. It is believed that Lord Brahma got his form from the navel of Lord Vishnu. When Lord Vishnu revealed the secret of his origin to Lord Brahma, He was not ready to accept this, and there was a dispute between them, and both started fighting. An angry Lord Rudra appeared in the form of this war. This gender had neither the beginning nor the end. Lord Brahma and Lord Vishnu tried to reach the base and back of this sex but in vain. He accepted his defeat and worshipped Linga. This made Lord Shiva happy. It is said that Rudrabhishek started from here. Shiva worship is performed in many ways. Rudrabhishek has great importance in this. This makes Mahadev happy immediately.
Rudrabhisheka means the invocation of Lord Shiva through Vedic mantras. It is believed that doing Rudrabhishek fulfills all the wishes of Shiva devotees and gets rid of suffering. It also destroys diseases and leads to recovery. Rudrabhishek is more helpful if done on Saavn month, Shivaratri, Mahashivaratri, and Pradosh. Once Mahadev was riding on the Nandi and was driving. Goddess Parvati, seeing Mahadev in Mrityuloka asked Bholenath why He is worshiped in Mrityulok. Mahadev said that the devotee worships with Shuklayujurveda Rudradashthyayi. I am pleased and will grant him the desired fruit soon. The desire for which the devotee performs Rudrabhishek is fulfilled.
Holy Water bath
To get rid of all sorrows, perform Jalabhisheka to Mahadev. At the same time, while doing Jalabhishek, picture Bholenath's child form. Fill the water with kumkum on a copper pot. Chant 'Molly' while chanting 'Om Indraya Namah.' Chant together 'Om Namah: Shivaay.' Offer flowers and Rudrabhishek with a small amount of water. During this, chant the mantra 'Om Tan Trilokinathaye Swaha.'
Holy Milk Bath
To get the blessings of Bholenath, one should perform the milk bath of Lord Shiva. One should keep in mind the luminous form of Mahadev while performing the holy ceremony. Put kumkum on the copper lotus and tie Molly while chanting 'Om Sri Kamadhenve Namah.' Offer flowers while chanting 'Om Namah: Shivaay.' Rudrabhishek with a small amount of milk. During this, chant the mantra 'Om Sakal Lokac Gururvai Namah.' Get the Shivling bathed with clean water.
Holy Fruit- Juice Bath
Shivling should be bathed with fruit juice for the benefit of money and freedom from debt. While cleaning with fruit juice, one should meditate on the blue neck of Mahadev. Mouli should be tied by chanting the mantra 'Om Kuberai Namah': Put Kumkum on the copper lotus. Flowers should be offered while chanting 'Om Namah: Shivaay.' Rudrabhishek with a small amount of fruit juice. During this time, chant the mantra.
'Om Hrun Neelkanthaya Swaha.' Get the Shivling bathed with clean water.
Abhishek with mustard oil
Shivalinga should be bathed with mustard oil to prevent planetary obstruction. While bathing with mustard oil, one should keep in mind Lord Shiva's Pralayankar form. Mouli should be tied by chanting 'Om Bhan Bhairavai Namah' with a Kumkum on the copper lotus. Chanting 'Om Namah: Shivaay' should dedicate flowers. Fill the copper pot with mustard oil and perform Rudrabhishek. During this process, chant the mantra 'Om Nath Nathaye Nathaye Swaha.' Bathe with clean water. These things must be offered to Lord Shivaratri on Mahashivatri to receive his blessings to the fullest. Let us see what these things are:
1.Lord Shiva loves Dhatura. This must be offered to Him on Mahashivratri. As per old myths. Lord Shiva drank all the poison during Samudra Manthan. Dhatura helped HIm to bear the pain. Hence, He loves Dhatura.
2. Just like the effect of the poison was lessened by Dhatura, similarly, if you offer water onto shivalinga, the difficulties in your life are going to end.
3.As Lord Shiva is a Vairagi. He is offered ashes too. As per the Vedic and Religious texts, Lord Shiva loves to get adorned. By adorning him, the devotee is relieved from the worldly illusions.
4. Offer ashes to Him in the morning after taking a bath; if the ashes are offered at dawn between 4-5, that's the best time. Women should not offer Him ashes as it is not considered to be auspicious.
5.On Mahashivaratri, black til should be offered to Lord Shiva as it enhances the devotee's financial positioning. Paternal spirits are also satisfied when black til offered to Him. Allegations from the Father's side get resolved, thereby removing all the obstacles.
6.It is believed that Rudraksha got its form from Lord Shiva’s Tears. Offering Rudraksha to Him makes Him happy.
7.Offering Rudraksha to Him will bring peace at home and removes all kinds of negative energies from the mind and heart.
8.Silver Sword can also be offered to Lord Shiva on this day. This will help in getting rid of obstacles and achieving success.
9.If someone is Kalsarpsdoshi, that person can offer Lord Shiva a pair of silver Naag-Naagin. After the ritual, these can be flown away in a river.
Dont’ts for Shivaratri
Some things are to be kept in mind as don't during Shiva Puja. The following items must be avoided in Shiva-Pujan.
1. Do not use Shank while offering water to Lord Shiva as He had killed a demon named Shankhchudh. Shankh epitomizes this demon, who was also a devotee of Lord Vishnu. That is why Lord Vishnu is offered prayers with Shankh.
2. Tulsi leaves should not be used in Lord Shiva's puja as the former was the consort of Lord Vishnu.
3. Lord Shiva should not be offered broken rice as it stands for incompleteness and impurity. Lord Shiva must be offered whole rice.
4. Do not offer Kumkum. Kumkum symbolizes good luck, and Lord Shiva is a Vairagi who does not like Kumkum.
5. Haldi and coconut water should not be offered to Lord Shiva as the former is related to Lord Vishnu and good luck, and the latter is associated with Goddess Laxmi.
Go for solutions to Kaal Sarpa Dosh on Mahashivaratri
As per astrology, people who have this issue need to go for solutions to get rid of problems arising due to this dosh. One needs to see the kundali to look for answers.
Every kundali needs different solutions for Kaal Sarpa Dosh. If you know the kind of dosh you have, accordingly, solutions can be looked for. The following are the various kinds of Kaal Sarpa Dosh (See the link below to read more about this) and their solutions.
1. Anant Kaal Sarpa Dosh
- Wear one faced and nine faced Rudraksha on Naagpanchami if you have this dosh.
- If you have health issues due to this dosh, you can flow away Raange coin in the river on Mahashivratri.
2. Kuleek Kaal Sarpa Dosh
- Give away two-colored blankets and woolens to the needy. Offer prayers to silver balls and keep them with you.
3. Vasuki Kaal Sarpa Dosh
- Keep a little bit of Bajra near your pillow at night and give them away to birds in the morning.
- Wear three faced or a nine faced Rudraksha on Mahashivratri.
4. Shankhpal Kaal Sarpa Dosh
- Flow away 400g of almonds in the water.
- Use milk to bathe the Shivalinga
5. Padam Kaal Sarpa Dosh
- Chant Saraswati Chalisa for forty days on Mahashivaratri.
- Give away yellow clothes to the needy and plant tulsi.
6. Mahapadma Kala Sarpa Dosh
- Chant Sundarkand at Hanuman temple.
- Do charity in the form of food to the poor and helpless people.
7. Takshan Kaal Sarpa Dosh
- Give away 11 coconuts in some water body.
- Give away white clothes and rice as a charity
8. Karkotak Kaal Sarpa Dosh
- Visit Batukbairav temple and offer curd and jaggery to God as Bhog.
- Offer food and clothes to the needy on Mahashivratri.
9. Shankhchudh Kaal Sarpa Dosh
- Keep some jowar in a cloth and place it near your pillow at night on Mahashivaratri.
- Wear eight faced and nine faced Rudraksha.
10. Ghatak Kaal Sarpa Dosh
- Keep a bronze jug full of Gangajal at your Puja space.
- Wear a four-faced and nine faced green colored thread.
11. Vishdhar Kaal Sarp Dosh
- Every member of the family should touch one coconut each and give it away into the waters.
- Charity should be done on Mahashivratri to the best of one’s abilities.
12. Sheshnag Kaal Sarpa Dosh
- To cope with this dosh, you need to fold some Batasha and white flowers in a red cloth a keep it near your pillow at night. In the next day, give away this cloth into the waters.
- Give away milk and white substances to the poor on Mahashivaratri
You can read similar write-up on relevance of astrology in indian festivals for all other major Indian Festivals.
Holika Dahan is celebrated one day before the festival of Holi. This is one of the most significant festivals of the Hindu religion. Not only in India but this festival is also celebrated in various regions of Nepal. This festival displays the triumph of good over evil. According to the Hindu Panchang, this festival occurs on the full moon of the Phalguna month.
On this day people use wood and cow-dung to form Holika and burn it, and then pray to god for the fulfilment of wishes. This day makes us restore our trust and belief in God plus like Prahlad you can get through any obstacle in life.
इस पेज को हिंदी में पढ़ने के लिए “होलिका दहन” पर क्लिक करें।
Importance Of Holika Dahan
Holika Dahan plays an important role in our lives and makes us realize the power of truth and honesty. This festival teaches us that we should never be too proud of our power and status. Never torture someone as people who do so have to face the consequences.
Along with this, ancient tales of Holika Dahan describe the importance of fire and light in our lives. We also understand how God protects those who adopt the path of truth.
Why do we celebrate Holika Dahan?
This festival displays how always good wins over evil. It is said that on this auspicious day an evil named Holika died. According to the ancient tales, in “Satyug” lived an egoistic king named Hirankashyapu who was lost in the pride of his powers and started calling himself God. He wanted everyone to pray to him instead of God, however, his own son, Prahlad, denied to do so and instead started worshipping Lord Vishnu.
After seeing this, Hirankashyapu started punishing Prahlad but failed miserably every time. Lord Vishnu saved Prahlad from all the troubles and this irritated Hirankashyapu. So, he planned on killing his son with the help of his evil sister Holika. However, Holika had a quilt/blanket as a vardan that protected her from a fire so Hirankashyapu thought that nothing would happen to her and his plan would succeed. When Holika sat with Prahlad on the fire pit, the blanket flew over Prahlad and she immediately turned to ashes. After this incident, Lord Vishnu appeared in the Narsingh Avatar because Hiranyakashipu had a vardan from Lord Brahma that no one can kill him during the day or night, or on the floor or sky, no God, evil, human or any weapon can harm him.
When Lord Vishnu appeared in the form of Narsingh he said “ I live everywhere, in your palace, inside you, I can change unholy to holy, however unholy things can never harm me and here is your death sentence “ right now it's not night or day, nor I am a man or an animal and your death will not take place on the floor or sky. After saying this Lord Vishnu ripped off Hirankashyapu’s chest and killed him. From this day onwards, the Holika Dahan festival is celebrated as the greatest example of triumph over evil.
How is the festival of Holika Dahan celebrated?
The preparation for Holika Dahan starts a few days before it arrives. In the different villages and towns, people start collecting wood to form Holika. Cow-dung is also an essential part of Holika. After this, Holika Dahan takes place at a holy time and people from the locality gather to celebrate the burning of evil together. Some people also throw away all the negative stuff and energy in the sacred fire of Holika Dahan.
This portrays that fire can eliminate all the negative energy and fill our life with the positivity of light and protects us. In north India, there is a custom of throwing away the garbage that comes out of the body scrub in the sacred fire of Holika Dahan. Many people, to save themselves from the bad shadows or negative energy, rub the ashes of Holika on their forehead.
The modern tradition of Holika Dahan
The tradition of Holika Dahan has changed and evolved with time. Earlier people used to think of this festival as a great example of the triumph of good over evil. In ancient times Holika was formed in a much simpler way and the size was medium or small. Initially to form
Holika people only used wood, cow-dung, and Khar-patvaar and it was built far away from the residential places or in a garden or any other empty space. However, nowadays everything related to this festival has completely changed.
In today’s time, people from huge Holika’s in residential places and fields. Due to this, the flames are quite high and there are chances of catching fire. Earlier people used to put wood, khar-patvar in Holika and now harmful things like the tyre-tubes, plastic and rubber are common.
When you burn a Holika consisting of these substances it produces harmful gases and adversely harms the environment. That is why it is better to maintain simplicity and use an environmentally friendly way of celebrating Holika Dahan. In this way, this festival can communicate its main message to all the people around the world.
History Of Holika Dahan
This festival celebrated on the full moon of Phalgun Month has an ancient history of its own. In different states of India, you can find many shreds of evidence of around 300 BC. There are many legendary tales related to Holika Dahan and the most renowned one is the Prahlad and Holika’s story. According to this story, there was an egoistic and ruthless king named Hirankashyapu during the Satyuga period. He was too proud of his powers and started believing that he is God. He wanted everyone in his state to pray to him and treat him equal to God.
However, his own son Prahlad refused to listen to him. Due to this, Hirankashyapu planned to kill his son Prahlad. After a lot of failed attempts, Hirankashyapu took the help of his sister Holika and planned to kill him on a fire pit. Holika had a quilt as a vardan that protected her from fire and she can never be harmed.
She sat with Prahlad on her lap in the firepit. However, nothing happened to Prahlad and Holika received the punishment for her bad deeds and turned to ashes. After this incident, Lord Vishnu appeared in the Narsingh Avatar and killed Hirankashyapu. From this day onwards the festival of triumph of good over evil called Holika Dahan is celebrated.
Here is another tale that is related to the Holika Dahan festival. Mata Parvati wanted to get married to Lord Shiva but due to his Tapasya, he didn’t pay attention to her. However, at that time to breach Lord Shiva’s Tapasya Lord Kam Dev appeared and he fired a Pushp Arrow towards him. Lord Shiva got very angry and opened his third eye and turned Kam Dev to ashes.
The next day when Lord shiva calmed down the wife of Kaam Dev, Rati begged him to bring her husband back to life. According to the ancient tales, it was the incident of Kam Deva turning into ashes that gave birth to the festival of Holika Dahan. The next day when Kaam Deva was reborn, the festival of Holi was introduced.
Rules Of Holika Dahan According to Shastras
Holashtak period stays from Phalgun Shukla Ashtami to Phalgun Shukla Purnima (Full Moon). During this period, any holy work is entirely restricted. It is on the day of the full moon (Purnima) when Holika Dahan is celebrated. Initially, for this, you have to take care of the two most important rules:
Firs is that day shouldn’t have “Bhadra”. Another name of Bhadra is Vishti Karan, which one of the eleven Karnas(करणों). One Karana is equivalent to half of the date.
The second important rule is that the Purnima should be PradoshKaal-Vyapini. In simple words, on that day after the sunset three muhurtas should consist of the full moon.
Why are Holika Dahan ashes considered holy?
According to the shastras, Holika Dahan ashes are the purest and the holiest. These ashes consist of the blessings of all the Gods and Goddesses. Using these ashes for Tilak results in good luck and an increase in wisdom. It is believed that these sacred ashes can soak up all the negativity from your life.
On the other hand, is you use these ashes as an Uptan, you can easily get rid of all skin problems. If you roast Gehu, Chana and Ganna in the flames of Holika Dahan, it leads to an increase in the auspiciousness. Using these ashes as Tilak bless you with happiness, wealth and long life. Using these ashes in your house can eliminate all kinds of negative energies and give place to more positivity in your life. It is also believed that if Holika Dahan’s ashes are kept in the locker, it can lead to an increase in your wealth.
What is the importance of Parikrama (circumambulation)?
For Holika Pooja and Dahan Parikrama is considered one of the most essential parts. It is believed that during parikrama if you wish for something it definitely comes true.
Using cow-dung is very crucial when it comes to Holika Dahan. How many cow-dungs one uses and what is the shape should be determined according to the beliefs and wishes of the person.
Circumambulation and cow-dungs will help make all your dreams come true. However, don’t underestimate the importance of Prasad. Whether you are planning to increase your wealth or go on a foreign trip, or you are worried about a new job or a baby, you can turn all your wishes into reality with the help of Holika Dahan.
What you should do before Holika Dahan?
Before Holika Dahan, mix Sarso oil and Haldiuptan and apply on the body of all the members of your family.
Once it dries, remove the Uptan and collect it on a piece of paper.
Now take 5 to 11 cow-dungs, a few Sarso Daane, sugar, rice and dried coconut shell.
Now take the dried coconut shells and fill them with Jaw, Till, Sarso Daane, Sugar, chawal and ghee.
Now throw all these materials in the sacred fire of Holika Dahan and also throw the collected pieces of the Uptan.
Before or after the Holika Dahan, light a Diya on the Northside of your house. It is believed that this brings peace and harmony to the house.
Holika’s circumambulation is an important part of this festival. By doing this you can remove all kinds of problems, diseases and faults from your life. Don’t forget to do Parikrama at the time of Holika Dahan.
What you should do after Holika Dahan?
Before Holika Dahan during the pooja don’t forget to put haldi Teeka.
After throwing the necessary materials in the sacred fire, pray for the peace and prosperity of your household.
Do 7 Parikramas and offer water. This brings prosperity to the house.
Click to know Holi festival importance and celebration
Holi is a festival in which people burn their ego and flaws in the sacred fire and celebrate the win of good over evil. People in India celebrate this festival with excitement and pour different colours on each other that is why it is known as the festival of colours. One day before Holi, Holika Dehen (Kamudu Pyre) takes place and this is also called Chotti Holi. People of Mathura start celebrating Holi one week prior to the festival and it is one of the most famous festivals in India. Tourists from all around the world come to watch this auspicious occasion in Mathura. Apart from this, Barsana is famous for Lathmaar Holi that includes using a thick wooden stick to hit husbands. It is one of the most popular forms of celebrations among Indians. According to Hindu Panchang, the festival Holi arrives in Chaitra Month(March-April) during the fortnight between the full moon and new moon also called Krishna Paksha. If Krishna Paksha’s is repeating for two days then the first day is celebrated as Holi or Spring Festival (also called Dhulandi). This festival marks the arrival of the spring season. Spring is the season of colours and it is portrayed by using different colours in Holi.
इस पेज को हिंदी में पढ़ने के लिए “होली” पर क्लिक करें।
Importance of Holi Festival
Holi is one of the most important festivals for Hindus. However, not only Hindus but people from different backgrounds and religion enjoy this festival and celebrate it with excitement. With enthusiasm, exaltation and joy this festival also establishes brotherhood and is an essential part of the Indian heritage. One day before Holi, Holika Dehen is conducted in different places and it is marked by spreading happiness using gulal. It portrays that no matter how powerful evil is, it can never triumph over the good. The festival of Holi marks that good will always win over evil. On the first day, only Holika Dehen occurs and the next one is followed by playing and spreading colours all over. It is also known as Rangawali and Dhulandi. People burn their ego, evils and many other negative traits in the sacred fire of Holika and then follow it by wishing each other happy holi.
According to the legendary beliefs, Holika, the sister of Hirankashyap, who was blessed to not burn or get harmed with fire, sat on fire with the supreme devotee of Vishnu, Prahlad. However, in the end, nothing happened to Prahlad but the evil sister Holika, died in the fire. Many women on this day pray to god for bringing peace and prosperity in their family and also to get the blessing of a child. Preparations for Holika dehen starts almost one month before the Holi. People collect thorn bushes and wooden sticks to use at the auspicious time of Holika dehen.
History of Holi
The term Holi is not a new concept. In fact, in the ancient Vijayanagar empire’s capital Hampi, you can find an example of Holi engraved in their 17th-century art. Similarly, in Ramgarh, which is situated near the Vindhya mountains, you will find Holi mentioned in 300 years to christ old records. It is one of the most ancient festivals of India and was celebrated as Holaka or Holika. Because it is celebrated in the spring season, Holi is also called the spring festival or kaam festival. Historians believe that Holi is also mentioned in Aayaren (आयरें), however, it is mostly celebrated in North India. This festival is described in various ancient religious texts. Out of these, the most significant one is the pre-epistemology of Gemini and Katha Ghari-Sutra. Narada mythology and Future Mythology books consist of manuscripts and texts that clearly mention Holi. It is also described in the old records almost 300 years to Christ in Ramgarh situated in the Vindhya region. In Sanskrit literature spring season and spring festivals are the favourite topics of many writers. The famous Muslim tourist Alberuni has mentioned Holi in his historical travel memoirs. Many Indian Muslim poets have described Holi in their compositions. Holi is not just a Hindu festival, many Muslims celebrate this festival as well. You will get the proof in all the historical pictures.
We all know that every festival has its own colour which we usually term as happiness or glee, however; there is a festival that includes actual colours like green, yellow, pink and red celebrated especially by all Hindus around the world. It is the festival of colours Holi in which people eliminate all kinds of differences prevailing in society by putting colours on each other. On the other hand, Holi plays a significant role as a religious form. It is said that on this day, Hirankashyapu tried to kill his own son who was a supreme devotee of Lord Vishnu with the help of his sister Holika. However, it was the blessing of god that instead of Prahlad, Holika died in the fire. That is why this day people celebrate Holika Dehen. The next day people use colours and water to celebrate Holi and it is known as Rangwali Holi and Dulhandi (रंगवाली होली और दुलहंडी).
Why do we celebrate Holi?
Holi is a part of an ancient tale and according to that in ancient times the king of persecutor demons, Hirankashypu with Tapasya got a vardan from Lord Brahma that in this world no human, God or demons can kill him, he cannot die at night or during the day, not on earth neither in the sky nor in the house or outside and no weapon can kill him. After receiving this vardan, he lost his control and humanity. After some time, Hirankapshyap had a son and he named him Prahlad. His son was the total opposite of his father and put his unwavering faith in God. Hirankashyapu ordered Prahlad to not worship anyone else except his own father. When Prahlad said no, his father wanted to kill him. Hirankashyapu thought of many ways to kill his son but Prahlad was always saved due to the blessings of God. Hirankashyapu with his sister, who had a vardan that no fire can harm her, planned on killing Prahlad. Holika took Prahlad on her lap and sat in the fire. With God blessings Prahlad was not harmed by the fire, however, it consumed Holika and she died. After this, to kill Hirankapshyapu, Lord Vishnu in Narsingh Avatar came out of the pole and appeared at the twilight. Narsingh Avatar sat at the door frame and killed Hirankashyapu. It is said that from this time the beautiful festival of Holi was celebrated.
How to celebrate Holi?
In some places, Basant Panchmi marks the arrival of the Holi festival. However, primarily this festival only lasts for two days. The first day starts with Holika dehen and the other day is followed by throwing colours on each other. The first day of this festival is also known as burning holi, holika dehen or chotti holi. On this day you will find big decorated Holi’s with Gooleri, Kandon, and wooden sticks on almost all the crossroads and streets. Then holika pooja takes place and after circumambulation (परिक्रमा), it is burnt with fire. During this period people sing and dance with joy and also apply Abeer and Gulal to each other. The younger ones touch the feet of their elders for blessings and the elders wish for a good future, health and long life for their younger ones. The second day of this auspicious festival is all about different colours and excitement and that is why it is known as the festival of colours. On this day people wear white clothes and use Abeer and Gulal for Tika. In fact, the colours are mixed with water and applied to each other. Small children use Pichkari, Balloons and water to fiercely play Holi. The whole locality, houses and streets are filled with the smell of Gujiya, Chaat Pakodi and Thandai. During this time people go to each other’s house and play Holi together. It is believed that this festival of colours brings people closer and they forget about all the differences. In Holi, people love dancing on music beats and the passing Holiyaron ki Toli is something no one wants to miss on this day. After playing Holi, everyone takes a bath and then the series of meeting continues during the evening. People visit each other’s house to share the excitement of Holi and share the packets of Gujia.
Method: Holi Pooja
- Holika Poojan usually takes place during the evening. For this sit comfortably facing north or east.
- Spray a few drops of water around the place. By doing this you will be able to remove any negative energy.
- After this, use cow-dung to make Holika or go to a public place where Holika is already made and do your poojan. Don’t forget to do Ganesh poojan before proceeding with Holika pooja.
- Take a plate and put Roli, Kaccha Soot, Rice, Flower, Sabut Haldi, Batashe, Fruits, and one lota water.
- After this, pray to God Narsingh and dedicate the roli, rice, batashe, flowers to the Holika and wrap up the Mauli (मौली) around Holika.
- Now take Prahlad’s name and throw some flowers on Holika. After doing this, take the name of God Narsingh and offer five kinds of food.
- Now, take your name, your father’s name and gotra name and dedicate the flowers.
- In the end, follow these steps with Holika Dehen and circumambulation and bow down with folded hands.
- Pour some Gulal in the fire of Holika Dehen and apply some on your elder’s feet and take their blessings.
- There is a custom of Flicker (बालें बुझने) in Holika Dehen. After this, don’t forget to give your best wishes to your friends and family.
- अहकूटा भयत्रस्तै:कृता त्वं होलि बालिशै: अतस्वां पूजयिष्यामि भूति-भूति प्रदायिनीम:
- गुरु गृह पढ़न गए रघुराई अल्पकाल विद्या सब पाई
- ऊं नमों नग्न चीटी महावीर हूं पूरों तोरी आशा तूं पूरो मोरी आशा
- ॐ नमो भगवते रुद्राय मृतार्क मध्ये संस्थिताय मम शरीरं अमृतं कुरु कुरु स्वाहा
Significance of Colours in Holi Festival
Holi is known as the festival of colours and is celebrated for two days. The first day of this festival is occupied with Holika Dehen. The second day is all about colors and spreading happiness. It is also known as Dhulandi or Dhul. This day includes forgetting all kinds of differences and fights and greeting each other with love and respect. People meet their families and friends and share gujiya and sweets. Colours play a very important role in our lives. All these colours display a crucial part of our lives which you can clearly see in the festival of Holi.
Holi of Love: Radha and Krishna
Holi is celebrated in the memory of the holy love of Radha and Krishna. According to the plot, Baal Gopal asked Yashoda why he is not as fair as her. Yashoda jokingly told Baal-Krishna that by putting colour on Radha’s face she will turn exactly like him. After this Kanha played holi with Radha and other Gopiya and from then this festival is celebrated as the festival of colours.
Holi: A Festival Decorated With Colours
The arrival of Holi brings a big smile to everyone’s face. You must have seen the different ways people in India celebrate this festival. Whether it is the younger generation or the older one, both of them enjoy this festival with equal excitement and happiness. The famous song ‘होली के दिन दिल खिल जाते है रंगों में रंग मिल जाते है’ is enough to portray the significance of this festival. Even now people cling to the honesty and simplicity of this forever green song. This festival is not only famous for its colours. In fact, it is filled with fun and excitement and everyone from children to adults enjoy this to the fullest. Every year this festival is celebrated on the day of the full moon in the month of March. People from different states of India celebrate Holi in their own way. From Lathmaar Holi in Vrindavan to Mathura’s Holi filled with flowers, all of them are famous around the world. The Holi festival has access to different countries and parts of the world. A week prior to the arrival of this festival, social media is flooded with the best wishes of Holi by Hollywood and Bollywood stars. This festival brings in various stories and ancient tales that are disappearing with time. Whether it is the story of Holika Dehen or the birth of Prahlad, every Katha has its own significance. It is said that the way goodness of Prahlad and his allegiance towards Lord Vishnu killed the evil Holika. Similarly, people’s trust in God and gentleness will remove the negativity from their lives and this world. On the day of Holika, Dehen people bow down in front of the Holika so that the good triumphs over the evil. People gather at one place and burn the wood, grass and cow-dung to complete the custom of Holika Dehen. After the completion of this custom, people leave for their homes and start preparing for the next day of Holi. This is a festival that is celebrated with a lot of unity, love and brotherhood. The different colours this festival brings into our lives is well known by everyone around the world. Many Hindi films display the true meaning of entertainment and fun through this festival. In our country, this festival is celebrated as a national festival. On this day all the schools, colleges, universities, offices, institutes and any other working places are officially closed so that one can spend some quality time with their families on this auspicious and colourful festival.
Holi of Belongingness
Apart from the colours, happiness and tasty dishes, this festival is also known for brotherhood and belongingness. This amazing festival brings different colours, fun and excitement to the lives of people. One day before Holi, Holika Dehen is celebrated in which Holika is burned to set an example of the triumph of good over evil. People like to celebrate this holy day with their friends and family. It is believed that this festival allows people to forget their differences and embrace happiness.
Holi is a festival of India filled with colours and happiness which is celebrated by the Hindus with cheerfulness. People forget about all their differences and fights and celebrate the arrival of this festival with their family. Holi is celebrated in different places in India in different ways. Some places are known for “Lathmaar Holi” and other places are known for Holi filled with flowers. The way people all over India celebrate this festival displays the importance of this festival. This festival of colours is also known as Falgun Mahotsav in which many old songs are sung in Bajra Bhasha (Language). Paan with Bhaang is also an essential part of this festival. After people are drunk and high they hug each other and forget about all their fights and sing and dance together. Various dishes are prepared in all households, especially for Holi. In India, all the festivals have some or the other special dishes associated with them.
Holi With People
The second day of Holi is also known as Dhulivandan. On this day people play with colours and in the morning they leave to meet their family members and friends. They are welcomed in the houses with Gulal and different colours. People put aside their grudges and envy and meet each other with love and care. You will find various groups of people wearing colourful clothes also called Toliyaan roaming around the streets, singing and dancing on Holi. Children use Pichkari and watercolours to have fun and enjoy on this day. The whole society, with a beautiful combination of colours, looks alike and becomes one. After playing with colours people usually take bath in the late afternoon and they wear new clothes in the evening to go out and meet people. Many houses make arrangements for dancing and singing and feast on this festival. You will find people offering different kinds of sweets and especially Gujia which is one of the most important sweet of Holi. Besan Sev and Dahibade are made in almost every household of Uttar Pradesh. Kanji, Bhaang and Thandai are the most important drinks of the Holi festival. On this day all the government offices in North India are closed however in South India due to the unpopularity of Holi government offices are usually open. In India, different states celebrate this festival in their own unique way. Holi in Braj is still the centre of attention when it comes to Holi celebrations. No one can deny the popularity of Barsanes Lathmaar Holi. In Lathmaar Holi men try to put colours on the women and women beat their husbands with wooden sticks and cloth whips. Similarly, in Mathura and Vrindavan this festival extends for about 15 days. Kaumaun’s geet sittings take us to a whole new world of classical music or shastriya sangeet. In Haryana, there is a custom where the sister-in-law teases the brother-in-law. Bengal’s Dol Yatra is celebrated as Chetanya Mahaprabhu’s birthday. It is followed by julus and songs played by people. Apart from this, Maharashtra’s rang panchmi includes playing with dry gulal, Goa’s Shingo includes many cultural programmes and in Punjab’s Hola mohalla Sikh display their outstanding power performances. Adivasis of South Gujarat is a very significant festival, Chattisgarh Hori has a custom of including regional songs and Madhya Pradesh’s Malva Anchal Adivasis area celebrate Bhagoriya that is a part of Holi. Bihar’s Phagua is a great time to do fun and display excitement and in Nepal’s holi you will find a more religious way of celebrating this festival. In the same way, Indians living in other countries or religious institutions like Iscon and Vrindavan’s Banke Bihari Mandir celebrate Holi in their own ways and by addressing the differences and similarities.
History Of Holi In Sanskrit Literature
Holi is clearly mentioned in various types in the Sanskrit literature. Shrimadbhaagvat Mahapuraan mentions samuh raas and there are other compositions that describe a festival called Rang. In the Hindi literature of Bhaktikaal and Ritikaal, there is a clear description of Holi and Phalgun month. Aadikaleen Poet Vidyapati to Bhaktikaleen Surdas, Raheem, Raskhan, Padmakar, Jayasi, Mirabai, Kabeer, and Ritikaleen Bihari, Keshav, Dhananand etc. loved the topic of Holi festival. The great poet Surdas wrote 78 pad and Padmakar also added Holi in a lot of his compositions. Through this topic, a lot of poets described many affectionate and graceful Holi’s played by the hero and heroine. On the other hand, they also described the Holi filled with love and teasing between Radha and Krishna. Hazrat Nizamuddin Auliya, Ameer Khusro and Bahadur Shah Zafar have written various compositions on the Holi festival that are read and celebrated even today. Advanced Hindi Stories like Premchand’s Raja Hardol, Prabhu Joshi’s Alag Alag Taliyaan, Tejendra Sharma’s Ek Baar Phir Holi, Om Prakash Awasthi’s Holi Mangalmay Ho and Swadesh Rana’s Ho Li Mai Holi describes the different forms of Holi. In Bollywood films as well you can find various scenes and songs that display how entertaining and fun the Holi festival is. Some of the best ones are Shashi Kapoor’s Utsav, Yash Chopra’s Silsila, V Shantaram’s Jhanak Jhanak Payal Baaje and Navrang plus many others.
History Of Holi Songs
Bhartiya shastriya, Upshastriya, Lok and in Films there is a huge significance of Holi festival. In shastriya sangeet dhamar has a strong relation with Holi, however, Dhrupad, Dhamar, Chotte Aur Bade Khayaal and Thumri also showcase the beauty of the Holi Festival. Along with Kathak Nritya, Holi Dhamar, and Thumri consisting of various outstanding Bandishe like “Chalo Guiyaan Aaj Khele Holi Kanhaiya Ghar” is still famous among the peers. In Dhrupad there is a well known Bandish “Khelat Hari Sang Sakal, Rang Bhari Hori Saki”. In Bhartiya Shastriya Sangeet you will find a few melodies in which all the holi songs are sung. Some of them are basant, bahar, hindol and kaafi. Holi festival creates an environment of singing and dancing a slowly everyone gets involved in it. In the upshastriya sangeet, you will find various Holiyaan in cheti, dadra and thumri. you can understand how important the role of Sangeet is as its main part is called Holi and in different provinces, you can find various versions of the same. The sangeet of these places displays religious beliefs, history and their importance. Whether it is the story of Radha and Krishna playing Holi in Brajdhaam or Ram and Sita celebrating Holi in Awadh that is also used in a song that goes “Holi Khele Raghubeera Awadh Mai”. In Rajasthan’s Ajmer, there is a different vibe of the Holi sung at Khwaja Moinuddin Chishti’s Dargah. One of there well known Holi is “ Aaj Rang Hai Ri Mann Rang hai, Apne Mehboob Ke Rang Hai Ri”. Similarly, “ Digambar Khele Masane Mai Holi” describes how Lord shiva plays Holi at burial sites. In Indian Films, various songs follow different melodies and are very famous among the Indian audience. Silsila’s song “Rang Barse Bheege Chunar Wali” and Navrang’s “Aaya Holi ka tyohaar Ude rango Ki bauchaar” can never vanish from people’s memories.
Holi celebrated in different states
In some places like Madhya Pradesh’s Malva Anchal celebrates Rang Panchmi after five days of holi and people play this holi with more excitement. The best celebration of the Holi festival takes place in Braj and especially the Lathmaar Holi of Barsana that is world-famous. Mathura and Vrindavan also celebrate this festival for almost 14 days. In Haryana, there is a custom of a sister-in-law teasing her brother-in-law. On the other hand in Maharashtra, people like playing Holi with dry Gulal. For South Gujarat Adivasis, Holi is a significant festival. In Chattisgarh, people celebrate this with Lok Geet and in Malvanchal, Bhagoriya is celebrated. This festival of colours motivates us to eliminate all differences based on colour, caste and creed and adapt the colours that bring peace and love to our lives.
Why Holi is not burnt in Bhadra Kaal?
According to the shastras, Bhadra Kaal is not an appropriate time to burn Holi as it is inauspicious. It is believed that bhadra’s behaviour is fiery and that is why any auspicious work is totally forbidden during this time. According to an ancient tale, it was the Bhadra kaal when Lord Shiva performed Tandava and displayed his Rodra Roop. This is the sole reason why Holika Dehen should never take place in Bhadra kaal.
What is Holashtak?
According to the Hindu Shastra Holashtak arrives eight days before Holika Dehen. On this day you cannot do any auspicious work like Greh Pravesh, Shaadi, Mundan, Sagai, or any new and favourable thing. According to shastras Holashtak is the beginning of the Holi festival. Doing any auspicious work during this will not provide you with any favourable results.
Significant things related to Holi
- Holi is an auspicious festival celebrated during the spring season. According to the Hindu Panchang, this festival is celebrated at the time of the full moon in the Phalgun month. This day marks the beginning of the New Year. That is why Holi is considered as the beginning of the spring season and New Year.
- Holi is one of the most ancient festivals of India celebrated with fun and excitement.
- Earlier Holi was termed as Holaka or Holika and today it has many different names like Phagua, Dhulandi, Dol.
- Historians believe that this festival was also famous among the Arya but it is mostly celebrated in the north of India. It is mentioned in various ancient manuscripts and texts. However, it mostly includes the Mimasa sutra and Gahrya Sutra. The ancient manuscripts and texts of Narada Puran and Bhavishya Puran also mention the festival of Holi.
- The famous Muslim tourist Alberuni has mentioned Holikotsav in his memoir. Many Muslim Poets have used the Holi festival in their compositions and proved that not only Hindus but Muslims also celebrate this auspicious occasion.
- There are descriptions in the history of Akbar celebrating Holi with Jodhabai and Jahangir with Noorjahan. In the Alwar museum, you can find pictures of Jahangir playing Holi.
- Till Shahjahan appeared the Mughlai way of playing Holi completely changed. In those times Holi was called “Eid-E-Gulabi” or “Aab-E-Paashi”.
- It is quite famous about Mughal Emporer Bahadur Shah Zafar that his ministers used to put colour on him in Holi. Hindi literature is filled with various Krishna Leelas especially describing the Holi festival.
- Sanskrit Literature consists of the different phases of the Holi festival. In Shreemad Bhagvat Puraan Holi is described as a Raas. The great poet Surdas wrote 78 Pad on spring and Holi.
- Shastriya sangeet has a very close relationship with the festival of Holi. In fact, without Dhrupad, thumri and dhamaar, Holi is still incomplete. Adding to this, the songs sung at Khwaja Moinuddin Chishti’s Dargah in Ajmer adds a different colour to this festival.
Safety Precautions for Holi
- Holi is a beautiful festival but doesn’t forget to maintain the necessary precautions. Nowadays people face a lot of issue due to the negative impacts of harmful chemical in the colours. That is why it is better to celebrate this festival by using natural gulal.
- Similarly in Bhaang, one can find various other harmful drugs and substances that can harm you. It is better to avoid drinking and using any type of intoxication.
- If you use colours with harmful chemicals, you can catch various eye infections. Try to use only organic colours to play Holi and avoid the ones that use consists of harmful chemicals.
- If you are planning to eat from outside then be careful as there can be a lot of impurity that can harm your organs.
- Apply colour to each other more carefully and don’t force someone if they are not willing to play Holi.
Click to know Holika Dahan Muhurat and Significance
Navratri festival is celebrated with great zeal and enthusiasm and pomp and show in India. It is celebrated twice a year. Do you know why it is celebrated? What story is related to it? I, Vinay Bajrangi, throw light on the famous story related to Chaitra Navratri.
इस पेज को हिंदी में पढ़ने के लिए “चैत्र नवरात्रि” पर क्लिक करें।
Famous Ramayana Story Related to Chaitra Navratri
According to a story related to Chaitra Navratri, Lord Brahma asked Rama to please Goddess Chandi Devi by worshipping her so that He could be blessed to kill Ravana. And according to religious terms and conditions, Lord Brahma also arranged 108 svelte blue water lilies for Chandi Devi’s worship and havan. On the other hand, Ravana also started doing recitation of Chandi Path to please Goddess Chandi Devi to get immortality. Now, Lord Indra conveyed the message of Ravana doing Chandi Path to Rama through the wind.
When Ravana came to know that 108 blue water lilies are being offered to Goddess Chandi Devi to please Her by Rama, He disappeared one of these flowers from Havan materials kept at the altar so that Rama worshipping Goddess Chandi Devi is obstructed. When 108 blue water lilies were found short of one flower, Rama’s resolution seemed to weaken. Then, Rama remembered that these flowers are also called ‘Kamalnayan Navankanj Lochan.’ He wondered why He should not gouge one of His eyes to offer it to Goddess Chandi Devi. No sooner did Rama try to gouge one of his eyes with quiver, Goddess Durga appeared before Him and said that she was pleased with His worshipping and blessed Him to be victorious in the battlefield.
On the other hand, Lord Hanuman appeared in the guise of a Brahmin boy and landed on the place where Ravana was worshipping Chandi Devi. And the place where chanting of Shola (Jayadevi ... Bhurtiharini) was going on by Brahmins, lord Hanuman mispronounced ‘Harini’ word as ‘Karini.’ The meaning of ‘Harini’ is the one who removes the sufferings of people and ‘Karini’ is the one who gives sufferings to others. Because of mispronunciation of this word, Ravana’s worshipping was obstructed. And Goddess Durga fired at Ravana and cursed him. Ultimately, Ravana was completely ruined.
Chaitra Navratri is celebrated in the form of this truth and victory of religion.
What is the meaning of worshipping?
The meaning of worshipping is to imitate or emulate the character of God by seeing His picture.
That is to say that while worshiping Goddess Durga, you should emulate the qualities of Her character in your life.
Importance of Chaitra Navratri in Hindu Religion
Chaitra Navratri has great importance in Hindu religion. It is presumed that during Navratri days that lasts for nine days, Goddess Durga lives on the earth. And she is worshipped in different characters. Goddess’s worshipping starts from the first day of the Her idol’s installation at a place and come to an end on the ninth day after Her idol’s holocaust. The wishes of devotees are fulfilled after they have worshipped Her as per religious terms and conditions.
When is Ghatasthapana Done?
Ghatastaapana is done on the first day of Chaitra Navratri according to auspicious ghatasthapana muhurat. During Navratri, Kalash Sthaapana has special importance. According to religious presumptions, installation of Kalash is considered very fruitful. During Navratri days, various goddesses—Shailputri, Brahmacharini, Chandraghanta, Kushmanda, Skandamata, Katyayani, Kalratri, Mahagauri and Siddhidatri—are worshipped.
Why is Kalash Sthaapana Done?
The place is cleaned and purified with Ganges before a Kalash is placed on it. Kalash is decked with five types of leaves, where turmeric roots, betel nuts, scutch grass, etc. are kept. Sand altar is made before placing a Kalash on it and barley are sown in it. Sowing of barley is done to please wealth and prosperity giver goddess, Annapurna. A photo or idol of Ma Durga is placed in the heart of altar. After this, makeup products, roli, rice, sindoor, garland, chunri, saree, and ornaments are offered to the Her. Akhand Deep is burnt on Kalash which remains alight till the last day of keeping fast.
Worshipping Method of Kalash
Kalash should be worshipped as per religious conditions. For this, one should sow seven types of grains in an earthen pot and then keep Kalash on it. Fill Kalash with a mixture of water and Ganges. Now, tie Kalawa (a red-coloured thread) around this Kalash. At the mouth of Kalash, keep the leaves of mango or ashok. After this, tie a Kalawa around the coir of coconut. Now, wrap a red piece of cloth around the coconut and keep it on Kalash. Recall all gods and goddesses.
In Gudi Padwa, Gudi means Vijay Pataka, and Padwa means Pratipada. On this festival, people decorate their houses with Pataka, Dhwaj, and bandhanwar. Puran Poli or sweet roti is made on the day of Gudi Padwa in Maharashtra. On this day, all the people in Maharashtra also play Gudi in their courtyard. The Gudi Padwa is mainly celebrated in Maharashtra to mark the beginning of the Hindu New Year or the New Year's start. According to the Panchang, the new year starts with the Pratipada of the Shukla Paksha of Chaitra month, and it is a tradition to celebrate this festival on this day. Gudi Padwa is celebrated with joy in the South Indian states, including Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, and Goa. Shukla Pratipada of Chaitra month is celebrated as the festival of Gudi Padwa. This day is observed all over the country as a new festival. There are certain beliefs about this festival in Hinduism. The Gudi is the flag, and Padva is the Pratipada Tithi. It is said that on Gudi Padwa, Brahma Ji created the universe. On this day, people decorate their houses with Bandanwar made of mango leaves. Especially in Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Maharashtra, there is a lot of excitement about it. The Bandanwar of mango leaves instills hope of a happy life among the people. People also have hopes of growing a good crop and welcoming prosperity at home.
इस पेज को हिंदी में पढ़ने के लिए “गुडी पडवा” पर क्लिक करें।
Gudi Padwa is counted among the three munhatare of the year. This festival is also essential from a health point of view. Hence, the dishes prepared on the day of Gudi Padwa are incredibly healthy. Whether it is Prasad Pachhadi made in Andhra Pradesh or Puran Poli, Maharashtra made a sweet roti. It is believed about Pachadi that the health of an individual gets improved. The treatment of skin diseases also gets better by having it on an empty stomach.
On the other hand, sweet roti is also made from jaggery, neem flowers, tamarind, mangoes, etc. Since Navratri begins on this day, the celebration of Gudi Padwa is witnessed in different forms all over the country. It ends on Ramnavami with Durga Puja. On Gudi Padwa, people tend to clean their homes and decorate the house's courtyard and door with Rangoli, Bandanwar, etc. A Gudi, i.e., the flag is placed in front of the house. A swastika symbol is drawn on a vessel and wrapped in silk cloth, and kept on it. Traditional clothes are worn. Sun God is worshiped. On this day, the mantras of Sunderkand, Ram Rakshastra, Goddess Bhagwati are also chanted.
Importance of Gudi Padwa
'Gudi ' means Victory Flag. Gudi is the victory flag that symbolizes the victory of good over evil. At the same time, Padwa means Pratipada Tithi. At the Gudi Padwa festival, wake up early in the morning and make a flag with a big pole's help. For this, a cloth or new sari which has not been used before is wrapped on the bars. A bowl, glass, or lota is inverted on it. Then this victory flag is worshiped as God.
Many things are associated with Gudi Padwa. Let us see some of them:
1. One belief related to the Gudi festival is quite popular. On this day, a potter-son named Shalivahana conquered his enemies with an army of mud soldiers. It is the reason that Shalivahana Shaka begins from this day.
2. Some people also use Gudi to remember Chhatrapati Shivaji's victory.
3. It is also believed that Brahma Ji created the universe on this day. That is why Gudi is also considered Brahmadhvaj. It is also known as Indra Dhwaj.
4. According to the belief, on the day of the Gudi festival during the Ramayana period, Lord Sri Ram liberated the people from the tyrannical rule of Vanararaj Bali. Then the people there hoisted the victory flag in their homes, which is still hoisted today. Since then, this day is known as Gudi Padwa.
5. It is believed that applying Gudi brings prosperity to the house.
6. Gudi is also called Dharma-Flag; So each part of it has its specific meaning - the inverted character represents the head while the Dand represents the Meru Dand.
7. Farmers observe this festival in the joy of sowing after harvesting the rabi crop again. They also plow the fields on this day to pray for a good harvest.
8. Three and a half Muhurats are considered very auspicious during the whole year among the Hindus. The three and a half Muhurats are- Gudi Padwa, Akshaya Tritiya, Dussehra, and Diwali are considered half Muhurta.
History related to Gudi Padwa
Two mythological stories related to the Gudi Padwa festival are also prevalent. The first mythology is related to Lord Sri Ram. According to this myth, when Shriram Chandraji went out to find Sita Mata and met Sugriva. At that time, Sugriva was fighting with his elder brother, and he was a victim of Bali's torture. Then Lord Sri Ram helped Sugriva and killed Bali, and liberated Sugriva from Bali. Gudi Padwa festival is celebrated to commemorate this victory.
The second mythology is related to Shalivahana. Shalivahana defeated Shaka on the day of Chaitra Shukla Pratipada. Apart from this, on Gudi Padwa, Shalivahana Kaalgadhna got started, known as Shalivahana Shaka. Also, a myth is that a potter named Shalivahana defeated the enemies by making an army of mud. Gudhi Padwa was celebrated on the occasion of Chaitra Shukla Pratipada. From the day of Gudi Padwa, Shalivahana Samvat is believed to begin.
Puja-Vidhi of Gudi Padwa
The following method is only done on the main Chaitra:
• New Year Phal Shravan (knowing new year's horoscope)
• Oil Abhyanga (bath with oil)
• Nimba Patra Prashan (eating neem leaves)
• Start of Chaitra Navratri
• Ghat Sthapana
Pujan-Mantra of Gudi Padwa
The following mantras are to be recited for Puja on Gudi Padwa. Some people also keep fast on this day.
Morning Vrat Sankalp
ॐ Vishnu: Vishnu: Vishnu: Adya Brahmano Vyasa: Parardhe Sriswetavarakaalpe Jambudvipe Bharatvarshe Amuknamasamvatsare Chaitrasukh Pratipadi Amukwasara Amukgotrah Amukanamaham Praharamanasya Navvarsyasya Prathamdivase Vishwasrijah Sri Brahmanah
Prasadaya Vratam Karishye.
A person observing a fast after worship should chant this mantra:
ॐ Chaturbhirvadanai: Vedana Chaturo Bhavayan Subhan.
Brahma mein Jagantam srishta Hridaye Shashvatah Vaset.
Gudi Padwa is Celebrated this Way
Gudi Padwa starts from Navratri and ends till Ramnavami. This festival is celebrated with grandiloquence across the country, but the way to celebrate it is different in different states. On Gudi Padwa, people clean their homes, decorate their houses after cleaning. In decorating, make Rangoli and Bandanvar on the courtyard and door of the house. A flag is placed in front of the house called Gudi. A swastika symbol is made on a vessel and wrapped on silk cloth and kept there. Also, on Gudi Padwa, people wear traditional clothes and worship the sun god. Apart from this, it is considered reasonable to chant the mantras of Ram Rakshastra, Sundarkand, and Goddess Bhagwati on Gudi Padwa.
The Vidhi of Observing Gudi Padwa
1. Gudi is decorated after morning bath etc.
2. People clean the houses. In villages, houses are painted with cow dung.
3. According to the Shastras, one should perform Abhyanga Snaan on the day of Arunodaya.
4. There is a custom to worship Gudi immediately after sunrise. It should not be delayed much.
5. Beautiful Rangoli is made with bright colors, and fresh flowers are used to decorate the house.
6. People get ready by wearing new and beautiful clothes. Generally, Marathi women wear nauvari (9 yards long saree) on this day, and men wear kurta-pajama or dhoti-kurta with saffron or red turban.
7. The family gather and celebrate this festival and congratulate each other on the new festival.
8. On this day, there is a tradition of listening to the horoscope of the new year.
9. Traditionally, the festival is started by eating sweet neem leaves as prasad. Generally, on this day, sweet neem leaves, jaggery, and tamarind chutney are made. It is believed that it clears blood and increases the body's immunity. Its taste also symbolizes the fact that life is sour and sweet, like chutney.
10. Sreekhand, Puran Poli, Kheer, etc., delicacies are made at Gudi Padwa.
11. In the evening, people also perform the traditional dance called lezim.
How to Install Gudi
1. On this day, after waking up in the morning, ubtan of the gram flour and oil is applied. After that, a bath is taken.
2. The place where Gudi is applied is cleaned thoroughly.
3. After this, take the Sankalp of Puja and make a swastika at the cleaned place. After this, construct the sand altar.
4. After this, spread a white-colored cloth and color it with turmeric kumkum. After this, make an Ashtadal and worship Brahma Ji's idol with all the rules and regulations.
5. Finally, perform the Sthaapana of Gudi.
Pataka and Toran are installed at home.
On the day of Gudi Padwa, celebrated on Chaitra Shukla Pratipada, there is a tradition of putting Pataka and Torans in the house as Gudi means "Victory." It is why people put flags etc., in their homes on this day, which signifies their and their family's victory. But some people put it in any Disha and Dasha of the house, but according to the religious and Vastu Shastra, it should be placed in the south-east corner, i.e., the Aagneya Kodh. So, on this day, you should also take care of the process of installing a pataka. A red Pataka measuring a quarter-and-a-half hand should be displayed in a five-handed high pole. Many people also install Dhwaja on this day. Pataka has three corners, and Dhwaja has four corners. You can install any of these two.
In whose name should you meditate while installing Pataka?
According to religious beliefs, while installing the Dhwaja or Pataka, one should meditate in the names of Som Digambar Kumar and Ruru Bhairava and pray to them to protect one's Dhwaja or pataka. Pray for the happiness and prosperity of your home. It is said that by doing this, the victory of the native is ensured. Also, there is an increase in happiness and prosperity in life. Promising results of Ketu are also achieved. Not only this, but the Vastu of the house is also fixed
Surya Samvedana Pushpe, Dipti Karunyagandhane.
Labhwa Shubham Navavarsheasmin Kuryatsarvasya Mangalam.
Meaning, just as the sun gives light, gives flowers, senses, and teaches us compassion, may this New Year provide us with knowledge every moment and our every day, every moment is auspicious.
These works will get benefitted from Gudi Padwa day.
The Gudi Padwa festival falls in the Spring. Make a powder of neem fruits and neem leaves on this day. After that, mix black pepper, salt, heing, cumin, sugar, and ajwain in neem powder. Now consume this mixture. You will stay away from many diseases through this.
Dishes made on Gudi Padwa
Maharashtra has a tradition of serving and eating some unique dishes on the day of Gudi Padwa. On this day, Puran Poli or sweet roti is made in Maharashtra. Jaggery, neem flower, tamarind, and raw mango are mixed to make this dish. This dish also has a philosophy of its own. It is said that jaggery is for sweetness in life, neem flowers remove bitterness from one's life, tamarind and raw mangoes symbolize the sour-sweet experiences of life. In other states, too, there are different traditions of observing this festival.
In which states of India is Gudi Padwa celebrated?
In Konkan, Goa, and Kerala, it is celebrated as Samvatsar Pavo. The rest of the Konkani migrants in Karnataka know it as Yugadi. The public of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana observe it as Ugadi. Kashmiris observe it as Navreh. In Manipur, it is marked as Sajibu Nongma Panda (Sajibu Nongma Pānba) or Meetei Cheiraoba. Chaitra Navratri starts from this day for North Indians. It is believed that on this day, Brahmaji created the universe. One worships not only Brahmaji and the principal deities of the universe created by him, Yaksha-rakshasas, Gandhwars, sages-sages, rivers, mountains, animals, birds, and insect-mites, but also diseases and their remedies. A new festival begins on this day. Hence, this date is also known as 'Navamsavatsar.' Chaitra is a month in which trees and vines flourish and bloom. The day of Shukla Pratipada is considered the first day of the moon art. The primary basis of Life's Vanaspati is provided with Samaras by the Moon only. It has been believed to be the king of medicines and Vanaspati.
Gudi Padwa Celebration in various places
This festival is celebrated by different names at different places in the country.
1. Konkani community in Goa and Kerala celebrate it as Samvatsar Pavo.
2. In Karnataka, this festival is called Yugadi.
3. In the states of Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Gudi Padwa is celebrated as Ugadi.
4. Kashmiri Hindus celebrate this day as Navreh.
5. In Manipur, this day is called Sajibu Nongma Panda or Meitei Cheiraoba.
6. Chaitra Navaratri also begins on this day.
On this day, people apply for Gudi in Maharashtra. Hence this festival is called Gudi Padwa. An inverted urn of silver, copper, or brass is placed over it with bamboo and is decorated with beautiful cloth. Generally, this cloth is of saffron color and silk. Gudi is then decorated with gathi, neem leaves, mango stalks, and red flowers.
Gudi is placed on a high place, such as the house's roof, to be seen from a distance. Many people also install it on the main door or windows of the house.
Do this work on this day to achieve peace, happiness, prosperity, wealth, and honor in life.
1) After taking auspicious Sankalp of the Puja, spread a clean white cloth on the newly constructed chowki or sand altar and make an Ashtadal lotus with turmeric saffron-colored on it and install the Suvarnamurti of Brahmaji on it.
2) After worshiping Ganeshambika, worship Brahmaji with the mantra 'Om Brahmane Namah' and worship Shodashopchar.
3) Humble prayers are offered to Brahmaji for the destruction of the eternal obstacles. Prayers are also done for the welfare of the year and for the year to be auspicious: -
'Bhagavansattvaprasaden Varsha Kshemmihastu Mein. Samvatsaropasarga Me Vilayam Yantavasheshatah
4) After worshiping, one should eat only after feeding the Brahmins with various fine and sattvic substances.
5) One should listen to the king of that year, the minister, the chief of the army, etc., and the year's result from the new calendar.
6) Pachang should be donated according to potential, and the piao should be established.
7) On this day, you should wear new cloth and decorate the house with dhwaj, pataka, Vandanvar, etc.
8) On Gudi Padwa day, powder of neem leaves and flowers should be made and eaten by adding black pepper, salt, heing, cumin, sugar candy, and ajwain. It does not cause blood disorders and attains a healthy life.
9) Ghat sthapana and Tilak fast is also done for Navratri on this day. In this fast, one should worship a river, lake, or house and make a statue of Samvatsar and worship him with mantras named 'Chaitraya Namah,' 'Vasanthaya Namah' etc. After this, Puja should be done.
10) After observing the fast on Navami, mother Jagadamba should be worshipped from the heart to get the fruits of auspicious wishes.
Vaishakh Shukla Tritiya is popularly known as Akshaya Tritiya or Akha Teej. It is the most important festival of the Sanatan Dharma. On this day, whoever donates food and takes a bath in pure water and performs various rituals, becomes the one who cannot be destroyed. And this is the reason behind naming this festival 'Akshay Tritiya.' One could perform various holy work but without even looking for 'Panchang.' This festival is also known as 'Akhatji.' Written in the traditional and classic scriptures, from this day, only the beginning of 'SATYUG' and TRETAYUG' is marked. Any ritual, including 'Puja' or 'Taking bath in pure water,' will definitely be fruitful. That's why it is also known as Akshay Tritiya. Also, If the fast falls on Monday and Rohini Nakshatra, it is said to be very useful. On this day, the offering of rice, salt, ghee, sugar, vegetable, fruits, tamarind, and clothes is considered very important and fruitful.
इस पेज को हिंदी में पढ़ने के लिए “अक्षय तृतीया” पर क्लिक करें।
We at Bajrangi Dhaam will be performing a small Pooja ritual and Akshay Tritiya celebration for selected followers & the overall prosperity of our large client base on 3rd May, 2022 in the morning around 9.00 am.
Akshaya Tritiya Muhurta
1. In case Tritiya of Shukla Paksha in Vaishakh Month is in the morning, it is referred to as 'Prathamardha.'
2. Now, in case Tritiya Tithi appears for two days consecutively in the morning, then this festival is celebrated just the next day. However, this is also believed by a few people that this festival would only be celebrated if this particular date is three Muhurat or more from Sunrise.
3. On Tritithya Tithi, supposedly Rohini Nakshatra falls on either Monday or Wednesday; it is considered to be extremely beneficial and fruitful.
Akshay Tritiya's Importance
Performing any auspicious ritual appears to be extremely fruitful on this day. Everyone should donate food or clothes to the poor or needy; this will add to your good deeds. It is considered almost necessary for married people. By doing so, there has been a considerable escalation in your financial status. Just on this beautiful and auspicious day of Akshaya Tritiya, Donations must be made even for religious work. By doing this, even your wealth will get doubled.
1. This day of Akshaya Tritiya is one of the three and a half Muharatas that is considered to be most auspicious. Many of the great and optimistic work is done on this day
2. Taking a Bath on the Ganges is said to be auspicious as well. People who take Bath on the Ganges, on this day gets free from all sins
3. It is also believed that 'Pitra Shradh is also performed on this day. One must also donate Barley, Curd-Rice, and other food items, including milk products, to any Brahmin
4. On this day, it is a great time to perform 'Shradh' and 'Tarpan' in the name of your ancestor's or forefathers and that too at an early age
5. People also assume that buying Gold is advantageous on this day.
6. On this day, Parashurama and Hayagreeva epitomized.
7. Tretayug begins on this day.
8. The doors of Shri Badrinath Ji remain open throughout this day.
Akshaya Tritiya fast and worship method
1. On this day, one who keeps fasts and takes a bath will be purified and should wear yellow colored clothes.
2. At the temple, one must offer Basil (Tulsi) a garland of yellow flowers or a yellow flower after bathing Vishnu with Ganges water.
3. Light up incense sticks (Agarbatti), and sit on a yellow-colored seat and chant the holy mantras related to Vishnu, which includes (Vishnu Sahastranama, Vishnu Chalisa) and at last, read the Aarti of Vishnu.
4. On this day, feeding or offering to the poor in the name of Vishnu is especially ethical and good.
Note: If it is not possible to stay in fast throughout the day, then you can have sweet pudding, banana, and sweet yellow rice.
The reason behind the celebration of Akshaya Tritiya
There are many beliefs and thoughts about Akshaya Tritiya in Hinduism. Some of which are:
a) Lord Parashurama, who is the sixth incarnation of Lord Vishnu. Parshuram was born to Maharishi Jamadagni and Mata Renukadevi. Due to this reason, Lord Vishnu is also worshipped on the day of Akshay Tritiya. Along with that, even Parshuramji is also worshipped.
b) Mother Ganga disembarked from paradise. For ages, King Bhagiratha meditated for thousand years to descend Ganga to the earth. All the misconducts of human beings are destroyed by taking a dip in the holy Ganges, especially on this day
c) Mother Annapurna's birthday is also celebrated on this day. The poor are fed. Mother Annapurna blesses the taste of the food, and one must worship her to keep their kitchen fulfilled, and so she should be worshipped.
d) On the day of Akshaya Tritiya, Maharishi Ved Vyas Ji began writing Mahabharata. It is considered as the fifth Veda. The empowered Shrimad Bhagwat Gita is also included in this. On the day of Akshaya Tritiya, the 18th chapter of Srimad Bhagwat Gita should be recited.
e) In Bengal, the traders and businessmen begin their accounts by worshipping the almighty Lord Ganesha and Mata Lakhmiji. And so this day is also known as 'HALKHATA.'
f) Lord Shankarji suggested idealizing Lord Kuber and Mata Lakshmi on this day. After which, Mata Lakshmi is worshiped on the day of Akshaya Tritiya, and this custom continues till today.
g) On the day of Akshaya Tritiya, Pandava's son Yudhishthira also received the Akshaya Patra. The special thing about this is that it always has an abundance of food.
According to mythology, Nara-Narayana, Parashurama, and Hayagreeva were personified on this day. So according to few people, for the sake of Nar-Narayana, Parashurama, and Hayagreeva Ji, they give Sattu of barley or wheat, cucumber, and soaked gram dal as an offering.
Akshaya Tritiya Katha
The significance of Akshaya Tritiya was asked by Yudhishthira to Sri Krishna. Then Shri Krishna said, 'Rajan! This date is especially ethical. For anyone who performs rituals after taking Bath just before the afternoon, this will definitely be going to be fruitful. On this day, the one who takes a Bath, carols at home and donations, before midday is part of the Akshaya Punyafal. This day marks the beginning of the golden age.
A well-known story connected to this occasion is there- In old times, there was a Vaishya named Dharmadas who believed in integrity. His family was huge. So, he was always agitated. He found out the significance of fasting from a person. Later, when this festival was celebrated, he took a bath in the holy Ganges and methodically worshiped the almighty. There are numerous items like Ladoos, fan, water-filled jugs, barley, wheat, salt, Sattu, curd, rice, jaggery, Gold, and clothes to Brahmins. Even after declining a woman, being anxious about family members, and suffering from many illnesses due to old age, he was not discouraged from his devotional work and charity. This Vaishya became the king of Kushavati in his next birth. He was rich and handsome due to the outcome of donations of Akshaya Tritiya. His brain never diverged from religion, even when he was rich.
God Gives Vision
The doors of Shri Badrinarayan remain open on this day. Shri Banke Bihari Ji's temple is situated in Vrindavan, and only on this day, one gets to witness the feet of 'Shri Vigrah' or else on other days, they are wrapped in clothes for the whole year. On this day, Thakurs go to the door or put a picture of Badrinarayan Ji on the throne and give them the soaked gram dal and sugar candy. It is said that the personification of Lord Parashurama also took place on this day.
This specific festival appears to be charity oriented. The war of Mahabharata ended on this day, and the Dwapar Yuga had also ended on this day. 'Sattu' must be consumed on this day, and one should wear new clothes and jewelry. One must donate cow, land, gold vessel, etc., on the day of Akshaya Tritiya, is said to be eminently virtuous. According to the Panchang, this day is also the end of spring and the starting of summer. This day is also considered as the Mahaparva of donations. According to the Puranas, a person who does charity on this day finds a place in Vaikuntha Dham.
Let's see what to donate on the day of Akshaya Tritiya: -
1. This day is considered auspicious for starting new jobs or any new project.
2. On this day, Lord Vishnu is offered Sattu, and it is given in Prasad.
3. The giving away of sesame, barley, and rice is specifically important on the day of Akshaya Tritiya.
4. On this day, offering new rice to Badrinath fulfills all the dreams.
5. On this day, giving honor and shraddha and performing a ritual in respect of forefathers or ancestors, one gets Akshaya Punya.
6. After filling two pitches of soil with water, putting it together in one pitcher and spleen in the other, these pitches should be worshiped in Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva Swaroop and be donated to Brahmins. By doing this, our forefathers bless us to fulfill all our desires.
7. On this day, the poor should donate rice, salt, ghee, fruits, clothes, confectionery, etc., and keep fast.
Must provide food to poor, helpless people on Akshaya Tritiya.
9. Donation of melon and Matki is also said to be meaningful on this day.
10. Ganga bathing has special importance on Akshaya Tritiya. By bathing on this day in the holy Ganges, eating barley, giving of barley, Sattu, all the sins of a human being are demolished. On this day, sandalwood or perfume is also applied to the idol of Lord Krishna.
11. Can do any auspicious and demanding functions
Could invest your time and effort in performing Pious Work
The significance and intensity of this festival can be measured as on this day one does not need to see an almanac; any auspicious events like marriage, Griha Pravesh, shopping or jewelry or buying a house, vehicle, etc., can be done. As mentioned in the Puranas that the giving made to their fathers and ancestors on this day give a renewable outcome. People bathe in the Ganges on this day because it is assumed all their sins are destroyed by worshiping God. It is also believed that if one confesses and asks for forgiveness from God, on this day, one will be blessed by the Almighty God.
Why is Gold bought on Akshaya Tritiya?
1. People often choose the day of Akshaya Tritiya to do any holy work, as one does not need to check out any Muhurat to do any auspicious work or buy something new. It is believed that this day is really different in the context of planets, and any work done on this day gives positive results.
2. It is also believed that if you buy Gold on this day, it brings everlasting fortune in your life; the auspicious results are with you and your whole family and close ones. The Gold bought on this day will continue to grow with all generations of your family.
3. Gold is included in the most valuable metal since Vedic times. Gold is not only a sign of wealth and prosperity, but it's worth also increases with time.
4. On this day only, the beams of the sun fall on the earth with intensity. Along with that, it is believed that buying Gold on this day is a symbol of strength as it is compared to the powerful sun's rays.
Things to do and not to do on Akshay Tritiya
Akshaya Tritiya is called Yugadi Tithi. This day is marked as the beginning of two Yugas and the ending of another. This day has given a lot of significance, as mentioned in the Vedic Texts and scriptures. So, on this day, devotees get together and bathe in large numbers on the holy rivers, ponds, and seas. It is believed that the holy Bath performed on this day eliminates even suffering sins and leads to a happy life. On the day of Akshaya Tritiya, performing rituals and dipping in the pure Ganges will help to get rid of sins and evilness within. This is marked as a great day to begin your work. However, there is certain work that one should not perform, especially on this day.
Things to do on Akshay Tritiya
According to the classic Traditional Beliefs, a Tarpan, Pind Daan, or any other kind of donations done for the fathers and ancestors on the day of Akshaya Tritiya ensures the Akshaya Phal. By doing so, one could attain the blessing of their Forefathers.
a) On this day, bathing in the Ganges or taking a bath in any holy river and worshiping the Bhagavat will eradicate all the evils and sins. Chanting Mantras performing, Tapa, Havan, Swadhyaya, and charity on this day of Akshaya Tritiya ensure Akshaya phal.
b) If this day comes on Monday and Rohini Nakshatra, then the fruits of Donation, chanting, this day becomes even more fruitful. If this date starts before Tritiya's Midday and lasts till Pradosh Kaal, then it is a perfect time. On this day, God forgives all sins. On the day of Akshaya Tritiya, Hathajodi can be demonstrated, and to invite Lakshmi's, one must indulge in Sadhana.
c) The person who donates on the Akshaya Tritiya gets a place in Vaikuntha Dham. So, it has been considered a huge cause of donations. On this day, after bathing in the Ganges, the person should donate barley; by doing this, all the sins of humans are destroyed.
d) On Akshaya Tritiya, the Donation and worship of Kalash provide Akshaya fruits. Donating this Kalash filled with water to the temple or to any needy gets the blessings of Brahma, Vishnu, and Mahesh. At the same time, fathers and ancestors also get fulfillment and peace of Navagraha.
e) According to religious beliefs, one should recite Shri Ramcharit Manas on Akshaya Tritiya. Also, one should read the story of Lord Vishnu's Dasavatara. On reading these, you get the outcome of the philosophy of sages and great saints.
f) You must put milk in the roots of 'Tulsi' on Akshaya Tritiya. The worship of Lord Vishnu is considered incomplete without Tulsi Patta. By doing this, one could get the extremely auspicious blessing of Lord Vishnu
Things not to do on this day
a) Akshaya Tritiya is a special coincidence; therefore, special care should be taken on this day for cleanliness. Keep the house clean, and even your Worship Room should be extremely neat and clean. Worshipping Srihari in clean clothes is said to be of great importance. It is forbidden to perform Upanayana Rites on this day. It is believed that this will get unholy results. Do not wear Janeyu for the first time on this day. Traveling on this day in some places is also considered not favorable. Buying a new house on Akshaya Tritiya is auspicious, but new construction work should not be started. Planting trees on this day is also not auspicious.
b) If any needy comes on the day of Akshaya Tritiya, do not let them leave empty-handed. Performing Donation on this day of Akshaya Tritiya is immensely fruitful and virtuous. The donations made on this day are renewable, i.e., it gives benefits for many births.
c) Akshaya Tritiya is a day of performing pious activities. Do not do any work on this day, which will hurt someone's heart. Also, speaking bitterly with someone is not considered good on any day. On this day, one should not just focus on selfish activities. If you hurt others, then Goddess Lakshmi will never bless you.
d) If the festival of Akshaya Tritiya is on Sunday, the Tulsi leaf should not be plucked on this day. To offer Tulsi to Lord Vishnu, pluck it a day before. On this day, Tulsi Puja is considered special.
e) It is told in the Bhavishya Purana that one should not perform Upanayana rites even on Akshaya Tritiya. On this day, for the first time, you should not wear Janeyu at all. It is considered inauspicious to do so.
In Hindu culture, Guru is considered superior to God as it is the Guru who helps to cross the ocean like the world. By attaining the knowledge of the Guru and following the path shown, one attains salvation. It is believed in the Shastras that if God curses you, then the Guru can save you, but even God himself cannot protect you from the Guru curse. That is why Kabir Ji also says –
Guru Gobind Dono Khade, Kaake Laagu Paya.
Balihari Guru Aapno, Gobind Diyo Batay.
इस पेज को हिंदी में पढ़ने के लिए “गुरू पूर्णिमा” पर क्लिक करें।
Every year, the full moon of Ashadh month is observed as Guru Purnima. The Guru is venerated on Guru Purnima. In India, this festival is celebrated with immense respect. In ancient times, when the disciples used to receive free education in the Guru's ashram. On Guru Purnima, they worshiped their Guru with full devotion. On this day, the Guru and the elder in the house, i.e., parents, siblings, etc., are considered gurus, and blessings are taken from them. Gurus are highly respected in our country because it is only a Guru who leads his disciple out of the wrong path and leads it in the right direction. Many such stories related to the mythological period are prevalent, which shows that the Guru has a remarkable contribution in making anyone great. One of the reasons behind celebrating this day is also believed that on this day, the great Guru Maharishi Ved Vyas, who composed the great literature like Brahmasutra, Mahabharata, Srimad Bhagavat, and Eighteen Puranas, was born. On this day, all the disciples take the blessings of their respective gurus. They thank them for what they have given so far.
We at Bajrangi Dhaam will be performing a small Pooja ritual and Guru Purnima celebration for selected followers & the overall prosperity of our large client base on 13th July, 2022 in the morning around 9.00 am.
What is the Meaning of Guru?
In the Shastras, 'Gu' means darkness Yamul ignorance, and 'Ru' means its Nirodhak, 'Prakash.' A Guru is called a Guru because he removes ignorance from enlightenment; that is, he is the 'Guru' who leads from darkness to light. The similarity between Guru and God has been believed to be of equal stature. The reason behind this reverence is that this relationship is solely for spiritual progress and attainment of God.
The Beginning of Guru-Shishya Tradition
According to the Shastras, at first, Sriparmeshwar named Narayan as Vishnu and ordered him to chant the Mahamantra in the form of 'Om.' Later, to free Brahma from ignorance, God revealed with his heart the wisdom of Yogis to Sri Rudra. He then purified Brahma's darkness by giving them the knowledge to chant the 'Om Namah Shivaya' mantra to cleanse Brahma's conscience. Therefore, it is Guruta to take the disciple towards the light instead of darkness.
The Importance of Guru Purnima
On the day of Guru Purnima, many people duly worship their late Guru or Brahmin saints with their Paduka, Diya, flower, Akshat, sandalwood, naivedya, etc.
One who erases darkness and leads to light is called 'Guru.' Even though parents give birth to a child, the teacher does the work of explaining the meaning of life and the world to him. Guru is called Brahma because just as he creates an organism, in the same way, the Guru makes a disciple. Our soul is eager to confront the truth in the form of God, and this confrontation is not possible without meeting the present physical state of Guru; that is why in every birth, it searches for the Guru.
Maharishi Ved Vyas Ji, who composed eighteen Puranas was born on Ashada Purnima. Such is the belief. Ved Vyas was the son of great sage Parashar. According to Hindu scriptures, Maharishi Vyas was the master of all three periods. Seeing from his divine vision, he knew that people's interest in religion in Kali Yuga would decrease. Due to a lack of interest in religion, a man will not be a believer in God, devoid of duty, and will be of less age. It will not be easy for him to study an extensive and complete Veda. That is why Maharishi Vyas divided the Vedas into four parts so that people with little intellect and little memory power can also benefit by studying Vedas.
Vyas Ji named the Rigveda, Yajurveda, Samveda, and Atharva Veda after dividing the Vedas into separate divisions. Due to such division of Vedas, he became famous as Ved Vyas. He gave Rigveda, Yajurveda, Samaveda, and Atharvaveda to his beloved disciples Vaishampayan, Sumantumuni, Pal, and Jamin. Ved Vyas Ji composed the Puranas as the fifth Veda in which the knowledge of Vedas is explained in the form of exciting stories-stories because the experience in Vedas is extraordinarily mysterious and challenging. He gave them the wisdom of Puranas to his disciple Rome Harshan. According to their power of intellect, the disciples of Vyas Ji divided their Vedas into several branches and sub-branches. Maharishi Vyasa also composed the Mahabharata. They are considered our Adi-gurus. This famous festival of Guru Purnima is also celebrated as the birth anniversary of Vyas Ji. Therefore, this festival is also called Vyas Purnima.
What is the Ancient Importance of Guru Purnima?
According to various Hindu mythological Vedas, Guru has also been called Sarvopari from Tridevas because it is believed that Guru only shows the right direction to the person and also guides his disciple. This day has been celebrated since old times. The disciples' immense reverence for their Guru was the real Dakshina for the Guru at that time. There is also a law for Govardhan's circumambulation, which is in Uttar Pradesh. It has also been seen that on this day, people bathe in holy rivers, kunds, and ponds and also give donations.
Guru ki Mahima Hai Agam, Gaakar Tarta Shishya
Guru Kal ka Anumaan Kar, Gadhta Aaj Bhavishya
Lord Shiva is considered to be the Maiden Guru in Vedic Grantha.
According to the Puranas, Lord Shiva is considered the first Guru. Shani and Parashuram are his two disciples. Shivaji was the first to propagate civilization and religion on earth, so he is called Adidev and Adiguru. Shiva is also called Adinath. Adiguru Shiva gave seven people along with Shani and Parashurama. These were later called the seven hamarshi, and they subsequently spread the knowledge of Shiva all around.
Shishya Worship Guru
On the pious festival of Guru Purnima, the disciples worship and worship their gurus as gifts and give some donation and Dakshina and express their gratitude concerning them. In each age, the authority of the Guru has been pervading everywhere like the particle-like Parambrahma. The world without a guru is just a night of ignorance.
Method of Guru Purnima Puja
The Shastras describe the method of Guru Puja on Guru Purnima in such a way that after worshiping Lord Vishnu, Shiva, Guru Jupiter, and Maharishi Ved Vyasa in the morning, you must honor your Guru. Make your Guru a garland of flowers and take blessings from him by offering sweets, new clothes, and money.
1. On Guru Purnima, not only the Guru but anyone elder in the family, that is, parents, siblings, etc., should also be considered like Guru.
2. Only by the grace of the teacher does knowledge enters the student. The ignorance and darkness of his heart get removed.
3. Only the blessings of the Guru are beneficial, enlightening, and useful for humanity. All the learning of the world comes from the grace of the Guru.
4. This day is also best for getting the mantra from Guru.
5. On this day, it is essential to serve the Gurus as much as possible.
6. Hence, it is important to celebrate this festival with full devotion
The Myth behind the Celebration of Guru Purnima
The identity of India lies in its spiritual essence. According to the changing times and circumstances, the fantastic art of bringing this spirituality into life is also taught by India's sages. Guru Poornima is the festival of expressing gratitude to such cosmopolitan gurus who, despite suffering themselves, lead the society on the path of progress. Hardly anyone is unaware of the name of Maharishi Veda Vyasa during the Mahabharata period; these are the same Munishrestha who composed the four Vedas, written eighteen Puranas, and created the Srimad Bhagavata. He was considered the first Guru of the Guru-disciple tradition.
It is known very well that if any person gives any knowledge, makes us learn something; then he is like a guru to us; he is worthy of worship, irrespective of the stature. It is mentioned in the Shastras that once Muniver saw someone from the Bhil caste bending a tree and plucking coconut from it. From that day, Vyas Ji started chasing that person because he was keen to know this learning, but that person used to run away from Ved Vyas Ji due to hesitation and fear. While chasing - Vyas Ji reached the person one day, and the person was not present, but his son was present who listened to Vyas Ji and agreed to give the mantra. The next day Vyas Ji came, and he took that mantra, following all the rules. When the father saw all this, he could not stay away from him. He wanted to know the reason for this from the son. After listening to the son, the father said that son, "I did not want to intentionally give this mantra to Vyas Ji as in my mind that the person from whom the mantra is taken, he becomes like Jiguru and we are poor and belong to small caste. Will Vyas Ji respect us if we are poor?" Then the father said that if the son who gives the mantra is not revered, then that mantra does not come to fruition, so you go and test Vyas Ji whether he will provide you with respect or not. The son reached the next day in the court of Vyas Ji, where he was discussing with his companions. Seeing his Guru coming, Vyas Ji came running and worshiped him and respected him, following all the rules. The person was pleased to see this. All his dilemmas and his father's dilemmas were erased that a person who gives importance to a small caste like a Guru is genuinely revered. And since then, Vyasa Ji started being considered as the foremost Guru in the Guru-Shishya tradition. One day in the year was dedicated to the Brahma Gyan Sadguru, popularly known as Vyas Purnima or Guru Purnima.
Why is Varsha Ritu Best for Guru Purnima?
All seasons in India have their importance. There is a reason behind Guru Purnima being observed, especially during the rainy season. It is because, in these four months, there is neither excess heat nor excess cold. This time is apt and best for studies and teaching. Therefore, the disciples present at Gurucharan opt for this time to attain the power of knowledge, peace, devotion, and yoga.
Tritiya, or the third day of Shukla Paksha of Shravan month, is termed Hariyali Teej or Shravani Teej. As per the English calendar, Hariyali Teej is often in July or August. It is primarily a festival of women. The festival is celebrated on Tritiya Tithi or the third day of Shravan Shukla Paksha for good luck and sought-after groom. This festival comes in Sawan when there is the foliage all around. This is the intention why this festival is termed Hariyali Teej. In the month of Sawan, when the whole earth is fresh and green, to relish this beautiful moment of nature, women swing on swings, celebrate the festival with a lot of folklore. On the occurrence of Hariyali Teej, fairs are prearranged in many places across the country, and the ride of Mata Parvati is taken out with a lot of pomp. Hariyali Teej is significant for married women. This festival is celebrated to venerate the reunion of Lord Shiva and Parvati.
इस पेज को हिंदी में पढ़ने के लिए “हरियाली तीज” पर क्लिक करें।
In Hinduism, every fast and festival has a mythological implication, and there is an exciting story or tale associated with it. Hariyali Teej is also celebrated to celebrate the reunion of Lord Shiva and Parvati. According to mythology, Goddess Parvati did severe penance to win Lord Shiva as her husband. After this severe penance and 108th birth, Mata Parvati got Lord Shiva as her husband. It is said that Lord Shiva acknowledged Parvati as his wife on the third day of Shukla Paksha of Shravan month. Since then, it is believed that Lord Shiva and Parvati blessed this day to be a day of fortuity for married women. And so, by worshiping Lord Shiva and Mother Parvati on Hariyali Teej and fasting, the married woman remains well-off and brings contentment and affluence to the family.
Religious Significance of Hariyali Teej
According to religious belief, it is said that Lord Shiva and Parvati again came together in Sawan on Hariyali Teej. Its description is also mentioned in Shiv Puran, so on this day, wedded women worship Parvati and Shiva so that their married life remains blissful. The festival of Teej is celebrated with great splendor in North India. Single girls can also fast on this day with a wish to get a worthy groom.
How is Hariyali Teej celebrated?
This fast is considered to be more difficult than Karva Chauth. On this day, women observe a fast for the whole day until the next morning after taking a bath and worship, complete the fast, and gulp anything. Goddess Parvati and Shiva are worshiped on occasion. On this day, makeup goods and sweets are sent from the maternal home of women to their in-laws. After the completion of household chores and bathing in the morning, women keep a Nirjala fast (निर्जला व्रत) by doing sixteen makeups (सोलह शृंगार). After the worship, listen to the story associated with the fast. There is also a custom of wearing green attires, green chunari, green leheriya, green makeup, mehndi, and swinging.
This is how Hariyali Teej is celebrated
Married women are called to their parents' house with the inception of Sawan. A day before Hariyali Teej, Dwitiya is celebrated as Shringar Diwas (day), Sinjara. Daughter-in-law and daughters are fed 9 types of sweets and dishes. On the day of Singhara, teenagers and newly married brides apply mehndi inventively on their hands and feet to celebrate this festival. On the day of Teej, women, dressed in Lehariya saris and ornaments, sing songs with their friends in the evening while swinging near a lake or in a garden. It is believed that it is done to get Lord Shiva as a husband. For this, Parvati took 107 births. Because of her rigorous penance and in her 108th birth, Lord Shiva accepted Goddess Parvati as his wife. With that, this fast started. On this day, the married women who worship Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati with sixteen makeups (सोलह शृंगार) ritual, their relation, and the husband live long.
Significance of 16 makeups ritual in Teej Puja
Women do teej fasting with the desire to stay contented forever. In this fast, which is done for good fortune, women offer the dishes made of honey to Goddess Parvati. In this, 16 items of makeup are offered to the Goddess. It includes bangles, vermilion, bracelets, henna, sari, chunari, etc. Women observing the fast offer these things to Goddess Parvati and seek blessings of good fortune. Lord Shiva is also worshiped along with Parvati in the worship ritual of Hariyali Teej. Women who fast on this day also do the 16 makeup ritual. Swinging and singing folk songs is ubiquitous on the day of Teej in many places.
Why fast on Hariyali Teej
On this occasion of this festival, the married women who worship Shiva-Parvati after wearing sixteen adornments, their husband lives for a long-time. Also, at the will of Goddess Parvati, Lord Shiva blesses any unmarried girl who observes this fast and worships Shiva Parvati, the hitches in her marriage will be removed, and she will get an appropriate groom. Married women will get good fortune and happiness of married life along with husband long life from this fast.
If a girl cannot get married, she should fast and worship on this day. Apart from this, married women should jointly worship Shiva and Parvati.
Sindhara is given to sisters and daughters-in-law
On the occasion of Hariyali Teej, women apply mehndi on their hands. After this, they fast. During this period, there is a prevalence of Ghevar, Feni, and Sevaiyan. A day before the festivity, sisters and daughters-in-law are given Sindhara. It comprises clothes, good luck items, ghevar, feni, fruits, etc. On Hariyali Teej, Thakurji is also offered Malpuas.
Hariyali Teej tradition
For newlywed girls, the first Sawan after marriage has a different connotation. On the occasion of Hariyali Teej, girls are called to their parents' house from their in-laws' house.
1. Sindhara is celebrated a day before Hariyali Teej. On this day, clothes, jewelry, makeup items, Mehndi, and sweets are sent from the in-laws of the newlywed girl.
2. Applying Mehndi on this day has a special meaning. Women and girls apply it on their hands in various designs. Aalta is also applied on the feet on this day. It is a sign of being married.
3. On Hariyali Teej, married women touch the feet of the mother-in-law and give them sweets. If she is not present, it is given to the sister-in-law (Jethani) or any other elderly lady.
4. On this day, women worship Parvati by wearing makeup and new clothes.
5. On Hariyali Teej, women and girls swing in the field or garden and do a lot of folklore.
Hariyali Teej Puja Mantra
देहि सौभाग्य आरोग्यं देहि मे परमं सुखम्।
पुत्रान देहि सौभाग्यम देहि सर्व।
कामांश्च देहि मे।।
Malpus are also offered
Ghevar, Feni, and Sevaiyan are predominant in the month of Shravan. A day before Teej, sisters and daughters-in-law are given Sindhara. It contains clothes, good luck items, ghevar, feni, fruits, etc. Devotees get astonished to see her in the cassette, especially after offering Sindhara to Radharani in Barsana. On Hariyali Teej, offerings of Malpus are also offered to Thakurji.
Hariyali Teej Vrat Story
Hariyali Teej is celebrated to honor the reunion of Lord Shiva and Parvati. According to mythology, Goddess Parvati did a Spartan penance to get Lord Shiva as her husband. Because of this severe penance, Goddess Parvati got Lord Shiva as her husband. As stated by the legend, Mata Gauri was reborn as Parvati in the Himalayas. Parvati wanted to get Shiva as a groom since childhood. For this, she did severe penance. One day Narad Ji told Himalaya that Lord Vishnu, contented with Parvati's penance, wanted to espouse her. Himalaya was thrilled to hear this. Alternatively, Narad Muni went to Vishnu and said that Himalaya has decided to get his daughter Parvati married to you. Vishnu also agreed to this. Narada then went to Parvati and told her that father Himalaya had fixed her marriage with Vishnu. Hearing this, Parvati was saddened and went to an isolated place with her mates, hiding from her father. After reaching the dense and deserted forest, Parvati once again started penance. He constructed a Shivling out of the sand and begun worshiping while fasting. Lord Shiva was satisfied with this penance and assured to fulfill his wish. In the meantime, Parvati's father Himalaya also reached there. Knowing the truth, he agreed to get Parvati married to Lord Shiva. Shiva tells in this story that later, he got married to Parvati by law. Shiva says, 'O Parvati! Due to the stringent fast that you had taken, we could get married. I give the desired wish to the woman who performs this fast honesty.
Teej's tradition in a different state
Different states in India celebrate this festival in a different style. Here are some of the unique Hariyali Teej celebrations in some parts of India.
There is a Teej ride in Jaipur
This festival is the quintessence of life for the people of Rajasthan. Particularly in the Pink city of Jaipur, its different splendor is observed. The fair held in Jaipur on the occasion of Teej holds a special place in the whole world. On this day, Teej Mata's ride is taken out after the worship. The idol of Parvati, which is called Teej Mata, is taken in the march. Before the festival, the idol is re-painted, and new clothes and adornments are put on; a procession is taken out at the auspicious time. Lakhs of people swarm during this time to have a glimpse of the mother. Elephants and horses enhance the beauty of the procession. This ride is immersed in Tripolia Bazaar, Choti Chaupad, Gangauri Bazaar, and Chaugan after reaching Palika Bagh. Many foreign tourists also accompany the villagers dressed in colorful attires to see the ride. People are dressed in colorful clothes all around; the smell of Ghevar-Fini, the beauty of nature makes this festival unique. Swings on the branches of giant trees in the open are pleasing for women and children. Singing Malhar, swinging with mehndi on the hands, is a unique experience. Ladies, along with friends, swing on while singing folk songs, kajri, etc. The whole atmosphere becomes melodious and lively with songs.
Teej festival in Rajasthan
Teej festival is celebrated in Rajasthan as a seasoned festival. People celebrate this festival by seeing greenery and cloud cover in the month of Sawan or Shravan. Due to the black clouds hovering in the sky, this festival is called Kajali Teej, and because of the greenery, this festival is called Hariyali Teej. On this festival, swings are put up in Rajasthan, and fairs are organized on the river banks. Sowing of Kharif crops also commences around this festival. Farmers yearn for rain on the Teej festival for sowing of moth, millet, pods, etc.
Teej of Vrindavan
The swings of Brij are well-known in Sawan. In Shri Vallabh sampradaya, Thakurji swings on a swing all through the month of Sawan. Carousels are decorated in other temples from Sawan Shukla Tritiya-Hariyali Teej to Rakshabandhan-Purnima. On the night of Shri Banke Bihari Teej in Vrindavan, Ganga-Jamuni of gold and silver is swung in a giant carousel. The bank of Dwarkadhish is well known in Mathura. All the curtains, carousels, clothes of Thakurji are all of the same colors, matching the color of the sky. In the midst of them, the eminence of Kali Ghata (Dark sky) is very high.
Follow these remedial measures on Hariyali Teej
If there is a problem of harmonization between husband and wife, then do this remedy?
Offer yellow apparel to Shiva and red ones to Goddess Parvati.
- Pray for better harmonization.
After this, tie knots in both the clothes and keep them just a stone's throw away.
If husband and wife have to stay away from each other, then what should be done?
Offer flowers, bel leaves, abir-gulal to Lord Shiva.
Offer vermilion to Maa Gauri in a silver pitcher.
- Pray to be unruffled with each other.
Use the offered vermilion regularly.
If the health of either of the spouses is appalling
- Visit the temple of Shiva in the evening
First, offer Panchamrit on Shivling.
Henceforth offer a stream of water.
Pray for the health of the spouse.
If the debt is causing issues
Take a dry piece of catechu.
From this piece, make three straight lines on the ground.
After taking Hanuman Ji's name, erase these three straight lines from the feet.
Do this remedy on three Tuesdays.
- It will surely be profitable.
The tradition of giving up three things on Hariyali Teej
On Hariyali Teej, every woman should take a pledge to abandon the three evils. These three things are-
1. Cheating on Husband
2. Lying and abusing
3. Parninda (abstaining from doing evil to others)
What is right and what is forbidden during Hariyali Teej
What to do?
1) Nirjala fast is kept on Hariyali Teej, i.e., do not drink water during this fast. Though, this does not concern pregnant and sick women.
2) Women observing fast should listen to the fast story of Hariyali Teej. With this, the fast is considered complete.
3) This fast is for the long life and well-being of the husband. On this day, it is considered auspicious to listen to the songs and stories of Teej Mata, i.e., Mata Parvati.
What not to do?
These things should not be done during fasting
1) The use of white and black clothes is forbidden in this fast.
2) It is likewise said that one should not doze off during the fast of Teej.
3) According to Hindu religion, the wife observing this fast should be pure in mind, deed, and words, i.e., do not think bad about anyone, do wrong deeds, and do not use foul language.
These things are considered imperative
Some things are considered significant on Hariyali Teej, such as green bangles and mehndi, which are taken care of by married women as they symbolize the longevity of their husbands and their health and happiness. On this day, women generally use green color. In contrast, on Hariyali Teej, the women's parents send sarees, makeup items, sweets, fruits, etc. It is considered suitable to do so.
The festival of Nag Panchami is celebrated all over India, and it is a famous Hindu festival. Snakes are an essential part of our culture, and on this day, people worship Lord Bholenath. He is also considered an incarnation of Shakti and the Sun. This festival is celebrated on the Panchami Tithi of Shukla Paksha of Shravan month. At the same time, Nag Puja is performed in North India on the fifth day of Shukla Paksha of Sawan month. But in South India, this festival is celebrated on the fifth day of Krishna Paksha. Nag Panchami is considered as one of the important festivals in Hinduism. On this day, snakes are worshipped, and milk is offered to them. Snakes are very dear to Lord Shiva; that is why the festival of Nag Panchami comes in the month of Sawan, on which Bholenath is pleased and showers his blessings if someone does the rituals of Nag Panchami with complete devotion.
इस पेज को हिंदी में पढ़ने के लिए “नाग पंचमी” पर क्लिक करें।
As per Hinduism, the snake is considered a deity, and there is a proper vidhi (method) to worship them. Actually, the snake is considered to be the necklace of Lord Shiva Shankar and the bed of Vishnu. Apart from this, snakes are also related to people's lives. There is heavy rain in the month of Sawan. Due to rain, the snakes come out of the ground, and it is believed that people offer milk and worship the snake deities; they do not harm anyone. It is believed that if someone worships the snake god on this day with devotion, then they get blessings, and there is no fear from the snake. Those who have Kaal Sarp Dosh in their horoscope, they get rid of this Dosha by worshiping on this day. This Dosha occurs when all the planets come between Rahu and Ketu. Such a person has to struggle a lot for success and face several issues for achieving something. Apart from this, if there is any difficulty in anyone's life due to Rahu-Ketu, then it is said to worship snakes on the day of Nag Panchami to get a solution to your issues.
1. According to Hindu beliefs, snakes have been worshiped as deities since mythological times. Therefore, worshiping a snake on Nag Panchami is considered auspicious.
2. There are also beliefs that on the day of Nag Panchami, a person who worships snakes does not fear snake bite and can live a good life.
3. It is believed that one gets inexhaustible virtue by offering milk to snakes and worshiping them on this day.
4. This festival also holds particular importance for snake charmers. On this day, people usually provide milk and money for snakes.
5. On this day, there is also a tradition of making a picture of a snake at the house entrance. It is believed that with the grace of snakes, this picture protects the house.
History of Nag Panchami Puja
As per Puranas, there are many beliefs behind celebrating Nag Panchami. It is believed that on the fifth day of Shravan Shukla, all the snake clans went to meet Brahmaji to get rid of the curse. Then Brahmaji liberated the serpents from that curse. After that incident, a tradition of worshiping the snakes started. There is another story; Lord Krishna killed Kaliya Nag on the fifth day of Shukla Paksha of Sawan month. This way, he saved the lives of the people living in Gokul. Since then, the festival of Nag Puja started. There is another belief that during the Samudra Manthan when a rope was not available. Vasuki Nag was used as a rope. The gods had caught the tail of Vasuki Nag, and the demons caught the mouth of Vasuki Nag. During the Manthan, poison came out. Then Lord Shiva kept that poison in his throat and protected everyone. After that, nectar came out from this, and Gods consumed it. Due to the consumption of nectar, the gods become immortal. Vasuki Nag played a crucial role during the Samudra Manthan, so Nag Panchami is celebrated due to this incident, and after that, there is a ritual to worship all the nags/serpents.
The reason for celebrating Nag Panchami
The festival of Nag Panchami is celebrated to worship Serpents and pray to them to protect the people from every problem. It rains heavily during Sawan. Due to heavy rain, snakes come out from their burrows. So, at that time, people offer milk and worship them. It is believed that serpents have a sharp memory, and they usually remember the faces of people who harm them. When the snakes take revenge for this, they also harm the family members of that particular person. Therefore, women offer prayers and milk to snakes to seek forgiveness and protect them from any harm to their families. There is an old mythological story when Takshak, the king of snakes, killed King Janamejaya's father Parikshit by biting him. To avenge his death, King Janamejaya organized a yagna to destroy the entire snake dynasty. When this Yagna was under the intervention of the Brahmin Astika Rishi, it was Nag Panchami. Since then, this day is celebrated as Nag Panchami.
Nag Panchami worship and relationship with snake dosha
According to the Hindu beliefs, fasting is also observed on the day of Nag Panchami in Krishna Paksha and Shukla Paksha. Everything is written in the Garuda Purana. The person who fasts should make snakes from clay or flour and decorate them with different colors. After decorating, people should worship them with flowers, kheer, milk, lamps, etc. After worship, distribute roasted gram and barley as prasad. Astrologers believe that those people who have Kaal Sarp Dosha in their horoscope should worship Nag Devta on this day. Worshiping on this day ends this Dosha in their horoscope.
Nag Panchami – Fasting and worship method (Vidhi)
1. Anantha, Vasuki, Padma, Mahapadma, Takshak, Kulir, Karkotak, and Shankha are the gods of this fast, which are eight snakes. On this day, the Ashtnagas are worshipped.
2. Eat once on the day of Chaturthi and do fasting on Panchami. You should eat in the evening.
3. For worshiping, a snake image or a clay idol is placed on a wooden post.
4. Then offer turmeric, roli (red vermilion), rice, and flowers to the snake deity.
5. After that, sit on a wooden plank and offer a mixture of raw milk, ghee and sugar to the snake deity.
6. After worshiping, the aarti of the snake deity is performed.
7. For convenience, you can give some Dakshina to a snake charmer so that he can give milk to the snake.
8. In the end, the story of Nag Panchami must be heard by the person who has fasted.
Note: According to tradition, in many states, Nag Panchami is also celebrated on the day of Chaitra and Bhadrapada Shukla Panchami. This festival is also celebrated in Krishna-Paksha due to ethos or country discrimination.
Beliefs related to Nag Panchami
1. According to Hindu Puranas, Sage Kashyap, son of Brahma Ji, had four wives. It is believed that the gods were born from his first wife, Garuda from the second wife, and demons from the fourth wife, but his third wife, Kadru, who belonged to the Naga dynasty. It means his third wife gave birth to the serpent.
2. According to the Puranas, two types of snakes have been mentioned - Divya and Baum. The divine serpents are Vasuki and Takshaka etc. Sheshnaag is said to bear the burden of the earth and his gaze is just as a blazing fire. If he becomes angry, he has the power to put the whole world to ash. If he bites someone, then there is no medicine for that. But the number of snakes born on the ground, whose molars are poisoned, and those who bite humans, are eighty in number.
3. Ananta, Vasuki, Takshaka, Karkotaka, Padma, Mahapadam, Shankhapala and Kulik are these eight serpents who are said to be the best among all the serpents. Two of these Nagas are Brahmins, two Kshatriyas, two Vaishyas and two Shudras. Ananta and Kulik are Brahmins; Vasuki and Shankhpala are Kshatriyas; Takshaka and Mahapadam are Vaishyas; And Padam and Karkotaka are said to be Shudras.
4. According to Janamjeya, who was the grandson of Arjuna and the son of Parikshit, he performed a serpent yajna to take revenge on the snakes and to destroy the snake dynasty because his father, King Parikshit, had died due to the bite of a snake named Takshak. In order to protect the serpents, this Yagya was stopped by the sage Jaratkaru's son Aastik Muni. When this Yagna thwarted, it was the fifth day of Shukla Paksha of Shravan month, and Takshak Nag and his remaining descendants were saved from destruction. It is believed that from here, the tradition of celebrating the Nag Panchami festival became prevalent.
The oldest story of Nag Panchami
In ancient times there was a Seth Ji, who had seven sons. All seven were married. The youngest son's wife was intelligent and well-mannered of noble character, but his brother's wife was not. One day when the elder daughter-in-law asked all the daughters-in-law to come along to bring yellow soil for the decoration of their home, they started digging the soil with their scabbard. Then a snake came out from the soil, and the elder daughter-in-law tried to kill him with a sheath. Seeing this, the younger daughter-in-law stopped him and said- 'Don't kill him? The serpent is innocent. Hearing this, the elder daughter-in-law did not kill him.
After that the snake sat on one side. Then the younger daughter-in-law said to him - 'We will come back soon, don't you go from here. After saying this, she went home with everyone. After reaching home, she was stuck at work there and forgot the promise she had made to the snake. When she remembered that thing the next day, she took everyone along and reached there and seeing the snake sitting at that place. She said - Namaskar, snake brother! The snake said- 'You have said brother, that's why; otherwise, I would have bitten you for telling a lie. She said - Brother, I have made a mistake, I ask for his forgiveness, then the snake said - well, you have become my sister from today, and I have become your brother. Ask whatever you want. She said - Brother, I have no one; it is good to have you as my brother. After a few days, the snake came to her house in the form of a human and said, 'Send my sister.' Everyone said that she did not have any brother, so he said - I am her distant brother . I had gone out in childhood, so she doesn't recognize me. On convincing them, they sent the younger daughter-in-law with him. On the way, he told her that 'he is that snake, so don't be afraid and grab his tail where she faces any kind of difficulty in walking. She did as told and she reached his house. She was astonished to see the wealth and opulence there. One day the snake's mother said to him- 'I am going out for work, you should give cold milk to your brother. She did not notice this and gave him hot milk, in which his face was severely burnt. Seeing this, the snake's mother became furious. But on the explanation of the snake, she calmed down. Then the snake said that his sister should now be sent to her house. Then the snake (brother of Younger sister-in-law) and his father gave him a lot of gold, silver, jewels, clothes, and ornaments, etc., and brought them to her house. Seeing so much wealth, the eldest daughter-in-law said with jealousy that if your Brother is wealthy, you should get more money from him. When the serpent heard these words, he brought all the things of gold and gave them to her sister.
Seeing this, the elder daughter-in-law said- 'The broom to sweep them should also be of gold.' After hearing this, the snake also brought the gold broom for his sister. The snake had given a fabulous necklace of diamonds and gems to the younger daughter-in-law. The queen of that country also listened to the praise of that necklace, and she said to the king that the necklace of Seth's younger daughter-in-law should be brought here. The king ordered his minister to be present soon after taking the necklace from her; the minister went to Seth Ji and said that 'Maharaniji will wear the necklace of your younger daughter-in-law, take it from her and give it to me. Due to fear, Seth Ji asked for a necklace from the younger daughter-in-law and passed it. The younger daughter-in-law felt very bad about this; she remembered her snake brother and on coming prayed - Brother! The queen has snatched the necklace; you should do something. She requested her brother that when the queen wears that necklace around her neck, it becomes a snake, and when she returns it to me, then it becomes of diamonds and gems. The snake did exactly what she said. As soon as the queen put on the necklace, the necklace became a snake. Seeing this, the queen cried and started crying. Seeing this, the king sent the news to Seth Ji to send the younger daughter-in-law immediately. Seth Ji was scared that what would that king do with her daughter-in-law? He himself appeared with the younger daughter-in-law. The king asked the younger daughter-in-law - what magic have you done? I will punish you. The younger daughter-in-law said – Almighty! Forgive my arrogance; when I put up this necklace around my neck, it will be diamond and gems, and when anyone else wears it around her neck, that necklace becomes a snake.
After hearing this, the king gave him the necklace, which was changed into a snake, and said – show it by wearing it now. When the younger daughter-in-law wore it, the snake became a necklace of diamonds and gems. After seeing this, the king was convinced of her words, and he was pleased and gave him many coins as a reward. They both returned home with her necklace and those coins. Seeing her wealth, the elder daughter-in-law, out of jealousy, taught her husband that the younger daughter-in-law had money from somewhere. After hearing this, her husband called his wife and said- Tell me exactly who gives you this money? Then she started remembering her brother. Then at the same time, the snake appeared and said - If anyone doubts my sister's character, then I will eat them. Hearing this, the younger daughter-in-law's husband was scared, and he gave great hospitality to the snake god. From that day, the festival of Nag Panchami is celebrated, and women worship the snake as a brother.
Do not do these works on the day of Nag Panchami.
Farmers should not work on their fields even by mistake on the day of Nag Panchami. It can cause heavy damage to them and their family.
The needle thread is not used on the day of Nag Panchami. So avoid using needles and thread on this day.
On the day of Nag Panchami, the pan should not be kept on the stove. If someone does this, then the snakes get hurt.
One should not fight with anyone. Do not say any harsh words to family members on this day.
Iron utensils should not be used on the day of Nag Panchami. On this day, one should neither cook nor eat food in iron utensils.
It does not part by breaking; nor does it abandon,
The world refers to this as the bond of Raksha Bandhan.
Rakshabandhan is celebrated every year on Shravan Purnima. This festival is devoted to the promise of love and duty of brother and sister. Every sister waits for Raksha Bandhan to tie Rakhi on her brother's wrist. Indian culture is so vast that every culture is imbibed in it. From Kashmir to Kanyakumari, from Saurashtra to Assam, folks celebrate some or the other festival every day. These festivals are always marked to develop harmony amid the relations. It is common to have love and quarrel between brother and sister. But on the day of raksha bandhan 2022, Rakhi depicts sister's immense affection towards her brother and brother's duties towards his sister. This love and duty brace the bond of brother and sister throughout life. On this day, the sister puts on tilak on her brother's forehead, ties a shielding thread on his wrist, performs aarti for him, and prays for his long life. Brothers also shower the sister with gifts and promise to be with her to help her in the hard times. History tells when Draupadi was being shunned, then she called Krishna to protect her, so he saved protected her dignity in the crowded assembly. Even though there is a close relationship between Krishna and Draupadi, it is said that Draupadi and Krishna were brother and sister in their previous lives. How could Krishna forget his pledge to her Rakhi? At present, this festival has become the symbol of sister-brother love; it can be said that it is a festival to deepen the sacred relationship of brother and sister. While on the one hand, the sister promises to fulfill her obligations towards the brother and sister; then again, the sister also keeps fast for the brother's long life. The Rakhi that the sister ties on the brother's wrist on a specific muhurat are not only a thread, but the bond of unbroken and pure love of sister-brother and the power and commitment of protection lies in that same thread.
इस पेज को हिंदी में पढ़ने के लिए “रक्षा बंधन” पर क्लिक करें।
Rakshabandhan is very popular in India. Rakshabandhan 2022 means an exclusive relationship of protection, in which sisters tie the thread of Rakhi to their brothers, but this thread is also tied with the spirit of friendship also. On Raksha Bandhan, all the sisters go to their brothers' house, and tie Rakhi, and say, "I will protect you, and you protect me." And it is not obligatory that they should be their own brothers. They tie Rakhi to anyone in the relation. On this day, the Yagyopaveet is changed. We have an age-old tradition of tying Rakhi on Rakshabandhan. Every full moon is dedicated to some or the other festival. The most imperative thing is that you celebrate life.
All brothers and sisters should celebrate the festival of Rakshabandhan with lots of joy, taking the responsibility of protecting and loving each other. Today, when the relationship is getting blurred, in such a situation, strong love gives basis to the sacred relationship of brother and sister. raksha bandhan 2022 is a festival symbolizing the passionate bond between brother and sister. Bonded by this affectionate bond of sister, the brother is determined to protect her. The tying of Rakhi is no longer just an activity among brothers and sisters. Now Rakhi is being tied to protect the country, protect the environment, protect religion, protect interests, etc. Rabindranath had raised public awareness on this festival against the disbanding of Bengal and made this festival a symbol of unity and brotherhood. The tradition of tying Rakhi to trees has also started to protect nature.
On the other hand, the Raksha Sutra is also tied to show respect and faith. The importance of Rakshabandhan also increased in today's time because today, owing to erosion of values, sociality is shrinking, and the feeling of love and respect is also decreasing. This festival reinforces the intimate bond over and above develops sociality within us. This festival also increases our awareness of our duties towards family, society, country, and the world.
Mythological and historical significance
The history of Rakshabandhan is in Hindu mythology. The context of this festival is found in the legend of Vamanavatar. The rakshabandhan story goes like this- King Bali tried to control heaven by performing a yajna, then Indra prayed to Lord Vishnu. Vishnu came as a Vamana Brahmin to ask for alms from King Bali. Despite the Guru's refusal, Bali donated three steps of land. Lord Vamana measured the sky, the underworld, and the earth in three steps and sent King Bali to the chasm. Owing to his devotion, he took a promise from Vishnu to be in front of him at all times. Lakshmi Ji was anxious about this. On the advice of Narad, Lakshmi went to Bali and tied the Raksha sutra (thread of protection) and made him her brother. In return, she brought Vishnu with her. It was a Purnima of Shravan. There are many references to the importance of Rakhi in history. Maharani Karnavati of Mewar had sent Rakhi to Mughal King Humayun and wished for protection. Despite being a Muslim, Humayun kept the honor of Rakhi. It is said that Alexander's wife had tied a rakhi to her husband's Hindu enemy Porus and made him her brother, and took a vow not to kill Alexander during the war. He spared Alexander by honoring the promise he made to his sister by wearing a rakhi in his hand during the war.
Rakshabandhan brother and sister love
Anyway, the relationship of brother and sister is special; Raksha Bandhan is an association of protection where brothers and sisters take a pledge to protect each other. On this day, all sisters tie a rakhi to their brothers and promise to protect them at all times, and brothers also promise their sisters that they will stand by their side come what may. There is a unique tradition in Rajasthan of tying Rakhi, in which sister-in-law ( nanad) ties a particular type of Rakhi to their sister-in-law (Bhabhi); this Rakhi is called Lumbi. In some places, sisters also tie rakhis to their sisters.
Symbol of brother-sister relationship
Rakshabandhan, a festival of brother-sister relationships, is a major festival of the Hindus. It is celebrated to make the bond of brother and sister stronger in many parts of India. Along with this, it is also celebrated with great enthusiasm in Nepal and Pakistan. Apart from Hindus, people of other religions in India also celebrate it with great gusto and passion. It is a festival that shows the unity and forte of family bonds. It is primarily dedicated to the brother-sister relationship. This festival has been celebrated in India for long.
Social Context of Raksha Bandhan
On this day, sisters tie Rakhi on the right hand of their brother and do a tilak on his forehead and pray for his long life. In return, the brother promises to protect them. It is believed that the colorful threads of Rakhi strengthen the bond of love between brother and sister. Rakshabandhan is a festival to strengthen relationships with the bond of intimacy and affection. This is why there is a practice of tying Raksha (or Rakhi) on this occasion not only to sister-brother but also to other relationships. The guru ties the thread to the disciple and the disciple to the guru. In ancient times, when the graduate used to leave the Gurukul after completing his education, he used to tie the Rakshasutra to the Acharya to get his blessings, while the Acharya used to tie Rakshasutra to his student with the wish that the knowledge he has acquired. He should use it appropriately in his life to successfully protect the dignity of the teacher and his knowledge. According to this tradition, even today, before any religious ritual, the priest ties the Raksha sutra to the host. This way, both of them bind promises to protect each other's respect. Rakshabandhan festival has been a symbol of social and family unity. After marriage, the sister moves to a different house. On this pretext, every year, not only her relatives but even distant brothers go to their homes and tie Rakhi and thus keep renewing their relationships. There is a Milan of two families and clans. This festival is also used as a symbol of unity among different sections of society. Thus the link that has been broken can be attached again.
Role of Raksha Bandhan in Freedom Struggle
This festival was also used as a medium of public awareness in the Indian freedom struggle. Famous Indian Noble Laureate Rabindra Nath Tagore believed Raksha Bandhan is not only a day to brace the bond between brother and sister, but we should also reinforce our relationship with our compatriots on this day. He was broken after hearing about the partition of Bengal; the British government had divided this state under its divide and rule policy. This partition was done based on a snowballing conflict between Hindus and Muslims. It was the time when Rabindranath Tagore started the Raksha Bandhan festival to bring Hindus and Muslims closer, and he asked people of both religions to tie this sacred thread to each other and protect them. Relations amongst the people of both religions should be strengthened. In West Bengal, people still tie Rakhi to their friends and neighbors to promote unity and harmony.
Government Arrangement on Raksha Bandhan
Attractive envelopes worth ten rupees are sold on this occasion by the Postal and Telegraph Department of the Government of India. The cost of the envelope is Rs.5 and the postage fee of Rs.5. In this, on the festival of Rakhi, sisters can send three-four Rakhis to their brother for just five rupees. Under this gift given by the postal department to the sisters, a Rakhi envelope weighing 50 grams can be sent for only five rupees, whereas only one Rakhi can be shipped in a regular 20 grams envelope. This facility is only available till Raksha Bandhan. Keeping in mind the rainy season, on the occasion of Rakshabandhan, the postal telegraph department has also been providing waterproof envelopes that do not get damaged by rain since 2007. These envelopes are different from other envelopes. Its shape and design are different, due to which Rakhi is more secure in it. The government also makes provision for free travel for girls and women on this occasion. By which sisters can go to their brothers to tie Rakhi without spending anything. This facility is also available till Raksha Bandhan.
Rakhi and modern technical medium
The technological age and information communication have also had an impact on festivals like Rakhi. Many Indians nowadays live abroad, and their family members (brothers and sisters) are in India or other countries. After the initiation of the Internet, many e-commerce sites have opened which take online orders and deliver Rakhi and all the other related stuff to the given address. This way, brothers and sisters living far, who cannot meet on Rakhi, celebrate this festival by seeing and hearing each other in modern ways.
In Indian culture, there is a special significance of tying the Raksha thread at the auspicious time, muhurat and perform a specific puja vidhi. There are three threads of protection that are wrapped thrice and tied with this mantra.
येन बद्धो बलि राजा, दानवेन्द्रो महाबलः |
तेन त्वां मनुबध्नामि, रक्षंमाचल माचल ||
While tying the Rakhi, the chant of this mantra is considered auspicious; in this mantra, it is said that, from the protection with which the brave demon king Bali was bound, I warp the same around you, this thread will protect you against all sins and evils.
The traditional method for tying Rakhi
Initially, on the day of Rakhi, one should take a holy bath and worship the deities. Take the blessings of the gods and goddesses.
Place the Rakhi, rice, roli, or vermilion in a silver, brass, or copper plate in a small bowl and drench it with water or perfume.
Keep the Rakhi plate at the place of worship, and to begin with, offer Rakhi to Bal Gopal or your Ishta deity. Get along with the prayers.
While tying Rakhi, the brother's face should be towards the east. With this, your Rakhi also gets blessed by the gods.
While tying Rakhi, brothers should keep a handkerchief or any clean cloth on their heads.
Sisters should first apply vermilion tika on the brother's forehead.
Apply raw rice (akshat) over the Tika and sprinkle some Akshat on the brother as a blessing.
To protect the brother from evil, show the aarti from the lamp. Occasionally sisters also apply kajal to their brothers.
Tie the sacred thread of Rakhi around the right wrist of the brother while reciting the mantra. This gives power to the threads of Rakhi.
Brothers and sisters should feed sweets to each other.
If the brother is elder, then sisters should touch the brother's feet. If sisters are elder, then brothers should take blessings by touching their feet.
Brother should wish the sister a happy life by giving clothes, jewelry or money.
Delicacies prepared on the occasion of Raksha Bandhan
In India, no festivity is completed without the preparation of delicacies. Some special dishes are prepared for every festival. Likewise, on the occasion of Raksha Bandhan, things like Ghevar, sugar puffs, salted puffs, etc., are specially prepared. Ghevar is considered the prime desert of the month of Saawan. This is consumed in the entire part of North India during the whole month. Halwa, Puri, and kheer are also some of the prevalent sweets on this festival.
Eventually, it can be said that this festival of Rakhi has special significance for brother and sister. In today's era, this festival has become the distinctiveness of our culture, and we should be proud of it. In consort with celebrating this festival, we should also pledge to live in harmony with each other. One should live in accord with everyone in ups and downs. Today many brothers are incapable of tying Rakhi on their wrists just because their sisters are not allowed to enter this world. It is a shame that in a country where we worship girls is in the scriptures, there are cases of female feticide. This festival also reminds us how much importance sisters hold in our lives. This festival is celebrated by the common folks and is also celebrated by the gods and goddesses to maintain the sacred relationship of brother and sister. Many brothers and sisters cannot meet each other because of professional and personal reasons. Still, on this special occasion, they beyond doubt take out time for each other and celebrate this holy festival. We should celebrate this festival with joy and moral values .
Here is the next five-year planner for Rakshabandhan
These are the dates of Rakshabandhan for the next five years.
- Thursday– 11 August 2022
- Wednesday– 30 August 2023
- Monday– 19 August 2024
- Saturday– 9 August 2025
- Friday– 28 August 2026
Kajari Teej is as unique as Hariyali Teej for women. It is celebrated on the third day of the Krishna Paksha during the month of Bhadrapad. This festival is observed grandly in Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, and Rajasthan. Kajari Teej is also known as Kajali Teej. It is a festival of women. On this day, the married women observe fast for their married lives' wellbeing and prosperity. Kajali Teej is known with different names at different places. It is predominantly celebrated in the Hindi speaking places like Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, and Bihar. Among these places, Kajari Teej is known as Buri Teej and Saturi Teej also. Kajali Teej is as vital as HariyaliTeej and HartalikaTeej for women. This fast is observed for happiness and prosperity in the married life. It is believed that if a Jap Kanya or a married woman worships Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati with utmost devotion on this day, then they are blessed with the Vardaan of a right life partner and good fortune. It is also believed that Goddess Parvati could be with Lord Shiva only after performing deep and intense meditation on this day. It is believed that on the occasion of Kajali Teej, Gauri is worshipped predominantly. No matter how many hurdles are present in the Kundli of an individual, all of them can be removed by performing a Puja on this day. However, this might be fruitful only if an unmarried perform this Puja all by one's self. People believe that on KajaliTeej, Goddess Parvati got Lord Shiva's presence in her life. She had to undergo challenging meditation for this. On Kajari Teej, married women should worship Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati. It is said that women who are not married receive a noble life partner's blessings on this day. Neither the husbands nor the married women should commit specific actions to strike good relations with the husband. These are betrayal, wrong behaviour, and saying ill of others behind their back. Husband and wife must not do these actions both. On this day, married and unmarried women observe fasts, which are considered essential for them. They should adorn themselves on this day. The adornment includes henna (mehndi) and bangles. And then, in the evening, they should visit a temple and worship Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati. On this day, a wife prays for the long life of her husband. On KajaliTeej, a swing is installed at home, and women enjoy swinging in it. On this day, women sit together all day long with their friends and sing songs. They dance together as well. Married women observe fast for their husbands, and unmarried women follow it to get the right life partners.
इस पेज को हिंदी में पढ़ने के लिए “कजरी तीज” पर क्लिक करें।
Importance of KajaliTeej
Married women keep this fast to the long life and prosperity of their husbands. It is considered that on this day, Devi Parvati performed deep meditation to receive Lord Shiva's presence in her life. Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati must be worshipped wholeheartedly on this day. By doing this, unmarried receive the Vardaan of suitable bridegrooms, and married women receive the Vardaan of being fortunate forever. Goddess Parvati's worship is considered to be auspicious on this day. All the women who worship Goddess Parvati on Kajari Teej get the blessings of a respectful relationship with their husbands. According to a legend, it is said that after 108 births, Goddess Parvati was successful in marrying Lord Shiva. This day is celebrated with the feeling of selfless love. It was the selfless devotion of Goddess Parvati which made Lord Shiva accepts her as His consort. On Kajari Teej, various cuisines are prepared by mixing the Sattu of barley, wheat, gram peas, and rice with ghee. After the moonrise, meals are consumed to open the fast.
Why is KajaliTeej Celebrated?
The festival of Teej holds a lot of importance for married couples because it is a festival that strengthens the relationship of a husband and his wife. On this day, women open their fast by eating Sattu. Worshipping the Neem tree is another essential part of this festival. People wear colorful clothes on this day and enjoy various delicacies after finishing with the fast. It is believed that Goddess Parvati had received the fruit of having Lord Shiva in her life after performing deep meditation on Kajari Teej. Hence, both Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati are worshipped on this day. If an unmarried woman observes fast on this day, she gets the bridegroom of her own choice.
Why is KajaliTeej known as KajaliTeej?
According to ancient legends, a forest named Kajali existed in India's central part, where a king named Dadurai used to rule. In this kingdom, people used to sing songs based on the name of the kingdom, Kajali. This is the reason that their place got so famous all over India. After some years, King Dadurai died, after which Queen Naagmati became a widow. After the death of the king, Queen Naagmati became a widow. This situation made their subjects very sad and gloomy. Hence, the songs of Kajali are sung for the eternal togetherness of the husband and the wife.
On the other hand, according to a loving myth, Goddess Parvati desired Lord Shiva as her husband. However, Lord Shiva had kept a condition in front of her. According to the condition, Goddess Parvati had to prove her true devotion and love for Lord Shiva. After this, Goddess Parvati performed meditation for 108 long years in the name of Lord Shiva and stood the test of loyalty and love as was asked by Lord Shiva. After this, Lord Shiva accepted Goddess Parvati as His wife on the day of Teej. Due to this reason, this day is also known as KajaliTeej. According to shastras, all the Gods worship Goddess Parvati and Lord Shiva on Buri Teej.
How is KajaliTeej Celebrated?
On the day of KajaliTeej, married women observe fasts for their husbands' long life, and unmarried women keep fasts on this day to be blessed with bridegrooms of their choice. On this day, various cuisines are prepared by mixing the Sattu of barley, wheat, gram peas, and rice with ghee. The fast comes to an end after worshipping the Moon. Apart from this, cows are worshipped on Kajari Teej. Also, swings are installed on this day, and women sit together to sing and dance together. Singing Kajari songs is an inseparable part of this festival. Neem tree is also worshipped. After that, there is a tradition of offering sacrifice to the Moon.
The tradition followed on KajaliTeej.
1. On this day, married women keep fast so that their husbands can be blessed with long life and unmarried girls observe this fast for getting a bridegroom of their choice.
2. On Kajari Teej, various cuisines are prepared by mixing the Sattu of barley, wheat, gram peas, and rice with ghee. After the moonrise, meals are consumed to open the fast.
3. On this day, cows are worshipped especially. Seven little balls of wheat are made, and ghee, jaggery is applied to them. These are fed to the cows, and then meals are consumed.
4. Swings are installed on KajaliTeej. They sit together and sing and dance together.
5. On this day, there is a unique tradition of singing Kajari songs. In UP and Bihar, people play dholak while singing Kajari songs.
Rituals of KajaliTeej
On the occasion of Kajari Teej, there is a rule of worshipping Goddess Nimdi. Before the Pujan, a pond-like structure is made on the wall using mud and cow dung by tying a paal made of ghee and jaggery. And then, a branch of the Neem tree is kept beside it. Raw milk and water are offered in the pond, and a Diya is lit and placed there. Lemon, cucumber, Banana, apple, Sattu, Roli, Mauli, Akshat, etc., are placed on a plate. Apart from this, take some raw milk in a container, and the evening after adorning yourself; worship Goddess Nimdi in the following ways:
1. At first, sprinkle some water and Roli on Goddess Nimdi and then offer rice.
2. Apply 13 tikas of henna, Roli, and Kajal with fingers on the wall behind Goddess Nimdi.
Apply the tika of henna, roli with the ring finger, and Kajal's tika should be applied with the index finger.
3. After offering Mauli to Goddess Nimdi, offer henna, Kajal, and clothes to her. Taking the support of the tikas on the wall, tie a laccha
4. Offer fruits and Dakshina to Goddess Nimdi and tie a laccha by applying Roli's tika on the Puja container.
5. Look at lemon, cucumber, neem branch, nose ring, sari palla, etc., in the light of the Diya kept on the banks of the pond at the place of worship. After this, offer Arghya to the Moon.
Ritual of offering Arghya to the Moon
There is an age-old tradition of offering Arghya to the Moon after worshipping Goddess Nimdi in the evening of the Kajari Teej.
1. Offer drops of water, Roli, Molly, and Akshat to the Moon, and then offer bhog.
2. Offer Arghya to the water by holding a silver ring and wheat seeds in the hands and then stand at one place and rotate four times.
Rule of Kajari Teej
1. Generally, this fast is observed without having water. However, pregnant women can have fruits.
2. If the moonrise cannot be seen, then the fast can be opened by offering arghya while looking at the sky around 11:30 at night.
3. If the whole fast is not possible after the Udyapan, then fruits can be consumed.
According to the rules mentioned above, if the fortunate and married woman observes Kajari fast, her family is blessed with prosperity and happiness. Unmarried girls get the blessings of getting bridegrooms of their choice.
Ancient Myth of Kajari Teej or KajaliTeej
A poor Brahmin used to live in a village. His Brahmin wife also lived with him. Kajari Teej arrived in the month of Bhadrapad at that time. The Brahmin wife observed fast in the name of GoddesTeej. She told her husband that she had observed Kajari Teej fast and needs Sattu, and she asked him to bring Sattu made of gram peas. The Brahmin husband asked his Brahmani wife as to how and from where he will get Sattu. On this, she asked him to arrange for it at any cost, either by theft or loot as she needs it. It was night time. The Brahmin went out of the house to the moneylender's shop. From here, he took chana daal, ghee, sugar and measured it up to one and a quarter kilogram. Then he made Sattu out of these. The moment he was leaving, all the servants woke up by listening to the noise. Everyone started shouting: Thief! Thief! The moneylender came and caught the Brahmin. The Brahmin said he was not a thief and that he was a poor Brahmin. Her wife has kept Teej fast, and that is why; he came to prepare one and a quarter kilogram of Sattu so that he can take it to her. When the moneylender did the Brahmin's checking, he got nothing except Sattu.
On the other hand, moonrise had taken place, and the Brahmin wife was waiting for Sattu. The moneylender said to the Brahmin that from today, he would consider Brahmin's wife as his Dharam sister. He bids a warm farewell to the Brahmin by giving him sattu, jewelry, money, henna, and lacchaa, along with a lot of wealth. Then, everyone worshipped Goddess Kajali. The way the Brahmin was blessed with happiness, similarly, may everyone remain blessed by the grace of Goddess Kajali.
Cow is worshipped
On this day, dishes are cooked by mixing wheat, gram peas, and rice in Sattu. The fast is opened after sunset in the evening. On this day, a cow is worshipped especially. Jaggery and gram peas are out on wheat made chapatis and offered to a cow. And then, fast is opened.
Kajari Teej and SolahSringar
A procession of the idol of Goddess Parvati is taken out on Kajari Teej. Unmarried women perform ghoomar dance as well. On this day, women pray for their husbands' long life and stay awake for the entire night by lightening up an Akhand Diya. On this day, women put henna on their hands and do solahsringar. Swinging is also done on this day.
Women cook delicious dishes on Kajari Teej like Malpua and Ghevar. They sing songs and dance in front of the idol of Goddess Parvati. They enjoy the greenery all around on this day and also sing songs while swinging on the swings.
Where is Kajari Teej Observed in India
Kajari Teej is celebrated in different parts of India. However, it is observed in different ways in various states of India. It is observed in Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, etc.
1. In Bihar and Uttar Pradesh, Kajari songs are sung on boats.
In Varanasi and Mirzapur, Kajari songs are sung along with the annual songs.
2. This festival is given special significance in Rajasthan. It is specially celebrated in the city of Bundi with great pomp and show. On this day, people ride on horses and camels. Teej's celebration in Bundi is famous worldwide, and people come from faraway places to witness its grandiloquence.
What should not be done by Women on Kajari Teej
On this day, married women should not wear white saree and should not stay without jewelry.
Do not consume meals and water on Kajari Teej as this fast is Nirjala Fast. One needs to follow it without having water.
Focus on keeping the surroundings clean as cleanliness has a lot of importance on Kajari Teej.
On Kajari Teej, please do not say anything to your husband that might hurt him.
Do not stay away from your husband on Kajari Teej.
Do not say bad words on the occasion of Kajari Teej.
Do not speak behind anyone's back on Kajari Teej, and do not feel jealous of anyone.
Do not fight at home on Kajari Teej. Behave nicely with the family members.
Married women should apply henna on their palms on this day. Henna symbolizes love.
Do wear bangles on this day. Being without bangles is considered to be inauspicious.
Lord Vishnu got incarnated in Krishna's form in the midnight Rohini Nakshatra on the Ashtami of Krishna Paksha of Bhadrapada month to release the Earth from sin. Janmashtami is considered the birthday of Lord Krishna; this festival is celebrated with full faith and devotion worldwide. Sri Krishna has been the epicenter of our faith for ages. He is sometimes the son of Mother Yashoda, and sometimes is the naughty Gopal of Braj. This festival's enthusiasm is seen throughout India's year; its preparations begin grandly even before its arrival. The ambiance everywhere gets involved deeply in the colors of Lord Krishna. Janmashtami is celebrated with complete faith and reverence. Considering the Srimad Bhagavat as proof, the followers of Smaart Sampradaya celebrate Janmashtami on Chandrodaya Vyapani Ashtami, i.e., Rohini Nakshatra, and the Vaishnavites celebrate Janmashtami on the Udayakal Vyapani Ashtami and Udayakal Rohini Nakshatra. Janmashtami has different forms, and this festival is celebrated in different ways. There is a Holi of colors, somewhere there a celebration of flowers and the fragrance of it. And somewhere, Dahi Handi is enthusiastically celebrated, and somewhere, we get to witness the enticing impressions of Lord Krishna's life. Temples are decorated uniquely. Devotees observe fast on this occasion. On this day, temples are decorated with Jhanki, and Lord Krishna is made to swing, and various Krishna Rasleela is organized.
इस पेज को हिंदी में पढ़ने के लिए “कृष्ण जन्माष्टमी” पर क्लिक करें।
During Janmashtami's auspicious occasion, devotees from far off places visit Mathura for Darshan of Lord Krishna. Temples are specially decorated. All the temples of Mathura are decorated with colorful lights and flowers. Millions of Krishna devotees reach not only from the country but also from abroad to witness the Sri Krishna birth anniversary organized on Janmashtami in Mathura. By offering turmeric, curd, ghee, oil, rose water, butter, saffron, camphor, etc., to the Lord's Vigrah, people sprinkle it on each other. On this day, temples are decorated with Jhanki, and Lord Krishna is made to swing, and Rasleela is organized. The devotee attains Moksha by observing Janmashtami fast as per all the rules and regulations. This fast is for fulfilling wishes. This holy festival of Sri Krishna's devotion fills everyone with Krishna Bhakti. This Upvas is believed to be essential for the followers of Sanatan Dharma. On this day, fasts are observed, and people listen to the songs of Krishna Bhakti. Jhanki of Sri Krishna-Leela is decorated in the domestic worshipping place and temples.
Importance of Janmashtami
Sri Krishna Janmashtami has particular importance nationwide. It is one of the pivotal festivals of Hinduism. Lord Sri Krishna is considered to be the eighth Avatar of Hari Vishnu. This festival s followed in various states in various ways. From children to elders, everyone observes fast happily for the whole day to mark the birth of their Aradhya and appreciate the glory of Lord Krishna. All the temples re adorned on this day. On the occasion of Sri Krishna Avatar, Jhanki is decorated. Lord Sri Krishna is adorned, and swings are decorated, and Lord Krishna is made to swing on it. Women and men observe fast at midnight. At midnight, at night, the news of Sri Krishna's birth echoes everywhere through the sound of bells and Shankh. Sri Krishna Aarti takes place, and Prasad is distributed.
History of Krishna Janmashtami
It is believed that one crucial reason for Sri Krishna's Avatar was to kill Kansa. Kansa had a sister, Devaki. She was very dear to Kansa. When Kansa was returning after getting his sister married, then a sound came from the sky saying, "Oh Kansa, the eighth child who will arrive in the womb of your dear sister, will be the reason for your death." That is why Kansa imprisoned his sister. The moment Devaki would give birth to any child, Kansa would immediately kill that child. When Devaki Ji gave birth to the eighth child, Sri Krishna, all the prison locks were broken by Lord Vishnu's Maya, and Lord Krishna's father Vasudeva left him in the palace of Gokul. A girl was born there. That girl was Yoga Maya incarnate. Vasudeva came back to the prison Vasudeva by bringing that girl. Kansa saw that girl, and with the desire to kill her, he threw her on the floor. The moment she was thrown down, that girl jumped in the air and said, "Kansa, your Kaal has left this place. It will destroy you after some time. I am just a Maya." After some years, this only happened. Lord Sri Krishna came to the same palace and killed Kansa.
Importance of Peacock Feather on Sri Krishna's Head
A king is responsible for all his subjects. He bears the weight of these responsibilities on his head in the form of a crown. But, Sri Krishna fulfilled all his duties effortlessly, like a game. Just like a mother does not consider it a burden to take care of her children. Similarly, Sri Krishna does not believe his responsibilities as a burden. He carries these responsibilities with various colors very quickly on his head in the form of a peacock crown (which is also very light). Sri Krishna is an attractive and blissful flow in all of us. When there is no restlessness, worry, or desire in mind, only then can we get deep rest, and in deep rest, only Sri Krishna is born.
How is Janmashtami Celebrated
Janmashtami is celebrated differently in various places. Many places celebrate it as Holi of flowers, and along with it, Holi of colors is also played. Janmashtami is celebrated with immense joy and enthusiasm in Mathura, the city of Sri Krishna's birth. Sri Krishna liked butter and milk because he used to have the village's butter, which he used to steal. One day to stop him from stealing Makhan, his mother Yashoda had to tie him to a pillar, and for this reason, Lord Krishna was named Makhan Chor. In Vrindavan, the women started hanging the matki of the stirred butter at a height so that the hand of Krishna could not reach there. Still, in front of the naughty Krishna's understanding, their plan also proved to be futile, to steal Makhan, Shri Krishna made a plan with friends, and together they stole the curd and Makhan from Matki, which hanging at a height. It is from here that the festival of Dahi-Handi began.
The meaning of Sri Krishna's Other Name- "Makhan Chor."
Sri Krishna is also celebrated in the form of Makhan Chor. Milk is the source of nutrition, and curd is a refined form of milk. When the curd is stirred, butter is made and floats above. This is no just heavy but is light and healthy. When our intellect is awakened, it becomes like butter. Then there is a rise of knowledge in the consciousness. And an individual gets established in his self. Being in the world, he remains unattached; his consciousness is not disappointed by the world's words and behavior. Makhanchori symbolizes the depiction of the glory of Shri Krishna's love. The charm and skill of Sri Krishna are so deep that he steals even the most patient person's consciousness.
What is the belief behind Dahi-Handi?
The belief behind celebrating Dahi-Handi is that Lord Krishna loved butter. In his child incarnate, he used to steal butter from a neighbor's home. Hence, he began to be known as "Makhan Chor." Lord Krishna used to steal Makkhan from everyone's houses, which caused many troubles to Mother Jashoda. For this, Mother Yashoda advised all the neighbors to tie their dahi-handi at a height. But still, Lord Krishna manages to reach the Handi by forming a human chain with his friends and break the Handi and divide it among themselves. Due to this, the festival of Dahi-Handi is celebrated at many places on Janmashtami. This tradition is marked with a lot of enthusiasm. People hold the Dahi- handi competition in their streets; then people climb up in bulk to break Matki's program. This tradition is mainly witnessed in India in the states of Gujarat and Maharashtra.
The importance of Rohini Nakshatra on Janmashtami
Lord Krishna was born on the Ashtami of Krishna Paksha of Bhadrapada in Rohini Nakshatra. Due to this Tithi falling in Rohini Nakshatra, it is known as Krishna Janmashtami. Now since Lord Krishna was born in Rohini Nakshatra, the positioning of Rohini Nakshatra is given importance in determining Janmashtami.
Birthday Celebrations happen at 12 on Janmashtami.
As per the Tithi, Lord Krishna was born at midnight on the Ashtami of Krishna paksha of Bhadrapada, so in the houses and temples, at midnight, Lord Krishna's birth anniversary is celebrated. After bathing the idol of Laddu Gopal with milk after birth at night, Sri Krishna is dressed in new and beautiful clothes, and he is adorned. Then, he is placed in the cradle, and then after Puja, he is offered charanamrit, panjiri, fresh fruits, panchmeva, etc., which is distributed as Prasad.
Janmashtami Festival is Fruitful in Having Children
The festival of Janmashtami is celebrated traditionally. People observe fasts and perform Puja. It is a belief that all desires can be fulfilled by celebrating this festival. People whose moon is weak can be benefitted on this day by doing special Puja. On this day, by performing Sri Krishna Puja, people can be blessed with children, long-life, and happiness-prosperity.
Every Wish Gets Fulfilled by Swinging on Janmashtami
There is a belief that keeping fast on this day might help get the fruits of several fasts. In our Shastras, Krishna Janmashtami is said to be the king of fasts, that is, "Vrat Raja." As per religious beliefs, there is the immense importance of making Baal Gopal swing, and people are enthusiastic about making Lord Krishna swing. If a person makes the Lord swing in a cradle, all his/her wishes are fulfilled.
How to keep the fast of Janmashtami
On Janmashtami's occasion, devotees observe fast for the whole day and seek God's blessings; they perform special Puja. Keeping Janmashatami Upvas has its regulations. People who wish to keep Janmashtami Upavs should consume food only one time before one day of Janmashtami. After bathing in the morning of Janmashtami, the devotees pledge the Sankalp of the fast and open the Upvas, that is, fast after the end of Rohini Nakshatra and Ashtami Tithi on the next day.
Rules of Janmashtami Puja
There is a rule of worshipping Lord Sri Krishna on Janmashtami. If you are also observing Janmashtami fast, then worship Lord Sri Krishna in this manner.
- Wear clean clothes after a morning bath
- On Janmashtami, sthapana of Bal Krishna take place (Thakurji or Laddu Gopal). You can perform the sthapana of Krishna Ji in any form as per your wish.
- Further, in the temple of the house, perform the bathing the idol of Krishna Ji or Thakur Ji with Gangajal first.
- After this, perform the idol's bathing with panchamrit of milk, curd, ghee, sugar, honey, and saffron.
- Now, perform the bathing with pure water. It is written in Shastras that bathing with Shankh is excellent.
- Make him wear new clothes, make him wear yellow colored clothes and adorn him.
- The swing of Sri Krishna is decorated with flowers. For this, you can decorate with Parijaat and Vaijyanti flowers. After the birth of Krishna, he is made to swing.
- For the bhog of Sri Krishna Ji, prepare panchamrit and add Tulsi leaves, Mewa, Maakhan, and Mishri. As per your potential, you can make coriander panjiri and offer 56 bhog.
- Fast should be done with patience and by following rules as far as possible. Unwell people should not keep fast.
- Lord Krishna's birth celebrations should be observed at midnight. The whole night should be spent by staying awake, and Bhajan-kirtan should be performed.
- Worship Laddu Gopal at midnight by offering him Bhog and then perform Aarti.
- Consume Anna in the morning the next day. If someone wishes to have meals before then, he/she can do so after celebrating Lord's birth anniversary and having Prasad, etc., at midnight.
- This Krishna Janmashtami fast is meant to destroy all the sins. By following it with all rules and with patience helps in acquiring spiritual happiness in Indralok Parlok.
The Myth behind Janmashtami
Towards the end of Dwaparyuga, King Ugrasen ruled in Mathura. The name of Ugrasen's son was Kansa. Kansa forcefully became the king himself by forcefully dethroning Ugrasen and putting him in prison. Kansa's sister Devaki's marriage got fixed with Vasudev in the Yadav clan. When Kansa was bidding farewell to Devaki with a Rath, then Akashvaani happened, "Oh Kansa! The eight son of Devaki whom you love so much will kill you". By listening to the words of Akashvaani, Kansa got filled with anger and got ready to kill Devaki. He thought- Neither Devaki will be there, nor she will have any son. Vasudeva made Kansa understand that he need not be afraid of Devaki. Devaki's eighth child might be a cause of fear. Hence, I will hand over her eighth child to you. Kansa accepted Kansa's words and put Vasudeva-Devaki in prison. Immediately Narada Ji reached there and said to Kansa how it would be known which would be the eighth womb and how the counting would start, from the first or the last pregnancy. On Narada's advice, Kansa mercilessly killed all the children born from Devaki's womb one by one.
The birth of Sri Krishna happened on the eighth day of Krishna Paksha during the month of Bhadrapada in the Rohini Nakshatra. The moment he was born, the light got spread in prison. In front of Vasudev-Devaki, the four-armed God holding shankha, chakra, Gada, and lotus flower manifested his form and said, now I take the form of a child. You immediately take me to Nanda's in Gokul and hand over the girl who has just been born to him. Vasudeva did the same and handed over that girl to Kansa. When Kansa desired to kill that girl, she got away from his hands and flew in the sky. She took the form of Goddess and said, "What is the use of killing me? Your enemy has reached Gokul". By witnessing this sight, Kansa got shocked and became anxious. Kansa sent many demons to kill Sri Krishna. Sri Krishna killed all of them through his Alokik Maya. On getting old, he killed Kansa and made Ugrasen sit on the throne.
Why Lord Krishna is offered 56 Bhog
There is a custom of offering 56 bhog to Lord Krishna on Janmashtami. Religious belief is that Lord Krishna is happy with fifty-six Bhog, and all the devotees' wishes are fulfilled. Come, let us know the reason behind 56 Bhog-
When Lord Krishna lived with Nanda Lal and his mother Yashoda in Gokul, his mother used to feed him with her hands eight times a day. Once, the Brajwasi were organizing a big ceremony to worship Indra, the king of heaven. Krishna asked Nanda Baba what the reason behind the ritual is. Then, Nanda Baba said that Devaraj Indra would be pleased by this Puja, and he would send heavy rains. Krishna Ji said that sending showers is Indra's responsibility, so why he needs to be worshipped. If Puja is to be performed, worship Govardhan Mountain as we acquire fruits and vegetables, and animals get their fodder. Then, everyone liked Krishna's advice, and everyone started worshipping Govardhan instead of worshipping Indra. Indra Deva considered this as an insult, and he got angry. Angry Indra sent too heavy rains to Braj, and water could be seen everywhere. The Brajvasi got afraid by witnessing such a scenario, then Krishna said to them, "Let us go under Govardhan's shelter. Only he can protect us from the wrath of Indra." Krishnaji lifted the entire Govardhan mountain with his little finger protected the Braj as a whole. Lord Krishna kept holding Govardhan Mountain for seven days without eating anything. When the rain stopped on the eighth day, and all the Brajwasi came out, and after that, everyone thought that Krishna protected us by holding up the Govardhan Mountain for seven days without eating anything.
Then, mother Yashoda prepared 56 kinds of delicious dishes for Kanhaiya and Brajvasi daily for eight Pahar, including seven days. Chappan Blog comprises the delicacies which are liked by Kanhaiya. Many devotees offer 20 kinds of sweets, 16 types of Namkeen, and 20 types of dry fruits. Commonly, Chappan bhog comprises Makhan mishri, Kheer, Almond milk, Tikki, Cashews, Pista, Rasgulla, Jalebi, Ladoo, Rabri, Mathri, Malpua, Mohanbhog, Chatni, Moon Daal Halwa, Pakora, Khichdi, Brinjal vegetable, Bottle gourd vegetable, Puri, Murabba, Saag, Curd, Rice, cardamom, pulses, Kadhi, Ghevar, the chilla, and papad. Regarding 56 bhog, another belief is that in Go Lok, Lord Sri Krishna sits with Radha Ji on a divine lotus. That lotus has three layers. The first layer has eight, and the second layer has sixteen, the third layer has thirty-two petals. There is one pivotal Sakhi on each petal, and God sits in the middle. This way, there are 56 petals in number. Here, 56 number has this meaning only. Hence, Lord Krishna gets satisfied by 56 Bhog in the company of his sakhis.
Why Janmashtami fast is observed?
Lord Sri Krishna is worshipped by observing fast on Janmashtami. The fast is followed so that while worshiping God, our conscious, body, and thoughts, all three remain pure. When Puja is performed with clear conscious and noble thoughts, then that bestows inner peace to us. The importance of keeping a fast on Janmashtami is not just related to Krishna's birth, and there are four primary reasons.
1) Ashtami Tithi. Ashtami Tithi is also known as Jaya Tithi, meaning the Tithi of winning the hearts. On this day, worshipping the Lord by observing fast, victory is achieved in all the endeavors.
2) Shiva is the Lord of Ashtami Tithi, and on this day, Lord Vishnu also took Avatar. This is the worship day of two major Gods.
3) The body gets purified by being on a non-vegetarian or just fruit diet, not eating food. During fasting, worldly thoughts do not come to the mind, and the conscious remains with God.
4) Imbibe the knowledge of Lord Sri Krishna in your life. Imbibing knowledge without purifying oneself is not possible. Therefore, on this day, one should renounce food and stay away from feelings like untruth, material pleasures, and violence.
Janmashtami is celebrated in Foreign Countries Too.
Not only in India but also Indians living abroad and people of the Indian community celebrate Janmashtami with full devotion and enthusiasm. In Mathura prison, Sri Krishna was born at midnight in Mata Devaki's womb to destroy his wrathful maternal uncle, Kansa. In this context, this day is considered the day of Lord Krishna's incarnation on the Earth. Various grand events are organized on this day in foreign countries also.
Pomp and show happen in Mathura on Janmashtami.
On the holy ceremony of Sri Krishna Janmashtami, devotees from far- fetched places reach Mathura today to witness the glowing image of Lord Kanha. On the birth anniversary of Sri Krishna, the entire city Mathura of Braj gets engrained in the Krishna consciousness. Hence, on the occasion of Krishna Janmashtami, the town of Mathura gets enlightened by the colors of devotion.
The Decoration of Jhanki on Janmashtami
People celebrate the holy festival of Janmashtami with excitement and enthusiasm. Along with the Puja and fast, jhanki are also decorated in homes and temples on this day. The illustrations of these jhanki are from Sri Krishna's childhood pastimes and the entire lifespan. Since God was born in prison, many police lines decorate the beautiful jhanki of God even today. Apart from this, people install beautiful jhanki in their homes.
Include these items in Janmashtami Puja
1. Tulsi Puja Has Special Importance
Tulsi Puja has a special significance on the day of Janmashtami. According to Shastras, on this day, in the evening, it is beneficial to lighten up Diya by putting ghee in it along with worshipping Tulsi. If you do not have the Tulsi plant at home, then go to a temple and lighten up a Diya. Never worship the Tulsi of somebody else's house.
2. Inclusion of Betel leaf is Auspicious
On Janmashtami, in Krishna Puja, betel leaf has special significance. It is believed that including betel leaf in the Puja lets us receive Goddess Laxmi's special blessings. According to astrologers, in Puja, write 'Om Vasudevaya Namah' on one betel leaf and offer it to Sri Krishna. The Puja is fruitful by doing this.
3. Janmashtami Puja is incomplete without Maakhan
Nanda's lal Gopal is hugely fond of Maakhan. Hence, do remember to include Maakhan in the Puja. In his child form, he used to steal maakhan from Gopis as he was fond of Maakhan. Hence, in the Puja of Nand Lal, do include Maakhan-Mishri in the form of Bhog.
4. Peacock feathers are also necessary
Lord Krishna puts on a peacock feather on his head always. Peacock feather increases the beauty of His head and is a part of his adornment. Hence, do offer peacock feathers to Lord Krishna in Janmashtami Puja.
5. Special Importance of Parijat flowers in Puja
Lord Shri Hari Vishnu and Mother Lakshmi are incredibly fond of Parijat flowers, and Krishna Ji is Vishnu's incarnation. Hence, Parijat flowers must be included in the Puja on the day of Janmashtami.
6. Worship will be incomplete without Bansuri
Lord Krishna loves Bansuri. After listening to his flute's tune, the gopis used to get happy and leave all their work and go to Krishna. The photo of Krishan is also incomplete without Bansuri. Offer silver Bansuri to Krishna Ji on Janmashtami. Simultaneously, after the Puja, keep the Bansuri in the purse or place where the money is placed.
7. Ask for the wow of Protection through Rakhi
The festival of Rakshabandhan is extraordinary. From the day of Rakshabandhan to the eighth day, Rakhi can be tied. Hence, tie Rakhi to Lord Krishna and his elder brother, Balrama, on the day of Janmashtami. Through this, you will receive Lord Krishna's special blessings.
8. Perform Abhishek in Shankh with Milk
Perform Abhishek of Lord Sri Krishna's child form by taking milk on Janmashtami. Your wishes will be fulfilled.
9. The idol of the calf removes troubles
Krishna Ji is adorably known as Gwala. In his childhood, Lord Sri Krishna has done many Leela with cows and calves. Hence, bring small idols of cows and calves on the day of Janamashtami. Through this, economic difficulties and issues related to children are solved.
What should be done and what should not be done on Janmashtami
What should be done on this day?
- It is a belief that before Janmashtami fast, eat simple food the night before and the next day, Brahmacharya should be fully observed.
- On the day of fast, after getting up in the Brahma Muhurta and after bathing, one should meditate on Lord Krishna.
- After the Lord's meditation, take Sankalp of his fast, and you should start the Puja preparations.
- On this day, offer the Bhog of Makhan-Mishri, betel leaves, coconut made sweets to Lord Krishna
- This Manta must be recited by taking water, flowers, Gandh, fruits, Kush in the hands:
Mamkhilpaaprashamanpurvak Swabhisht Siddhaye
Sri Krishna Janmashtami Vratmaham Karishye.
- Perform the birth of the Lord at midnight. After that, do his Abhishek through Panchamrit. Make him wear new clothes and adorn him
- Do Lord's Tilak by Chandan and offer Bhog to Him. Tulsi should be added in his Bhog for sure.
- Krishna should be made to swing by saying Nanda Ke Anand Bhayo Jaya Kahnaiya Laal Ki
- Perform Lord Krishna's Aarti by Diya made of ghee and incense sticks and sing his Mangal Bhajan for the entire night.
Do not do like this on Janmashtami.
A person who is to observe fast on Janmashtami should practice good behavior before one day only. Those who do not keep Upvas should avoid garlic, onion, brinjal, meat-alcohol, betel leaves- nuts, and tobacco. The fasting person should start meditating about Lord Krishna and distance oneself from sexual feelings, luxury, etc. Also, one should stay away from consuming Mool and Masur lentils. Do not let negative essence enter.
Decorate the Puja Place with flowers on Janmashtami
To decorate the small temple or place of worship present in your house, you can use flowers. Instead of decorating with ordinary marigold flowers, you can use chameli and mogra flowers to decorate your worship place as Lord Krishna loves these flowers a lot. If you wish, you can make a vast garland of these flowers and decorate it on the swing of Baal Gopal.
Decorate the Puja Place with Colorful Lights on Janmashtami
Apart from flowers, if you wish, you can also give Puja place and the temple an excellent outlook by decorating them with colorful lighting and lights. Red, green, blue, yellow, white, whatever color you like, install that color in the form of wired lightings in your place of worship and temple and wonderfully decorate them.
Make Rangoli on Janmashtami
If you make Rangoli only on Diwali at home, try making it on Janmashtami this time. Yes, making Rangoli for welcoming someone has been our centuries-old tradition as Indians. Keeping this in mind, this time, if you wish, you can decorate the house and temple by making a rangoli on the main door of your home and in the place of worship on the occasion of the birth anniversary of Lord Krishna.
You can read my views of astrology for new business ideas.
People perform the Sthaapna of the first revered God, Ganesha Ji, at their homes. On Ganesha Chaturthi, people bring Ganapati Bappa to their houses. Ganesha Ji removes all the obstacles of his devotees. Hence, Ganesha Ji is also known as Vighnaharta. Ganesha Ji's Sthaapna is done at the homes with respect, and then his Visarjan is done with a lot of pomp and show. Lord Ganesha has particular importance in the Sanatan Dharma. Lord Ganesha is also known as Gajanan or Vighnahartabhi. Gajanan is considered to be the provider of Riddhi-Siddhi and happiness-prosperity. As per the shastras, Ganpati Bappa releases his devotees from troubles, suffering, poverty, and diseases. This day is also called Ganeshotsav, which means Utsav of Ganesha Chaturthi. This Utsav after ten days from now, on then Anant fourth day. On the same day, people bid farewell to Ganapati Bappa. On the day of Anant Chaturdashi, devotees perform the Visarjan of Ganesha Ji's idol with pomp and show.
इस पेज को हिंदी में पढ़ने के लिए “गणेश चतुर्थी” पर क्लिक करें।
Ganesha Chaturthi is celebrated on the Shukla Chaturthi of the Bhadrapada. It is believed that Ganesha Ji was born on Bhadrapad Shukla Paksha Chaturthi during the mid-day, on Monday, Swati Nakshatra and Singh Lagna. Hence, this Chaturthi is primarily is called Ganesha Chaturthi or Vinayaka Chaturthi. This festival is famous as Kalank Chaturthi, and as per the lok tradition, this is also known as Danda Chauth.
Ganesha Chaturthi is celebrated with great grandeur and faith, especially in Maharashtra, Western India. As Ganesha Ji also has the name Vighnaharta, Hindus believe that Ganesha is worshiped with reverence and rules during these auspicious ten days. Then Lord Ganesha, also known as the leader of Gods, ends all obstacles in your life and showers blessings, prosperity, and happiness upon his devotees.
The Importance of Ganesha Chaturthi
It is known from Shiva-Parvati's son Ganesha's birth story that Ganesha was born not of birth but the dirt of Parvati's body. Before taking a bath, Mother Parvati went away by making Ganesha Ji sit at the door as her protector, and Shiva Ji was unaware of this thing. He beheaded Ganesha Ji, considering him an opponent in the path of meeting Parvati. When Shiva Ji came to know about the reality, he ordered his people to bring the son's head, situated behind his mother's back. When the people of Shiva got the son of an elephant in this condition, they brought his head only, and Shiv Ji resurrected the child by putting the elephant's head on the child's head. This incident happened on the Chaturthi of the month of Bhadramas. Hence this Tithi is considered to be Ganesha Chaturthi, believing it to be the birth of Ganesha. On this day, Lord Ganesha was born. Ganesha Ji has been considered as the first revered among all the Gods. On this day, bringing Ganapati Bappa to the house removes all his devotees' obstacles and difficulties. Hence, he is also known as Vighnaharta. People bring Ganesha Ji to their homes on Ganesha Chaturthi, and on the eleventh day of Ganesha Chaturthi, his Visarjan is performed with a lot of pomp and show. Ganesha Ji is worshipped before starting any work.
Bappa is the Lord of the Gana. Hence one of his names is Ganapati. Ganesha Chaturthi is called Vinayak Chaturthi. It is also called Danda Chauth in many places. Ganesha Ji is considered to be the provider of knowledge-wisdom, the destroyer of obstacles, and Mangalaka. On the day of Ganesha Chaturthi, the special Puja of Ganesha Ji is done. When Ganesha Chaturthi falls on Tuesday, it is called Angarak Chaturthi. This festival is believed to offer pure and magnanimous outcomes. Hence, this day is very ceremonial. Ganesha Chaturthi, the only festival that binds India's whole in one thread, is a bright symbol of national unity. If we turn to history, we come to know that the Puja of Ganesha Chaturthi has been going on since Chalukya Satavahana and Rashtrukta. A clear description is received from the reign of Chatrapati Shivaji when he started doing Ganesha Vandana Puja to promote national culture and unity. The essence of Ganeshamaya ambiance reaches the maximum limit in ten days and then gets calm only with Ganesha Visarjana.
The History of Ganesha Mahotsav
No one knows the exact Tithi of the beginning of the Puja of Ganesha Chaturthi festival. Historically, this festival got important during 1630-1680, in Shivaji's era (the founder of the Maratha Empire). At that time, this festival was celebrated as a public ceremony. During the times of Shivaji, this Ganeshotsav started being followed in the form of his Kuladevata regularly. After the end of the Peshawas, this festival used to prevail as a familial celebration; in 1893, the celebration of this festival was again started by Lokmanya Tilak ( Indian Freedom Fighter and social reformer). Ganesha Chaturthi began to be celebrated as an annual festival followed by a Hindus's domestic ceremony with immense preparation. Generally, it began to be observed as a national festival to bring unity among the people and remove the struggle between Brahmins and non-Brahmins. During the British rule, to get themselves free from their cruel behavior, Maharashtra people followed this festival with immense courage and nationalist enthusiasm. Lokmanya Tilak established the ritual of Ganesha Visarjan.
Gradually people started celebrating this festival in the form of community participation rather than family celebrations. People of the society and community celebrate this festival together as a community festival and collectively perform intellectual speech, poetry, dance, devotional songs, drama, music festivals, folk dances, etc. Before the date arrives, people meet together and decide to control such a massive crowd and celebrate the festival.
Timeline of Ganeshotsav
Ganesha Ji's festival begins with the worship of Lord Ganesha by doing the sthaapna of the Ganapati idol on the Chaturthi of Shukla Paksha of Bhadrapada month. For ten consecutive days, He is kept in the house. On Anant Chaturdashi, people bid farewell to Him. On this day, the Ganesha idol is taken for Visarjan while playing drums and singing and dancing. Ganeshotsav ends with Visarjan.
How is Ganesha Utsav Celebrated
This festival, which goes on for ten days, is a fantastic testimony to the Hindus' devotion. In this, the Sthaapna of Shiva-Parvati-Nandan Sri Ganesha's idol, ranging from the height 3-4 inches to 25 feet, is done at the houses, temples, and Pandals on the Shuddha Chaturthi where the idols are adorned and a Pandit performs "Pranpratishtha" of the Pratima by indulging in Vedic Mantraocchran. For ten days, meaning till Anant-Chaturdashi, Ganesha's Pratima, is worshiped every day with all regulations. On the eleventh day, the Visarjan of this idol is performed in a clean water-body. The water body can be a river or ocean.
Why is Ganesha Chaturthi Celebrated
Who should be considered worthy of being worshipped when the Gods reached Lord Shiva. Then, Shiva said that the first person who will revolve around the entire Earth would be regarded as worthy of being worshipped on a prior basis. In this way, all the gods departed to revolve around the EarthEarth by sitting in their Vaahan. As the Vaahan of Lord Ganesha is a rat and Ganesha's body is enormous, how he could revolve around the Earth. Then, Lord Ganesha completed three revolutions around his father Lord Shiva and Mother Parvati and stood there with folded hands through his intellect and judiciousness. Then Lord Shiva said, "There isn't anyone greater and intelligent than you in the entire universe." By revolving around the mother and father, you have completed the revolutions of all the lokas. You have received its Punya, which is even greater than circles of the Earth. Hence, A person who will worship you before starting any work will not have to face any difficulties. Since then, Lord Ganesha became respected and worshiped before all the Gods and Goddesses, and then after the worship of Lord Ganesha, all other gods are worshiped. All the devotees celebrating Ganesha Chaturthi perform the Visarjan of the idol of Lord Ganesha, the Sthaapna of which was done on this day on the eleventh day of Anant Chaturdashi, and thus Ganesha Utsava gets concluded.
Why is Ganesha Ji known as the God of Knowledge?
Once, Lord Shiva and Devi Parvati challenged both their sons, Ganesha and Kartikeya, to complete three revolutions of the universe. The one who will complete the challenge first will be complemented with the fruit of knowledge. Kartikeya flew away, taking his Vajra peacock. Ganesha completed three revolutions of his mother-father and explained to them that the entire universe on their feet. Shiva and Parvati got impressed by his answer, and hence, they bestowed the fruit on him.
Bappa removes all the troubles.
It is believed that there are special blessings in the houses where Bappa is welcomed and worshipped for ten days, and troubles never arrive in such homes. With the blessings of Ganesha Ji, all the tasks get completed without any obstacle. All the wishes are fulfilled.
Sthaapna of clay idol of Ganesha Ji
Ganesha Ji's Puja is considered to be the easiest Puja among all the Gods. On Ganesha Chaturthi, the Sthaapana of clay idol of Ganesha Ji is done in every house. It is believed that this body is made of five elements and will get mingled in these five elements only. Based on this belief only, the Visarjan of Ganapati Ji is done on the Anant Chaudsah.
This Festival Goes on for Ten Days
Starting from the Chaturthi of Shukla Paksha of Bhadramas, this festival lasts for ten days, till Ananda Chaudas. On Chaturthi, Ganapathi Bappa visits every house, and after ten days, the Visarjan of Bappa is performed, and the idol is immersed. According to their capacity, people bid farewell to Bappa after 2 or 3 days of worship.
The Vidhi of Ganesha Chaturthi Fast
1. After the morning bath, bring Ganesha's idol made of gold, copper, and clay.
2. Take an empty Kalash and fill it with water. Tie its mouth with plain cloth and make Ganesha Ji sit on it.
3. Offer vermilion and Durva to Ganesha Ji and offer him Bhog made of twenty-one laddoo. Among these, offer five laddoos to Lord Ganesha and distribute the remaining laddoo among the poor or the Brahmins.
4. The Pujan of Ganesha should be done in the evening. After reading the Ganesha Chaturthi Katha, Ganesha Chalisa, and Aarti, offer Arghya to the Moon by keeping your eyes down.
5. On this day, Ganesha Ji is worshipped in the form of Siddhivinayak, and fast is observed.
The Bhog on Ganesha Chaturthi
After the Sthaapana of Ganesha Ji, he is worshipped with all the rules and regulations daily. Then Bhog is offered to him in the morning and evening. Ganesha Ji loves Modak the most. Hence, he is provided Bhog made of Modak on Ganesha Chaturthi.
Do not witness the Moon on Ganesha Chaturthi Even By Mistake.
Once, while riding on a rat, his Vaahan, he slipped, making the Moon laugh. Ganesha Ji got angry, and in his anger, he gave bane to the Moon, "You will not be able to show your face to anyone, and if someone looks at you, that person will be sinning." After cursing the Moon, Ganesha Ji left from there. The Moon got sad, and he got worried and guilt-ridden, said to himself, "What did I do with the Sarvaguna Sammapan God"? The Gods also got low on the issue of not being able to do look at the Moon. Then, under the supervision of Indra, all the Gods began to worship Gajanan. Being pleased with his worship, Ganesh Ji asked them to put forth their demand. All the Gods said, "Prabhu, it is our request to you; please make the Moon as it was earlier." Ganesha Ji said to the Gods, "I cannot take back my curse, but I can modify it a bit. Anyone who does the Darshan of the Moon on Bhadra, Shukla, Chaturthi deliberately or unknowingly, that person will be cursed, and false accusations will be made on him". If Darshan happens on this day, then to prevent yourself from this sin, read the following manta-
''Singh Prasenamvadhitsingho Jambavta Hatah
Sukumarak Maa Rodistava Horsha Syamantak''
The Gods said to the Moon, "You have insulted Ganesha by laughing at him. We, together, have apologized to him for forgiving your sin; pleased by our efforts, Gajanan has greatly reduced the curse by giving the promise of staying invisible only once a year on Bhadra Shukla Chaturthi. You also go to his harbor and acquire his blessings and then provide coolness to the universe".
Perform the Sthaapna of Left Tusked Ganesha Ji
The direction of Sri Ganesha's tusk has a lot of importance in Sri Ganesha Puja. It is believed that Ganesha with the left trunk should be seated in the house. By doing this, he gets happy immediately while right trunked Ganesha takes time in getting pleased. Therefore, householders should worship Ganesha with the left trunk.
Some Interesting Facts About Lord Ganesha
1. Lord Ganesha is considered the First child of Lord Shiva and Mother Parvati.
2. Being the leader of Ganas, he is called Ganapati.
3. In astrology, Lord Ganesha is called the 'God of Ketu.'
4. His name is 'Gajanan' as he has a face like that of an elephant
5. He has a boon that no worship and no work will be completed without worshiping him. That is why he is called 'Adipujya.'
6. The sect that worships only Lord Ganesha in India is called the 'Ganapataya Sampradaya,' mainly found in Maharashtra.
7. Ganesha Ji is a symbol of the long elephant-like trunk of Mahabudditva.
8. Ganesha Ji has been called Pranava (ॐ) in Shivmanas Shastra. The upper part is Ganesha's forehead, the lower part is the abdomen, the Chandrabindu laddu, and the Matra is the trunk.
9. Some religious texts state that Ganesha also had a sister named Ashok Sundari.
10. Ganesha Ji has two wives, named Riddhi and Siddhi.
11. Both Goddess Lakshmi and Goddess Parvati are Adi Shakti, i.e., Goddess Durga. Goddess Lakshmi is not worshiped without her son Ganesha because the value of Lakshmi can be understood only by the one who has the wisdom, and Ganesha is the symbol of wisdom.
How can Lord Sri Ganesha be Made Happy?
As soon as the Ganeshotsav begins, efforts to please Sri Ganesha begin to intensify. Sri Ganesha becomes happy with minimal solutions. Know the simplest ways to please Sri Ganesha
1. On Ganesha Chaturthi, the names of Lord Ganesha should be remembered. The Lord gets happy by performing Puja in a temple with all the rules and regulations.
2. Offer ghee and jaggery as Bhog to Lord Ganesha on this day. After offering the Bhog of Ghee and jaggery, it should be fed to the cow. Doing so brings financial prosperity.
3. If opposing forces inhabit the house, then the Sthaapana of white-colored Ganapati should be done in the temple of the house on the day of Ganesha Chaturthi. It destroys all kinds of evil forces.
4. On this day, Lord Ganesha should be offered Durva. If possible, an idol of Lord Ganesha should be made from Durva and should be worshipped.
5. One should apply Sindoor Tika to Lord Ganesha for sure. After this, tilak should also be put on one's forehead.
3 Interesting Ancient Myths Related to the Birth of Sri Ganesha
1. According to Varaha Purana, Lord Shiva created Ganesha with five elements. When Lord Shiva was making Ganesha, he found a unique and lovely form. After this, the news was received by the gods. When the gods came to know about Ganesha's structure and uniqueness, they began to fear that he might become the center of attraction for everyone. Lord Shiva sensed this fear, after which he enlarged his stomach and turned his face to an elephant.
2. At the same time, the story in Shivapurana is different from this. According to this, Mata Parvati had applied turmeric on her body. After this, when she removed the turmeric from her body, she made an effigy from it. She later put his life in the effigy. And, hence, Vinayak was born. After this, Goddess Parvati ordered Ganesha to sit at her door and protect her and not let anyone come in. After some time, Shivaji came home, and he said he has to meet Parvati. Ganesha Ji refused this. Shivaji did not know who he was. The two got into a dispute, and that dispute took the form of war. During this, Shivaji took out his Trishul and beheaded Ganesha. When Parvati came to know, she came out and started crying. She told Shiva that you beheaded my son. Shivaji asked how he could be your son; after this, Parvati told Shiva the whole story. Shivaji, while pacifying Parvati, said, that okay, I am pouring my life in him, but I require the head to do that, and the head is required. He asked Garuda Ji to go in the north direction and bring the head of a child whose mother is lying by keeping her back towards the child. Garuda Ji kept wandering, but he could not find any such mother because every mother sleeps by facing her child. Finally, an elephant was seen. The structure of a mother elephant is such that she cannot sleep facing her baby elephant. Garuda Ji brought the head of that baby elephant. Lord Shiva attached that head to the child's body. He poured life into it. He provided him with a name. In this way, Sri Ganesha got the head of the elephant.
3. It is described in Sri Ganesha Chalisa that Mata Parvati did hard penance to have a son. Pleased with the penance, Sri Ganesha himself took the form of a Brahmin and gave her the boon that without conceiving, Mother, you will acquire a divine and intelligent son. Having said this, he became pleased and arrived as a child in the cradle. Joy prevailed in all four worlds. Lord Shiva and Parvati arranged a huge celebration. Goddesses, gods, Sur, Gandharvas, and sages from every side started arriving to see. Shani Maharaj also came to visit. Mata Parvati urged him to look at the child walking and bless him. Shani Maharaj was trying to avoid seeing the child because of his vision. Mother Parvati felt terrible. She cried at Shanidev that you did not like this festival, did not like the child's arrival. Shani Dev hesitantly went to see the child, but as soon as a little sight of Saturn fell on the child, the child's head flew into the sky. The atmosphere of the festival was transformed into lamentation. Mother Parvati became worried. There was chaos all around. Soon Garuda Ji was asked to bring the best head from all four directions. Garuda Ji got the elephant's head. Shankar Ji took his life by attaching it to the child's body. This head was attached to the body of the child by Shankar Ji, and he poured life into him. In this way, the head of Ganesha Ji was received by an elephant.
Why is the Visarjan of Ganesha Idol Performed
As per religious texts, when Ved Vyas Ji had narrated the story of Mahabharata to Lord Ganesha for ten days, he closed his eyes. On opening his eyes after ten days, he observed that Lord Ganesha's temperature was very high. At the same time, Ved Vyas Ji made him take a bath in the nearby Kund. Doing this reduced his body temperature, so Ganesha Ji is worshiped for the next ten days after the Sthaapana of Ganpati, and then the Visarjan of the idol of Lord Ganesha is performed. Ganesha Visarjan symbolizes that this body is made of dust and gets mixed with dust in the end.
Therefore, on Chaturdashi, after Ganesha Sthaapana, he is cooled. In the same story, it is also mentioned that to prevent Sri Ganapati Ji's body from becoming warmer, Ved Vyas Ji applied a layered paste of fragrant clay on his body. Ganesha's body got stiff after the paste dried. The dried clay started falling too. Then took him to a cold lake and made him get into the water. Meanwhile, Ved Vyas Ji offered his favorite food to Sri Ganesha for ten days. Since then, symbolically, the Sthaapana and Visarjan of Sri Ganesha idol are done, and it is also customary to offer him a delicious diet for ten days.
How did a rat become the Vaahan of Ganesha?
His Vaahan is a small mouse as compared to Lord Ganesha's physical structure. Why did Ganesh Ji choose a little creature as his Vaahan? Mooshak also sits on his Dhwaja. Ganesha is the presiding God of wisdom and learning. There is no one more able than him in arguments and debates. His passion is to get to the depth of every single thing or problem, do the research, and conclude. Mooshak is not also far behind in arguments. It cuts and trims every item and is equally active. It gives the message of being alert. Ganesha Ji had considered these qualities only while choosing rat as his Vaahan. Once Lord Ganesha was invited to the ashram of Maharishi Parashar. Crounch stepped into the ashram and destroyed it. Lord Ganesha decided to meet the giant rat and teach him a lesson. He had one of his weapons called 'Pasha,' which looped around Crounch's neck and took him to Ganesha's feet. Concha apologizes and asks Ganesha to accept him as his Vaahan. However, Karuna could not bear the weight of Lord Ganesha, and he requested her to reduce weight and smile. Since then, Mooshak has been the Vaahan of Lord Ganesha.
These items Must be offered to Ganesha Ji.
Modak: Modak is a special kind of sweet. Ganesha Ji loves it, and if offered Modak, He fulfills the wishes of the devotees.
Green Durva: Ganesha Ji especially loves green Durva. It is believed that green durva offers freshness and coolness to Him.
Bundi Laddoo: Ganesha Ji also loves Bundi Laddoo. If Bundi Laddoo is offered to Ganapati Ji as Bhog, He blesses His devotees with wealth and prosperity.
Sriphal: Ganesha Ji loves Sriphal among all fruits. Hence, in the Aarti of Gajanan, Sriphal is offered.
Sindoor: sindoor tilak is applied to him to make Ganesha Ji happy. After applying Sindoor Tilak to Ganapati Ji, we should also apply sindoor tilak to ourselves.
Red Flowers: Sri Ganesha Ji loves red flowers. Hence, there is a rule of offering red flowers while Ganapati Puja is performed. As per the belief, he gets happy with red flowers without any delay.
Shami Leaves: By offering Shami leaves in Ganesha Puja, there is an increase in wealth and happiness.
Know these Important Rules Before Ganesha Sthaapna
It is said that if the Sthaapana of Ganapati Ji is not done according to rules and regulations, then he does not get seated, nor one acquires his blessings. Know how you can earn Ganapati Bappa's blessings, how you can do his Sthaapana, and what points you must keep in mind:
1. On Ganesha Chaturthi, one must take a bath, wear clean clothes, and then bring home the Ganesha idol.
2. Clean the chowki with Gangajal and spread a red or green colored cloth on it.
3.After spreading a cloth, keep Akshat upon it and perform the Sthaapana of Lord Ganesha upon the Akshat.
4. Sprinkle Gangajal over the idol of Lord Ganesha.
5. Make Lord Ganesha wear the Janeyu and after keeping Akshat on the left side, perform the Sthaapana of the Kalash. Make the symbol of Swastika on the Kalash.
6. Keep mango leaves on the Kalash, tie a Kalava on a coconut and place it on the Kalash.
7. After the Kalash's Sthaapana and offering Durva to Ganapati Bappa, offer him Bhog consisting of Panchmeva and Modak.
8. Offer flower-garland, Roli, etc. to Lord Ganesha
8. Now, do Ganapati's Tilak with Roli. After tilak, light up an Akand Diya in front of Ganesha Ji and keep it on the right side.
9. Now, perform Lord Ganesha's Aarti.
Keep these things in mind During Ganesha Sthaapna.
1.The Sthaapana of Ganapati Bappa's idol in the east and north direction is considered to be auspicious. It should not be done in the southern and south-west corners by any means.
2.In the home or office, two idols of Lord Ganesha must not be kept. As per Vastu Shastra, there is a clash between energies, which causes loss of money.
3.During the Sthaapana of Lord Ganesha, one must keep in mind that the idol's face should not be towards the door. It is said that there are Riddhi, Siddhi, and happiness towards the mouth of Lord Ganesha.
4.The Akand Jyoti should be kept in front of Lord Ganesha till the day of Visarjan
The Echo of Ganapati Bappa Morya in Maharashtra
In Maharashtra, special events are held on this day, and the heart gets overwhelmed by seeing the faith in people. On this day, all the devotees carry Ganapati on the foot, chariots, and vehicles, and perform the Visarjan with great pomp and show. They shout slogans, "Ganpati Bappa Morya, Mangal Murti Morya, Parcha Varshi Laukariya." The meaning is that "O Parampita Ganesha Ji! Mangal Karne Wale, come soon next year." This auspicious festival is a time of great happiness for Hindus. During these ten days of Ganesha-puja, worshiping the selected Yanta with Ganesha-Pratima in Ganpati Puja pleases Ganapati Ji and fills your life with joy, prosperity, and good fortune. It is due to the particular importance of these Yantras, which makes the Pujan very auspicious. Just as Diya, incense, flowers, and prasad are necessary for worshiping through rules, in the same way, you get unique benefits by worshiping these Yantras.
Do's and Dont's On Ganesha Chaturthi
What to Do on Ganesha Chaturthi
1.Perform the Sthapana of Ganesha idol made of clay only and, at the same time, perform the Sthaapana of the Kalash too.
2. Offer Durva to Ganesha Ji after performing his Sthaapana on this day.
3. Lighten up an Akand Diya after performing the Sthaapana of Ganesha Ji, which should keep burning till Ganesha Visarjan.
4.You should worship Lord Ganesh both in the morning and evening after the Sthaapana of Ganesha.
5. On Ganesha Chaturthi, do offer Modak to Lord Ganesha twice a day.
6. You should only use marigold flowers in the Puja of Ganesha Ji.
7.After the Sthaapana of Ganesha Ji, do keep betel- nut in Ganesha Puja as it is considered extremely important.
8. You should take care of an elephant and feed it grass from Ganesha Chaturthi to Ganesha Visarjan.
9. Anything you offer as Bhog on Ganesha Chaturthi must be distributed among the poor in the form of Prasad.
What not to do on Ganesha Chaturthi
1. Do not do the Sthaapana of Lord Ganesha in the west and south direction on Ganesha Chaturthi.
2. You should not use Tulsi in Ganesha Puja.
3. You should not forget to visit Ganesha Ji's back on Ganesha Chaturthi
4. You should also not have Chandra Darshan in the evening time on Ganesha Chaturthi.
5. Abstain from using garlic and onions at home, from Ganesha Chaturthi to Ganesha Visarjan.
6.When you perform Ganesha Sthaapan, you ought to take care that there isn't any fight at home.
7. Neither you should say ill words to anyone on Ganesha Chaturthi and nor you should speak against anyone behind their back.
8. Avoid committing any mistakes in Puja from Ganesha Chaturthi to Ganesha Visarjan. You need to take special care of this thing.
9. Do not bully or kill any animal on Ganesha Chaturthi.
10. Do not insult any Brahmin or poor person at all on Ganesha Chaturthi.
If any devotee merely takes the name of Sri Ganesha with devotion, then all his/her wishes come true for sure. Worship Ganesha Ji, following all the regulations, and offer him his likable items. Thus, it helps in acquiring fruits as per the desires. Although Ganesha Ji is considered to be innocent, certain precautions must be followed while worshipping him. Devotees should not do anything which would make Ganpati Bappa angry.
Ganesha Ji Might Get Angry by these things:
Do not do Darshan of Ganesha Ji's back:
As per the Shastras, by doing Sri Ganesha's Darshan, all the tasks get fulfilled. All the parts of the universe are inside him. However, doing the Darshan of Ganesh Ji's back is strictly prohibited. Poverty resides in Ganesha Ji's back. Hence, Darshan of Ganapati Ji's physical back should not be done. If it happens by mistake, an apology should be sought from Ganesha Ji.
Do not Use Tulsi
Tulsi should not be used by mistake as well, in the Puja of Ganesha Ji. It might make Sri Ganesha Ji angry. It is believed that Tulsi Ji wished to marry Sri Ganesha, and when Ganesha Ji denied, she cursed Him with a bane. Along with the Puja of Ganesha Ji, wife Riddhi-Siddhi and son Shubh-Labh should be worshipped. Giving space to rats at the puja place, Ganesha Ji gets pleased by the devotees.
Perform the Visarjan of the old idol
If you are doing the Sthaapana of Ganesha idol at home, you must perform the Visarjan of the old Pratima. As per the shastras, three idols of Ganesha should not be kept at home. It is also believed that, during Anant Chaturdashi, the Visarjan of this idol should not be done. The Sthaapana of this idol is done on the fourth day of the month of Bhadrapada.
Importance of Ganesha Visarjan
In Hindu mythology, there is an exciting story behind Lord Ganesha's visarjan. The celebration of Ganesha Chaturthi represents the cycle of human life: birth, life, and death. It is believed that on the last day of Ganesh Chaturthi, Lord Ganesha returns to Kailash to join his parents. People worship Lord Ganesha and ask for blessings so that they can live obstacles-free life. It is also believed that when Lord Ganesha leaves the house, all the negative energy and problems vanish away.
According to Hindu mythology, if Ganesh Visarjan is also done according to the auspicious time, it will prove beneficial.
What to consume on Fast and what should be avoided?
During Ganeshotsav, some people observe fast for the entire ten days. However, they fail to take care of their health, due to which they face the problems of vomiting, acidity, and indigestion. During the fast, have the juices of sweet lemon or orange and eat papaya. It will enable the body to have the energy for the whole day. Have a heavy fruit diet in the morning between 7-8 and eat light at night. You can have Kuttu Atta or the chappatis/parathas made of Singadha Atta or Rajagir Atta instead of having sabudana khichdi or Atta Halwa. Avoid having fried items during fast. Apart from this, avoid excessive tea and coffee. There might be discomfort in terms of lower sugar levels or low blood pressure during fast. Hence, keep eating at regular intervals. If you have chronic kidney disease, avoid sendha salt as it can be harmful due to potassium.
Goddess Shailputri is the first out of Goddess Durga's nine forms whose devotees offer prayers during Navratri. These nine different forms of Goddess Durga are worshipped separately during the nine days of Navratri. The first day of Navratri is devoted to Goddess Shailputri. After her, Bharamacharini, Chandraghanta, Kushmanda, Skanda Mata, Katyayani, Kaalratri, Mahagauri, Siddhidatri are worshipped, respectively. The first day is the day to honour Goddess Shailputri. She was the daughter of Shail, the king of mountains; that is why she was given the name of Shailputri. She is the Goddess of nature; that is why we worship Goddess Shailputri on the first day of Navratri. Goddess Shailputri is considered to be the incarnation of Goddess Parvati.
इस पेज को हिंदी में पढ़ने के लिए “देवी शैलपुत्री” पर क्लिक करें।
Looks of Goddess Shailputri
- Half-moon on the forehead.
- A trident in her right hand
- A lotus in her left hand
- Rides the bull known as Nandi
- Goddess's vehicle is a bull.
Goddess Shailputri carries a lotus in her left hand and a trident in her right hand. Her vehicle is a bull. There is a half-moon resting on her forehead. Goddess Shailputri is known to be the Goddess of the root chakra. One can receive power from her by performing the Goddess ShailputriYog. In the first form of Goddess Durga, Shailputri keeps control of the human mind. Shailputri, the one who controls the moon, addresses the condition of that newborn infant who is clean and calm and is away from all the illusions of the human world.
Worshipping Goddess Shailputri removes the defects of the moon.
Goddess Shailputri is the wife of Mahadev. According to Astrological beliefs, Goddesses Shailputri removes the defects of the moon. The people whose moon sign is weak, who feel stressed should worship Goddess Shailputri. Worshipping Goddess Shailputri removes the deficiencies of the moon. Shailputri means the daughter of mountains. After leaving Sati's body, she was born in the next life as the daughter of Shailraj, the King of Himalayas, and was known as Shailputri.
Story of Goddess Shailputri
The meaning of Shailputri in Sanskrit is 'daughter of Mountains.' According to mythology, Shailputri, in her past life, was the wife(Sati) of Lord Shiva and the daughter of Daksh. One day Daksh organized a Mahayagya; he invited all the Gods and Goddesses except for Lord Shiva. On the other hand, Sati was getting impatient to attend the Mahayagya. Lord Shiva told her that all other Gods were invited to the Mahayagya except for him. That is why it would be very inappropriate for them to go there. But on the strong requests of Sati, Lord Shiva permitted her to go to the Yagya.
When Sati reached her home, she saw the feelings of disrespect for her husband filled in the air. Daksh also said some very disrespectful words to him. This pained the heart of Sati. She could not bear to hear the insults about her husband, and she incinerated herself in the fire of the Mahayagya. Aggrieved by this unbearable pain Lord Shiva caused havoc and destroyed the Mahayagya. In her next life, Sati was born as the daughter of Shail, King of Himalayas, and was named Shailputri.
The Himalayas king was also known as Himavat, so Goddess Shailputri is also known as Goddess Hemvati. Her vehicle is a Tree (वृक्ष), so she is also known as Vriksharudha (वृक्षरुढ़ा).
Om Devi Shailputrinamah:
Praising her :Ya Devi sarvabhuteshurupemsansthani. Namaste namastayeNamoNamah.
Before worshipping Goddess Shailputri, the process of Ghatasthapana is done.
What should you wear on this first day of Navratri:
Wear white clothes and offer white flowers to Goddess Shailputri on this day. Offer a root vegetable and a seasonal fruit to the Goddess. Worship her during mid-afternoon.
Chant the one-word root mantra - Om shaelputreyaNamah.
During meditation, the seeker should brush off thoughts of getting ready, adornment, and sensual feelings. Worshipping Goddess Shailputri will help you in getting desired fruit, and girls will be able to get their desired groom. Also, the meditator will receive the benefits of the powers generated from the Root Chakra.
Goddess Shailputri Aarti:
Shailputrimaabaelavsaar.Kareindevta jay jaykaar.
Shiv Shankar kipriyabhavani. Teri mahimakisi ne najaani.
Parvatituumakehlaave.Jo tujhesimrey so sukhpaave.
Riddhi siddhi parvaankreintu.Dayakreindhanvaankreintu.
Somvaarko shiv sang pyaari. Aartijisneteriutaari.
Uskisagriaas puja do. Sagreydukhtakleefmila do.
Ghee kasundar deep jalake.Golagarikabhoglgake.
Shradhabhavsey mantra gaaye.Premsahit fir sheesh jhukaye.
Jay girirajkishoriambey. Shiv mukhchandrachakoriambey.
Manokaamnapurnakar do. Bhaktsadasukhsampattibhar do.
Goddess Shailputri's favorite Prasadam
White things are the favorite of Goddess Shailputri. On the first day of Navratra, Goddess Shailputri should be offered white things, white flowers, and white prasadam. Also, white barfi should be offered to her. This first form of goddess is considered to be the symbol of peace and firmness in life. Shail means rock, and rocks are considered to be a symbol of firmness. Women will get extraordinary results from their worship.
Do's and Dont's for the nine days of Navratri:
Everybody needs to worship with pure love and devotion to maintain peace and tranquillity in a family. Let us know the Dos and Dont's for this auspicious period of nine days.
- Keep some sorghum at your home.
- Visit the temple every day.
- Offer water to the Goddess.
- Stay bare - feet.
- Practice fasting for these nine days.
- Decorate the Goddess, especially during these nine days.
- Perform special poojas on the Eight and Ninth days, i.e., Ashtami and Navami.
- Organise a Kanyabhoj.
- Light up an infinite monolith lamp for the Goddess.
- Don't cut or trim your hair and nails for these nine days.
- Don't chaunk(छोँक)and baghaar (बघार) while cooking.
- Don't make food using garlic and onions.
Goddess Bharmacharini is worshipped on the second day of Navratri. This form of Goddess is the unmarried form of Goddess Parvati. Brahmacharini is a Sanskrit word that means having a behavior like Brahma. She is also called Tapashcharini due to her rigorous penance. Worshipping Goddess Brahmacharini will always bring success to the person in everything they do. Goddess Brahmacharini will direct the evil towards the good path. Worshipping Goddess Brahmacharini will also imbibe the qualities of tenacity, renunciation, virtue, restraint, and quietness.
इस पेज को हिंदी में पढ़ने के लिए “देवी ब्रह्मचारिणी” पर क्लिक करें।
Goddess Brahmacharini's form
Mata Brahmacharini is adorned in white robes. She holds a chant garland in her right hand and an ewer in her left hand. Her form is very bright and enchanting. She is the also the Goddess of love. By Worshipping this form of Goddess Durga, one can achieve devotion and accomplishment. Her hard penance for a thousand years is the reason for her being called Brahmacharini. During this penance period, she didn't eat for many years and succeeded in pleasing Lord Shiva, and this is how she came to be known as Brahmacharini. When Goddess Brahmacharini is pleased with her devotees, then she blesses them with the qualities of tenacity, renunciation, virtue, restraint, quietness, and patience.
The Value of Worshipping Goddess Brahmacharini
Human life is always affected by pain, misery, disease, and fear. So, to get relief from all suffering, the nine forms of Goddess Durga are worshipped. 'Brahma' means penance, and 'Charini' means to behave. In this way, Brahmacharini implies someone who is ascetic. The Goddess's form also corresponds to her name. She adores white robes and holds a chant garland in her right hand and an ewer in her left hand. This form of Goddess Durga gives infinite fruits to her devotees. With her blessings, qualities of tenacity, renunciation, virtue, restraint, quietness, and patience start growing. Goddess Brahmacharini defeated all the monsters and demons and relieved the world from them.
Similarly, she provides her devotees with the fruits that they desire. Worshipping her also increases one's patience, self-confidence, strength, and moral intelligence. Due to the effect of her penance, discrimination, discontent, greed, etc., will be destroyed. Your life will be filled with enthusiasm, patience, and courage. A man becomes a hard worker. For those people whose life is filled with darkness and they have lost patience and courage in difficult times, this second Brahmacharini form of Goddess brings divine and supernatural light. By worshiping Goddess Brahmacharini, one can feel the increase in tenacity, renunciation, disinterest, virtue, patience in their life. His mind won't get distracted from the path of responsibilities even in the worst of times. Goddess removes any filthiness, telepresence, and defects from the lives of her devotees. With the grace of the Goddess, there is always complete attainment and victory.
On the second day of Navratri, Goddess Brahmacharini is worshipped. This second form of Goddess Durga gives effective fruits to her devotees and hermits who adore her—worshipping her increases the qualities of tenacity, renunciation, virtue, restraint, quietness, and patience. With the blessings of Goddess Brahmacharini, there is always complete attainment and victory, and many problems and troubles are destroyed.
The form of Goddess Brahmacharini is enlightening in itself. Out of the nine powers of Goddess Durga, Goddess Brahmacharini is the dual power. Brahma means penance, and Chiarini means behavior, so the one conducting tenancy is Goddess Brahmacharini. This Goddess is peacefully immersed in meditation. Due to her harsh austerity, there is such a unique confluence of sharpness and radiance on her face, exposing all three worlds. Goddess Brahmacharini holds an axis garland in her Right hand and an ewer in the other hand. Goddess Brahmacharini is genuinely the form of Lord Brahma which means she is the idol of tenancy. This Goddess has many different names, too, such as Tapaksharini, Aparna, and Uma.
Who is Goddess Brahmacharini
It is written in Shivpuraan and Ramcharitramanas that Goddess Parvati wished Lord Shiva to be her husband. To make that wish come true, she spent several thousand years in penance while only eating fruits. And after this period, Goddess Brahmacharini survived on trees' leaves for the next three thousand years. After all this hard penance, she was able to archive the form of Brahmacharini. On the second day of Navratri, devotees concentrate their minds in the Brahmanacharini's pious feet and place them in the Swadhisthana chakra. By chanting their mantras, they get the blessings of fulfilling their desired wish.
The Story of Goddess Brahmacharini
According to age-old beliefs, Goddess Parvati expressed her wish of marrying Lord Shiva, after which her parents tried to discourage her. Although after this, Goddess Parvati asked for help from God Kaamdev, the God of Sensuality. It is believed that Kaamdev shot an arrow of eroticism on Lord Shiva; thus, his state of meditation was disturbed; because of this, God turned furious with rage and burnt himself. After this, Goddess Parvati started living like Lord Shiva. She went to the mountains, and there she performed austerities for many years. Due to which she became popular as Brahmacharini Devi. Due to this hard penance, Goddess was able to attract the attention of Lord Shiva. After this, Lord Shiva changed his appearance, went before her, and started talking bad about himself, but Goddess couldn't stand anything against Lord Shiva. In the end, Lord Shiva accepted her, and they got married.
Vidhi to worship Goddess Brahmacharini
The vision to worship Goddess Brahmacharini goes on like this. First of all, the Gods and Goddesses and yogis who have been invited to the Kalash by you should be honoured with flowers, Akshat, Sandalwood and should be bathed with milk, curd, sugar, Dhrit and Honey. A portion of whatever offerings are offered to the Goddess should be provided to them as well. After offering prasad, rinse their mouth and gift them betel leaf and betel nuts and then walk clockwise around them. After worshipping God, Kalash worships the nine planets, Dasadikpal, city Good, and village God. After worshipping them worship Goddess Brahmacharini. While honouring Goddess Brahmacharini, the first thing you should do is to pray with a flower in your hand. After this, bathe her in PanchaAmrit and then offer various flowers, Akshat, Kumkum, and vermillion. Goddess likes Red flowers a lot. Worship her with a mix of ghee and camphor. In the end, recite a sorry prayer -
Aahvahan na janami na janami vasrijanam, Pooja chaev Na Janami Shamsab Parmeshvari.
(आवाहनं न जानामि न जानामि वसर्जनं, पूजां चैव न जानामि क्षमस्व परमेश्वरी)
The Mantra should be recited during the worship of the Goddess. Yes, it is essential to recite a mantra.
Om Devi Brahmacharini Namah.
(- ॐ देवी ब्रह्मचारिणी नमः॥)
Ya devi sarvabhuteshu maa Brahmacharini Rupen Sanstitha.
(- या देवी सर्वभूतेषु माँ ब्रह्मचारिणी रूपेण संस्थिता।)
Namastasye Namastasye Namastasye Namo Namah.
(नमस्तस्यै नमस्तस्यै नमस्तस्यै नमो नम:।।)
(- दधाना करपद्माभ्यामक्षमालाकमण्डलू।)
Devi Prasidatu mayi brahmacharinaynutma.
(देवी प्रसीदतु मयि ब्रह्मचारिण्यनुत्तमा॥)
During the recital of mantras, you can also read the source texts of Goddess Brahmacharini, which goes on like this-
Maa Brahmacharini ka strot paath
(मां ब्रह्मचारिणी का स्रोत पाठ))
Tapaksharini tatvamhi tapatrya nivarnim.
(तपश्चारिणी त्वंहि तापत्रय निवारणीम्।)
Brahmarudhara brahmacharini pranmamyehum
(ब्रह्मरूपधरा ब्रह्मचारिणी प्रणमाम्यहम्॥)
Shankarpriya tatvamhi bhukti mukti dayini.
(शंकरप्रिया त्वंहि भुक्ति-मुक्ति दायिनी।)
Shaantida gyanda brahmacharinipranamamyaham
(शान्तिदा ज्ञानदा ब्रह्मचारिणीप्रणमाम्यहम्॥)
"Maa Brahmacharini ka kavach"
(“मां ब्रह्मचारिणी का कवच)
Tripura me hridayam lalatey patu shankarbhamini.
(त्रिपुरा में हृदयं पातु ललाटे पातु शंकरभामिनी।)
Arpan sadapatu netro, ardhari cha kapolo.
(अर्पण सदापातु नेत्रो, अर्धरी च कपोलो॥)
Panchdashi kanthey patumdhyadeshey patumheshbari
(पंचदशी कण्ठे पातुमध्यदेशे पातुमहेश्वरी॥)
Shodshi sadapatu nabho graho cha padyo.
(षोडशी सदापातु नाभो गृहो च पादयो।)
Ang pratyang satat patu brahmacharini.
(अंग प्रत्यंग सतत पातु ब्रह्मचारिणी।)
Vandey Vanchitlabhay chandradrikritshekram.
(वन्दे वाञ्छितलाभाय चन्द्रार्धकृतशेखराम्।)
Japmala kamandalu dhara brahmacharini shubham
(जपमाला कमण्डलु धरा ब्रह्मचारिणी शुभाम्॥)
Gaurvarna svadhishtanisthita dvitiya Durga trinetram.
(गौरवर्णा स्वाधिष्ठानस्थिता द्वितीय दुर्गा त्रिनेत्राम्।)
Dhaval paridhana brahmaroopa pushpalangkar bhushitaam
(धवल परिधाना ब्रह्मरूपा पुष्पालङ्कार भूषिताम्॥)
Param vandana pallvadharaam kaant kapola peen.
(परम वन्दना पल्लवाधरां कान्त कपोला पीन।)
Pyodharaam kamniya laavnyam smermukhi nimannabhi nitbanim
(पयोधराम् कमनीया लावणयं स्मेरमुखी निम्ननाभि नितम्बनीम्॥)
Rules of Worshipping Goddess Brahmacharini
- During the worship of Goddess Brahmacharini, wear yellow or white clothes.
- Offer white things to Goddess like- frozen sugar, sugar anPanchamrit.
- Meditate the flames of the lamp and half-moon on ' Svadishthan Chakra.'
- Recite " om em Namah"(ॐ ऐ नमः ) and pay special attention to liquid and fruit diet.
Aarti of Goddess Brahmacharini
Jay Brahmacharini Maata
(जय अंबे ब्रह्माचारिणी माता)
Jay chaturanan priy sukh daata
(जय चतुरानन प्रिय सुख दाता)
Brahma ji ke bhaati ho
(ब्रह्मा जी के मन भाती हो)
Gyan sabhi ko sikhlati ho
(ज्ञान सभी को सिखलाती हो)
Brahma mantra hae jaap tumhara
(ब्रह्मा मंत्र है जाप तुम्हारा)
Jisko jape sakal sansara
(जिसको जपे सकल संसारा)
Jay gayatri ved ki maata
(जय गायत्री वेद की माता)
Jo man nis din tumhe dhyata
(जो मन निस दिन तुम्हें ध्याता)
Kami koi rehne na paaye
(कमी कोई रहने न पाए)
Koi bhi dukh sehne na paaye
(कोई भी दुख सहने न पाए)
Uski virtee rahey thikaney
(उसकी विरति रहे ठिकाने)
Jo teri mahima ko jaaney
(जो तेरी महिमा को जाने)
Rudraksh ki maala le kar
(रुद्राक्ष की माला ले कर)
Japey jo mantra shradha de kar
(जपे जो मंत्र श्रद्धा दे कर)
Aalas chord kre gungana
(आलस छोड़ करे गुणगाना)
Maa tum usko sukh pahuchana
(मां तुम उसको सुख पहुंचाना)
Brahmacharini tero naam
(ब्रह्माचारिणी तेरो नाम)
Purna karo sab mere kaam
(पूर्ण करो सब मेरे काम)
Bhakt tere charno ke poojari
(भक्त तेरे चरणों का पुजारी)
Rakhna laaj meri mehtaari
(रखना लाज मेरी महतारी)
Goddess Brahmacharini likes this food offering
Goddess Brahmacharini loves hibiscus and Lotus flower, so you should offer these flowers on her feet while worshipping her. Because Goddess likes frozen sugar and white sugar, you should offer her frozen sugar and panchamrit. She will be impressed by this offering. Offering these things ensures that you live a long life.
Worshipping her provides you with these fruits.
It is effortless to impress Goddess Brahmacharini. Offer her white sugar and frozen sugar during her worship. During this day's worship process, devotees should concentrate their attention on the Svadishthan Chakra. It removes lethargy, stress, and anxiety. There is an improvement in Happiness, loyalty, self-belief, and energy, and the devotee achieves success.
Goddess Brahmacharini is known as the Goddess of knowledge, penance, and recluse. She is always absorbed in hard penance and tenacy because of which is called Brahmacharini. Worshipping her is very beneficial for students and ascetics. The worship of Maa Brahmacharini is very favorable for those whose svadishthan chakra is weak.
What happens when the Svadishthan Chakra is weak?
- There is mistrust in the person.
- There is always a possibility of something terrible happening with these people.
- These people can be ruthless sometimes.
What to do to strengthen the Svadishthan Chakra?
- Wear white clothes at night.
- Sitting on a white seat will be the best.
- After this, offer white flowers to the Goddess.
- First of all, remember your teacher(guru).
- After this, meditate on the Aagya Chakra(आज्ञा चक्र).
- After meditating, request your teacher (guru)or the Goddess to strengthen your Svadhisthan Chakra.
Goddess Chandraghanta is always worshipped on the third day of Navratri. Her name is combining two words- Chandra, meaning the moon, and Ghanta meaning a bell. The Goddess's name has been derived from the half-moon shaped like a bell placed on her forehead. She is also known as the Goddess Chandrakhanda. This third form of Goddess Durga gives strength and bravery to those who worship her and is believed to take all their sorrows away. Even though Goddess Chandrakhanda is the more robust form of Goddess Parvati, it's so believed that she only appears so when furious over an issue. Otherwise, she has a calm nature. The married version of Goddess Parvati is also known as Goddess ChandraGhanta. Worshipping Goddess ChandraGhanta gives feelings of strength, calmness, and valor to the worshippers.
इस पेज को हिंदी में पढ़ने के लिए “देवी चंद्रघंटा” पर क्लिक करें।
The representation of Goddess ChandraGhanta
Goddess ChandraGhanta rides a lion, and her body sparkles as bright as gold. She has ten arms where 4 of the left arms carry a trident, bludgeon, sword, and a kamandal while the fifth arm forms a mudra. The other four arms on the right carry a lotus, arrow, bow, and a Jap Mala. This form of Goddess Durga with weapons is generally seen at times of war.
Who is Goddess ChandraGhanta?
Goddess Durga took this form of Goddess ChandraGhanta to defeat the asuras and eliminate their negative effect on the world. Defeating the asuras, Goddess Durga delivered relief to the gods from the asura's constant torture. Goddess ChandraGhanta is also known as the married form of Goddess Parvati. As the Goddess Parvati got married to Lord Shiva, she put the moon on her forehead and was known as the Goddess ChandraGhanta. As she rides the lion, she's believed to have taken the aggressive form for a war. She carries a lotus, weapons, and kamandal in her arms.
Significance of worshipping Goddess ChandraGhanta
People generally get rid of all their fears and notice a hike in the feeling of strength as they worship Mata ChandraGhanta. She has ten arms with multiple weapons that represent the extreme version of Goddess Parvati. As she rides the lion, she's always prepared to enter the battlefield. As per Tantra Sadhna, this form of Goddess ChandraGhanta awakens the Manipur Chakra. Goddess ChandraGhanta is always ready to wipe off the evil ones from the planet. The ones who worship ChandraGhanta Maa can get rid of the flaws of planet Mars in their Kundli. This is why one should always worship Goddess ChandraGhanta on the 3rd day of Navratri. Worshipping the Goddess with proper procedures leads to the destruction of a person's sin. With Goddess ChandraGhanta's blessings, couples lead a happy married life with opulence and prosperity. As couples worship her, they can easily find a solution to multiple issues they face in their married life. Goddess ChandraGhanta is the protector of a family. She is connected to the planet Venus. If you have Venus affecting your kundali in any way, worshipping goddess ChandraGhanta can help.
Significance of the Navratri Day 3
The third Navratra carries tremendous significance with itself. It is believed that the Goddess's deity is worshipped on this auspicious day. It is a fact that the sound from Goddess's bell scares the persecutors, monsters, and demons away. With the Goddess's blessings, worshippers often get to visualize the supernatural goods. According to Hindu Shastras, it's been told that worshipping Goddess ChandraGhanta evokes the power of fearlessness and courage, providing calmness and politeness in the end.
Maa ChandraGhanta Story
1- When Lord Shiva told Goddess Parvati how he doesn't wish to marry anybody, she got upset with it. Lord Shiva was hurt emotionally looking at Goddess Parvati this way. Hence, he went to Lord Himavan's house with the baraat to marry Goddess Parvati. The baraat included multiple types of living species, Lords, Ghosts, and Aghoris. Looking at the baraat at her doorstep, Goddess Parvati's mother fell unconscious with fear. Goddess Parvati then sat down with her family, trying to calm them down. She then visited Lord Shiva in the form of Goddess ChandraGhanta. She tried to convince him politely to enter the house as a groom. Lord Shiva agreed to her and furnished himself with multiple types of jewels.
2- An Asura named Mahishasura attacked the SwargaLoka, defeating Lord Indra to rule the SwargaLoka successfully. After their defeat on the battlefield, the Lords from SwargaLoka went to Tridev for help. They told the Tridev about Mahishasura capturing Lord Indra, Surya, Vayu, along with other ones to rule over SwargaLoka as he's been torturing the other Lords ever since they had to leave the SwargaLoka. Tridev was furious listening to the entire situation, and as they expressed their anger, intense energy was released from their mouths. This energy was then spread into all ten directions. Right then, a Goddess took form in front of everybody. Lord Shiva gave his Trishul to Goddess, and Lord Vishnu gave her the Chakra. As this happened, other Lords also gathered to provide all their weapons to the Goddess. Lord Indra presented his moon and bell to the Goddess. Lord Surya gave her his energy and sword. In the end, she was also given a lion to ride. With all the weapons and power, Goddess ChandraGhanta left to introduce a fight with Mahishasura. As the Goddess's face represented tons of energy, Mahishasura was already scared looking at it. He then ordered his Asuras to attack the Goddess. All the Asuras were there on the battlefield trying to defeat the Goddess Durga. In no time, Goddess Durga won over each one of them. She then killed Mahishasura and freed all the Lords from his capture, returning the SwargaLoka to them.
Goddess ChandraGhanta Puja Procedure
1- One should take a bath before sunrise and put on clean clothes. Then, the stool used to put the statue of the Goddess must be cleaned with holy Ganges water.
2- Next step is to place the statue and Kalash on the cleaned stool. Ingredients needed for the puja to be presented to the Goddess include clothes, a good luck thread, Chandan, sindoor, turmeric, jewelry, roli, billboard, durva, flowers, perfumed agarbatti, Diya, fruits, naivedya, and paan.
3- Then, you need to repeat tha mantra "pindjaprarudha chandkopastra kairyuta" (पिण्डजप्रवरारुढा चण्डकोपास्त्र कैर्युता). “Pindjaprarudha chandkopastra kairyuta” (पिण्डजप्रवरारुढा चण्डकोपास्त्र कैर्युता). Present the flowers to the Goddess while repeating this ChandraGhanta mantra and perform the rituals.
4- Repeat the mantra of Durga Saptashati and listen to her story. Do the aarti for the Goddess with a Diya.
5- Present sweets made from milk to Goddess ChandraGhanta this day with some apples and jaggery.
Offer this to Goddess ChandraGhanta
Every form of Goddess is presented with a different type of offering. It's said that the offering represents your devotion towards the Goddess. Goddess ChandraGhanta should always be represented with sweets made of milk only. After you offer it to the Goddess, eat it yourself and offer it to others as well. It is believed that presenting this offering to the Goddess will be the end to all your sorrows.
Om devi chandraghantaya namah
(ॐ देवी चन्द्रघण्टायै नमः॥)
Pindaj pravraroodha chandkopastrakaryuta
Prasadam tanute mahaam chandraghanteti vishruta
(पिण्डज प्रवरारूढा चण्डकोपास्त्रकैर्युता।
प्रसादं तनुते मह्यम् चन्द्रघण्टेति विश्रुता॥)
Ya devi sarvabhooteshu man chadraghanta roopen sansthita
Namastasyay namastasyay namastasyay Namo Namha
(या देवी सर्वभूतेषु माँ चन्द्रघण्टा रूपेण संस्थिता।
नमस्तस्यै नमस्तस्यै नमस्तस्यै नमो नमः॥)
Vande vanchitalabhaay chandraardhkritshekhraam
(वन्दे वाञ्छितलाभाय चन्द्रार्धकृतशेखराम्।)
Sinharoodha chandraghanta yashaswineem
(सिंहारूढा चन्द्रघण्टा यशस्विनीम्॥)
Manipur sthitam tritiya durga trinetram
(मणिपुर स्थिताम् तृतीय दुर्गा त्रिनेत्राम्। )
Khang, gada, trishool, chapshar, pan kamandalu mala varabheetkaraam
(खङ्ग, गदा, त्रिशूल, चापशर, पद्म कमण्डलु माला वराभीतकराम्॥)
Pataambar paridhanan mriduhaasya nanalankaar bhooshitam
(पटाम्बर परिधानां मृदुहास्या नानालङ्कार भूषिताम्।)
Manjeer, haar, keyoor, kinkini, ratnakundal manditaam
(मञ्जीर, हार, केयूर, किङ्किणि, रत्नकुण्डल मण्डिताम॥)
Prafull vandanaa bibadhaaraa kaant kapolaam tugam kuchaam
(प्रफुल्ल वन्दना बिबाधारा कान्त कपोलाम् तुगम् कुचाम्।)
Kamneeyan lavanyan ksheenkati nitambneem
((कमनीयां लावण्यां क्षीणकटि नितम्बनीम्॥))
Aapdudhrinee tvanhi aadya shaktih shubhparaam
(आपदुध्दारिणी त्वंहि आद्या शक्तिः शुभपराम्।)
Animaadi siddhidaatree chandraghante pranmaamyaham
(अणिमादि सिद्धिदात्री चन्द्रघण्टे प्रणमाम्यहम्॥)
Chandramukhi isht datri ishtam mantra svaroopineem
(चन्द्रमुखी इष्ट दात्री इष्टम् मन्त्र स्वरूपिणीम्।)
Dhantatri, aananddaatri chandraghante pranmaamyaham
(धनदात्री, आनन्ददात्री चन्द्रघण्टे प्रणमाम्यहम्॥)
Nanaroopdharinee ichhamayi aishwaryadaayineem
(नानारूपधारिणी इच्छामयी ऐश्वर्यदायिनीम्।)
Sobhagyaarogyadaayini chandraghante pranmamyaham
(सौभाग्यारोग्यदायिनी चन्द्रघण्टे प्रणमाम्यहम्॥)
Maa Chandraghanta Aarti
Jai maa ChandraGhanta sukh dhaam
(जय माँ चन्द्रघंटा सुख धाम।)
Poorna keejo mere kaam
(पूर्ण कीजो मेरे काम॥)
Chandra samaaj tu sheetal daati
(चन्द्र समाज तू शीतल दाती।)
Chandra tej kirnon mein samati
(चन्द्र तेज किरणों में समाती॥)
Krodh ko shant banane wali
(क्रोध को शांत बनाने वाली।)
Meethe bol sikhane wali
(मीठे बोल सिखाने वाली॥)
Man ki maalak man bhaati ho
(मन की मालक मन भाती हो।)
ChandraGhanta tum var daati ho
(चंद्रघंटा तुम वर दाती हो॥)
Sundar bhaav ko laane wali
(सुन्दर भाव को लाने वाली।)
Har sankar mein bachane wali
(हर संकट में बचाने वाली॥)
Hat budhvar ko tujhe dhyay
(हर बुधवार को तुझे ध्याये।)
Shradha sahit to vinay sunay
(श्रद्दा सहित तो विनय सुनाए॥)
Moorti chandra aakar bnaye
(मूर्ति चन्द्र आकार बनाए।)
Sheesh jhuka kahe man ki bata
(शीश झुका कहे मन की बाता॥)
Poorna aas karo jagat data
(पूर्ण आस करो जगत दाता।)
Kanchipur sthan tumhara
(कांचीपुर स्थान तुम्हारा॥)
Karnatika mein maan tumhara
(कर्नाटिका में मान तुम्हारा।)
Naam mera ratu maharani
(नाम तेरा रटू महारानी॥)
Bhakt ki raksha karo bhavani
(भक्त की रक्षा करो भवानी।)
Wear yellow clothes during puja
Goddess ChandraGhanta should always be worshipped wearing yellow clothes. The reason for this stands to be Goddess's love for her ride- the lion, which is yellow.
Do Not Make These Mistakes In Navratri
- Do not offer tulsi leaves.
- None of the maa Chandraghanta images should have the lion roaring in it.
- Do not offer durva to the Goddess.
- Sow the Jaware, and do not leave the house empty if you have the Akhand Jyoti in the house.
- Keep a Diya to the left of every picture or sculpture of the Goddess.
- Keep the sewed Jaware to the right of Goddess's picture or sculpture.
- Always do the puja sitting on an aasan.
- The reason should be made of jute or woolen.
Always Keep These Things In Mind When You Keep A Fast During Navratri
- One should never get their beard, moustache, or hair trimmed if they've kept a fast for all nine days in Navratri. But, for a kid's head to be shaved, Navratri is an auspicious time.
- Nails shouldn't be trimmed during Navratri.
- If you're placing a Kalash, Jagaran, or Akhand Jyoti during Navratri, do not leave the house empty.
- Do not consume onion, garlic, or non-vegetarian food during Navratri.
- One should not wear black clothes if they've kept a fast for Navratri.
- One shouldn't be using anything made of leather in Navratri, like leather footwear, bags, or belt.
- If somebody's keeping a fast for Navratri, he/she should never be cutting a lemon.
- Grains of salt can't be consumed when somebody has kept a fast for Navratri. He/she should only consume buckwheat flour, Samari rice, water chestnut flour, Sago, rock salt, fruits, potatoes, nuts, and peanuts.
- According to Vishnu Puran, sleeping in the day, consuming tobacco, and indulging in a physical relationship does not yield all the fast results.
On the 4th day of Navratri, the Goddess of strength Goddess Durga's fourth form Goddess Kushmanda is worshipped. According to Hindu beliefs, this world was only covered in darkness; then, she created this world with her godly humor. This is the reason that she is also known as the creator of the Universe. She is also known as "Aadiswaroop" or "Aadishakti." There is great importance of Worshipping Goddess Kushmanda on the fourth day of Navratri. According to traditional beliefs, the person who worships Goddess Kushmanda on the fourth day of Navratri with complete devotion receives age, fame, and power as blessings from her. With a light smile on her face, Goddess Kushmanda has eight hands. She is also known as "Asthbhuja." In her seven hands, she holds the ewer, bow, arrow, lotus flower, Kalash, rotating wheel, and a mace, respectively. Goddess was in this form after Goddess Parvati until she gave birth to Lord Kartikeya. In this form, Goddess carries the whole Universe and nourishes it. People who desire to have children should worship this form of the Goddess. Worshiping this Goddess is very beneficial for the worldly people, i.e., those who run a family.
इस पेज को हिंदी में पढ़ने के लिए “देवी कुष्मांडा” पर क्लिक करें।
Who is Kushmanda?
"Ku" means "some," "Ushma" means heat, and "Anda" means "The Universe." According to the scriptures, Goddess Kushmanda removed all darkness from the world with her divine smile. With a light smile on her face, Goddess Kushmanda is known as the remover of all sorrow. Her residence is the Sun. It is the sole reason that there is a bright light coming from the back of Goddess Kushmanda. She is the only form of Goddess Durga who has the power to live on the Sun.
The Representation of Goddess Kushmanda
With a light smile on her face, Goddess Kushmanda has eight hands which is why she is also known as "Ashthbhuja." In her seven hands, she holds the ewer, bow, arrow, lotus flower, Kalash, rotating wheel, and a mace, respectively. On the eighth hand is a chanting rosary which determines all the recipes for accomplishing things. The Amrit Kalash in the Goddess's hand blesses the devotees with long life and best of health. Goddess Kushmanda rides on the back of a lion which is a symbol of Dharma.
How did she come to be known as Kushmanda?
Kushmanda means Pumpkin. Goddess Durga came in the avatar of Kushmanda to get the world rid of the demons. According to legendary tales, Goddess Kushmanda created the Universe. It is a belief that if you offer a pumpkin, then she will be impressed by it. Being attached to the Universe and Pumpkin made her known as Kushmanda.
The importance of the fourth day of Navratri
Goddess Kushmanda is the head deity of the fourth day of Navratri. It is a widespread belief that if a devotee worships Goddess with a pure heart and according to all the correct rules, he/she is sure to get to a paramount in their life quickly. It is so believed that worshipping her on this day destroys all types of diseases from the devotee.
Favorite fruit of Goddess.
Offer white pumpkin fruit to Goddess Kushmanda. After this, offer her some yogurt and halwa. The Universe is believed to be like a pumpkin which is empty in the center. Goddess resides in the center of the Universe and protects the whole Universe. If you cannot find a raw pumpkin, you can also offer a ripe pumpkin to her.
All disease and mournings disappear.
Worshipping Goddess Kushmanda removes all the diseases and mournings from the lives of the devotees. With Goddess's blessings, there is prosperity in the devotee's age, fame, power, and health. People who are in the state of illness quite often should worship Goddess Kushmanda with total devotion.
The tale of Goddess Kushmanda
When darkness enveloped all four directions, there was no Universe. That was the time when Goddess Kushmanda, with a slight smile on her face, created the Universe. This form of Goddess is such that it can reside inside a Sun too. This form is as bright as the Sun. After making the Universe, Goddess generated the Tridev ( Brahma, Vishnu, Mahesh) and the Tridevis( Kali, Lakshmi, and Saraswati). Goddess Kushmanda is worshipped on the 4th day of Navratri. She is the fourth form of power, which is believed to be as stunning as the Sun. This form of our Goddess is described as something like this. Goddess Kushmanda, with her eight hands, encourages us to a Karmyogi life and earn courage; her sweet smile increases our life force and enables us to walk the most difficult paths with a smile on our face. Goddess Durga's fourth form is known as Goddess Kushmanda. With her slight smile, she generated the Anda, i.e., the Universe, which is why she is known as Kushmanda. When the Universe didn't exist, there was darkness everywhere. Then Goddess created the Universe with her bright smile. Therefore, she is the Aadi Swaroop( archetype) Aadi Shakti. On the eighth hand is a chanting rosary which determines all the recipes for accomplishing things. According to a legend, it is believed that when the Universe didn't exist, she was the one who created the Universe. She is the Aadi Swaroop( archetype) Aadi Shakti. Her home is located in the inner world of the solar system. She is the only one who has the ability and power to reside there. The radiance and effect of her body are as glorious as the Sun. By worshipping Goddess Kushmanda, all the diseases and mournings disappear from the lives of the devotees. With Goddess's blessings, there is prosperity in the devotee's age, fame, power, and health. Goddess feels happy even if she is being offered small things but with complete devotion. The Lion is her vehicle. On the Fourth day of Navratri, only this form of Goddess is worshipped. Worshipping Goddess Kushmanda on this day brings prosperity in the age, fame, power, and health of the devotee.
Pooja Vidhi of Mata Kushmanda
- Wake up early in the morning on the fourth day of Navratri and wear green clothes after bathing.
- Use a green seat on this day to worship the Goddess.
- Light a ghee lamp in front of Goddess Kushmanda's idol or Photograph and apply tilak on her.
- Offer clothes, saubhagya Sutra, sandalwood, Roli, turmeric, vermilion, durva, bilvapatra, jewelry, floral necklaces, fragrant, incense lamps, nevedh, fruits, betel leaves to Goddess while worshipping her.
- Now offer her green cardamom, fennel, and Raw Pumpkin fruit.
- Now chant Om Kushmanda devyey Namah: ( ॐ कुशमांडा देव्यै नमः )108 times.
- Perform aarti of Goddess Kushmanda and offer food to a brahman or else perform a donation.
- After this, it is also essential to worship the Tridev and Goddess Lakshmi.
- If you want, you can read and chant the Siddha Kunjika.
- After this, also take the prasad yourself.
- Male is very dear to Goddess Kushmanda, so after worshiping, you can offer prasad to everyone by providing it to the Goddess, and then you can also have it.
The Bhog of Goddess Kushmanda
It is believed that if something is offered to Goddess Kushmanda with total devotion, then she accepts it gladly. But Malpuye is very dear to Goddess Kushmanda.
Om devi kusmandaey namah:
(ॐ देवी कूष्माण्डायै नमः॥)
Surasampoorn kalasham rudhirapalutamev cha.
(सुरासम्पूर्ण कलशं रुधिराप्लुतमेव च।)
Sadhana hastpadhtabhyam khushmanda shubhdaastu mey.
(दधाना हस्तपद्माभ्यां कूष्माण्डा शुभदास्तु मे॥)
Ya devi sarvabhooteshu maa kushmandam rupenu sansthita.
या देवी सर्वभूतेषु मां कूष्मांडा रूपेण संस्थिता।
Namastasyey namastasyey namastasyey namoh namah:
नमस्तस्यै नमस्तस्यै नमस्तस्यै नमो नम:।।
Kushmanda Meditation Mantra
Vande vanchit kamarth chandraardhkritshekharaam
(वन्दे वाञ्छित कामार्थे चन्द्रार्धकृतशेखराम्।)
Sighrooda ashthbhuja kushmanda yashswinim
(सिंहरूढ़ा अष्टभुजा कूष्माण्डा यशस्विनीम्॥)
Bhasvar bhanu nibham anahat stitham chaturth durga trinetram
(भास्वर भानु निभाम् अनाहत स्थिताम् चतुर्थ दुर्गा त्रिनेत्राम्।)
Kamandalu, chaap, baan, padd, sudhakalash, chakra, gada, japvatidhraam
(कमण्डलु, चाप, बाण, पद्म, सुधाकलश, चक्र, गदा, जपवटीधराम्॥)
Pataambar paridhanam kamniyaam mriduhasya nanalandkar bhushitaam
(पटाम्बर परिधानां कमनीयां मृदुहास्या नानालङ्कार भूषिताम्।)
Manjir, haar, keyur, kidkini, ratankundal, manditaam
(मञ्जीर, हार, केयूर, किङ्किणि, रत्नकुण्डल, मण्डिताम्॥)
Prafful vandanachaaru chibukam kaant kapolaam tugam kuchaam
(प्रफुल्ल वदनांचारू चिबुकां कान्त कपोलाम् तुगम् कुचाम्।)
Komlaandi samermukhi shrikanti nimannabhi nitmbaneem.
(कोमलाङ्गी स्मेरमुखी श्रीकंटि निम्ननाभि नितम्बनीम्॥)
Durgatinashini tavhim daridradi vimashinneem
(दुर्गतिनाशिनी त्वंहि दारिद्रादि विनाशिनीम्।)
Jayandna dhanandam kushmandey pranmamyahum
(जयंदा धनदां कूष्माण्डे प्रणमाम्यहम्॥)
Jagnmata jagatkatri jagadaadhar roopneem
(जगन्माता जगतकत्री जगदाधार रूपणीम्।)
Charachareshree kushmandey pranmamyahum
(चराचरेश्वरी कूष्माण्डे प्रणमाम्यहम्॥)
Treylokyasundari tavhim dukha shok nivareeneem
(त्रैलोक्यसुन्दरी त्वंहि दुःख शोक निवारिणीम्।)
Paramanandmayi, kushmandey pranmamyaham.
(परमानन्दमयी, कूष्माण्डे प्रणमाम्यहम्॥)
Aarti of Goddess Kushmanda
Chautha jab navratra ho, kushmanda ko dhyaate
(चौथा जब नवरात्र हो, कूष्मांडा को ध्याते।)
Jisne racha brahmand yeh, pujan hai unka
(जिसने रचा ब्रह्मांड यह, पूजन है उनका)
Aadya shakti kehte jinhe, ashthbhuja hae roop.
(आद्य शक्ति कहते जिन्हें, अष्टभुजी है रूप।)
Is shakti ke tej se kahi chav kahi dhoop
(इस शक्ति के तेज से कहीं छांव कहीं धूप॥)
Kumhadey ki bali karti hae tantrik se svikaar
(कुम्हड़े की बलि करती है तांत्रिक से स्वीकार।)
Pethey se bhi reejhti satvik krein vichaar
(पेठे से भी रीझती सात्विक करें विचार॥)
Krodhit jab ho jaaye yeh ulta krein vyavhaar
(क्रोधित जब हो जाए यह उल्टा करे व्यवहार।)
Usko rakhti door maa, peeda deti apaar
(उसको रखती दूर मां, पीड़ा देती अपार॥)
Surya chandra ki roshni yeh jag me faelaaye
(सूर्य चंद्र की रोशनी यह जग में फैलाए।)
Sharanaagat ki mae aaya tu hi raah dikhaye
(शरणागत की मैं आया तू ही राह दिखाए॥)
Navraatro ki maa kripa krdo maa
(नवरात्रों की मां कृपा कर दो मां)
Navraatro ki maa kripa krdo maa
(नवरात्रों की मां कृपा करदो मां॥)
Jai maa kushmanda maiyaa
(जय मां कूष्मांडा मैया।)
Jai maa kushmanda maiyaa
(जय मां कूष्मांडा मैया॥)
Benefits of Worshipping Goddess Kushmanda
- Worshipping Goddess Kushmanda keeps all types of diseases away.
- Worshipping Goddess Kushmanda increases Lifeline fame and power.
- A little worship of Goddess Kushmanda makes her happy, and the devotees are blessed with a comfortable, contented and life full of prosperity.
Don't do these things while worshipping Goddess Kushmanda, even if you forget.
- Chant the 108 names of Goddess Durga.
- Light the infinite Monolith lamp at your home.
- Worship Goddess Durga two times a day, i.e., morning and evening, and before you worship her, meditate remembering Lord Ganesha.
- Don't eat just after chanting the mantras or after worship.
- Offer prasad of fruits and pumpkin fruit to 12 years and younger aged girls.
- During chanting the mantra of Goddess Durga, don't move your body and don't chant the mantra in a sing-song manner.
- Imbibe purity in your heart and thoughts.
- During Navratri, respect your mother and other women of her age. Start any work after takeing their blessings.
- Do not use deceit, fraud, and profanity.
- Follow the path of Brahmacharya and do not fall in the company of the wrong people.
Chant this mantra to get relieved of all problems
Sharanagat dinaarth paritraan prayane
(शरणागत दीनार्थ परित्राण परायणे)
Sarvsyaatir harey devi narayani namostutey
(सर्वस्यार्ति हरे देवि नारायणी नमोस्तुते)
Goddess Skandmata resides in the hills and blesses living beings around the world with new energy and knowledge. During Navratri, this Goddess is worshipped on the fifth day. It is said so that even a fool can turn into a wise man with Goddess Skandmata's blessings. The fifth face of Goddess Durga is known as Goddess Skandmata. Her name Skandmata is kept after her son- Lord Skand Kumar (Kartikeya). Goddess Skandmata is always seen with her son-Lord Skand Kumar sitting in her lap as a kid. It is believed that a seeker's mind takes rest and completes an entire circle on this fifth day of Navratri. Goddess Skandmata's sculpture is a symbol of love and value, presenting Goddess Durga significantly. Goddess Durga's fifth form got its name from Lord Kartikeya. Since Goddess Durga gave birth to Lord Kartikeya in this form, this form was named after him.
इस पेज को हिंदी में पढ़ने के लिए “देवी स्कंदमाता” पर क्लिक करें।
The representation of Goddess Skandamata
Goddess Skandamata takes her form with four arms. The upper right arm holds Lord Skand Kumar, and the lower right arm holds a lotus. Every form of Goddess Durga is highly auspicious and sits on a Lotus. This is why Goddess Skandamata is also known as Goddess VidyaVahini and Goddess Padmasana. Goddess Skandamata also rides the lion. Goddess Skandamata is believed to be the master of the solar system. Devotees gain a supernatural mind when he worships Goddess Skandamata. This supernatural blessing completes a worshipper's austerity. If somebody worships the Goddess with utmost concentration, he will get rid of all his problems and will head towards a path of salvation.
Who is Goddess Skandamata?
Skandamata means the mother of Lord Skanda. Goddess Parvati's elder son's name is Skanda. When Goddess Parvati gave birth to Lord Skanda, she was hence known as Goddess Skandamata. Though, there's also a saying that Adishakti Jagdamba gave birth to a kid with her energy to free the world from Banashur's torture. Sanat Kumar with six heads is known as Skanda. According to ancient beliefs, Goddess Skandamata is the daughter of the Himalayas, which is why she's also known as Parvati. Since she's also the wife of Lord Shiva, she can also be called Goddess Maheshwari. Goddess Skandamata has a fair body and is also known as Goddess Gauri. Being the mother to Lord Skanda, she was known as Skandamata. Lord Skanda, or Lord Kartikeya, was appointed as Lords' commander in a famous battle between Lords and Asuras. That is why Shakti and Kumar always accompany Lord Skanda's name in ancient books. For being the mother to Lord Skanda, Goddess Durga is known and worshiped as Goddess Skandamata. Goddess Skandamata has four arms. Her lower arm on the right carries a lotus, while the upper arm on the left side has a Varmudra. The lower arm on the left also has a lotus in it. Her entire representation is pure, and she rides the lion.
Importance of Goddess Skandamata
Goddess Skandamata rides the lion, which is the symbol of anger, and she has a kid in her lap who's Lord Kartikeya, who represents motherly love. This form of Goddess Durga teaches us that if we decide to walk the path of devotion, we should have immense control over our anger the way that the Goddess controls her lion. On the other hand, a kid in Goddess's lap teaches us that we can always choose the path of devotion even with all the benefits and love from the real world. All you need is the determination to do so. It's also believed that a woman is blessed with a child if she worships Goddess Skandamata. The ability to think better is a blessing from Goddess Skandamata. It's also said that only because of Goddess Skandamata's blessings, Kalidas created the epic Raghuvansham and Meghdoot.
Significance of worshipping Goddess Skandamata
If Goddess Skandamata is worshipped with a determined mind, it's believed that she blesses her worshippers with every happiness in the world. If a couple can not conceive a child or is facing difficulty to do so, worshipping Goddess Skandamata can be beneficial in Navratri. Worshipping Goddess Skandamata generally solves all the child-related problems for a couple. If the planet Jupiter does not have strong or good effects on your Kundali, worshipping Goddess Skandamata can help. Worshipping her can also help people get rid of all the arguments prevailing at home. This happens with auspicious and radiant energy that the Goddess receives as a blessing.
Goddess Skandamata blesses with a child.
People who are facing difficulty in conceiving a child should worship this form of Goddess Durga. This form of Aadishakti is believed to bless people with a child. It is crucial to mention Lord Kartikeya when you're worshipping Goddess Skandamata for a child.
Goddess Skandamata teaches unity.
Goddess Skandamata teaches us how life in itself is a constant fight between the good and evil like the battles between Lords and Asuras, and a person himself is the commander for all such battles. To be able to receive the power to make wise decisions, we should worship Goddess Skandamata. One should have a determined mind for this Puja for the mind, attitude, and mediation to meet at a single place. This combination delivers happiness and peace to a person.
Goddess takes away all the problems.
Worshipping Goddess Skandamata has excellent significance in Shastras. A worshipper can fulfill all his wishes by worshipping Goddess Skandamata. Worshippers receive peace. As she is the most powerful Goddess in the solar system, so her fierce energy is even more vital. Hence, worshipping this Goddess with a determined and pure mind can even give the ability to cross the great ocean to the worshipper.
Skandamata is the Goddess of love.
Kartikeya is believed to be Lords' commander, and Goddess Skandamata has utmost affection towards her son. Whenever the monsters start ruling the Earth, the Goddess rides on the lion and comes to the Earth to save her worshippers. Goddess Skandamata likes to get her name from her son. That is why she is believed to be the Goddess of love and motherhood.
Importance of the following ingredients for worshipping Goddess Skandamata
It is significant to offer a Dhanush Vana in Goddess Skandamata' Puja. She should also be offered a red dupatta, sindoor, nail paint, bindi, henna, red bangles, lipstick, and other stuff that a married woman uses. On the fifth day of Navratri, if a woman offers all the ingredients with red flowers to Goddess Skandamata, they are blessed with a long-married life and children. She has also been worshipped the same way as other forms of Goddess Durga.
Goddess Skandamata Puja Procedure
*Take a fresh bath in the morning and wear washed clothes on the fifth day of Navratri.
*Now, place the picture of Goddess Skandamata in the temple or worshipping place in your home.
*Purify yourself with Gangajal.
*Clean the Goddess's sculpture with water.
*Now, place some coins in the water in a Kalash.
*Read the determination for fast while reciting the mantras.
*Now apply Kumkum and Roli to the Goddess Skandamata.
*Dress the sculpture and feed her the food.
*Always offer banana to the Goddess Skandamata. It is believed that the Goddess Skandamata provides great health if you do so.
*Offer flowers to the Goddess.
*Spray Gangajal in every corner of the house.
*Read the Goddess's story to please her.
*Now worship her with a Diya.
*Distribute the Prashad to all the family members and eat it yourself as well.
Goddess Skandamata Aarti
Jai teri ho Skandamata
Panchava naam tumhara aata
जय तेरी हो स्कंदमाता
पांचवा नाम तुम्हारा आता
Sab ke man ki janan haari
Jag janni sab ki mehtaari
सब के मन की जानन हारी
जग जननी सब की महतारी
Teri jyot jalata rahoon mein
Hardum tumhe dhyara rahoon mein
तेरी ज्योत जलाता रहूं मैं
हरदम तुम्हे ध्याता रहूं मैं
Kayi naamo se tujhe pukara
Mujhe ek hai tera sahaara
कई नामो से तुझे पुकारा
मुझे एक है तेरा सहारा
Kahin pagadon par hai dera
Kayi shehron mein tera basera
कहीं पहाड़ों पर है डेरा
कई शहरों में तेरा बसेरा
Har mandir mein tere najare gun gaye
Tere bhagat pyare bhagti
हर मंदिर में तेरे नजारे गुण गाये
तेरे भगत प्यारे भगति
Apni mujhe dila do shakti
Meri bigdi bana do
अपनी मुझे दिला दो शक्ति
मेरी बिगड़ी बना दो
Indra aadi devta mil saare
Kare pukar tumhare dware
इन्द्र आदी देवता मिल सारे
करे पुकार तुम्हारे द्वारे
Dushta datya jab chadh kar aye
Tum hi khanda hath uthaye
दुष्ट दत्य जब चढ़ कर आये
तुम ही खंडा हाथ उठाये
Dason ko sada bachane aayi
'chaman' ki aas pujane aayi
दासो को सदा बचाने आई
‘चमन’ की आस पुजाने आई
Jai teri ho Skandamata
जय तेरी हो स्कंदमाता...
Offer Bhog to Goddess Skandamata
Goddess Skandamata likes bananas, and that is why you should offer bananas to her and then give the same to Brahmins (Pandits). Doing this will keep the worshipper in good health. You can also offer kheer and Meva as the bhog to Goddess Skandamata.
Om devi Skandamataaya Namaha
ओम देवी स्कन्दमातायै नमः॥
Singhasangataa nityam padmaachit kardvayaa
Shubhadastu Sada Devi Skandamata Yashaswini
सिंहासनगता नित्यं पद्माञ्चित करद्वया।
शुभदास्तु सदा देवी स्कन्दमाता यशस्विनी॥
Ya devi sarvabhooteshu man chadraghanta roopen sansthita
Namastasyay namastasyay namastasyay Namo Namha
Sarvada paatu ma devi Chanyanyasu hi dikshu vae
या देवी सर्वभूतेषु मां स्कन्दमाता रूपेण संस्थिता।
नमस्तस्यै नमस्तस्यै नमस्तस्यै नमो नमः॥
सर्वदा पातु मां देवी चान्यान्यासु हि दिक्षु वै॥
People suffering from Air, Phlegm, or Bile diseases should worship Goddess Skandamata and offer linseed to the Goddess to consume it afterward.
Shlok for Goddess Skandamata
To receive all the blessings from Goddess Skandamata, one should repeat these shlokas on the fifth day of Navratri to please the Goddess.
Ya devi sarva bhuteshu maa Skandamata rupen sansthita
या देवी सर्वभूतेषु माँ स्कंदमाता रूपेण संस्थिता।
Namastasyay namastasyay namastasyay namaho namaha
नमस्तस्यै नमस्तस्यै नमस्तस्यै नमो नम:।।
Arthaha hey maa sarvatra virajmaan aur Skandmata ke roop mein prasiddh ambey, main aapko barambar pranam karta/karti hun. Hey maa, mujhe sab paapon se mukti pradan karein.
अर्थ : हे माँ! सर्वत्र विराजमान और स्कंदमाता के रूप में प्रसिद्ध अम्बे, मैं आपको बारंबार प्रणाम करता / करती हूँ. हे माँ, मुझे सब पापों से मुक्ति प्रदान करें.
Is din sadhak ka man 'vishudh' chakra mein avasthit hota hai. Inke vigreh mein bhagwan skand ji bal roop mein inki god mein bethe hote hain.
इस दिन साधक का मन 'विशुद्ध' चक्र में अवस्थित होता है. इनके विग्रह में भगवान स्कंदजी बालरूप में इनकी गोद में बैठे होते हैं.
Is mantra mein dhyan laga kar krein mata ki araadhana.
इस मंत्र से ध्यान लगाकर करें माता की अराधना..
Vande vanchit kamarthe chandrardhkritshekhraam.
वन्दे वांछित कामार्थे चन्द्रार्धकृतशेखराम्।
Singhroodha chatubhurja Skandamata yashaswineem.
सिंहरूढ़ा चतुर्भुजा स्कन्दमाता यशस्वनीम्।।
Dhawalvarna vishudh chakrasthiton pancham durga trinetram.
धवलवर्णा विशुध्द चक्रस्थितों पंचम दुर्गा त्रिनेत्रम्।
Abhay padm yugma karaan dakshin uroo putradharaam bhajem.
अभय पद्म युग्म करां दक्षिण उरू पुत्रधराम् भजेम्॥
Pataambar paridhanan mriduhaasya nanalankaar bhooshitam.
पटाम्बर परिधानां मृदुहास्या नानांलकार भूषिताम्।
Manjeer, haar, keyoor, kinkini ratnakundal dharineem.
मंजीर, हार, केयूर, किंकिणि रत्नकुण्डल धारिणीम्॥
Prafull vandanaa pallavandhra kaant kapola peen payodharaam.
प्रफुल्ल वंदना पल्ल्वांधरा कांत कपोला पीन पयोधराम्।
Kamneeya lavanya charu trivali nitambneem.
कमनीया लावण्या चारू त्रिवली नितम्बनीम्॥
Maa Skandamata Story
The commander of Lords- Lord Kartikeya's mother is worshipped on the fifth day of Durga Puja. Karthikeya Kumar has been mentioned as Sanat Kumar and Skand Kumar in the ancient texts. Goddess is seen giving all her motherly affection when she takes the form of Goddess Skandamata. This form of Goddess is said to be the purest.
Whenever the evil spreads a lot, Goddess comes to the worshipper's saviour riding the lion to destroy the evil. Goddess Skandamata has four arms with a lotus in two of them and her son in another one, while the fourth one is believed to be blessing everybody.
Goddess Skandamata is the daughter of the Himalayas, and she is also known as Maheshwari and Gauri. She's called Parvati, being the daughter of Lord Himraj, Maheshwari being the wife of Lord Shiva, and Gauri for her fair skin. She has a dear love for her son and hence loves being called by her son's name. Anybody who worships this form of Goddess Durga Goddess treats them like her own son.
Goddess Skandamata has prayed a lot to get Lord Shiva as her husband, and hence one must always worship Lord Shiva when they're worshipping the Goddess, or otherwise, they won't receive Goddess's blessings.
One walks the path of peace when they worship Goddess Skandamata. With her blessings, great scholars and servants take birth. It is believed that Kalidas could create Raghuvansham and Meghdoot creations with Goddess's blessings only.
What can one get by worshipping Skandamata?
- One could quickly get a child with Goddess Skandamata's blessings.
- If there's an issue related to your child, Goddess can help with that too.
- Always offer yellow flowers and other stuff to the Goddess Skandamata.
- If you also wear yellow clothes, then you're sure to get the maximum benefit out of the Puja.
- After this, one can make their wishes, especially the ones related to children.
What if the Vishudh Chakra is weak?
The Vishudh Chakra is right behind the throat.If it's weak, one's voice is comparatively weaker.One might stammer or even go dumb with this problem.This weakness can even lead to problems with the ears, nose, and neck.
Goddess Katyayani is worshipped on the Navratri's sixth day. Goddess Katyayani was born in the house of Sage Katyayan. Therefore, she is known as Katyayani. Goddess assumed this form to kill the demon named Mahishasura. This form of the Goddess is considered very violent; that's why she is also known as the God of war. According to Hindu mythological, worshipping Goddess Katyayani removes defects in marriage, and the God of Jupiter will get pleased and make combinations on an amazing wedding. If she is worshiped with complete devotion, then the married life will be filled with happiness and peace. According to mythological beliefs, worshipping Goddess Katyayani blesses the devotee with ways to generate the Aagya Chakra; also, he will be full of supernatural brightness and effect. Worshipping Goddess Katyayani destroys all diseases, grief, sorrow, and fear.
इस पेज को हिंदी में पढ़ने के लिए “देवी कात्यायनी” पर क्लिक करें।
Who is Goddess Katyayani?
It is a widespread belief that the great sage performed many austerities, which impressed The Aadishakti. As a blessing, she took birth as his daughter; that is why she is known as Goddess Katyayani. Goddess Katyayani is believed to be the Goddess आधीशिष्ठत्री of the Brij. According to mythological beliefs, the gopis' worshipped Goddess Katyayani on the banks of river Yamuna to get Lord Shri Krishna as their husband. It is also believed that Goddess Katyayani killed the Tyrannical Demon Mahishasura and freed the three worlds from his terror.
The representation of Goddess Katyayani
The form of Goddess Katyayani is gleaming and gorgeous. She has four arms. The upper hand on the right side of Goddess Katyayani is in the Abhay Mudra or in the gesture of fearlessness, and the lower arm is in the VaraMudra or the motion of generosity. On the left side, the upper hand carries a sword, and the lower hand holds a Lotus flower. Goddess Katyayani rides the back of a lion.
Katyayani is the sixth avatar of Goddess Durga, who is worshipped on the sixth day of Navratri. According to ancient legends and Hindu scriptures, she was born as the daughter of Sage Katyayan. Sage Katyayani was born in the Katya Genealogy. This Genealogy originated from The great Sage Vishwamitra. In this way, she was named "Katyayani," which means the daughter of Katyayan. According to other legends, Sage Katyayan was the person who worshipped Goddess Katyayan; that is why the name of "Katyayani acknowledges her."
The importance of the Worship of Goddess Katyayani
According to the scriptures, it is the day to worship the sixth form of Goddess Aadishakti, i.e., Goddess Katyayani. In the central character of Durga Saptshati, where the mention of Mahishasur is found, Goddess Katyayani was the one to kill him. That is why she is also called Mahishasur Mardini by her devotees. Worshipping this Goddess blesses girls with the right life partner and also removes any obstacles from their marriage. In the Bhagwat Puran, all the pleasures of this world become accessible to the devotees of Goddess Katyayani. Goddess is always generous towards her devotees and fulfills all their wishes. The form of Goddess Katyayani is in itself the manifestation of this fact. Sage Katyayan was the greatest devotee of Goddess Aadishakti. Impressed by his austerities, she blessed him with a boon of being born in his family as his daughter. It is believed that Lord Rama and Lord Shri Krishna also worshipped this form of Goddess Katyayani. The Gopis of Brij Mandal also worshipped her with the desire to have Lord Shri Krishna as their husband. Goddess Katyayani told Sage Katyayan that she would be born to him as his daughter, but the root cause behind her revelation is to maintain Dharma in this universe, and to achieve this end of Mahishasura is necessary. The Goddess killed Mahishasura and freed the world from fear.
According to Hindu beliefs
According to Hindu scriptures, it is believed that devotees worship Goddess Katyayani because she is the idol of bravery, knowledge, and power. It is said that the devotees are blessed with inner power after worshipping her. According to the scriptures and Vedas, it is noted that marriageable girls perform a Katyayani fast lasting for a month to receive a good husband. Over one month, Goddess Katyayani is worshiped regularly with flowers, prayers, incense sticks, and sandalwood. According to Hindu beliefs, Goddess Katyayani holds more importance for her female devotees. That is why, in some regions of Tamil Nadu, during the time of Pongal, young girls worship Goddess Katyayani to receive prosperity and a good fate. Worshipping Goddess Katyayani also removes all forms of negativity from the lives of her devotees.
Ya devi Sarvabhuteshu Shakti Roopen Sansthita
Goddess Katyayani is worshipped on Navratri's sixth day. Lion rider Goddess Katyayani killed Mahishasura, which is why worship brings amazing power, and you will receive the power to fight your enemies. Chanting this Mantra of Goddess Jagdamba is always fruitful.
Ya devi Sarvabhuteshu Shakti Roopen Sansthita. Namastasyey Namastasyey Namastasyey namoh namah:
(या देवी सर्वभूतेषु शक्ति रूपेण संस्थिता। नमस्तस्यै नमस्तस्यै नमस्तस्यै नमो नम:॥)
Meaning: Hey Goddess! Amba, who is omnipresent in the form of power and fame, I bow before you again and again.
Reasons – Goddess is known as Katyayani
The sixth form of Goddess Durga, i.e., Goddess Katyayani, was also worshipped by Lord Rama and Lord Shri Krishna. The Gopis of Brij Mandal also worshipped her with the desire to get Lord Shri Krishna as their husband. The tales of Goddess Katyayani can be found in Devi Bhagwat, Markandaya, and the Skand Puran. It is mentioned in the scriptures that Sage Katyayan was the devotee of Goddess Aadishakti. He did not have any children. He performed austerities for the Goddess and, in return, asked for a daughter as a boon. During this time, the atrocities of Mahishasura were increasing day by day. He chased away the Gods from heaven. The energy was formed by the rage of the Gods, which in the form of a girl child. This energy was born in the home of Sage Katyayan in the form of his daughter. The sage knew that the Goddess was born in his home as his daughter. The sage was the first one to worship the Goddess, and that is why she came to be known as Katyayani.
The Goddess killed Mahishasura.
The original purpose for the appearance of the Goddess was the death of Mahishasura. On the day of Ashwin Shukla Navami, after being worshipped by Sage Katyayan, she appeared to kill Mahishasura. After this, the Goddess engaged in war with Mahishasura on the ninth and tenth days or Navami and Dashami teeth of Navratri. On the day of Dashami, the Goddess ate a beetle leaf filled with honey and killed Mahishasura. After this, she was known as Mahishasura Mardini. Worshipping her makes it possible to quickly achieve all the four goals of human life, namely Artha (wealth), kama (desire), Dharma (righteousness), and moksha (liberation). It is mentioned in the Skand Puran that Goddess Katyayani was born out of the natural rage of God. She was the one who rode on the back of a lion given to her by Goddess Parvati and killed Mahishasura. She represents power. The mentions of Goddess Katyayani can be found in DeviBhagwat Puran and Devi Mahatameya of Markandeya Puran, composed by Sage Markandeya. The mention of Goddess Katyayani can also be found in Buddhist and Jain scriptures and many other Tantrik scriptures and the Kalika Puran( tenth century), especially the Goddess's mention is said that Lord Jagannath and Goddess Katyayani live in Odisha.
The procession of The Goddess on the Sixth day of Navratri
In Puja Pandals, on the sixth day in the evening, a celebratory musical procession carrying The Goddess on a palanquin is carried out. The vine tree with two entangled vines is worshipped and is invited to the worship of the Goddess. On the seventh day of Navratri, early in the morning, this vine is also carried on the palanquin, and then it is worshipped to make the light flow into the eyes of the Goddess. After completing this task in the Puja Pandals, the Goddess's face is uncovered, and the devotees can admire her look and feel blessed.
The procedure of worshipping Goddess Katyayani
- On the 6th day of Navratri, i.e., on Shashthi, wear red or yellow clothes after bathing.
- First of all, place an idol or a picture of Goddess Katyayani.
- Now spray Ganga Jal all over the place and purify it.
- Now, place a lighted lamp in front of The Goddess.
- Now, place a flower in your hand and bow down in front of the Goddess and meditate.
- After this offer, yellow flowers, raw turmeric bales, and honey.
- Worship the Goddess with incense sticks and a lamp.
- After worshipping her, distribute the prasadam to everyone and then consume it yourself as well.
The favorite food and color of Goddess Katyayani
The favorite color of Goddess Katyayani is the color red, and it is believed that she can be pleased with an offering of honey. It is also believed that it is auspicious to offer honey to Goddess Katyayani on the sixth day of Navratri. As a result of heeding to the Gods' prayers, Goddess Katyayani went on a war with Mahishasura. When Goddess Katyayani felt tired during her duel with Mahishasura, she ate a beetle leaf filled with honey which removed all her tiredness, and she was able to kill Mahishasura. To please and worship Goddess Katyayani, one should offer her Beetle leaves filled with honey. The right time to meditate for Goddess Katyayani is the twilight period. It is believed that worshipping the mother with incense, lamps, and guggul removes all obstacles, particulary at this time. The devotee who offers the Goddess five types of sweets and then serves the prasadam to unmarried girls will have the challenges of receiving an income removed by The Goddess herself. The person will be successful in earning money according to his hard work and ability.
What kind of desires does her worship fulfill?
- Worshipping her is considered to be very important to get unmarried girls married earlier.
- She is also worshipped for desired marriage and love marriage.
- Her worship is fruitful for married life.
- Marriage will take place even if the chance of marriage is slight in the person's horoscope.
The Goddess is related to which planet and Gods and Goddesses?
- Being connected to a woman's marriage is the reason she is connected to the planet Jupiter.
- She is also partially related to Venus because of her relationship with the couple's life.
- Venus and Jupiter are both supernatural and Bright planets; that is why The Goddess's radiance is supernatural and complete.
- The Goddess is related to Lord Shri Krishna and her Gopis, and she is the Ashthiatri Devi of the Brijmandal.
How to worship Mother Katyayani for early marriage?
- Wear Yellow clothes during twilight time.
- Lighten up a lamp in front of The Goddess and offer yellow flowers to her.
- After this, offer her three bales of turmeric.
- Chant the mantras of Goddess Katyayani.
- The mantras are as follows-
("कात्यायनी महामाये , महायोगिन्यधीश्वरी।
नन्दगोपसुतं देवी, पति मे कुरु ते नमः।।")
Nandgopastum devi, pati se kuru tey namah:
- Keep the bales of Turmeric safe with you.
How will the worship of Goddess Katyayani accelerate?
- Offer honey to Goddess Katyayani.
- It will be best if this honey is offered in a silver vessel.
- This will increase your influence and increase attractiveness.
Benefits from the worship of Goddess Katyayani
Worshipping Goddess Katyayani destroys all the obstacles of the marriage of unmarried girls, and they receive a suitable husband. Also, if the Goddess is worshiped according to the prescribed process, the devotee can win over any obstacle coming in their way of achieving success. Worshipping the sixth form of Goddess Durga, i.e., Goddess Katyayani removes the Rahu born and Kaal Sarp Dosh. It is believed that worshipping Goddess Katyayani removes all mental, skin, bone-related infections and diseases and decreases cancer chances. Offer Goddess Katyayani a gourd. By the way, to impress the Goddess, you can also offer her honey and sweetened beetle leaf. If the planet Jupiter is poorly placed in your horoscope, then your Jupiter can be placed in a better position just by worshipping Goddess Katyayani. Worshipping Goddess Katyayani generates the Aagya Chakra, because of which the seeker himself attains all the siddhis. The worship of the Goddess destroys all sorrow, anger, fear, etc.
The tale of Goddess Katyayani
According to Hindu legendary tales and The Shiva Mahapuran, once there lived a Monster named Mahishasura who had immense mental and physical powers. Mahishasura's objective was to destroy all creators and their creations, including the Earth. That is why Goddess Parvati appeared in another form of Goddess Durga, i.e., Goddess Katyayani, to protect the Earth with her power and brute strength and to kill Mahishasura. Mahishasura could change his appearance multiple times. Once when he assumed a Buffalo's appearance, Goddess Katyayani rose from the back of her lion and attacked the monster's neck with her trident and killed him. This is why she is known as the warrior Goddess of the Earth and as the savior. According to yet another famous legend, The great Sage Katyayan performed severe penance for Goddess Aadishakti. Pleased by his austerities, the Goddess gave blessed him with a boon that she will be born to him as his daughter. The Goddess was born in the ashram of Sage Katyayan. The Goddess was brought up by Sage Katyayan himself. According to the scriptures, the tyranny of the demon named Mahishasura increased significantly.
At that time, the Goddess was born out of the glory of the Tridevs. The Goddess was born to Sage Katyayan on the day of Chaturdashi of Krishna paksha of the Ashwin mas(month). After this, Sage Katyayan worshipped her for three days. The Goddess killed Mahishasura on the Dashami tithi. After this, Shumbha and Nishumbha also invaded heaven and snatched the throne of Indra, and took the Navagrahas(nine planets) as a hostage. They also completely snatched away the powers of the Gods of fire and air. Both of them insulted the Gods and threw them out of heaven. After this, all the Gods prayed to Goddess Katyayani, after which she killed both Shumbha and Nishumbha, and by doing so, the Gods were liberated from this crisis because the mother had blessed the Gods that she would protect them in times of crisis.
Goddess Katyayani Mantra
Om Devi Katyayani namah:
(ओम देवी कात्यायनी नमः)
Goddess Katyayani meditation mantra
Vandey vanchitam manortharth chandraghritkrit shekharam
(वन्दे वांछित मनोरथार्थ चन्द्रार्घकृत शेखराम्।)
Singhruda chaturbhuja Katyayani yashasvaneem
(सिंहरूढ़ा चतुर्भुजा कात्यायनी यशस्वनीम्॥)
Svarnaaagya chakra sthitam shashtam durga trinetram
(स्वर्णाआज्ञा चक्र स्थितां षष्टम दुर्गा त्रिनेत्राम्।)
Barabheet karam shagpaddharam Katyayansutam bhajami
(वराभीत करां षगपदधरां कात्यायनसुतां भजामि॥)
Pataambar paridhanam samermukhi nanalankar bhushitam
(पटाम्बर परिधानां स्मेरमुखी नानालंकार भूषिताम्।)
Manjeer, haar, keyur, kimkini, ratnkundala manditam
(मंजीर, हार, केयूर, किंकिणि रत्नकुण्डल मण्डिताम्॥)
Prasannvadna panchvadharam kantkapola tunga kuchaam
(प्रसन्नवदना पञ्वाधरां कांतकपोला तुंग कुचाम्।)
Kamniyam lavnyam trivlivibhushit nimra nabhim.
(कमनीयां लावण्यां त्रिवलीविभूषित निम्न नाभिम॥
Goddess Katyayani psalm lessons
Kanchnabha varabhyam paddadhara mukutojjvalam
(कंचनाभा वराभयं पद्मधरा मुकटोज्जवलां।)
Smerumukhim shivpatni katyaynesute namoastutey
(स्मेरमुखीं शिवपत्नी कात्यायनेसुते नमोअस्तुते॥)
Patambar parridhanam nanalankaar bhushitam
(पटाम्बर परिधानां नानालंकार भूषितां।)
Sighstitham padmahastam katyayansute namoastutey
(सिंहस्थितां पदमहस्तां कात्यायनसुते नमोअस्तुते॥)
Paramanvandmayi devi parbrahma paramaatma
(परमांवदमयी देवि परब्रह्म परमात्मा।)
(परमशक्ति, परमभक्ति,कात्यायनसुते नमोअस्तुते॥)
Maa Katyayani Ki Aarti (मां कात्यायनी की आरती )
Jai Katyayani Maa, Maiyya Jai Katyayani Maa
(जय कात्यायनि माँ, मैया जय कात्यायनि माँ )
Upma rahit bhavani, du kiski upma
(उपमा रहित भवानी, दूँ किसकी उपमा ॥)
Maiyya jai Katyayani, Girjapati Shiv ka tap, asura rambh kinhiam
(मैया जय कात्यायनि, गिरजापति शिव का तप, असुर रम्भ कीन्हाँ )
Var-fal janam rambh griha, mahishasur linham
(वर-फल जन्म रम्भ गृह, महिषासुर लीन्हाँ ॥)
Maiyya jai Katyayani, kar shashank-shekar tap, Mahishasura bhaari.
(मैया जय कात्यायनि, कर शशांक-शेखर तप, महिषासुर भारी)
Shasan kiyo suran par, ban atyachaari
(शासन कियो सुरन पर, बन अत्याचारी ॥)
Maiyaa jai Katyayani, trinayan brahm shachipati, pahuchey achyut griha.
(मैया जय कात्यायनि, त्रिनयन ब्रह्म शचीपति, पहुँचे, अच्युत गृह).
Mahishasura badh hetu, sur kinhau aagraha
(महिषासुर बध हेतू, सुर कीन्हौं आग्रह ॥)
Maiyya jai Katyayani, sun pukaar devan mukh, tej hua mukhrit.
(मैया जय कात्यायनि, सुन पुकार देवन मुख, तेज हुआ मुखरित)
Janam liyo Katyayani, sur-nar, muni ke hetu
(जन्म लियो कात्यायनि, सुर-नर-मुनि के हित ॥)
Maiyya jai Katyayani, ashwin krishna- chauth par, prakati bhavbhamini.
(मैया जय कात्यायनि, अश्विन कृष्ण-चौथ पर, प्रकटी भवभामिनि)
Poojey rishi Katyayani, naam Katyayani
(पूजे ऋषि कात्यायन, नाम काऽऽत्यायिनि ॥)
Maiyya jai Katyayani, Ashwin shukla-dashi ko, Mahishasu mara
(मैया जय कात्यायनि, अश्विन शुक्ल-दशी को, महिषासुर मारा)
The seventh power of Goddess Durga is Kaalratri. Goddess is worshipped on the 7th day of Durga Puja. Even though the first look of Goddess Kaalratri can be a little intimidating, she still blesses everybody with good news only. This is why she's also known as "Shubhankari." Worshippers need not be scared of her strong appearance. Goddess Kaalratri is the seventh form of Goddess Durga with a dark appearance and three eyes. Goddess Kaalratri possesses an exceptional electrical garland wrapped around her neck. She has a rod and a fork in her hands, and she rides a donkey. But, she always does good to those who worship her. She's known to destroy evil. Demons, monsters, and ghosts get terrified with a slight reminisce of Goddess Kaalratri. She also fixes planetary positions in one's kundali. Anybody who worships Goddess Kaalratri is never scared of fire, water, people, enemies, or darkness. With Goddess Kaalratri's blessing, a person can put all his fears behind. A person should place the Goddess Kaalratri's strong appearance in mind and worship her with a concentrated heart. He/she should worship her with utter patience following a proper procedure. One should always have pure intentions in their heart when they pray to Goddess Kaalratri. In Shastras, Goddess Durga took this form from her energy to destroy the evil on Earth. It's also believed that a person achieves everything by worshipping Goddess Kaalratri. The ones who practice black magic specifically worship Goddess Kaalratri. Worshipping Goddess Kaalratri takes all the troubles away and also fixes the planetary positions.
इस पेज को हिंदी में पढ़ने के लिए “देवी कालरात्रि” पर क्लिक करें।
The appearance of Goddess Kaalratri
Goddess Kaalratri's appearance can seem scary at first look. But, she offers excellent assistance to her worshippers and destroys all the evil. Goddess Kaalratri wears a garland of gourds. Goddess Kaalratri has three eyes that are completely round in shape, and she has a dark appearance. She always appears in open hair. Her vehicle is a donkey. Her upper right hand is always blessing the worshippers while the lower one is in Abhay Mudra. Goddess's upper hand on the left has an iron fork, while the lower side has a kharag. Worshipping Goddess Durga's seventh form helps to achieve the set targets of that person.
Origin of Goddess Kaalratri
As per the tale, monsters named Shumbh-Nishumbh and Raktabeej had been destroying all three worlds. Looking at this, all the lords visited Lord Shiva to seek help for the same. Lord Shiva turned to Goddess Parvati and told her to save her worshippers by destroying these monsters. Agreeing to Lord Shiva, Goddess Parvati took Goddess Durga's form and killed Shumbh-Nishumbh. But, when she tried to kill Raktabeej, his blood gave birth to another lakhs of him. Seeing this, Goddess Durga focused all her energy on getting into the form of Goddess Kaalratri. Then, as Goddess Kaalratri killed Raktabeej, she took his blood and applied it all over her mouth. Chopping off his head, she finally killed Raktabeej.
Significance of Worshipping Maa Kaalratri
On the seventh day of Navratri, Mata Kaalratri is worshipped whose appearance is terrifying. She ends evil and gets the best news for those who worship her. One gets rid of all their fears related to ghosts, different species, fire, enemies, water, and darkness. If somebody's Kundli has faults in different planetary positions, they should worship Goddess Kaalratri on the seventh day of Navratri since every planet belongs to Goddess Kaalratri. With Goddess Kaalratri's blessings, all the problems of the worshippers get solved. According to Shastras, worshipping Goddess Kaalratri reverses the effects of the Shani planet. Worshipping her also eliminates the chance of exceptional death. Worshipping Goddess Kaalratri can also relieve people from multiple diseases related to bones or breath. Worshippers do not need to worry about the appearance of Goddess Kaalratri. One also gets rid of his fears, worries, and disappointment if he worships Goddess Kaalratri.
This is why Goddess Kaalratri is called so:
The Goddess is worshipped on the 7th day of Navratri. Goddess Kaalratri is Goddess Durga's seventh form. Since Goddess Kaalratri is believed to bring an end to kaal, she's called Kaalratri. This is also true that Goddess Durga had to take Goddess Kaalratri's form to end Raktabeej, Shumbh, and Nishumbh. Worshipping Goddess Kaalratri gives strength to solve any life's problem. Goddess Kaalratri, who ends her enemies fiercely, helps her worshippers win over any situation.
Goddess Kaalratri Saves Worshippers from Kaal
If somebody worships Goddess Kaalratri on the seventh day of Navratri, she saves him/her from the Kaal, and she grants them a long life. In Shastras, she's also called the Goddess of achievements, and that is why the ones who practice black magic worships Goddess Kaalratri with determination to this day.
Goddess Kaalratri is the Goddess of Power
Goddess Kaalratri gives happy and robust news to everybody who worships her. Her appearance is terrifying since she's black like darkness, carries a fork in her hand, has open hair. But, this appearance is menacing only to the monsters and evil on the planet. For the one who worships her, this form of Goddess Durga is fruitful and keeps them away from any negative thought or action. Worshipping this appearance of Goddess Kaalratri gets happiness for people and saves them from all the possible pain. Remember, Goddess Kaalratri can help a person reverse his wrong actions. All the negative power on Earth can be eliminated if she will be impressed by her devotees' worship.
Puja Procedure of worshipping Goddess Kaalratri
Goddess Kaalratri is worshipped in the wee hours or the middle of the night. Take a bath before sunrise to be prepared for the Puja.
There's no particular procedure for worshipping Goddess Kaalratri. You can place her picture on a clean stool that day.
Then, offer flowers, Kumkum, and red thread to the Goddess. Also, offer a garland of lemons and light a Diya with oil as you start the Puja.
Always offer red flowers to the Goddess and offer her jaggery.
Either repeat the Mannat for Goddess Kaalratri or recite the tale of Saptashati.
Then, listen to the story of Goddess Kaalratri and do the aarti with the Diya.
Then, offer prasad to her and ask for forgiveness if you've ever made a mistake intentionally or unintentionally.
Distribute the half of jaggery as prasad to the family members and give the other half to a priest.
Do not wear black clothes, and do not pray to harm anybody in any way.
Special Puja In the Night
You can win over your anger by worshipping Goddess Kaalratri. Goddess Kaalratri is also believed to be a form of Goddess Kali. She has taken this form from Goddess Durga. Even though the Puja for Goddess Kaalratri is done like regular days, you can also perform a special Puja at night.
If you're troubled by a lot of enemies and competitors and wish to get rid of them, then you can do this, Puja.
Firstly, you'll have to wear red or white clothes to worship Goddess Kaalratri and make sure you only perform this Puja at night.
Light a Diya in front of Goddess Kaalratri and offer jaggery to her.
Then, repeat the Goddess Kalratri mantra 108 times while offering a clove every time you finish the Mantra.
The Mantra is: "Om Aim Hin Klin Chamundaya Vichchay" (ॐ ऐं ह्रीं क्लीं चामुण्डाय विच्चे)
Put those 108 cloves in holy fire.
Doing this will calm your enemies and competitors, and Goddess Kaalratri will personally take care of all your troubles.
What Special Prasad to Offer to Goddess Kaalratri?
Offer jaggery to Goddess Kaalratri and then distribute it as Prasad to all the family members. You all will experience good health for a long time.
Om Jayanti Mangla Kaali Bhadrakaali Kapalini
(ॐ जयंती मंगला काली भद्रकाली कपालिनी।)
Durga Kshama Shiva Dhaatri Swaaha Swadga Namostu Te
(दुर्गा क्षमा शिवा धात्री स्वाहा स्वधा नमोस्तु ते।।)
Jai Tvam Devi Chamunde Jai Bhootartiharini
(जय त्वं देवि चामुण्डे जय भूतार्तिहारिणि।)
Jai Sarvgate Devi Kaalratri Namostu te
(जय सर्वगते देवि कालरात्रि नमोस्तु ते।।)
Om aym heem kleem Chamundaya Vichchay. (Repeat it thrice, seven times, or 11 times.)
ऊं ऐं ह्रीं क्लीं चामुण्डायै विच्चे।
This Mantra will fulfill your wishes:
You should remember Goddess Kaalratri with this Mantra on Navratri's Seventh day:
Ekveni japaakarnapoora nagna kharasthita, lamboshti karnikakarni tailaabhyaktshareerini
(एकवेणी जपाकर्णपूरा नग्ना खरास्थिता, लम्बोष्टी कर्णिकाकर्णी तैलाभ्यक्तशरीरिणी।)
Vaampaadollasallohaltakantakbhooshna, vardhanamoordhadhvaja krishna kaalratrirbhayankari
(वामपादोल्लसल्लोहलताकण्टकभूषणा, वर्धनमूर्धध्वजा कृष्णा कालरात्रिर्भयङ्करी॥)
Goddess Kaalratri's Aarti
Kaalratri jai jai mahakaali
Kaal ke muh se bachane waali
काल के मुह से बचाने वाली॥
Dushta sangharak naam tumhara
दुष्ट संघारक नाम तुम्हारा।
Mahachandi tera avtaar
महाचंडी तेरा अवतार॥
Prithvi aur aakash pe sara
पृथ्वी और आकाश पे सारा।
Mahaakali hai tera pasaara
महाकाली है तेरा पसारा॥
Khang khappar rakhne wali
खडग खप्पर रखने वाली।
Dushton ka lahoo chakhne wali
दुष्टों का लहू चखने वाली॥
Kalkatta sthan tumhara
कलकत्ता स्थान तुम्हारा।
Sab jagah dekhun tera najaara
सब जगह देखूं तेरा नजारा॥
Sabhi devta sab nar naari
सभी देवता सब नर-नारी।
Gave stuti sabhi tumhari
गावें स्तुति सभी तुम्हारी॥
Raktdanta aur annapoorna
रक्तदंता और अन्नपूर्णा।
Kripa kare toh koi bhi dukh na
कृपा करे तो कोई भी दुःख ना॥
Na koi chinta rahe beemari
ना कोई चिंता रहे बीमारी।
Na koi gam na sankat bhaari
ना कोई गम ना संकट भारी|
Us par kabhi kasht na aavein
उस पर कभी कष्ट ना आवें।
Mahaakali ma jise bachave
महाकाली मां जिसे बचावे॥
Tu bhi bhakt prem se keh
तू भी भक्त प्रेम से कह।
Kaalratri ma teri jai
कालरात्रि मां तेरी जय॥
Repeat these 108 names of Goddess Kaalratri
On the seventh day of winter Navratri, you should repeat these 108 names of Goddess Kaalratri to receive the Goddess's blessings. Repeat these names of the Goddess sitting at a quiet place while being alone. Make sure to light a Ghee Diya in front of Goddess's sculpture.
Kaali, Kaapalinee, Kaanta, Kaamda, KaamSundari, Kaalratri, Kaalika, KaalBhairavpoojita, Kurukulla, Kaamini, Kamneeyasvabhaveeni, Kuleena, Kulkatree, Kulvartmaprakaashinee, Kastoorirasneela, Kaamya, Kaamsvaroopinee, Kakaarvarnaneelya, Kaamdhenu, Karaalika, Kulkaanta, Karaalasya, Kaamaartaa, Kalaavati, Krishodri, Kaamakhyaa, Komaree, Kulpalinee, Kulja, Kulkanya, Kalhaa, Kulpoojita, Kaameshwari, Kaamkanta, Kubjeshwaragaamini, Kaamdatri, Kaamhartri, Krishna, Kapardini, Kumuda, Krishnadeha, Kalindi, Kulpoojita, Kashyapi, Krishnamaala, Kulishaangi, Kalaa, Krinroopa, Kulgamya, Kamla, Krishnapoojita, Krishangi kannaree, kartri, Kalkanthi, kartiki, kambukanthi, kolini, kumuda, kaamjeevini, kulsatri, kartiki, kritya, kirti, kulpalika, kamdevkalaa, kalpalata, kamangbadhini, kunti, kumudpriya, kadambakusumotsuka, kadambini, kamlini, krishnanandalradayini, kumaripoojanarta, kumarigunshobita, kumariranshrarta, kumarivratdharini, kankali, kamneeya, kaamshastravisharda, kapalkhadvaangdhara, kaalbhairavroopini, kotri, kotrakshi, kashi, kailashvasini, katyayini, karyakari, kavyashaastrapramodini, kamaamarshanroopa, kaampeethnivasini, kakini, krida, kutsita, kalehpriya, kundagolod-bhavaprana, kaushiki, kirtivardhini, kumbhstini, kataksha, kavya, koknadpriya, kantaaravasini, kataksha, kaavya, koknadpriya, kantaravasini, kaanti, kathina, krishnavallabh.
काली, कापालिनी, कान्ता, कामदा, कामसुंदरी, कालरात्री, कालिका, कालभैरवपूजिता, कुरुकुल्ला, कामिनी, कमनीयस्वभाविनी, कुलीना, कुलकर्त्री, कुलवर्त्मप्रकाशिनी, कस्तूरीरसनीला, काम्या, कामस्वरूपिणी, ककारवर्णनीलया, कामधेनु, करालिका, कुलकान्ता, करालास्या, कामार्त्ता, कलावती, कृशोदरी,कामाख्या, कौमारी, कुलपालिनी, कुलजा, कुलकन्या, कलहा, कुलपूजिता, कामेश्वरी, कामकान्ता, कुब्जेश्वरगामिनी, कामदात्री, कामहर्त्री, कृष्णा, कपर्दिनी, कुमुदा, कृष्णदेहा, कालिन्दी, कुलपूजिता, काश्यपि, कृष्णमाला, कुलिशांगी, कला, क्रींरूपा, कुलगम्या, कमला, कृष्णपूजिता, कृशांगी कन्नरी, कर्त्री, कलकण्ठी, कार्तिकी, काम्बुकण्ठी, कौलिनी, कुमुदा, कामजीविनी, कुलस्त्री, कार्तिकी, कृत्या, कीर्ति, कुलपालिका, कामदेवकला, कल्पलता, कामांगबद्धिनी, कुन्ती, कुमुदप्रिया, कदम्बकुसुमोत्सुका,कादम्बिनी, कमलिनी, कृष्णानंदप्रदायिनी, कुमारिपूजनरता, कुमारीगणशोभिता, कुमारीरंश्चरता, कुमारीव्रतधारिणी, कंकाली, कमनीया, कामशास्त्रविशारदा, कपालखड्वांगधरा, कालभैरवरूपिणि, कोटरी, कोटराक्षी, काशी, कैलाशवासिनी, कात्यायिनी, कार्यकरी, काव्यशास्त्रप्रमोदिनी, कामामर्षणरूपा, कामपीठनिवासिनी, कंकिनी, काकिनी, क्रिडा, कुत्सिता, कलहप्रिया, कुण्डगोलोद्-भवाप्राणा, कौशिकी, कीर्तीवर्धिनी, कुम्भस्तिनी, कटाक्षा, काव्या, कोकनदप्रिया, कान्तारवासिनी, कान्ति, कठिना, कृष्णवल्लभा।
Benefits of Worshipping Goddess Kaalratri
It's beneficial to worship Goddess Kaalratri to destroy your enemies and competitors.
One can also get rid of all his fears and avoid any mishappenings by worshipping Goddess Kaalratri.
Worshipping Goddess Kaalratri also saves people from the adverse effects of black magic.
In Jyotish, it's also said that worshipping Goddess Kaalratri also controls the Shani planet's negative results.
The seventh night of Navratri is also known as the night of achievements. Everybody who wakes up for the Kundalini Jaagran and worships the Goddess on the seventh night gets their Millenium period started.
Goddess Kaalratri adores the Hibiscus flowers. Offering 108 red Hibiscus flowers fulfills a person's wish.
The ones who fear death or something else should pray in front of Goddess Kaalratri for themselves and their loved ones during the first watch of the morning with Sindoor and clamshells.
With this special Puja for Goddess Kaalratri, a person gets rid of all his fears.
From which chakra Goddess Kaalratri is associated?
Goddess Kaalratri controls the premium Chakra of a person- the Sahastraar.
This Chakra helps a person to follow his morals and takes him on the path of the divine.
It is believed that a person who reaches this Chakra is no less than the god himself.
In this Chakra, teachers are given great value.
There's no Mantra for this Chakra.
On the 7th day of Navratri, one should worship his teachers on this Chakra.
Gandhi Ji was born on October 2, 1869, in Porbandar in Gujarat. The birth of Father of the Nation Mahatma Gandhi is observed across the country with great pomp on October 2. Various functions are organized in schools and offices across the country on the occasion of Bapu's birthday. Bapu's full name was Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. Bapu, who got freedom for the country based on the non-violence movement, is still alive in the people's hearts. Gandhiji also went to prison many times for the independence of the country. Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869, in a place known as Porbandar in Gujarat. He left for London to study law and to become a barrister. Also, Gandhi received a barrister's degree after completing his studies in London. When Gandhi ji returned to India, the country's situation touched him much, and he fought a long war for the country's independence. Due to Gandhi ji's efforts, today, we are living an independent life.
इस पेज को हिंदी में पढ़ने के लिए “गांधी जयंती” पर क्लिक करें।
Gandhi Ji's contribution to liberating the country is enormous. Along with remembering him, they also recall his method. Gandhi ji started such a massive movement of the country with non-violence, truth, and peace. Gandhi Ji believed that the British colonial powers were able to dominate India, owing to many differences and lack of unity among the folks. So he started many movements, such as the Non-Cooperation Movement, as he believed that it could help Indians weaken the colonial hold.
Gandhi Ji had started many movements, and all of them were for the country's independence, which was successful. All these moments started in 1919. In 1919, there was a movement against the Jallianwala Bagh massacre in which the countrymen gave full support to Mahatma Gandhi. After that, Gandhi ji started the Salt Satyagraha, which proved a great success. Salt Satyagraha was the most successful movement initiated by Mahatma Gandhi. This movement is also known as Dandi Yatra. The journey lasted for 26 days, which began on March 12, 1930, and ended on April 6, 1930.
Gandhi ji's movements started with few people. But the moment progressed, more people began to join them. The entire country is following Gandhi Ji and his principles. The Salt March's primary purpose was to stand against the English tax system. Due to this tax system, Indians were facing extreme difficulty in living their life. During this movement, many people got arrested. However, the British could not stop this movement, and the campaign proved a massive success because the Britishers realized that people are standing against them very firmly.
The British were also forced to think that they found it challenging to face the non-violence movement and they were witnessing that every campaign was a success. The British began to feel that it was easier to confront the violent reaction. It was clearly visible to britishers that they are losing their power. For the first time, the whole country was fighting for independence against the britishers. They all are standing firmly against the britishers. Even women also became a crucial part in the country's freedom movement. Mahatma Gandhi was the man who told the real importance of freedom to the nation. He taught Indians that they can achieve independence even without violence.
Why is Gandhi Jayanti Celebrated in October?
Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated on October 2. Gandhi ji was born on October 2. This day is also observed as World Non-Violence Day. He is famous worldwide for his non-violent movement and his principles. This day is celebrated to acknowledge him globally. Gandhi Ji believed that non-violence is a philosophy, a principle, and an experience based on building a better society.
How is Gandhi Jayanti Celebrated?
On Gandhi Jayanti, people offer homage in front of the Gandhi statue in Rajghat, New Delhi. This day has been declared a national holiday. Prayers are offered at the Samadhi of Mahatma Gandhi by the President and Prime Minister of India. The celebration of Gandhi Jayanti is observed with joy in all schools and offices.
About Mahatma Gandhi
Mahatma Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869, in Porbandar, Gujarat. His full name is Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. Mohandas was married to Kasturba at the age of 13. Gandhi went to England to study law. After four years, he returned to India after completing his studies and practiced here for a few days but got no success.
Meanwhile, he got an opportunity to travel to South Africa. There he faced racial discrimination. While travelling on a first-class train in South Africa, Mohandas Gandhi was thrown out of the coach by an Englishman with luggage.
In this way, he formed the Indian Congress against inhuman treatment and discrimination against Indians living in South Africa. During the struggle for the rights of Indians in South Africa, Gandhi also began to use the principles of self-purification and Satyagraha, which were part of his broader vision of non-violence. He united Indian workers, mining laborers, and agricultural laborers in South Africa and raised his voice against British rule injustice. After spending twenty-one years in South Africa, Gandhi came back to India in 1915.
Gandhi had played a pivotal role in the Indian freedom struggle. After returning to India, Gandhi led several movements for the independence of the country. He fought for India's liberation from the English state and raised his voice for the rights of Indians. He visited each and every part of the country and spread awareness about patriotism. The whole world remembers him as a priest of non-violence. Even he is also considered as the father of the nation.
People call him father of the nation due to his simple life and high ideals. Due to various movements like civil disobedience, Dandi march, and many more, britishers were forced to leave India and that was the win of Indian moments.
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was killed on January 30, 1948, by Nathuram Godse. Godse was a part of the Hindu Mahasabha. He accused Mahatma Gandhi of favoring Pakistan and opposed the principle of non-violence.
5 Interesting Facts Related to Mahatma Gandhi
1. Mahatma Gandhi left for London to study law and to become a barrister. After completing studies in London, he obtained a barrister's degree but was unsuccessful in the first hearing in the Bombay High Court.
2. Steve Jobs, the founder of Apple, one of the world's largest mobile companies, wore round glasses to honor Gandhi Ii and due to this he faced so many issues at that time.
3. There are more than 50 roads on Mahatma Gandhi's name, excluding small roads in India. Also, there are about 60 roads abroad in the name of Gandhi Ji.
4. Mahatma Gandhi was selected for the Nobel Prize 5 times, but he did not receive the Nobel Prize even once.
5. Bapu used to walk 18 km daily.
How Gandhiji came to be known as 'Mahatma' and 'Father of the Nation':
On January 12, 1918, Rabindranath Tagore was addressed to Gurudev in a letter written by Gandhi. Tagore addressed Gandhi for the first time in a letter written on April 12, 1919, to the 'Mahatma.' Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose first addressed him as the Father of the nation in his speech broadcast from Radio Singapore on July 6, 1944. It is also said that Netaji had earlier addressed Gandhiji as "father of the nation" on June 4, 1944, in a message broadcasted from Azad Hind Radio Rangoon. On Gandhi's death, Pandit Nehru addressed the Nation on radio and said, "The father of the nation is no more."
Mahatma Gandhi's movements Helped India in Getting Freedom.
The First Satyagraha campaign was against the Transvaal Asiatic Registration Act in 1906. In 1920 he became a part of the Indian National Congress Party and, on January 26, 1930, declared India's independence from British rule. After this, in 1917, he introduced many movements such as Champaran Satyagraha, Non-Cooperation Movement. It was because of these movements that India got independence from the British Raj.
Champaran in Bihar was the first Satyagraha under the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi. In 1917, after reaching Champaran in Bihar, he organized a satyagraha to support farmers who were forced to plant indigo and other crops for business and not food grains.
Along with this moment, he initiated many moments like Non-cooperation movement, Civil Disobedience Movement, Swaraj, and Quit-India movement against the British government.
Mahatma Gandhi- The Hero of Peace
The day of October 2 is a great opportunity for us to remember the teachings, leanings, and sacrifice of the Father of the Nation. The entry of Mohan Das Karamchand Gandhi in the Indian political system offers ample reason for making many people happy and attracting thousands of Indians to fight against biritish law system. People love and follow the vision of Gandhi Ji, which later on Called Gandhi Darshan. Along with Indians, many people across the world were attracted to his ideology.
The Celebration at the Schools and Colleges
Various activities such as drama, sports, and speech are organized in schools, colleges, and other educational institutions on non-violence and Gandhi's efforts in the Indian freedom struggle. Other exciting activities like essay writing competitions, Mahatma Gandhi slogan competitions, Gandhi Jayanti speech competitions, quiz competitions, and painting competitions are always organized for various institutions.
Awards are also rewarded to the best performers for the competitions mentioned above. Besides, schools and colleges are decorated with Gandhiji's photo posters, Mahatma Gandhi slogans, and Gandhi Jayanti images. Apart from this, children dress up like Gandhi Ji and perform some slogans, which help these educational institutes to spread awareness about Mahatma Gandhi among children.
Mahatma Gandhi remains an ideal and inspiring leader for the youth. Like Nelson Mandela, James Lawson praised Gandhi's principle of non-violence for freedom and liberty also followed widely.
Gandhi Ji did a great job in achieving Swaraj. He was the main reason behind the improved economic condition of our nation. He eliminated other social evils like untouchability from our country and tried to make some policy to protect the rights of people. He also supported women's empowerment.
Gandhi Ji has led various movements like the Non-Cooperation Movement (1920), Dandi March (1930), and Quit India Movement (1942). All these movements were highly successful and also supported by the youth.
Role of Mahatma Gandhi in the Indian National Movement for Independence
One of the most significant and most successful movements under the supervision of Gandhi Ji was the Champaran movement. When Mahatma Gandhi returned to India, he saw that farmers of India were facing so many problems in living their life.
Champaran is a small district located in North Bihar where farmers were forced to cultivate indigo on 20% of their total agricultural land. Farmers suffered heavy losses by growing indigo on their fertile lands. It is because after growing indigo, the land becomes barren. He saw this and started Champaran Satyagrah.
Gandhi also started a campaign for poor farmers to increase their wages and was successful in it. There was a 35% increase in wages after the movement. In 2007, the occasion of Gandhi Jayanti was declared the "International Day of Non-Violence" by the United Nations General Assembly. He died on January 30, 1948, due to the attack of Hindu nationalist Nathu Ram Godse.
The purpose of celebrating Gandhi Jayanti is to spread the philosophy, principles, and precious ideology of Mahatma Gandhi to the people and instill a sense of non-violence and trust in people worldwide. In this way, we pay our heartfelt tribute to our great leader every year. We remember Bapu for his great deeds on every Gandhi Jayanti.
You can read the similar write-up on the relevance of astrology in Indian festivals for all other major Indian Festivals.
The Goddess Mahagauri is the eighth form of Goddess Durga. Goddess Mahagauri is worshipped on the eighth day of Navratri. Her power is infallible and always fruitful. Her worship washes away all the sins of the devotees and destroys the pre accumulated sins. In the future, Sins and other daily sorrows don't come near to him. He becomes pure and possesses inexhaustible virtues in all respects. On this day, this form of Goddess Durga, i.e., Goddess Mahagauri, is worshipped following the proper procedure. Worshipping Goddess Mahagauri on the day of MahaAshthami brings happiness and peace and good luck to the devotees' lives. All the sorrows of the devotees are taken away, and they become devoid of all sins. On the day of MahaAshthami, after worshipping the Goddess, there is a rule to glorify Kanyas(girls). The favorite flower of Goddess Mahagauri is the Night Jasmine. Offer night jasmine flowers to her while worshipping her. During her worship, perform Aarti of Durga Chalisa and Goddess Durga; after this, produce all your wishes in front of Goddess Mahagauri. She will be happy by your worship and then will fulfill all your desires.
इस पेज को हिंदी में पढ़ने के लिए “देवी महागौरी” पर क्लिक करें।
The representation of Goddess Mahagauri
According to Hindu religious beliefs, Mahagauri is also known as Shiva. In one hand of Mahagauri, she holds the symbol of DurgaShakti, i.e., the Trident, and on the other hand, she has the symbol of Lord Shiva, i.e., the pellet drum. Speaking of the worldly form of mother, Mahagauri is bright, gentle, white, and white-clad and has four hands. They have Trishul in one hand and damru in the other, the third hand in var mudra, and the fourth hand represents a householder woman's power. Goddess Mahagauri loved singing and music. She rides on a white Taurus, i.e., a bull. Her ornaments are also white in color. It is believed that worshipping her removes even the pre- accumulated sins of the worshipper.
The importance of worshipping Goddess Mahagauri
Worshipping Goddess Mahagauri on the eighth day of Navratri washes away all the sins from one's life, because of which the person becomes pure mentally as well as physically. Goddess Mahagauri directs her devotees to the path of righteousness. By worshipping her, all impure and immoral thoughts are also destroyed. Honoring this gentle form of Goddess Durga enhances the purity of the mind. This also increases positive energy. Worshipping Goddess Mahagauri helps in increasing the concentration of your mind. Worshipping her destroys all sorrows. Worshipping Goddess Mahagauri blesses the devotees with all the unworldly Siddhis. By the grace of Goddess Mahagauri, even the most impossible tasks get accomplished easily. That is why on the day of Ashtami of Navratri, meditation, remembrance, worship is always auspicious for devotees. By worshipping Mother Gauri, a man leads to truth and renounces untruth. With the grace of Mahagauri, all sufferings of his seekers' lives are removed. They will get all the pleasures of their life. It is believed that on this day, Goddess Kali appeared from the forehead of Mother Durga and destroyed the evil demons, Chand and Munda. The devotees keep a fast on this day to receive the blessings of the Goddess. It is believed that the person who performs the Durga Ashtami fast with complete dedication and devotion receives good luck, success, and happiness. On Ashtami, women offer chunari to goddess Mother for their suhag (husband). 'Astra Puja' is also performed on this day in which devotees worship the weapons of Goddess Durga. This day is also known as Veer Ashtami.
Tale for the fast on the day of Navratri Ashtami
To receive Lord Shiva as her husband, the Goddess performed very hard austerities, due to which her body turned all black. Pleased by the austerities of the Goddess, God accepts her, and Lord Shiva washes her body with Ganga water, and then the Goddess becomes as bright as lightning, and since then, she has been named Gauri. In mahagauri form, goddess karunamayi, affectionate, calm, and soft looks. Praying for this form of Goddess, the Gods and Sages say that-
"Sarvamangal manglye shivey sarvartha sadhikey
Sharanye trayambakey gauri narayani namostutey"
“सर्वमंगल मंग्ल्ये, शिवे सर्वार्थ साधिके।
शरण्ये त्र्यम्बके गौरि नारायणि नमोस्तुते।।”
There is another tale that is popular with relation to Goddess Mahagauri. According to which a lion was hungry, he reached the place where Goddess Uma was performing austerities in search of food. Seeing the Goddess, the lion's hunger increased, but he sat there waiting for the Goddess to rise from her penance. He became frail while waiting. When the Goddess got up after performing her austerities, she felt pity for the lion, and the mother made him her vehicle because, in a way, he too had performed penance. So Goddess Gauri's vehicle is both the bull and the lion.
Worship Goddess Mahagauri in this way
- Worship the Goddess after bathing.
- Place the idol of Goddess Mahagauri in the temple place.
- Bathe the idol of the Goddess with water.
- Do offer coconut to the Goddess.
- Offer flowers and a garland to the Goddess.
- During her worship, do offer her some red-colored flowers.
- Spray Gangajal in every nook and corner of the house to purify them.
- Chant the mantras audibly while reading the pledge for fasting.
- Make the Goddess happy by reciting her tale.
- Do read the Goddess's Aarti.
Aarti of Mahagauri
Jai Mahagauri Jagat ki maya
(जय महागौरी जगत की माया।)
Jaya Uma Bhawani jai mahamaya
(जया उमा भवानी जय महामाया॥)
Haridwar kankhal ke pasa
(हरिद्वार कनखल के पासा।)
Mahagauri teri vaha nivasa
(महागौरी तेरी वहां निवासा॥)
Chandrakali aue mamta ambey
(चंद्रकली ओर ममता अंबे।)
Jai shakti jai jai maa jagdambey
(जय शक्ति जय जय माँ जगंदबे॥)
Bheema devi vimla maata
(भीमा देवी विमला माता।)
Kaushiki devi jag vikhyat
(कौशिकी देवी जग विख्यता॥)
Himachal ke ghar gauri roop tera
(हिमाचल के घर गौरी रूप तेरा।)
Mahakaali durga hae swaroop tera
(महाकाली दुर्गा है स्वरूप तेरा॥)
Sati sat hawan kund mey tha jalaya
(सती सत हवन कुंड में था जलाया।)
Usi dhuye ne roop kaali banaya
(उसी धुएं ने रूप काली बनाया॥)
Bana dharam singh jo savaru mey aaya
(बना धर्म सिंह जो सवारी में आया।)
To shankar ney trishul apna dikhaya
(तो शंकर ने त्रिशूल अपना दिखाया॥)
Tabhi maa ne Mahagauri naam paya
(तभी माँ ने महागौरी नाम पाया।)
Sharan aaneyvaale ka sankat mitaya
(शरण आनेवाले का संकट मिटाया॥)
Shanivaar ko teri pooja jo karta
(शनिवार को तेरी पूजा जो करता।)
Maa bigadta hua kaam uska sudharta
(माँ बिगड़ा हुआ काम उसका सुधरता॥)
Bhakr bolo to soch tum kya kr rhe ho
(भक्त बोलो तो सोच तुम क्या रहे हो।)
Mahagauri maa teri hardam hi jai ho
(महागौरी माँ तेरी हरदम ही जय हो॥)
Om devi mahagaurye namah:
(ॐ देवी महागौर्यै नमः॥)
Shrevte vrishesamarudha shwetaambardhara shuuchi
Mahagauri shubham dadhanamahadev pramodada
(श्वेते वृषेसमारूढा श्वेताम्बरधरा शुचिः।
महागौरी शुभं दद्यान्महादेव प्रमोददा॥)
Ya devi sarvabhuteshu maa mahagauri roopen sansthita
Namastasyey Namastasyey Namastasyey namoh namah:
(या देवी सर्वभूतेषु माँ महागौरी रूपेण संस्थिता।
नमस्तस्यै नमस्तस्यै नमस्तस्यै नमो नमः॥)
Mantra for Meditation
Vande vanchit kamarthey chandrardhkritshekhram
(वन्दे वाञ्छित कामार्थे चन्द्रार्धकृतशेखराम्।)
Singharudha chaturbhuja Mahagauri yashaswini
(सिंहारूढा चतुर्भुजा महागौरी यशस्विनीम्॥)
Purnandu nibham gauri somchakrasthitam ashtmum Mahagauri trinetram
(पूर्णन्दु निभाम् गौरी सोमचक्रस्थिताम् अष्टमम् महागौरी त्रिनेत्राम्।)
Varaabheetikaram trishul damrudharam Mahagauri bhajem
(वराभीतिकरां त्रिशूल डमरूधरां महागौरी भजेम्॥)
Pataambar paridhanam mriduhasya nanalandkaar bhusitaam
(पटाम्बर परिधानां मृदुहास्या नानालङ्कार भूषिताम्।)
Manjeer, haar, keyur, kindkini, ratnkundal manditaam
(मञ्जीर, हार, केयूर, किङ्किणि, रत्नकुण्डल मण्डिताम्॥)
Prafull vandana pallavadharam kaant kapolam treylokya mohanam
(प्रफुल्ल वन्दना पल्लवाधरां कान्त कपोलाम् त्रैलोक्य मोहनम्।)
Kamniyam lavnyam mrinalam chandan gandhliptam
(कमनीयां लावण्यां मृणालां चन्दन गन्धलिप्ताम्॥)
Sarvsandkat hantru tavhim Dhan Aishwarya pradyaneem
(सर्वसङ्कट हन्त्री त्वंहि धन ऐश्वर्य प्रदायनीम्।)
Gyanda chaturvedmayi Mahagauri pranamamyyaham
(ज्ञानदा चतुर्वेदमयी महागौरी प्रणमाम्यहम्॥)
Sukh shaantidaatei dhan dhanya pradanyaneem
(सुख शान्तिदात्री धन धान्य प्रदायनीम्।)
Damruvaad priya adha Mahagauri pranamamyaham
(डमरूवाद्य प्रिया अद्या महागौरी प्रणमाम्यहम्॥)
Treylokyamandal tavhim taptrya harineem
(त्रैलोक्यमङ्गल त्वंहि तापत्रय हारिणीम्।)
Vaddam chaetanyamayi Mahagauri pranmamyahum
(वददम् चैतन्यमयी महागौरी प्रणमाम्यहम्॥)
Omkaar: paatu shirsho maa, him beejam maa hridyo
(ॐकारः पातु शीर्षो माँ, हीं बीजम् माँ, हृदयो।)
Kalim beejam sadapaatu nabho griho cha padyo
(क्लीं बीजम् सदापातु नभो गृहो च पादयो॥)
Lalaatam karno hum beejam paatu Mahagauri maa netram gharno
(ललाटम् कर्णो हुं बीजम् पातु महागौरी माँ नेत्रम् घ्राणो।)
Kapot chibuko fatt paatu swaha maa sarvavadno
(कपोत चिबुको फट् पातु स्वाहा माँ सर्ववदनो॥)
The importance of Ashthami Kanyapoojan
During the days of Navratri, worshipping nine girls is considered to be the best for Kanyapoojan. However, you can worship one girl every day for the consecutive nine days to achieve the desired results. If it's not possible, still do feed at least two girls. Also, worship a boy along with the girls. The boy is worshipped as Batuk Bhairav and Langoor. Lord Shiva has kept one Bhairav with every form of the Shaktipeeth; that is why it is necessary to worship the Bhairavs with the Goddesses. If during a Shaktipeeth after receiving blessings of the Goddess, if the Bhairav's blessings are not sought, then those blessings are considered to be incomplete. According to religious beliefs, girls need to be worshiped to get the desired results. It means that you should try to worship the girls who lie in the age group of 2-10 years. According to the scriptures, during the days of Navratri, young girls symbolize latent energy and worshipping it activates this energy. The one who worships them attains the blessings of all the Gods and God-like powers of this universe. Before the Kanya pooja, the house should be cleaned up. The girls invited to your home for kanya poojan symbolize the Goddesses; that's why your homes should be cleaned before this poojan. If the home environment is clean before the Kanya poojan, you will only attain the desired results. The Girls are considered to be the symbol of the Goddesses. So, when they should be welcomed at home while shouting slogans in praise of the Goddesses. After this, the feet of the girls should be washed. All the girls should be offered a raised platform to sit on, and then tilak of Roli and Kumkum should be applied on their forehead, and a Mauli should be tied on their hand.
Now perform the Aarti for all the girls and a boy; after this, serve the Goddess's prasadam to the girls. However, the girls should be fed as per their strength. Goddess Bhagwati likes pysum, sweets, fruits, halwa, gram, malpua, so the girls should be offered poodi, gram, and halwa. The girls should be fed with saffron pysum, halwa, and poodi; remembered that the food you make for them shouldn't contain onion or garlic in any form. According to popular belief, if they are fed with Potato or pumpkin stew made without onion and garlic, only the devotee will receive the desired results. After the meal, the girls are given gifts according to their strength. Red dye is applied on the feet of these Little little girls who symbolize the Goddesses. They are then worshiped, after which they are gifted with seasonal fruits, white clothes, toys, other things and coconut, banana or peda, and some Dakshina. After this, seek the blessings of the girls by touching their feet and bid them farewell. It is believed that if all the rules of the Kanya poojan are followed, then the Navratri fast is considered to be complete, and the Goddess gets pleased and fulfills all the wishes of the devotees.
Benefits of Worshipping Goddess Mahagauri
- You can receive a boon of early marriage on the eighth day of Navratri. Also, your married life can be very peaceful.
- It is believed that Goddess Sita worshipped her to receive Lord Ram as her husband.
- Her worship is considered to be the panacea of all marriage-related problems.
- In astrology, she has been related to the planet Venus.
- Goddess Ambe is thrilled if bhajan kirtan is performed at home on Ashtami day because this form of the Goddess likes music and singing a lot.
So, on the eighth day of Navratri, Bhajan kirtan should be performed at home, and also little girls should be collected at home, and then they should be worshipped as the Goddesses.
- Women should worship Goddess Mahagauri with a pure heart and enjoy them; Goddess Mahagauri is very calm and soft in nature, whose face shows compassion, affection, and love.
How to worship Goddess Mahagauri to strengthen Venus
Worship the Goddess while wearing white clothes. Offer white flowers and sweets to the Goddess. Also, offer her perfume.
The first chant the mantra of the Goddess, then chant the root mantra of The Venus "Om shun shukraye Namah:"
"ॐ शुं शुक्राय नमः."
Keep the perfume that you had offered to the Goddess and keep using it.
If you have problems in your marriage, then worship The Goddess in this way.
- Install the statue of Goddess Mahagauri by laying a clean yellow cloth on a wooden plank.
- Wear yellow clothes and then purify the temple place with gangajal.
- Lighten cow ghee lamps in front of Goddess Mahagauri and meditate.
- Offer white or yellow flowers to the Goddess with both hands and chant the mantras.
- Offer coconut to Goddess Mahagauri in the form of Prasadam.
- Doing this will get you the desired results, and girls will get a suitable groom.
If there is no money, worship Mother Gauri
- Offer Goddess Gauri a silver coin in a bowl of milk.
- Then pray to Goddess Mahagauri for the wealth to always stay stabilized.
- Wash and keep the coin with you forever.
Goddess Siddhidatri is worshipped on the Navratri's ninth day. As the name suggests, Goddess Siddhidatri provides her devotees with all types of siddhis. The last three days of Navratri are dedicated to Goddess Saraswati. Goddess Siddhidatri is believed to be a form of Goddess Saraswati. All kinds of siddhis are subject to her. The statue of Goddess Durga, which provides siddhis and Moksh, is known as Siddhidatri. Goddess Siddhidatri is worshipped on Navratri's ninth day. It is a religious belief that if the Goddess is worshiped with complete devotion, she fulfills all her devotees' wishes. Gods, Yaksha, transgender people, Demons, Sages, and people living in households worship Goddess Siddhidatri. Worshipping her brings fame, power, and money. She blesses her devout devotees with great wisdom and eight forms of siddhis. It is believed that even the Gods achieved siddhis from Goddess Siddhidatri. Goddess Siddhidatri is one of Goddess Saraswati's many forms who wear white clothes and is full of knowledge and hypnotizes her devotees with her melodious tone.
इस पेज को हिंदी में पढ़ने के लिए “देवी सिद्धिदात्री” पर क्लिक करें।
On the ninth day, offer seasonal fruits, Halwa, poodi, black gram, and coconut to Goddess Siddhidatri. The devotees who worship Goddess and also fast on the day of Navami receive Dharma, Artha, work, and Moksh in this world. Bhagwati Siddhidatri provides the above complete siddhis to her worshipers. With the worship of this last form of Goddess Durga, the ritual of Navratri comes to an end. According to the Markendeya Purana, Anima, Mahima, Garima, Laghima, Attainment, Prakamya, Ishitva, and Vashitva are the eight siddhis Goddess Siddhidatri can impart all these siddhis to devotees and seekers. According to the Devipurana, Lord Shiva attained these siddhis with the blessings of Goddess Siddhidatri and with only her grace that half of the body of Lord Shiva belonged to the Goddess. That is why he became known in the world as 'Ardhanarishwara.'
The representation of Goddess Siddhidatri
In the Puranas, all the Gods and Goddesses achieved the siddhis by the grace of Goddess Siddhidatri. In this form, the Goddess sits on a lotus and holds a conch shell, lotus, the Sudarshan chakra, and a mace in her hands. Siddhidatri is also the form of Goddess Saraswati, and she has also worn white clothes.
Who is Goddess Siddhidatri?
According to legendary beliefs, Lord Shiva was able to achieve the siddhis only because of the grace of Goddess Siddhidatri. It was by the Goddess's grace that half of the body of Lord Shiva belonged to her. That is why he became known in the world as 'Ardhanarishwara.' According to the Markendeya Purana, Anima, Mahima, Garima, Laghima, Attainment, Prakamya, Ishitva, and Vashitva are the eight siddhis which the devotees can achieve if they worship her with complete devotion.
Origin of Navam Devi Siddhidatri
To destroy the demons' tyranny on this Earth, to uplift the Human world, and to protect Dharma, Goddess Bhagwati Durga appeared as Goddess Siddhidatri on the ninth day of Navratri. This mother's dissolution is a symbol of completeness and prosperity. She is the one who is going to give the desired results to every devotee by suppressing all kinds of demons. From Pratipada to Navami From Pratipada to Navami, all the proud monsters are killed by Mother Bhavgati Durga. It leads to the attainment of all deities and human beings, and the Goddess gets fame in the world as Siddhidatri. That is, Sakshat Goddess Siddhidatri descends to fulfill the desired wishes of all devotees, including deities. It is the supreme welfare and the giver of salvation. She is known and worshiped as Siddhidatri because of the ultimate goal of human beings to give in to the desire for redemption. If she becomes happy, then she blesses all the devotees with the siddhis.
Goddess Siddhidatri sits on a Lotus
Goddess Siddhidatri sits on a Lotus, and she rides a Lion. Worshipping Siddhidatri helps the devotees get rid of their ambitions, dissatisfaction, laziness, jealousy, vengeance. Anima, Mahima, Garima, Laghima, Attainment, Prakamya, Ishitva, and Vashitva are the eight siddhis that can be achieved by the worship of Goddess Siddhidatri. Worshipping this form of the Goddess during Navratri makes it easy for work of all kinds to be accomplished. On the last day, while worshipping Goddess Siddhidatri, the devotees should focus all their attention on the nirvana chakra, which is situated in the middle of our forehead. By doing so, by the grace of the Goddess, the powers related to this chakra are automatically acquired by the devotee. After the blessings of Goddess Siddhidatri, no work is impossible for the devotee, and he gets happiness and prosperity in every way.
The importance of Goddess Siddhidatri
Worshipping Goddess Siddhidatri is very uplifting in nature. Due to its effect, the devotees are blessed with the things that they desire. The Goddess is a giver of all the siddhis, and she also removes all fear and disease from the devotees' life while providing a way of leading their life more happily. Therefore, the devotees should worship her. She is always worshipped by Gods, Danuj, Manoj, Gandharva, etc., alike. Thus, her worship is essential for achieving peace and prosperity. While telling about the importance of the Goddess, the Gods say that -
Sharnagat ki peeda duur krne vaali devi. Hum par prassann hoao sampurn jagat ki maata pradann hoao. Vishveshwari. Vishv ki Raksha Karo. Devi! Tum hi charchara Devi ki aadhishwari ho. Tum is jagat ka ekmatra aadhar ho, kyoki prithvi ke roop me tumhari hi stithi hai. Tumhara parakram alanghniya hae. Tumhi jal roop mey stith hokar sampurn jagat ko tript krti ho. Tum Anant balsampatra Vaishnavi shakti ho. Is vishv ki karan bhuta para maya tum ho. Devi! Tumne is jagat ko mohit kar rakha hai. Tumhi prasaann honey par is prithvi par moksh ki prapti krati ho. (शरणागत की पीड़ा दूर करने वाली देवि। हम पर प्रसन्न होओ सम्पूर्ण जगत् की माता! प्रसन्न होओ। विश्वेश्वरि। विश्व की रक्षा करो। देवि! तुम्हीं चराचरा जगत् की अधीश्वरी हो। तुम इस जगत् का एकमात्र आधार हो, क्योंकि पृथ्वी के रूप में तुम्हारी ही स्थिति है। तुम्हारा पराक्रम अलंघनीय है। तुम्हीं जल रूप में स्थित होकर सम्पूर्ण जगत् को तृप्त करती हो। तुम अनन्त बलसम्पन्न वैष्णवी शक्ति हो। इस विश्व की कारण भूता परा माया तुम हो। देवि! तुमने इस समस्त जगत् को मोहित कर रखा है। तुम्हीं प्रसन्न होने पर इस पृथ्वी पर मोक्ष की प्राप्ति कराती हो।)
Mother Siddhidatri's relationship with astrology
This is a furious form of the Goddess, in which there is an infinite amount of energy, which is enough to destroy the enemy. This form is also worshipped by the Trimurti, i.e., Brahma, Vishnu, Mahesh. This means that if the Goddess becomes happy with her devotee, no enemy would stick around them. Also, they will receive the energy of the Trimurti. Their worship strengthens the sixth and eleventh bhavs of the horoscope of the devotee. But at the same time, the third bhava also has tremendous energy. If the enemy parties are harassing them or a court case, then worshiping the mother in this form gives unique benefits.
The procedure to Worship Goddess Siddhidatri
This ninth vigraha of Goddess Adishakti Durga is known as Siddhidatri and is worshipped and known in this world. It is ruled that the Stuti and worship of Goddess Siddhidatri are performed on the ninth day of Navratri. She is worshiped by both humans and Gods, Demons, and Gandharva, all around the world. Worshipping her opens up paths for achieving the eight siddhis Nava Nidhi. The devotees should worship her with complete devotion and follow all the worship rules for the upliftment of their families. The regulations of the worship will be the same as earlier. In which restraint and celibacy are also important, keeping in view the complete purity.
- Goddess Siddhidatri is worshipped on the day of Navami. This is the last day of Navratri. On this day, this Goddess is worshipped and is given a farewell.
- First of all, the devotee should become pure and wear a clean and fresh pair of clothes. After this, they should place the idol of the picture of the Goddess on a pedestal.
- After this, offer some fruits, flowers, garland, neyvedh, etc. to Goddess and worship her according to the rules. In the end, perform an Aarti of the Goddess.
- On this day, a significant amount of importance is given to Girl worshipping. Invite young girls to your home and worship them and present them with some gifts.
- In the end, touch their feet and take their blessings. Also, feed a Brahman and a Cow.
- Perform these rituals and complete this worship process through which you will be blessed with the results you want. By the grace of the Goddess, devotees all around the world can achieve happiness and peace in their lives.
The favorite Bhog and Color of Goddess Siddhidatri
It is believed that Goddess Siddhidatri likes the colors Red and Yellow. Her favorite bhog are coconut, pysum, Neyvedh, and the Panchamrit.
The Mantra of Goddess Siddhidatri
Ya devi sarvabhuteshu maa Siddhidatri rupen sansthita
(या देवी सर्वभूतेषु मां सिद्धिदात्री रूपेण संस्थिता।)
Namastasyey Namastasyey Namastasyey namoh namah:
(नमस्तस्यै नमस्तस्यै नमस्तस्यै नमो नम:।)
Meditation of Goddess Siddhidatri
Vande vaanchit manortharth chandraghrita shekharam
Kamalstitham chaturbhujaam Siddhidatri yashasvanim
(वन्दे वांछित मनोरथार्थ चन्द्रार्घकृत शेखराम्।
कमलस्थितां चतुर्भुजा सिद्धीदात्री यशस्वनीम्॥)
Swarnavarna nirvanchakrsthitham navam durga trinetram
Shakh, chakra, gada, padam, dharaam Siddhidatri bhajem
(स्वर्णावर्णा निर्वाणचक्रस्थितां नवम् दुर्गा त्रिनेत्राम।
शख, चक्र, गदा, पदम, धरां सिद्धीदात्री भजेम।)
Pataambar, paridhanam, priduhasya nanalankaar bhushitaam
Manjeer, haar, keyur, kinkinee ratankundal manditam
(पटाम्बर, परिधानां मृदुहास्या नानालंकार भूषिताम।
मंजीर, हार, केयूर, किंकिणि रत्नकुण्डल मण्डिताम॥)
Prafull vandana pallvadharam kaant kapola peenpayaodharaam
(प्रफुल्ल वदना पल्लवाधरां कातं कपोला पीनपयोधराम।
कमनीयां लावण्यां श्रीणकटि निम्ननाभि नितम्बनीम॥)
सिद्धिदात्री की स्तोत्र पाठ
Kanchnabha shakchakragdaapdydharaam mukutojvalo
(कंचनाभा शखचक्रगदापद्मधरा मुकुटोज्वलो।)
Smerumukhi shivpatni Siddhidatri namoastutey
(स्मेरमुखी शिवपत्नी सिध्दिदात्री नमोअस्तुते॥)
Pataambar paridhanam nanalankaaram bhushitaam
(पटाम्बर परिधानां नानालंकारं भूषिता।)
Nalistitham nalanakshri Siddhidatri namoastutey
(नलिस्थितां नलनार्क्षी सिद्धीदात्री नमोअस्तुते॥)
Paramaanandmayi devi Parambrahm Parmaatma
(परमानंदमयी देवी परब्रह्म परमात्मा।)
Paramshakti, parambhakti, Siddhidatri Namostutey
(परमशक्ति, परमभक्ति, सिध्दिदात्री नमोअस्तुते॥)
Vishwakarma, vishwabhati, vishwaharti, vishwaprita
(विश्वकर्ती, विश्वभती, विश्वहर्ती, विश्वप्रीता।)
Vishwa varchita vishwateeta Siddhidatri namostutey
(विश्व वार्चिता विश्वातीता सिध्दिदात्री नमोअस्तुते॥)
Bhav sagar taarinee Siddhidatri namostutey
(भव सागर तारिणी सिध्दिदात्री नमोअस्तुते॥)
Dharmarthkaam pradayinee mahamoh vinashini
(धर्मार्थकाम प्रदायिनी महामोह विनाशिनी।)
Mokshdayinee Siddhidatri Siddhidatri namostutey
(मोक्षदायिनी सिद्धीदायिनी सिध्दिदात्री नमोअस्तुते॥)
Goddess Siddhidatri Shield
Onkaarpaatu shirsho maa bijam maa hridyo. Him bijam sadapaatu nabho, griho cha padyo. Lalaat karno shrim beejpaatu klim bijam maa netra ghrino. Kapol chibuko hassoo paatu jagatprasuuteyy maa sarva vadno.
(ओंकारपातु शीर्षो मां ऐं बीजं मां हृदयो। हीं बीजं सदापातु नभो, गुहो च पादयो॥ ललाट कर्णो श्रीं बीजपातु क्लीं बीजं मां नेत्र घ्राणो। कपोल चिबुको हसौ पातु जगत्प्रसूत्यै मां सर्व वदनो॥)
In the end, after worshipping Lord Shiva and Lord Brahma, offer a sacrifice and perform her Aarti and ask for forgiveness from the Goddess in their name. Distribute prasadam that was offered during the havan, and Immerse the remainings of the fire of havan in the holy water. It protects you from ash- disease, anger, and planetary obstacles and keeps you away from fear from the mind.
Maa Siddhidatri Ki Aarti
Jai Siddhidatri maa tu siddhi ki daata
(जय सिद्धिदात्री मां तू सिद्धि की दाता ।)
Tu bhakto ki rakshak tu daaso ki maata
(तू भक्तों की रक्षक तू दासों की माता ।।)
Tera naam lete hi milti hae siddhi
(तेरा नाम लेते ही मिलती है सिद्धि ।)
Tere naam se mun ki hoti hae shudhi
(तेरे नाम से मन की होती है शुद्धि ।।)
Kathin kaam siddh karti ho tum
(कठिन काम सिद्ध करती हो तुम ।)
Jabhi haath sevak key sir dharti ho tu.
(जभी हाथ सेवक के सिर धरती हो तुम ।।)
Teri poona mey to na koi vidhi hae
(तेरी पूजा में तो ना कोई विधि है ।)
Tu jagdamney daati tu sarve siddhi hae
(तू जगदंबे दाती तू सर्व सिद्धि है ।।)
Ravivar ko tera sumiran siddhi hae
(रविवार को तेरा सुमिरन करे जो ।)
Teri murti ko hi mun mey dharey jo
(तेरी मूर्ति को ही मन में धरे जो ।।)
Tu sab kaaj uskey karti hay purey
(तू सब काज उसके करती है पूरे ।)
Kabhi kaam uskey rahey na adhurey
(कभी काम उसके रहे ना अधूरे ।।)
Tumhari daya aur tumhari yeh maya
(तुम्हारी दया और तुम्हारी यह माया ।)
Rakhey jiske sir par maiyya apni chaya
(रखे जिसके सिर पर मैया अपनी छाया ।।)
Sarv siddhi daati veh hay bhagyashaali
(सर्व सिद्धि दाती वह है भाग्यशाली ।)
Jo hay tere dar ka hi ambey savali
(जो है तेरे दर का ही अंबे सवाली ।।)
Himachal hay parvat jaha vaas tera
(हिमाचल है पर्वत जहां वास तेरा ।)
Maha nanda mandir mey hay vaas tera
(महा नंदा मंदिर में है वास तेरा ।।)
Mujhe aasra hay tumhara hi maata
(मुझे आसरा है तुम्हारा ही माता ।)
Bhakti hay sawali tu jiski daata
(भक्ति है सवाली तू जिसकी दाता ।।)
The tale of Goddess Siddhidatri
Many famous tales revolve around the Goddess Siddhidatri, which is about Durga Saptadashi with Goddess Siddhidatri because it is through her that the devotees receive siddhi, intelligence, happiness, and peace, and the mental pains at home go away. The feeling of love grows at home. That means that this Goddess is omnipresent, which has been accepted by the Goddess herself in a story. She says that- Who else is there in this world except me? Look, these are my personalities, so they are entering me. Then all the goddesses like Brahmani etc., were absorbed in the body of Ambika Devi. At that time, only Ambika Devi remained. The Goddess said, "I was here in many forms with my opulence. I wrapped up all those forms. I am now standing alone in the battle. You also settle down. Then there was a fierce battle between the Goddess and Shumbha, which was in all the gods and demons' sight. The sage says: Then, seeing Shumbha, the king of all the monsters, coming towards her, the Goddess pierced his chest with a trident and dropped him on the EarthEarth. When the demon was injured by the edge of her trident, his life was blown away, and he fell, shaking everything, including the land, the seas, islands, and mountains, the whole EarthEarth. Then, when the demon was killed, the entire world became happy and completely healthy, and the sky began to appear clean. After this, the clouds and meteors that were the destruction indicators were all calmed down, and when the demon was killed, the rivers also started flowing correctly.
This is how the Kanya Pooja on the Last day of Navratri is done.
On the ninth day of Navratri to worship Goddess Siddhidatri and to conclude Navratri, an offering navahana prasad and navras containing food and nine types of fruits, etc., should be made. On this day, worship the Goddess from the ninth part of the Durgasaptadashi. On the ninth day, offer seasonal fruits, halwa, poori, black gram, and coconut to Goddess Siddhidatri. During the worship of the Goddess wear clothes that are purple in color. After worshipping The Goddess, young girls and unmarried girls should be fed. Before feeding, you should wash their feet should and seek blessings from them. Give them the prasadam of the Goddess and Dakshina and then bid them farewell by touching their feet. If you can't find a girl, worship a betel nut, or a girl present at your home; you should worship her as the Goddess. The devotees who end the Navratri by performing the Kanya poojan and Navami poojan will receive dharma, artha, work, and moksh in this world. It is said in the DeviBhagwat Puran that worshipping Goddess Siddhidatri helps in obtaining all the siddhis. On this day, Goddess Durga provides the fruits of the worship done with devotion during the nine days of Navratri. This is the reason that on the last day of Navratri, The Gods, Sages, transgender people, Yaksha, Demons, Seekers, and devotees living in households also worship Goddess Siddhidatri. The worship of this Goddess brings fame, strength, and wealth.
Navami Hawan ( Homa)
On the evening of the Mahanavami, there is great importance of the Navami Homa or Navami Hawan. The Navami Hawan is presented after the Navami Poojan. The Navami Homa ritual is popularly known as Chandi Homa. Devotees follow the ritual of Navami Havan and seek blessings of prosperity and good health from Mother Durga. The devotees should make sure that the ritual of Navami Hawan should only be carried out during the afternoon. The devotees need to chant the mantras from the Durgasaptadashi during the Hawan.
What is the process of the Hawan on this day?
- This Hawan is performed on the day of Navami to complete the Navratri.
- On the day of Navami, first, perform the pooja and then the Hawan.
- Add barley and black sesame seeds to the hawan ingredients.
- Then perform the Kanya Poojan.
- After performing Kanya poojan donate a complete meal.
Which ingredient should be used to get the desired benefits from the Hawan?
- For economic benefits- havan with makhana and kheer.
- To get rid of debt- havan from rye.
- For progeny problems – Perform havan with butter candy.
- For planet peace - havan with black mole.
- For all welfare – Perform havan with black sesame seeds and barley.
What type of boons can be received by the worship of Goddess Siddhidatri?
- All the Goddesses are contained inside Goddess Siddhidatri.
- If only she is worshipped during the period of Navratri, then it is possible to achieve all the fruits of Navratri.
- Her worship brings immense glory.
- Also, by worshipping her, the devotees can receive all the siddhis.
- By worshipping this form of the Goddess, the devotee can be saved from the planets' adverse effects.
Don't do these things during Navratri
- You should wear clean clothes. Please don't wear any clothes without washing them.
- Don't cut your nails from the day of Navratri pratipada till the day of Ekadashi Tithi.
- It would be best if you didn't get a haircut during the days of Navratri.
- During this auspicious period of Navratri, one shouldn't get involved in the work of stitching and cutting.
- During this special period of Navratri, you should not condemn anyone, lie and be sweet-spoken.
- Try not to sweep the house after sunset for nine days of Navratri, or at least take a vow not to do it in the puja house and kitchen.
- If it's possible, then don't enter your home wearing while wearing slippers during these nine days. Don't use anything made of leather.
- Don't consume Alcohol, Meat, Tobacco, and other items during the nine days of Navratri.
- Don't disrespect any woman during the nine days of Navratri.
- Do not eat tamasik foods like onion, garlic. Meat is wholly prohibited.
- If you are lighting the infinite Monolith lamp, then don't leave your house vacant anytime.
- During Navratri, sleeping is prohibited during the day. This is what is said in the Vishnu Purana.
- If you are reading mantras, Chalisa, or saptashati, don't get up in the middle. Don't say anything else. This gives the hostile powers the fruit of the text.
All the festivals observed in India give the message of victory of good over evil in one form or the other, but, in actuality, the festival that is majorly known for this message is Dussehra. Precisely twenty days before Diwali. According to the Panchag, the Dashami of the Shukla Paksha of Ashwin month is celebrated nationwide as Vijayadashami or Dussehra. Dussehra is one of the pivotal festivals of the Hindus. This festival narrates the story of Lord Sri Rama, who defeated arrogant Ravana in Lanka after the nine days war and got Mother Sita released from his clutches. On the same day, Goddess Durga killed Mahishasura. Hence, it is celebrated as Vijayadashami.
इस पेज को हिंदी में पढ़ने के लिए “दशहरा” पर क्लिक करें।
Devi Durga is also worshipped. It is said that Lord Sri Rama also worshipped Goddess Durga and asked for strength. In examining Lord Sri Rama, Goddess Durga removed one Lotus flower from the flowers that were kept for the Puja. Sri Rama is known as Rajivanyan, meaning having lotus-like eyes. So, he decided to give away one of his eyes as an offering to the Goddess. The moment he was about to pull out his eye, Goddess Durga was pleased; she came in front of them and blessed him to be victorious. It is believed that after this, on Dashami, Lord Rama killed Ravana. This festival of Lord Rama's victory over Ravana and Goddess Durga over Mahishasura is celebrated all over the country as the victory of good over evil and Dharma over Adharma. Different styles of celebrating it have also evolved in other parts of the country. The Dussehra of Kullu is very famous nationwide; Durga Puja is also celebrated on a large scale in many states, including West Bengal, Tripura.
Importance of Vijayadashami/Dussehra
The festival of Vijayadashami / Dussehra is celebrated to mark the victory of good behavior over wrong behavior. Dussehra is observed as a victory celebration, but the beliefs behind the celebrations vary. For example, for farmers, it is the celebration of the arrival of new crops. In ancient times, tools and weapons were worshiped on this day because, in mythological times, people used to consider tools and weapons as victories won in war. Still, the main reason behind all this is the "victory of good over evil." In the present times, it is the symbol of the victory of good over evil. Nowadays, vile can be in any form like anger, lies, hatred, jealousy, sadness, etc. We should celebrate the day of Vijayadashami / Dussehra by destroying the evil inside us so that one day we can rule on all our senses.
Vijayadashmi: Know What is Written in Ramacharitra Manas
The festival of Vijayadashami celebrated every year should not just be considered a battle of Ram-Ravana. The messages hidden in this festival symbolizing the triumph of good over evil can provide directions to society. MahapanditDashanan himself knew very well that his life was to be saved by Rama. On the other hand, MaryadaPurushottam Ram has also bowed down to the wisdom of Ravana.
While Rama's character is beautifully described in the Ramcharitra Manas, we also see the shadow of pride in Ravana's way of leading his life and wisdom. Ravana was mighty along with being wise, but this pride was crushed by Bali and kept him buried in his Kokh for six months.
Ravana, who ruled over a small Lanka area, also betrayed his brother Kubera and captured Pushpak Vimana. Due to all these evils, he had to go to Mrityu Lok. We celebrate the festival by burning an ego's effigy every year, but we are not ready to renounce our ego. What kind of Vijayadashami festival is this?
Awakening of the hidden consciousness in us and renouncing issues is the predominant message of the Vijayadashami festival. Today, we are too caught up in the web of problems to offer the right direction to our consciousness and energy. Lord Rama was born only to provide a happy life to the people troubled by Ravana.
We all know that Rama was born in the Kshatriya family. In contrast, Ravana was a Brahmin and was the son of the great Vishwa, the Vedas and Puranas sage. Ravana's grandfather Rishi Pulatsya was also considered as significant as a God. During the Rama-Ravana war, there was sympathy for Ravana somewhere in Rama's heart.
Maryada Purushottam knew that killing a Brahmin is a sinful act. Hence, he made an atonement for killing Brahmins after killing Ravana and prayed that considering his sin was necessary for protecting the ordinary people; God should release him from this sin.
In today's era, it is also worth knowing that Lord Rama himself sent his younger brother Laxman to Ravana to seek knowledge after Ravana's death. Still, Ravana, who was breathing his last breath, did not even look at Laxman. Later, MaryadaPurushottam himself requested to impart knowledge by folding hands at Ravana's feet, and Ravana renounced his ego and imparted his substantial understanding.
Dussehra or Vijayadashami festival is a message to stay away from ten kinds of great sins. This victory festival motivates us to stay away from kaam, anger, greed, Moh, intoxication, matsar, pride, laziness, violence, and theft and stay away from these bad habits. If we burn these ten sins with fire while enthusiastically burning the effigy of Ravana, then our victorious festival can be justified.
Only the cultural programs such as jumping, dancing, singing, fireworks should not be considered symbols of the Vijayadashami festival. The message in the festival's depth should reach the people, and peace and happiness should shower from one house to another. This is the message of this festival. The planets' position has been the dominant reason behind the Dussehra festival's name as Vijaya Dashami.
According to the Shastras, the Muhurt, which occurs at the time of Shukra's rise during the tenth day of Ashwin Shukla Paksha, is called Vijay Muhurt in astrology. If we believe in astrology, then that period of Shukra's elevation is considered to be Sarva Siddhi Dayak. That is why the Dussehra festival is known as Vijay Dashami.
On Dussehra's pure occasion, the tradition of exchanging Son leaf or leaves of Shami tree has been going on for a long time. There is a story hidden behind this tradition. It is believed that when Lord Sri Rama was passing through this tree during the time of Lanka gaman, it was this Shami tree that declared His victory.
It is said that Arjuna had hidden his bow on this same Shami tree in the fourteenth year of the unknown exile. Even today, at the Dussehra festival, followers of Hindu Dharma request Ravana to impart knowledge by acquiring the leaves of the Shami tree and folding hands at the feet of Ravana.
Whatever may be the reason for celebrating Vijay Dashami, it is sure that this festival seems to destroy pride and provide directions to conduct behavior as per the culture. Adopting good behavior and offering Tilanjali to the evil prevailing in your heart and soul can be called Vijayadashami.
Dussehra Has Huge Importance From Religious Point of View
It is believed that beginning any auspicious work at this time results in acquiring good results. On the day of Dussehra, weapons are worshiped in the Kshatriya clan with rules and regulations. On this day, Brahmins worship the Devi of knowledge, Goddess Saraswati. On this day, Vaishyas venerate their budget books. Ravana, a symbol of evil, is also burnt in different parts of the country. Lord Rama killed Ravana of Lanka. However, Ravana still exists in society in forms like inflation, corruption, adultery, dishonesty, violence, discrimination, jealousy, environmental pollution, sexual violence, and sexual exploitation. So, on this day, all these evils should also be removed from within the mind.
Hence, it is known as Vijaya Dashami and Dussehra.
According to the legend, Ravana abducted Mata Sita. When Ravana could abduct the queen Mata Sita, imagine the other women's plight at that time. Lord Rama challenged the unrighteous and unjust Ravana to fight and fought with Ravana for ten days to protect the female fraternity's honor and dignity. On the day of Ashwin Shukla Dashami, Lord Rama killed Ravana with a Divya weapon from mother Durga. The end of Ravana was the end of the ten-headed Ravana. It was celebrated as a celebration of the victory of justice and truth over untruth. Rama was victorious over Ravana. Hence this Tithi was called Vijaya Dashami. With ten heads, Ravana was defeated on this day, so this day is also called Dussehra and Dashara in the common language.
Goddess Durga has made this Tithi as Vijayadashami.
The middle Charitra of Durga Saptashati tells the story of Goddess Durga and Mahishasura's killing encounter. This demon drove out the gods from heaven also. There was turbulence on the Earth due to his atrocities. The Goddess made the Earth free from the burden of sin by killing Mahishasura on Ashwin Shukla Dashami Tithi. Pleased with the Goddess's victory, the gods worshipped Vijaya Devi, and this Tithi is called Vijaya Dashami.
The victory of truth in the time of Mahabharata
Before the Mahabharata war, there was another Mahyuddh, which was fought by Arjuna alone. On one side, there was a massive army of Kauravas, and on the other side, Arjuna stood alone. This war is recorded in history with the name of the battle of Virat. In the last days of his unknown condition, Arjuna fought this war for Maharaja Virat, whose kingdom he had spent his exile. This was the victory of the Pandavas' Dharma over the untruth of the Kauravas. Dussehra is also celebrated in the form of Vijayadashami due to the success of the Pandavas.
Dussehra got its name as Vijaya Dashami because of this Goddess.
The nine forms of Maa Durga are worshiped during the nine days of Navratri. But the worship of the Goddess is not considered complete without the worship of Yoginis. Therefore, in the Vijaya Nakshatra, the Goddess's Yogini Jaya and Vijaya Ashwin Shukla occur on the Dashami Tithi. These two yoginis are unvanquishable; no one can defeat them, so they are also worshiped as Aparajita Devi. Dussehra is called Vijaya Dashami because of the worship of Vijaya Devi on DashmiTithi.
Festival is being celebrated since ancient times.
In ancient times Rajaghana Dussehra used to be celebrated as Vijaya festival. On this day, King prayed to Vijaya Goddess and leave for the Rana Yatra. On the day of Vijayadashami, kings attacked the kings of other countries to extend their rule area.
Importance of the day of Dussehra
It is believed that if you begin a new work on this day, it proves to be beneficial, and it is auspicious to buy vehicles, jewelry, and other items; this increases the house's progress. With this, worship of Lord Shiva offers several benefits manifold, and on this day, the work can be taken forward by praying for victory and success is achieved.
Dussehra Puja Essentials
Cow Dung, Lime
Tilak, Mauli, Rice, and Flowers
Bananas, Radish, Gwarfali, Jaggery
Kheer, Puri, and your books
Dussehra Puja Vidhi
Bath early in the morning, and after that, make a Dussehra idol with wheat or lime. After this, make nine cow dung balls. Now make two bowls from cow dung and keep some coins in one bowl; in the other, keep Roli, rice, fruit, and barley. After this:
Start the Puja with water.
Offer roli, rice, flowers, and barley.
Offer banana, radish, gwarfali, jaggery, and rice to the idol.
Offer incense and Diya to the idol and offer flowers, barley, roli, and rice to the books too.
After this, remove the coins from the cow dung bowl and keep it in a safe place.
Offer food to Brahmins and poor, offer Dakshina, and after Ravana, Dehan, distribute the Sona leaf and bow down to the elders and the relatives of the house and meet each other.
Sri Rama Raksha StotraPaath
Suppose you are suffering from any demonic effects. If an unrighteous person is bothering you, then do the path of Sri Rama Raksha Stotra on this day. If there is any fear in your conscious, then perform BanglamukhiAnushthan on the day of Vijayadashami. You will be benefitted. Rama is a Dharmagya. He is Dharamvatsal. Rama is Devakalpa. He lives the Truth of consciousness, speech, and Karma. Rama is Vishnu in might. He is Earth in forgiveness. In truth, he is Sakshat Dharma. Today is his day of worship, and also it is the day of learning from the character of Rama.
Importance of Shastra Puja
On Vijayadashami, weapons are also worshiped to win over the enemy. Here Shastra is the weapon. Worship your Vedas, Gita, and Ramayana on this day because these are your real weapons that will defeat both your inner enemies and external enemies. Vijayadashami comes immediately after the worship of female power. Its philosophical meaning is that without Naari Puja or the Matra Puja of the Naari, we cannot win over the enemy. Worship Sri Rama on the day of Mahaparava of this Vijayadashami. Get done the Akand Path of Sri Ramacharit Manas. Get done the Akand Kirtan of Sita Rama.
There is also a provision of other pujas on this day, which are mentioned below.
1. When sunset occurs, and some stars start appearing in the sky, this period is called Vijay Muhurta. Performing any puja or work at this time helps in acquiring good results. It is said that Lord Sri Rama started the war to defeat the evil Ravana in this Muhurta only. During this time only, a tree named Shami took the form of a bow called Gandiva of Arjuna.
2. Dussehra is considered one of the purest days of the year. It is one of the three and a half Muhurats (the most auspicious time of the year - Chaitra Shukla Pratipada, Ashwin Shukla Dashmi, Vaishakh Shukla Tritiya, and Kartik Shukla Pratipada (Aadha Muhurta)). This period is suitable for starting anything. However, some nischchit Muhurta may also be meant for special worship.
3. Kshatriyas, warriors, and soldiers worship their weapons on this day; This Puja is also known in the form of Ayudh/ Shastra Puja. They, too, do Shami-Pujan on this day. In ancient times, this worship was considered to be the main for the Kshatriyas for the monarchy. In ancient times, for Rajashahi, this Puja was supposed to be pivotal for the Kshatriyas.
4. Brahmins worship Goddess Saraswati on this day
5. Vaishyas worship their notebook.
6. The Navaratri Ramleela, which takes place in many places, also ends today.
7. The victory of Lord Rama is celebrated by burning effigies of Ravana, Kumbhakarna, and Meghnath.
8. There is a belief that it is considered sacred to chant the aparajita of Mother Bhagwati Jagadamba.
9. In Bengal, the festival of Goddess Durga Puja is celebrated lavishly.
Dussehra is also called Vijayadashami or Ayudhapuja. Dussehra is a very auspicious Tithi. There is SarvakaryaSarvasiddhi Vijaya Muhurt on. That is why there is immense benefit in starting any religious work or new work. At the same time, weapons are also worshipped on Dussehra. Also, many such tasks pave the way for happiness and peace prevailing at home throughout the year, along with massive financial earning. Come, let us know what those works are:
Worshiping Shami's wood with sweet curd on Dussehra with Aparajita mantras leads to success and progress in the presence of that Siddha Kashth in that pivotal period. The members of the house are blessed with the grace of the gods and goddesses.
You can also make a secret donation after Lanka Dehen on Dussehra. On this day, you can keep a new broom in a temple where no one can see you. This private donation will remove all your money related problems.
You can also make a secret donation after Lanka Dehen on Dussehra. On this day, you can keep a new broom in a temple where no one can see you. This private donation will remove all your money related problems. (This point has been repeated. Please see to this)
It is a belief to worship the Shami tree on Dussehra. On this day, if you worship the Shami tree and burn a Diya of desi ghee beneath it in the evening, then doing this will be auspicious for you. It is believed that this gives success in matters of court and legality.
On the day of Dussehra, you take a piece of alum and make all the family members touch it. Then take it to the roof of the house and stand on the opposite side of where you wish to throw it. Then throw it while meditating the name of your Ishtadeva. By doing this, the house's negative energy is destroyed, and prosperity arrives; religious beliefs say so.
After doing Puja on the day of Dussehra, to get success in jobs and business, distribute ten fruits among the poor and chant the Mantra Om VijayaayoNamah. Through this, your wish will get fulfilled.
According to astrologers, the left-over wood after Ravana Dehen should be brought into the house and kept in a safe place. Through this, negative energy does not enter the house. Also, no performs tantra-mantra at home. On the day of Dussehra, Lord Rama was victorious over Ravana. It is also the end of Navratri, and on this day, the Visarjan of Devi's idol also takes place. On this day, weapons are worshiped, and the victory festival is celebrated. If some special rituals are done on this day, then a lot of wealth can be acquired.
Who should be worshipped on Dussehra, and what will be the benefit?
- On this day, Mahishasurmardini Maa Durga and Lord Rama should be honored.
- Through this, all the obstacles will get destroyed, and victory will be acquired in life.
- Worshipping weapons today will not protect you, and those weapons will not harm you.
- By worshipping Goddess today, you can start any new work.
- Dussehra Puja is unique when it comes to keeping the Navagraha in control
Which Mantra should be chanted for victory?
"SriyamRamam, JayamRamam, DwirjayamRammiryet.
Celebrate Dussehra on the culmination of Navaratri
- First worship the Goddess and then worship Sri Rama
- Chant the mantras of the Goddess and Sri Rama
- If you have kept Kalash, then remove the coconut and consume it as Prasad.
- Sprinkle water of the Kalash in the entire house so that negativity can get destroyed
The Durga Puja festival ends with the Visarjan of Ma Durga. The Durga Visarjan Muhurat begins in the morning or afternoon when Vijayadashami begins. Therefore, when the Vijayadashami occurs in the morning or afternoon, then the idol of Maa Durga should be immersed. For many years, Visarjan has been done in the morning time. However, the best time for Ma Durga's Visarajan is when the Shravan Nakshatra and Dashami Tithi occur together in the afternoon. Durga Puja is a religious festival in India celebrated grandly by the Hindu religion throughout the world. Durga Puja lasts for nine days, and some people celebrate it for five or seven days. People start worshiping the idol of Goddess Durga Devi on Shashti and end it on Dashami with Ma Durga's Visarjan. Durga Puja is also known as Durga Utsav or Navratri. The festival of Durga Puja is widely celebrated in Assam, Orissa, Bengal, Jharkhand, Manipur, and Tripura, India. Apart from Bengal, Durga Puja is celebrated in the name of Navratri Puja in Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, Gujarat, Punjab, Maharashtra, etc. India. Durga Puja or Navratri Puja is celebrated twice a year in the month of Chaitra and Ashwin.
इस पेज को हिंदी में पढ़ने के लिए “दुर्गा विसर्जन” पर क्लिक करें।
Durga Puja is an important Hindu festival that has religious, philosophical, cultural, and worldly importance. People start the worship of Ma Durga with Shashti and end it on Dashami. All the temples are decorated during these days, and the whole ambiance gets devotional and pious. Some people worship all the nine forms of Ma Durga with all the arrangements in their homes and observe fast. We worship female power in the form of Durga Puja. In many places, fairs are organized during this festival.
What is the Importance of Durga Visarjan During Navaratri?
Visarjan has particular importance in our Sanatan tradition. Visarjan means perfection, the perfection of life, spiritual meditation, or Nature. When an entity gains completion, it must be necessarily immersed, or its visarjan has to be done.
In the spiritual arena, Visrajan does not stand for an end but completion. This is the only main reason behind Ma Durga's Visarjan. We make Goddess's statue as soon as the Sharadiya Navratri starts and then decorate it with clothes and ornaments. We worship the same idol for nine days with full devotion, and then one day, we perform its visarjan.
The tradition of Visarjan is followed only in our Sanatan Dharma. This tradition involves a lot of courage. Sanatana Dharma believes that a form is only the beginning, and completion is always formless. Here, the meaning of the formless is not shapeless, but in being an all-encompassing form. The formless means all the forms of the universe belong to one God.
Being formless does not mean limiting to one form but to represent all forms. When a devotee completes the spiritual meditation, she/he goes beyond any form or rituals. Hence, all the legendary people have said, "Chaap Tilak Sab Cheeni, ToseNainaMilayke."
The nine days of Navratri symbolize the fact that we should not limit ourselves to worshipping one form. Instead, we must complete our spiritual meditation, immerse our deity so that it can attain formlessness. When the devotee attains such a formless state, then he can witness it in the entire universe. You can give any nomenclature to this formlessness; it will not have any impact on its formlessness. At this stage of spirituality, we get reminded of SarvaKhalvidamBrahm; this is the only truth of God.
How did Durga Puja Begin? History of Durga Puja
In the 17th and 18th centuries, zamindars and rich people organized Durga puja on a vast scale, where everyone gathered under one roof to worship Goddess Durga. For example, Achala Puja is very famous in Kolkata, which was started by landlord Laxmikant Majumdar in 1610 from 33 Raja Nabakrishna Road of Chhoti Rajbari, Kolkata's Sobha Bazaar, which got mainly began in 1757. Not only this, the idol of Ma Durga used to be set in the pandals outside Bengal, and She used to be worshipped grandly.
Myths related to Durga Puja
It is believed that Goddess Durga killed the demon named Mahishasura on this day, who became very powerful after getting Vardaan of Lord Brahma. Lord Bramha gave Mahishasura the Vardaan that no god or demon can defeat him. After getting this Vardaan, he started troubling the Gods in heaven and terrorized the people on the Earth too. He made a random attack in heaven and defeated Indra, and began ruling heaven. All the Gods became worried and approached the Trimurti Brahma, Vishnu, and Mahesh for their help. All the gods fought together to defeat him but in vain. When no solution could be found, the Gods created Goddess Durga for his destruction. She is also known as Shakti and Parvati. Goddess Durga fought with Mahishasura for nine days and killed him on the tenth day. On this occasion, Hindus celebrate the festival of Durga Puja, and the tenth day is known as Vijayadashami.
Durga Puja is the celebration of the will to amass all the power to remove all the evil. People believe that Goddess Durga will bless them and keep them away from all problems and negative energy. Every festival of Hinduism has a social reason behind it. Durga Puja is a festival that plays an essential role in filling our lives with positive energy and happiness.
Ritual of Visarjan
After Kanya Pujan, take a flower and a few rice grains in the palm and take a pledge.
Take the coconut placed in the container as a prasad itself and offer it to the family.
Sprinkle the container's holy water in the entire house, and then the whole family must consume it as a Prasad.
Keep the coins in your bowl; you can keep them in your savings container too.
Distribute betel nut as prasad in the family.
Now, organize Mata ki Chowki at home and keep the Singasan again at its place in the temple.
Women of the household can make use of saris and jewelry etc.
Place the idol of Shri Ganesh at His place in the temple of the house.
Distribute all the fruits and sweets in the family as an offering.
Collect rice on the Chowki and the lid of the container. Offer them to the birds.
Bow down in front of Ma Durga's idol or photo and seek her blessings. Also, seek the blessings of the container in which you had sown jowar and other Puja essentials. Then, perform the ritual of Visarjan in a river, lake, or sea.
Give away a coconut, Dakshina, and clothes of the Chowki to a Brahmin after Visarjan.
Keep these points in mind while performing Visarjan
It is considered very auspicious to perform Visarjan in a river or lake. Immerse the mother's statue, container, or Jawar with full faith. All the Puja essentials should also be immersed in the holy waters.
Take care of Ma Durga's idol while taking Her for Visarjan in the same way you had taken care of Her when you brought Her. No harm should be caused to the Divine Ma Durga's idol before Visarjan. Proper Aarti should be performed before Ma Durga's Visarjan.
The divine light of Aarti should be received as the blessings of Ma Durga and as pure Prasad. It is considered auspicious to donate a coconut, Dakshina, and clothes of the Chowki to a Brahmin after Visarjan.
Why do we perform Ma Durga’s Visarjan
It is believed that a daughter is ParayaDhan. She needs to leave her maternal house and head forth to live with her husband in his house, which is her Sasural. Daughters visit their maternal house like guests after marriage. This is an ancient tradition. Even Ma Durga visits her maternal home on this Earth and her children, and after spending a few days, she goes back to Lord Shiva, to her Sasural.
After rains, in September and October, the crop is ready for the harvest. The farmers complete their duties and responsibilities by bringing the produce to their homes and cleaning the factories to store them. At this juncture, the wives of the farmers visit their maternal homes along with their children, spend some happy times, and go back to their Sasural. The women are sent back from the maternal homes with blessings and goodwill.
Similarly, along with her children, Lakshmi, Saraswati, Karthik, and Ganesha, Mother Durga comes to her home to spend four days on the Earth, and then she goes to her Sasural to Lord Shiva. This moment is celebrated as Visarjan wherein the devotees perform Visarjan of the idol according to tradition. Mother Durga is fully adorned before the Visarjan. Women apply vermilion to each other's Maang and chudas as a sign of prosperity.
This festival has special importance in Bengal, where it is called SindoorKhela. This vermilion symbolizes the long life of the husbands. This ritual creates an ambiance of joy and happiness, and then after some time, everyone gets emotional during the time of Ma Durga's Visarjan. The Pandal ambiance suddenly changes, and everyone sings the songs of Ma Durga's departure, "Ma CholecheSoshur Bari," meaning Ma Durga is heading towards her Sasural. She will again visit us in the coming year. She is sent to her Sasural through the process of Visarjan.
SindoorKhela, during Durga Puja, is a unique ritual that is celebrated in West Bengal. The ritual of SindoorKhela is performed before Durga Visarjan on Vijayadashami. On this occasion, married women apply vermilion to each other and wish each other goodwill. The sindoor festival is also known as sindoorkhela.
Why is the idol of Ma Durga Made with the soil of Sonagachi?
India is a country of festivals. Every province has its festivals. Durga Puja is a festival that fills all the people living in Bengal with energy and enthusiasm.
Durga Puja is an essential festival of the Bengalis. This festival lasts for four days. The preparations begin in advance. During the festival, pandals are installed, and cultural programs are arranged. People buy new clothes. Durga Puja has been significant in Bengal for centuries.
In the eighteenth century, when our country was captured, even then Durga Puja got celebrated in Jabalpur.
From the day of Mahalaya, the mantra of Chandipath is played in every Bengali household. The practice of listening to Chandipath on the radio is still prevalent in Kolkata. The Chandipath is sung by Birendra Krishna Bhadra wherein he narrates the story of Mahishasura Mardini melodically and rhythmically in the form of Sanskrit and Bengal chants. Today he is not alive, but his voice is immortal.
No matter how piously Durga Puja is celebrated, the idol of Ma Durga gets its form only through the soil of Sonagachi.
Durga Maa gave a Vardan to a devout prostitute that her idol will be made from the smooth clay of the Ganges provided by her hand. She did this to save the woman from social insults. Since then, the tradition of making the statue of Goddess from the soil of Sonagachi got started.
On the day of Mahalaya, eyes are carved on the incompletely made statue of Mother Durga, called Chakshu-dan. On this day, people perform Tarpan offering to their dead relatives, and only then the Devi Paksha begins. Ma Durga leaves her Sasural and husband Shiva's home in Kailash and accompanies Ganesha, Karthikeya, Lakshmi, and Saraswati to her home on Earth for ten days.
People observe the planets and stars' positions to find out how Ma Durga is riding on towards Earth. If She comes riding on an elephant, farming gets blessed along with the humans' lives on Earth, spreading happiness. If She comes sitting on a horse, then there isn't any rain and
it's all dry.
If She comes on a swing, then it symbolizes diseases spread all around, and if She comes on a boat, it is believed that the rain will be good, the harvest will be good, the arrival of the new year will also be good, there will be happiness around the Earth.
On the sixth day, the idol of Durga is brought to the pandal. Kumartuli of Bengal is famous for making beautiful idols of Durga, where these idols are made from clay. About 95 percent of the idols in Durga Puja in Kolkata come from Kumaratuli.
To make these idols, a frame is first prepared by tying jute on the wooden structure, and then that the idol is prepared by mixing paddy with clay. Then the idol is decorated with jewelry and clothes.
Not only the idol of Durga, but the pandals are also very beautifully made. The Golden Temple of Amritsar in Kolkata is made of bamboo and cloth. The Durga Pandal look as grand as the Eiffel Tower in Paris. The lights of the pandals make the whole city look as bright and beautiful as a bride.
On the evening of Shashthi, the cover is removed from Durga's mouth with the ritual of Bodhon. Then on the morning of Mahashashti, women worship wearing red bordered sarees. The day of Mahashtami has its significance. Sandhipuja occurs on Ashtami.
It has its own auspicious time, and sacrifices are offered at that time. In olden times people used to offer goat sacrifices, but this practice is no more observed. In some places, sacrifices of any fruit or pumpkin, etc., are offered. People lighten up 108 diyas amidst Sandhikshan by observing Nirjala fast. It feels like the entire universe becomes silent for a while. It is believed that during Sandhikshan, the idol of Maa Durga becomes alive.
Dhunuchi Dance is performed in Bengal. A Dhunchi is a big pot cum Diya made of clay. Coconut peels are burnt in these pots along with the fragrance oriented Dhuno. Then, these pots are held in hands, and dance is performed in front of Ma Durga. People carry 4-5 Dhunuchi together and dance amidst falling fires.
On the morning of Dashami, the married women come to Pandal to put vermilion on the idol of Ma Durga, and they play with vermilion like Holi. It is called sindoorkhela. The idol of Maa Durga is immersed by reciting chants.
At the time of Visarjan, it seems as if the beloved daughter Ma Durga is heading to Sasural from her maternal home. On the day of Dussehra, the younger ones seek the blessings of the family's elder members by touching the latter's feet. They offer each other sweets. People go to each other's homes to meet and greet each other. And, this is how the festival of Durga Puja gets completed and celebrated.
Karva Chauth is made up of two words, 'Karva' which means earthenware, and 'Chauth' means 4th day of the month. 'Karva' or Mitti ka bartan has been given immense importance on this day. The married women wait for this day all year long. This day celebrates the love, affection, and respect a couple has for each other. Hence, women follow the traditions and rituals of this day with devotion and dedication.
इस पेज को हिंदी में पढ़ने के लिए “करवा चौथ” पर क्लिक करें।
Fasting on this Day
This festival is celebrated on the 4th day or 'Chaturthi' of the Krishna Paksha. Women celebrate this day by keeping fasts for their husbands. Indian women celebrate it with a lot of joy. Nowadays, it has become a trend to celebrate it globally. According to the Hindu calendar, this day is celebrated on the 4th day after the 'Poornima' or the day of the full Moon. This is mostly in October or November.
Fasting or keeping a 'Vrath' is a ritual followed by all the married ladies. With this, women pray to Lord Ganesha for a healthy and long life of their spouses. Even though it is celebrated mostly by married women, it is said that unmarried women are supposed to keep fast for their future husbands in some parts of India.
Married women keep a fast for the entire day. Karwa Chauth has a stringent rule that no women can eat or drink anything until the Moon appears in the sky. After the moonrise, women can eat and drink after praying to Lord Shiva and his entire family.
Women pour water in the earthenware to the Moon in the form of Arghy. Donating to the needy is also a ritual followed by the Brahmin ladies and other married ladies. This is celebrated mostly by the North Indians. Just four days after Karva Chauth, Ahoi Ashtami is marked for the sons by their mothers.
Rituals of Karva Chauth
Since this day is a ladies' day, they're all excited about it. Preparations for this day start long before. Some women tend to buy all new things like Sarees and lehengas, makeup, earrings, necklaces, and other different jewellery or Pooja items. And some women bank on their wedding things. Women decorate their hands in different designs of henna, also called 'Mehendi.'
In places like Punjab, women wake up before 4 in the morning and eat and drink because of the fasting that follows the entire day. In Uttar Pradesh, women eat Milk made Ferni on the previous evening as a ritual.
In Punjab, women receive 'Sarghi' from their mother-in-law. 'Sarghi' is a combination of goods like decoratives, sweets, sarees, and other female accessories. It is said that when a lady keeps her first Karva Chauth, a 'Sarghi' is provided to her by her mother in law. Sarghi signifies, the newly wedded has to respect her mother in law’s rituals and traditions and follow it for the rest of her life.
The fast starts with the sunrise. A woman spends her day with either her friends or work as usual. Women also receive gifts from her husbands and parents.
In the evening, women get dressed up in beautiful attires and sit with other females and enjoy this festival together. They dedicatedly decorate the 'Pooja Thaali' and listen to the Karva Chauth Katha.
In places like Uttar Pradesh and Bihar, women decorate their thaalis and sit with other women. In such groups, the eldest women or a priest recites the Karva Chauth Katha while others exchange their Thaalis in a circle. This is done seven times, and everyone sings the Katha.
In the first 6 feris or circles they sing "वीरों कुण्डियॉ करवा, सर्व सुहागन करवा, ए कात्ती नाया तेरी ना, कुम्भ चकरा फेरी ना, आर पेअर पायेन ना, रुठदा मानियेन ना, सुथरा जगायेन ना,वे वीरों कुरिये करवा, वे सर्व सुहागन करवा". While in the 7th one they sing "वीरों कुण्डियॉ करवा, सर्व सुहागन करवा, ए कात्ती नाया तेरी नी, कुम्भ चकरा फेरी भी, आर पेअर पायेन भी, रुठदा मानियेन भी, सुथरा जगायेन भी, वे वीरों कुरिये करवा, वे सर्व सुहागन करवा".
In Rajasthan, a ritual is followed where one woman asks the other "धापी की नहीं धापी," and to this, the woman replies "जल से धपी, सुहाग से ना धपी."
In other places of Uttar Pradesh, Gaur Mata is worshipped. Women take some soil in their hands, sprinkle some water on it and apply Kumkum on it. It is said that they've created a sculpture of the holy Gaur Mata. While exchanging their thaalis, they sing, "सदा सुहागन करवा लो, पति की प्यारी करवा लो, सात बहनों की बहन करवा लो, व्रत करनी करवा लो,सास की प्यारी करवा लो". After the Pooja, they give the holy offerings like halwa, poori, namkeen etc. to their mother and sister-in-laws.
After this ceremony, women eagerly wait for the moon. When the Moon finally appears, women with their husbands step out of the house or go to the terrace where the Moon is clearly visible. They carry a strainer or a glass full of water to look at the reflection of the Moon. They worship the Moon and pour Argha to seek blessings. And with the same respect and devotion, they look at their husbands and compare them with the Moon they just worshipped.
With this, they end their fast. Their husbands feed them with water, food, and sweets. Women can finally eat food.
Modern Day Karva Chauth
Nowadays, in North India, the culture and traditions of this auspicious day have changed.
Today, this day is considered romantic. This day's significance now denotes the love and affection between the couple. One of the main reasons is Bollywood. Be it Dilwale Dulhaniya Le Jayenge or Kabhi Khushi Kabhi Gham. The festival has shown that the couple communicates the love for each other by singing songs and dancing. Nowadays, unmarried women celebrate this day for their fiancés or future husbands as a sign of love.
The Traditional Folk Tale of Karva Chauth
Once upon a time, there was a princess Veervati. She was the only sister of 7 brothers. She was married, and on her first Karva Chauth, she came back to her home to live with her parents and brothers. Since this day demanded her to fast for the entire day without water, her health deteriorated by the evening. She started feeling sick, and her worried brothers advised her to eat something so as not to fall ill. But she was adamant as she wanted to keep this fast for her husband. So, her brothers made a fake reflection of the Moon on the top of the sacred 'Peepal Tree.' She believed that the Moon's reflection was real and broke her fast as she was very innocent. Next thing she got to know was that her husband passed away. She couldn't take this and started crying uncontrollably. Her sister in law told her that her brothers were anxious about her condition, so that made a fake moon reflection. This broke her heart, and she started screaming in pain. To this, 'Devi Shakti' appeared before her. Devi asked her why she was crying. She told her the entire story. Devi ordered her to keep the fast again for the next day. If she successfully does this, Yamraj will return to her husband.
It is also believed that her brothers set fire behind the mountain and told her that this is Moon's brightness. She was convinced by this, and as a result, she broke her fast. Then when she got to know about her husband's death, she ran towards his place. On her way, she saw Shiva-Parvati and told them her story. They advised her to keep a fast again, and she shall get her husband back. She did that and got her husband back.
Another story on Karva Chauth
Once upon a time, there was a woman called Karva, who was wholly devoted to her husband. Because of her dedication and devotion, she was granted a spiritual power. One day, her husband was taking a bath in the lake, and a crocodile caught him. Karva used cotton yarn to free her husband from the deadly amphibian. She then asked Yam to throw the crocodile in hell. Yam didn't want to do this to the crocodile, but he had no choice as the woman had spiritual powers, and she could also curse him. She was instead granted a long life for her husband and herself. Since this day, Karva Chauth is celebrated by all the married women for their husbands' healthy and long life. It is their faith that it will protect their husband.
Karva Chauth Method
Before the Pooja starts, the following constituents should be present- a sculpture of Ganesh Ji, Ambika Gauri Maa, Shri Nandishwar, Maa Parvati, Lord Shiva, and Shri Karthikeya. Things of Pooja like utensils, Diya, Kapoor, kajal, Chandan, fruits, sweets, ghee diya, dhoop etc. need to be there.
In the evening, women get dressed and go to their friend's or relative's for Poojas and Kathas. Women sit together and listen to Katha. Katha is mostly recited by the elderly or the preist.
Earthenware filled with wheat is kept in the center, which denotes Lord Ganesha, a utensil filled with water; some fruits are kept near Mata Parvati's figurine. Her figurine is also surrounded by Sweets, mathi, fruits, and food grains.
Some of the things are also preserved for the woman who is narrating the Katha.
Earlier, soil and cow dung was used to prepare Gaur Mata's figurine. But nowadays, Metal or paper figurine is preferred by most women. Before listening to the Katha, women light diyas in their thalis. They wear beautiful attires and mostly cover their heads using their marital dupattas. They worship the God and Goddess and seek their blessings. In some communities, a ritual called ferni is performed to circulate their thaalis seven times within their group. They recite and sing katha together. After this ceremony, they all seek blessings from their elders at home and neighbourhood.
What is Sarghi?
Sarghi is a special meal given to a woman by her mother in law. It is believed that the woman should devour her Sarghi before the sunrise, i.e., at 4 or 5 in the morning. Sarghi can be given by an older woman of the family in case of the absence of mother in law. Sarghi has different edibles like Cashew, almonds, raisins, fruits, sweets, Sewaiyaan. These things give the energy to spend the entire day without eating or drinking anything.
What is the Importance of Mehendi?
Mehendi is a sign of good luck. In India, it is believed that the darker your Mehendi gets, the more love you'll receive from your husband and in-laws. It is also said that dark Mehendi signifies the healthy and long life of the husband. During festivals, Mehendi businesses are on the rise. Women approach Mehendi stalls as they are fond of it. During karva Chauth, one will always find a crowd near the Mehendi stalls.
The Upvas of Ahoi Ashtami 2022 is observed on the Ashtami Tithi of the Krishna Paksha. On this day, Goddess Ahoi is worshipped. On this day, women Upvas for the protection and long life of their children. This Upvas is vital for people who are not able to give birth to children. This Upvas is lucky for the people whose children do not have a long life or whose child is destroyed in the womb. Generally, if this day is put into particular use, this day enables the child's progress and well-being. This Upvas is for long life and good fortune.
इस पेज को हिंदी में पढ़ने के लिए “अहोई अष्टमी” पर क्लिक करें।
The Upvas of Ahoi Ashtami falls after four days of Karva Chauth and eight days after Diwali Puja. As compared to Karva Chauth, Ahoi Ashtami is more famous in North India. Ahoi Ashtami is also known as Ahoi Anthe because this Upvas is observed on the Ashtami Tithi. It is the eighth day of the month.
On this day, women worship Goddess Ahoi (Parvati) and pray for their children's long life. Just like women observe Upvas for their husbands' long life on Karwa Chauth, similarly, they observe Ahoi Ashtami Upvas for their children's long life. Generally, this Upvas is performed to give birth to sons, but now, women have started to observe this Upvas for daughters.
Importance of Ahoi Ashtami Upvas
The Tithi of Kartik Krishna Paksha is fraught with festivals, among which the two dominant festivals which women observe are Karwa Chauth and Ahoi Ashtami. Women follow these festivals by keeping Upvas from Shastriya and Lok point of view, and on the other hand, they give it a celebration form by arranging cultural programs. These celebrations comprise the feeling of family's welfare, and today, there is a tradition of seeking blessings from the mother-in-law by considering her feet as Tirth itself. The eighth day of Kartik Krishna Paksha is known as Ahoi or eighth. This Upvas arrives just a week before Diwali. It is said that this Upvas is observed by women who have children. In other words, it can be believed that Ahoi Ashtami Upvas is done for the welfare of small children. In this Upvas, the pictures of Sei and Sei children and the image of Ahoi Devi are worshipped. Ahoi Ashtami Upvas is done for experiencing the joy of child-bearing and for the prosperity of the child. On this day, a childless woman can also observe Upvas with the prayer of bearing a child. Actually, on this day, people seek the Ahoi form of Goddess Parvati for the protection, long life, good health, happiness, and prosperity of their children.
This Upvas is Observed Without Consuming Water
Women tend to wake up early in the morning to observe Ahoi Ashtami Upvas; then, they keep a white karva meaning a utensil made of clay filled with water. After this, they meditate in the name of Goddess Ahoi. They worship Her by following all the rules and regulations for the protection of their children. On this day, mothers observe Upvas without having water.
Arghya is Offered to the Stars
According to old beliefs, for the Ahoi Pujan, an effigy of eight koshthak of Geru or yellow clay is made on the north wall of the house in the evening. Following all the regulations, after doing bathing, tilak, etc., Bhog is offered. Some people, as per their potential, perform Puja by putting Moti in Silver Ahoi. After moonrise, women perform Shodshopchar Pujan by looking at the stars. Then, the Upvas is completed by offering Arghya water to the stars. Some women open their Upvas by offering Arghya to the moon and then complete the Upvas by having a meal. Simultaneously, some people put Ahoi and some silver balls in a thread, and then there is a tradition of putting some balls in the same thread every year. The Kalash leaped in cow dung for the Puja, and smooth clay is kept on the ground towards the north. After this, after worshiping the first revered Lord Sri Ganesh, Goddess Ahoi is honored, and Bhog made of milk, sugar, and rice is offered to Her. Then the story of Ahoi is heard and narrated by setting a Kalash filled with water on a wooden plank.
This Wish Gets Fulfilled
The Ahoi Ashtami Upvas is predominantly observed or the joy of child-bearing and child's progress. On this day, a childless woman can also keep Upvas with the desire of having a child. Actually, on this day, people offer prayers to the Ahoi form of Goddess Parvati for the protection, long life, good health, happiness, and prosperity of their children. Childless people perform Puja on this day with full devotion with the desire to have children. On this day, women prepare raw food mostly at the homes ( Urad Rice, Kadhi Rice)
Troubles Will Get Away
To do the Puja of Goddess Ahoi, put some turmeric in cow's ghee, prepare a Diya, ignite sandalwood incense stick, offer roli, saffron, and turmeric to the goddess. Offer Rice porridge to the goddess. After the Puja, giving Bhog to a poor girl is considered to be auspicious. Apart from this, offer yellow Kaner flowers to Goddess Gauri to prevent the troubles from arriving in your child's life.
Rules of Ahoi Puja
Wake up early in the morning, take a bath, and wear clean clothes.
Now, draw the pictures of Goddess Ahoi, Goddess Parvati, and Syahu and his seven sons at home on the temple wall.
If you wish, you can use the posters available in the market for the Puja.
Now, take a new utensil and fill it with water. Make haldi Swastik on it, and now keep a chestnut on the lid of the container.
Meditate in the name of Goddess Ahoi and read Ahoi Ashtami Upvas Katha along with the older women at home.
Keep clean cloth for all the women.
After the Katha, gift those clothes to those women.
Offer Arghya to the stars at night and then open the Upvas.
The Myth of Ahoi
In ancient times, there lived a moneylender. He had seven sons and seven daughters-in-law. He also had a daughter who had come to her maternal house from her Sasural. When the seven daughters-in-law went to Diwali's forest to bring mud for applying at home, the sister-in-law also accompanied them. A Syahu lived at the place where the daughter of the moneylender was cutting the soil. By mistake, one child of the Syahu was wounded by the daughter's spade and died. The Syahu got angry and said, "I will bind your womb."
After listening to Syahu, the moneylender's daughter requested each of her sisters-in-law to get their womb bound in place of her. The youngest sister-in-law agrees to bind her womb in place of the moneylender's daughter. After this, all the children of the youngest sister-in-law die after seven days. After the death of the seven sons, she invited a Pandit and asked him for a solution. The Pandit advised her to look after a Surhi cow.
Surhi gets happy by the care and takes her to the Syahu. The two of them rest for a while on the way after getting tired. Suddenly the moneylender's youngest daughter-in-law looks at one side; she sees that a snake will sting Garuda Pankhini's child, and she kills the snake. At this point, Garuda Pankhini comes there and witnessing splashed blood all over; she presumes that the younger daughter-in-law has killed her child, and she starts pecking the youngest daughter-in-law through her beak.
On this, the youngest daughter-in-law says that she saved the life of her child. Garuda Pankhini gets happy at this and takes her to Syahu along with Surhi. There, being pleased by the youngest daughter-in-law's care, Syahu blesses her with the blessing of having seven sons and seven daughters-in-law. Through the prayers of the Syahu, the home of the youngest daughter-in-law is filled with sons and daughters-in-law. The meaning of Ahoi is also "Anhoni ko Honi Banana" as the daughter of the moneylender did.
The Rule of Ahoi Ashtami Upvas
A woman who is about to observe the Upvas of Ahoi Ashtami should be aware of the rules of Ahoi Ashtami to receive the fruits of this Upvas ultimately. On the day of Ahoi Ashtami, Goddess Ahoi is worshipped. It is believed that a woman who performs the Upvas of Ahoi Ashtami, Goddess Ahoi herself, protects her child.
1.Ahoi Ashtami is followed without having water. A woman who observes this Upvas without having water receives the fruits of this Upvas ultimately.
2.The Arghya of Ahoi Ashtami Upvas is not offered in a bronze container because a bronze container is considered impure. If a woman gives Arghya in a bronze container, then her Upvas gets destroyed.
3. In Ahoi Ashtami Upvas, Arghya is offered to the stars. Just as Karva Chauth gets completed by offering Arghya to the moon, Ahoi Ashtami gets completed by offering Arghya to the stars.
4. In the Upvas of Ahoi Ashtami, a new Karwa is not taken because, according to this Upvas, this Upvas makes use of the Karwa of the Karwa Chauth.
5. The woman observing the Upvas of Ahoi Ashtami should not cut anything with sharp objects like a knife, scissors and should not indulge in any needle thread work.
6. Ahoi Ashtami Upvas is observed for the children. Hence, do not beat and scold your child or other's children on this day.
7. Do not consume or let anyone consume non-vegetarian food on the day of Ahoi Ashtami Upvas.
8. A woman observing Ahoi Ashtami should not sleep during the day because it is more fruitful to perform Puja-Path on the day of Upvasing.
9. A woman observing Ahoi Ashtami Upvas should not insult the older people. By doing this, her Upvas gets destroyed.
10. Do not mop the floors of your home on the day of Ahoi Ashtami. As per ancient myths, it is not allowed to sweep the house on that day.
Must Remember Points
On this day, the Ahoi form of Goddess Parvati is worshiped. Childless women observe Upvas on this day and pray to have children.
On the day of Ahoi Ashtami, before worshipping Goddess Ahoi, Lord Ganesha should be worshipped.
The Upvas of Ahoi Ashtami is followed without having water. By doing this, the life of the child gets longer and attains prosperity.
Bayana must be taken out for the in-laws on the day of Ahoi Ashtami. If the in-laws do not stay with you, you can give the bayana to a Pandit or any other older person.
On the day of Ahoi Ashtami, Arghya is offered to the stars. The child's life gets longer by doing this, and people who haven't received the joy of child-bearing get this joy.
While listening to the Upvas story on Ahoi Ashtami, keep seven types of grains in your hands, and after the Puja, these grains should be fed to a cow.
While performing Ahoi Ashtami Puja, make your children sit beside you and, after offering bhog to Goddess Ahoi, feed the blog to your children.
Donate to the poor. By indulging in Donation and Dakshina, the Upvas gets fulfilled completely.
On the day of Ahoi Ashtami, after the Puja, do feed meals to a Brahmin and a cow. Seek and obtain their blessings.
Aarti of Goddess Ahoi
Jai Ahoi Mata, Maiya Jaya Ahoi Mata.
Tumko Nisdin Dhyavat Har Vishnu Vidhata. Jaya Ahoi
Brahmani, Rudradhi Kamla Tu Hi Hai Jagmata
Surya- Chandrama Dhyavat Naarad Rishi Gata. Jai Ahoi Mata
Mata Roop Nirajan Sukh-Sampatti Data
Jo Koi Tumko Dhyavat Nit Mangal Pata. Jaya Ahoi Mata
Tu Hi Pataal Basanti, Tu Hi Hai Shubhdata
Karma-Prabhav Prakashan Jagnidhi Se Trata. Jai Ahoi Mata
Jis Ghar Tumhro Vaasa, Taahi Ghar Gundh Aata
Kar Na Sake Soi Kar Le, Man Nahi Ghabrata. Jai Ahoi Mata
Tum Bin Sukh Na Hove Na Koi Putra Pata
Khan-pan Ka Vaibhav Tum Bin Nahi Aata. Jai Ahoi Mata
Subh Gudh Sundar Yukta, Sheer Nidhi Ki Jata
Ratan Chaturdash Tum Bin Koi Nahi Pata. Jai Ahoi Mata
Sri Ahoi Maa ki Aarti Jo Koi Gata
Ur Umang Ati Upje Paap Utar Jata. Jai Ahoi Mata
Dhanteras, every year, is celebrated on the thirteenth day of the Kartik Krishna Paksha. It is a ritual to buy brand new things on this day. Goddess Lakshmi is worshipped on this day as this day brings an increase in wealth. Lord Dhanwantari also incarnated on this day, which is why it is called Dhan Teresa. Dhanwantari and Mata Lakshmi are among the fourteen gems received during the Samudra Manthan performed jointly by the gods and demons. This date is also known as Dhanwantari Trayodashi.
इस पेज को हिंदी में पढ़ने के लिए “धनतेरस” पर क्लिक करें।
Dhanteras is a famous festival among the Hindus. It marks the commencement of Diwali. In Jainism, Dhanteras is also called Dhanya Teras and Dhyan Teras. Lord Mahavira revitalized Jain dharma on this day. According to tradition, Mahavira attained omniscience, i.e., absolute or complete knowledge, thus making Diwali one of the most important Jain festivals. This day is also known as National Ayurveda Day.
Why do we buy Utensils on Dhanteras?
God Dhanwantari appeared on the thirteenth day of the Kartik Krishna Paksha by churning of the sea. He had a pot filled with nectar when he appeared. Hence, utensils are bought on this day as God Dhanwantari had a utensil in hand. One should purchase utensils of brass and silver as it will please Lord Dhanwantari. Dhanteras also bring good health and fortune.
Importance of Lightning Diya in the South direction
According to Indian culture, health is considered above wealth. The saying 'पहला सुख निरोगी काया, दूजा सुख घर में माया' is famous even today. This is why Dhanteras is given so much importance and celebrated before Diwali.
One day Yamraja asked his messengers that when you take someone's life away from them, do you sometimes have mercy for them? Does it sometimes break your heart that you cannot do anything about it? Yamdoots hesitated and said, we follow your instructions. Our purpose is not to feel this way. Yamraja felt that maybe they are scared of him, and that's why not telling the truth. He asked them to be fearless and tell him everything honestly. Yamdoots then said that once they came across a situation that shook their heart and didn't want to do their job. Yamraja asked them to tell him what had happened.
Yamdoots said, "Once there was a king named Hans who went for a hunt in the jungle. Amidst the hunting, he lost his way and got separated by the other hunters. The king crossed the borders and went to another kingdom. King Hema heartily welcomed King Hans.
The same day King Hema's wife gave birth to a baby boy. Astrologers calculated the constellations and said that the boy would die after four days of getting married. By the king's order, that child was placed as a celibate in a cavity on the river Yamuna banks. He was asked to stay away from women.
Time passed by, and one day, King Hans's daughter went to the river Yamuna banks. She saw the celibate and married him. On the 4th day of the marriage, the prince died."
When the yamdoots got to know about their story, they felt devastated. They couldn't listen to what happened to the newlywed couple. They exclaimed that their tears didn't stop when they were picking the young prince's dead body.
To this, Yamraja said, "what can we do? For restriction of the legislation, we have to this unpleasant terrible job."
One of the Yamdoots replied, "Maharaja, is there nothing we can do to escape the premature death?"
Yamraja said that there is a solution to this dreadful situation.
Worshiping Dhanwantri and doing the Deep Daan relieves premature death. In the house where this worship is done, there is no fear of early death.
After this incident, the practice of worshipping Dhanwantri and doing the Deep Daan started. According to this belief, in the evening of Dhanteras, people light Diyas in the south direction to pray to Lord Yam. As a result, the worshipper and his family get protection from the God of Death's wrath. If you light a Diya and worship Goddess Lakshmi, it brings good health to the family.
How did Lakshmi Ji reach the farmer's house? Another story
Shrihari, who once resided with Mata Lakshmi in Kshirsagar, realized that the death could be inspected. Mata Lakshmi also started asking to come with him.
Lord Vishnu said that she has to follow his conditions if she wants to come with him. Mata Lakshmi agreed and came to visit Earth with him. After some time, Lord Vishnu asked her to wait at a place for him and not go anywhere until he comes back and asks her to. Mata Lakshmi refused to listen to Lord Vishnu and continued to follow him.
She came across a beautiful mustard field and got delighted after seeing beautiful yellow mustard flowers. She decorated herself with these beautiful flowers. After some time, she saw a sugarcane field. She got very excited as she wanted to have the tasty ripped sugarcane.
Seeing this, Lord Vishnu got very angry with her as she stole the poor farmer's fruits. He cursed her to stay with the farmer for 12 years and help him with his farming. After cursing her, Lord Vishnu left for Kshirsagar.
Mata Lakshmi took care of him for 12 years and even blessed him with silver jewels. In the thirteenth year, when Lord Vishnu came to take her back, the farmer refused to send Mata Lakshmi back. To this, Lord Vishnu said that no one could stop her from going. She is always moving from places to places. The farmer still didn't agree and begged Mata Lakshmi to stay with him.
With this, Mata Lakshmi came up with a solution. She asked the farmer to follow whatever she says, and if he does this, she will come back for a year. She said tomorrow is the thirteenth. Clean your house nicely. Then in the evening, worship me with lightning a Diya. Fill a copper vessel for me with coins. If you do this, I will reside in your house for a year. And when the farmer did this, he became prosperous again. Every year, the thirteenth day of Krishna Paksha of Kartik month is celebrated as Dhanteras.
Dhanteras Puja Vidhi
It is always preferred to pray in the evening. At the place of worship, the idols of Lord Kubera and Dhanwantari should be kept on the north side. Along with them, worship Mata Lakshmi and Lord Ganesha. It is said that Lord Kubera should be offered sweets of white colour while Lord Dhanwantari should be offered yellow sweets. This is because the yellow colour is Lord Dhanwantari's favorite. Flowers, fruits, rice, roli, dhoop, and Diyas should be kept in the Pooja thaali. Lord Yamraja should be prayed after lighting the Diya.
Dhanteras astrological concept
Ancient narratives are not just stories, as they have essential roles in today's environment as well. According to astrology, if there is any problem in the house due to disease, clash, pain, court case, or enemy, what kind of lamp would be benefited by burning? What type of oil in the lamp is best can be calculated.
Lamps and Oils
1. Lamps made out of flour are considered favorable for any occasion or Pooja.
2. Ghee diyas should be lighted to get freedom from money constraints.
3. Sesame oil lamp should be lit to get rid of Saturn's disaster. One gets rid of the troubles coming at home.
4. Lamp of mahua oil should be lighted in the house temple for the long life of the husband.
5. Flaxseed oil lamp should be lit to calm the condition of planets Rahu and Ketu.
6. To win a pending court case, light a five-faced lamp in front of the house temple.
7. To avoid enemies or prevent any objections, please Shani Dev by burning a mustard oil lamp.
What to Do on Dhanteras
a) Clean your house thoroughly. This brings positive vibes in one's life and home.
b) Make sure you clean all spider webs around you as they can cause hindrance in your wealth.
c) Close the doors of your bathroom. Open bathroom doors attract negative energy and cause problems in money matters.
d) The Northside of the house is said to belong to Lord Kubera. Keep this side of the house clean as they can be a smooth inflow of money.
e) Make sure you close all the taps of the house as wastage of water means less income.
f) Don't buy any sharp objects like scissors, knives, etc.
g) Buy a brand-new broom as it is a symbol of Mata Lakshmi.
h) Buying items of brass, steel, gold, and silver on Dhanteras is considered very auspicious.
What to not do on Dhanteras
1. Don't touch the broom using your foot. This means you're disrespecting Mata Lakshmi.
2. Do not buy oil at all on Dhanteras nor buy any such item in which oil is used. If you have to buy oil, buy oil one or two days before Dhanteras.
3. Don't buy anything black. It is considered to be inauspicious.
4. Do not give loans to anyone on this day. If you do so, it will cause money loss.
5. Do not buy any glass item. Glass is said to be related to Rahu.
6. Worship Lord Dhanwantari also and not just Lord Kubera.
7. Do not come into blows with anyone on this day. It is believed that Mata Lakshmi doesn't bless the house whose members are fighting.
8. Do not use vindictive weapons.
9. Do not disrespect elders. Mata Lakshmi doesn't bless the house in which elders are being disrespected and insulted.
कुबेर धन प्राप्ति मंत्र-
ॐ श्रीं ह्रीं क्लीं श्रीं क्लीं वित्तेश्वराय नमः॥
कुबेर अष्टलक्ष्मी मंत्र-
ॐ ह्रीं श्रीं क्रीं श्रीं कुबेराय अष्ट-लक्ष्मी मम गृहे धनं पुरय पुरय नमः॥
ॐ यक्षाय कुबेराय वैश्रवणाय धनधान्याधिपतये
धनधान्यसमृद्धिं मे देहि दापय दापय स्वाहा॥
Narka Chaturdashi is a festival celebrated on the Chaturdashi of Krishna Paksha of Kartik month. It is also called Narka Chaudas, Roop Chaudas, and Roop Chaturdashi. According to the mythological belief, on this day, there is a law to worship the God of Death' Yamaraja'. It is also known as 'Chhoti Diwali' as it is celebrated a day before Diwali. People worship Yamraja for better health and freedom from premature death. Also, before the sunrise, crab leaves mixed with sesame oil are applied to the body. After using this mix, one gets freedom from hell and goes to heaven.
इस पेज को हिंदी में पढ़ने के लिए “नरक चतुर्दशी” पर क्लिक करें।
Rules of Nark Chaturdashi
- On the 14th day of Krishna Paksha, Narak Chaturdashi is celebrated when the Moon rises. Although celebrating this during daybreak is most common.
- If the Chaturdashi date falls on both Moon rise and day break, then it is supposed to be celebrated on the very first day. Apart from this, if Chaturdashi Tithi does not touch Arunodaya or Lunar Uday, then Narak Chaturdashi should be celebrated on the first day. Before the moonrise or during the daybreak, there is a ritual to apply sesame oil and do Yam Tarpan.
Narka Chatudarshi Worship Method
- On this day it is essential to take a bath early in the morning. And massage your body with sesame oil. And then rotate the plant above your head in all directions three times.
- On the day of Ahoi Ashtami of Kartik Krishna Paksha before Narak Chaturdashi, water is stored in a vessel. On Narak Chaturdashi, this water is mixed with the bathing water. It is a ritual because it is believed that one gets freedom from hell by doing this. This also nullifies all the wrongdoings of a person.
- Diya, for Yamraja, should be placed on the main gate of the house.
- In the evening, after worshipping all Gods and Goddesses, oil diyas should be placed at the front, outside the home and workplace. Laxmi ji blesses that house forever if this is done.
- During midnight, we should throw away useless things. It is believed that the next day is Diwali and Goddess Laxmi will come, so cleaning of the house is necessary,
Importance of Narak Chaturdashi
Lightning diya on this day has mythological and religious significance. This is so because the bright light of diyas overshadows the darkness of the night. This is why it is also called Chhoti Diwali.
Naraka Chaturdashi Mythological Stories
1. Slaying of Demon Narakasura:
Once upon a time, there was a demon called Narkasur. He used to trouble all Gods and Goddesses. He had special powers, and he used them excessively. His torture grew so much that he kidnapped sixteen thousand females and made them hostages. Gods got frustrated with this behavior and went to Lord Krishna for help. Lord Krishna assured everyone that he would help them. Demon Narkasura had a curse that he will die by a woman. So Lord Krishna sent his wife Satyabhama to kill the demon. The demon was killed on Chaturdashi of Krishna Paksha of Kartik Month. Later all these women became known as 16 thousand queens of Lord Shri Krishna. After the demon's defeat, Chatudarshi was celebrated.
2. Legend of the Demon King:
In another legend, It is believed that Lord Vishnu in the incarnation of Vaman measured the kingdom of the demon king Bali in 3 steps between the period of Trayodashi to Amavasya. King Bali, who was the supreme donor, seeing this, donated his entire kingdom to Lord Vamana. After this, Lord Vaman asked Bali to ask for a boon.
Daityaraj Bali said that Lord, my kingdom should remain every year on these three days from Trayodashi to Amavasya. During this time, a person who celebrates Diwali in my domain should live in Lakshmi's house and donate lamps for hell on Chaturdashi. All their ancestors should not stay in hell and do not bear the torture of Yamraj. Vamana was pleased and gave him a boon. After this boon, the practice of Narak Chaturdashi became prevalent and the lamp donation started.
Narak Chaturdashi is of great importance in Hinduism because of its religious and mythological significance. It is a festival in the middle of a series of five festivals. Two days before Deepawali, Dhan Teres, Narak Chaturdashi, or Chhoti Diwali and then Deepawali, Govardhan Puja and Bhai Dooj are celebrated. By donating and praying on the Narak Chaturdashi, one gets freedom from the fear of hell.
What to do on Chaturdashi?
1. Take a bath and wear new neat clothes. After the bath, apply tilak on your forehead using roli. Then face towards the south and pour the sesame water to Yamraja.
2. Light diyas in Mandir, Kitchen, under trees of basil, peepal, banyan, amla, and mango. Etc.
3. Light char mukhi Deepak in the south direction and pray to Yamraj to forgive all our mistakes.
4. Light diyas at the main gate of your house. It is said that Lakshmi Ji will definitely enter the house if you do so.
5. Clean your house correctly and neatly. Especially in the south direction
6. Pray to Lord Krishna. By doing this, one will get a beautiful skin and face.
7. Hanuman Ji is also worshipped on this day. To avoid defects, people also visit Hanuman Mandir.
8. Light 11 diyas in any mandir on this day.
What to not do on this day
1. Do not kill even an insect on this day. If you do so, Yamraj will get angry with you.
2. Pour sesame oil. It is lucky for your father's age.
3. Clean the south direction of your house. If you don't do that, yamraj will get angry, and this will upset him.
4. Do not donate oil on this day. This can make Laxmi Ji upset.
5. Do not get up after sunrise. Your merits are reduced if you do so.
6. Do not eat non-veg.
7. Do not drink alcohol. It can ruin your health.
8. Do not touch the broom with your foot, as it is believed to upset Laxmi Ji.
Diwal is is a very beautiful festival that brings lots of happiness with it. It is a festival of lights, and it is also called 'Deepotsav.' Diwalis sheds light on the victory of light over darkness, and it fills our lives with happiness. This festival strengthens our relationships, removes all the petty issues, and makes our relationship warm and cordial. Diwali is not only celebrated in our country but also in other countries. A gazetted holiday has been declared on this festival, when all the government offices, such as schools, colleges, banks, etc. remain closed. People of different religions celebrate Diwali, and many fables or myths are related to this festival. But all these myths sheds light on the victory of truth over evil and victory of light over darkness. This festival is celebrated because, one this day, Lord Rama, returned to Ayodhya along with his wife after defeating Ravana, the ruler of Lanka, and freeing her from his clutches. After killing Ravana, Rama got victory over evil. Therefore, Ayodhya's people welcomed him by lighting Diyas of Ghee on the black night of Amavasya. Since then, this festival has been assumed as the victory truth over evil. Since that day, this great festival has been celebrated after twenty days of Dussehra festival with gusto, zeal, and enthusiasm.
इस पेज को हिंदी में पढ़ने के लिए “दिवाली” पर क्लिक करें।
When is Diwali celebrated?
In the northern hemisphere, this Dipotsav is celebrated with great fervour and zeal on the full-moon day of Autumn. It is celebrated in October or November month as per the Gregorian calendar.
Importance of Diwali and its History
Since ancient times, Diwali/Deepawali has been a very big and important festival celebrated by Hindus. The word 'Diwali is made of two Sanskrit words—Deep and Aawali. The meaning of 'Diwali' word is a series of Diyas. That's why the Diwali festival is also called Dipotsav or a festival of Diyas. The meaning of this festival is the lights or the festival of lights. This festival is celebrated especially for cleanliness and lights. Because of this festival, the houses and their surrounding areas are also cleaned. Moreover, this festival connects us with our tradition, thereby making us aware of the might of our inner soul's might. It also makes us aware that at last, truth and goodness always wins. Many mythological stories associated with Diwali further increase its importance. From this festival, we all get a lesson to move on the path of truth. It is clear from the name of 'Diwali' itself that it is a festival of lights. People start their preparation months before its celebration. There is illumination all around due to the lighting of Diyas. Even today, the worship of this festival is done traditionally. Diwali festival is celebrated every year in Autumn, i.e., in October or November month. During that time, the weather remains pleasant, though it is light cold. People celebrate it on the new moon day of Kartik, and hence this dark night of Amavasya is removed from the light of Diyas. It is assumed that just as the light of the Diyas removes the darkness and spreads the light, similarly, this Diwali festival removes the darkness from our life and fills it with the light of a new dawn. This festival brings lots of happiness with it and gives a lesson to lead our lives in the right direction. On the day of Diwali, we distribute sweets and gifts among our friends, relatives, and neighbours. And give them lots of good wishes. Because of which small differences in our relationships disappear, and sweetness gets filled in our relationships. Our relationships become stronger. That's why this festival is also called the festival of the meeting. Diwalis is a very big festival, so on this day, all the government departments, such as schools, colleges, and, banks remain closed. Not only Indians celebrate the festival of lights but also the people of other countries. There is a gazetted holiday on the eve of this festival in Sri Lanka, Nepal, Australia, Malaysia, Singapore, Myanmar, Pakistan, etc. Diwalis is celebrated by people of various religions, such as Sikh, Buddha, and Jain. Many myths are related to this festival, and people of different religions celebrate it differently. But all these things throw light on the victory of darkness over light and truth over evil. Diwali is celebrated by Jains because, on this day, the twenty-fourth Tirthankara, Mahavir Swami attained salvation (Moksha), and on this day, his first disciple, Gautam Gandhar, attained enlightenment, which sheds light on the victory of knowledge over ignorance.
The Most Popular Story of Deepawali
Return of Rama to Ayodhya: In the religious book, Ramayana, it has been mentioned that Lord Rama returned to Ayodhya after fourteen years, during which he stabbed Ravana. In his grand welcome, the people of Ayodhya lighted Diyas to express their happiness and enthusiasm. Ayodhya city was illuminated with lights in Rama's reverence.
Once, a king presented a sandalwood forest to a woodcutter after becoming delighted with him. But a woodcutter was after all a woodcutter. He did not understand the value of sandalwood. He used to bring sandalwood from the forest to burn it for cooking his food. The kind came to know about it from his detectives. Now, he understood that only intelligent people could spend their money wisely. This is why Goddess Laxmi and God Ganesha are worshipped together so that a person having money should know how to use it wisely.
Lord Krishna killed Narkasur a day before Diwali. Narkasur was a demon, so he freed this world from his terror by killing him. For this reason, Diwali is celebrated as a symbol of the victory of good over evil.
The Story of Indra and Bali
Once, the demon Raj Bali fearing the King of Gods hid somewhere. In search of a demon, Devraj Indra reached a vacant home, where Bali had hidden himself in donkey's disguise. They both started talking to each other. While they were talking, a woman emerged from Bali's body. On being questioned by Dev Raj Indra, the woman said, "I am Goddess Laxmi. I do not remain stable at a place due to my nature. I stay stable at a place where truth, charity, fast, tenacity, might, and religion prevail. I remain stable in that person's home, who is truthful, friendly to Brahmins, and follows religious rules. In this way, it is clear that Goddess Laxmi lives in that place permanently where good and virtuous people live.
The Story of King and Saint
According to an ancient story, once a saint thought of leading a kingly lifestyle. For this, he started doing Tapasya (Austerity) for Goddess Laxmi to please Her. When Tapasya was over, Goddess Laxmi was pleased with him and granted his wishes. When his wishes were fulfilled, he reached King's court and ascended the throne to topple King's crown. The King saw a poisonous snake coming out of his crown. Seeing this, King was very pleased because the saint had defended him against the snake. Once, the saint asked all the courtiers to go out of the King's palace. No sooner had they gone than the King's placed turned into rubble. The King praised him. Listening to his praise, the saint became arrogant. Now, he realized his mistakes. Now, he started pleasing Lord Ganesha to rid the King of his resentment. Again, the saint was given his initial position. That's why it is said that intelligence is a must for wealth. This is why Goddess Laxmi and God Ganesha are worshipped together in the form of wealth and intelligence.
The Story of Goddess Laxmi and Money Lender's Daughter
There was a money lender in a village. His daughter used to offer water at the Peepal tree every day. Goddess Laxmi used to live on the tree where she used to offer water. One day, Goddess Laxmi asked the money lender's daughter, "I want to become your friend." The girl said, "Let me ask my father." She said this to her father, and her father consented. The next day, the money lender's daughter accepted her friend request, and they started talking to each other like good friends. One day, Goddess Laxmi brought the money lender's daughter to her home. Goddess Laxmi welcomed her at her home wholeheartedly. She offered her different varieties of food. After warm hospitality, when the money lender's daughter left for her home, Goddess Laxmi asked her when she would invite her. The money lender's daughter did invite Goddess Laxmi, but she became sad due to her home's poor financial condition. She though that she would not be able to treat her properly. The money lender saw his daughter sad and understood everything. He asked his daughter to clean the kitchen using soil. He also asked her to burn a Diya with four Battis and sit at a place to recall Goddess Laxmi. In the meantime, an eagle flew carrying a gull necklace to her. The money lender's daughter sold it to arrange a feast. After some time, Goddess Laxmi came to her house with Lord Ganesha. The money lender's daughter welcome both of them very well. Goddess Laxmi was very pleased with her hospitality, and the money lender became very rich.
Special Preparation for Diwali
The preparation starts many days before Diwali. Houses and buildings are painted. Old and outdated things are thrown into the garbage. Every nook and corner of the house is cleaned. From this perspective, this is a festival of cleanliness. Diwalis is a festival of great zeal and enthusiasm, which we await impatiently. That's why people start preparation months before this day. It is assumed that Goddess Laxmi always resides in a neat and clean place. That's why this festival's preparation starts with cleanliness. Every corner of the house is cleaned in a better than the best way. The shops are also cleaned. The garbage of the whole year is dumped out. All the things that are not used or those things, such as worn-out clothes, broken and damaged utensils, or other irreparable are dumped out of the house. If there are crevices in your home, then they will be repaired. After that, houses and shops are painted. The houses are decorated differently. Houses are decorated 4-5 days before Diwali day. After that, people indulge in a shopping spree—buying new clothes for family members, buying gifts for friends and relatives, buying kitchen utensils and many other things, such as golden ornaments, vehicles, etc. Besides, all the essential things related to Gods' worship, such as Diya-Batti, idols of Ganesha and Laxmi, clothes for deities, colourful lights, Diyas, and candles for the decoration of the house. Along with these things, orders are given for sweets. New clothes and gifts are also purchased for servants working in restaurants, shops, etc. On Diwali day, houses are cleaned and mopped and decorated with lotus flowers and mango leaves. Along with it, houses are decorated with colourful lights. At the threshold of the house, Rangoli is made, and a Diya is lighted, which remains alight the whole day. The happiness prevails in the home. All the young children listen to this festival's importance and stories related to it from their elders. The women prepare different varieties of sweets. After that, in the evening, all the family members get together to worship the Goddess of wealth Laxmi and obstacle remover Ganeshji and pray to them for their wellbeing, peace, and prosperity. After that, young people touch elders' feet to seek their blessings and then go to their neighbours' houses to wish and congratulate them. After worship, the house is decorated with Diyas. The lights of these Diyas remove Amavasya night's darkness and illuminates it. After that, crackers are exploded. Having done this, all the family members, friends, and neighbours enjoy dinner altogether. In this way, this grand festival is celebrated with zeal and enthusiasm. And it brings lots of happiness to our lives. It sweetens our mutual relationships and removes all petty issues from our lives. On Diwali day, all people decorate their houses with different decorative materials. People illuminate their respective homes with different types of Diyas, worship Goddess Laxmi and burn crackers. Women make Rangoli in the courtyard of their houses. In the evening, people meet each other with dry fruits and sweets.
The tradition of worshipping Laxmi and Ganesha on Diwali
On Diwali’s day, worshipping Goddess of wealth Laxmi and Lord Ganesha by placing their idols in the east direction of the home in the evening removes all the obstacles from people’s lives. And they get wealth and fame.
Importance of worshipping Laxmi on Diwali
Mother Laxmi is the Goddess of wealth. We all know that we get both luxury and splendour by Mother Laxmi’s grace. By pleasing the Goddess of wealth on the auspicious date of Kartik Amavasya, one can get both blessings and prosperity. Sharad Purnima festival that comes before Diwali is celebrated like the birth anniversary of Mother Laxmi. Then, by worshipping her on Diwali, one can expect riches and prosperity from her.
Importance of Ganesha’s worshipping on Diwali
Lord Ganesha is called the God of intelligence. According to Hindu mythology, no worshipping or rituals are performed without worshipping Lord Ganesha. This is also the reason Lord Ganesha is worshipped on Diwali. After getting a blessing for prosperity by worshipping the Goddess of wealth, a person needs intelligence to use his wealth for the right things. Lord Ganesha is worshipped with this prayer that lord Ganesha enlightens our path by bestowing intelligence on us.
Importance of Diwali’s five days
- Naraka Chaturdashi
- Lakshmi Pooja
- Govardhan Puja
- Bhai Dooj
Diwali’s Worshipping Materials
The worshipping materials needed for worshipping Goddess Laxmi include Kesar, Roli, Rice, Betel Leaves, Betel Nuts, Fruits, Flowers, Puffed Rice, Batase, Sindoor, Dry Fruits, Sweets, Panchaamrit, Ganges Water, Dhoop, Agarbati, Cotton Batti, Kalewa, Coconut, and a Copper Vessel for Kalash.
How to do Preparation for Worshipping on Diwali?
1. Make a Swastik either on a thali or ground after purifying it or install any Yantra. Now, make a Kalash of cupper vessel, keep Panchamrit, Ganges water, betel nuts, coins, and cloves in it; cover it with a piece of black cloth. Now, take a raw coconut and wrap Kalave (a red thread) around it and place it on Kalash.
2. Keep rupees, golden or silver coins, the idol of Goddess Laxmi or idols of Laxmi, Ganesh, and Saraswati made up of soil or idols of other deities, where you have made Shri Yantra.
3. If you have any metallic idol, consider it a personification of God, bathe it with Ganges water and decorate it with Akshat, sandalwood, and fruits and flowers. On its right side, light a Panchmukhi lamp, in which ghee or sesame oil is used.
4. The specialty of Diwali is related to the worshipping of Goddess Lakshmi. On this day, Goddess Lakshmi is welcomed through worshipping in every house, family, office, etc. On Diwali day, householders and business people expect wealth and prosperity from the Goddess of wealth, Laxmi.
Worshipping Methodology on Diwali
1. The older adults of home or even those who worship regularly should keep a fast for Goddess Laxmi. During the worshipping of Goddess Laxmi, all the family members should remain indoors. The concerned family member should take a bath, sit on an Asan (a holy seat), do Aachman and Pranayama, and take a pledge. After that, recall the name of Ganeshji and take Gandh, Aakshat, flowers, scutch grass, sweet and Ganges water in your right hand and offer them to Ganesh, Mahalaxmi, Mahasaraswati, Mahakali, Kuber, etc. while worshipping them.
2. Worshipping Kuber proves very useful. For worshipping Kuber, first, make Swastik on your safe or vault where you store your money and recall Kuber.
3. First and foremost, worship Ganesha and Mahalaxmi, place Kalash and then worship Mahalaxmi and other deities. After worshipping them, all the family members should organize parties and explode crackers.
4. Now take Aakshat, flowers, water, and money in your hand. Take all these things in your hand and chanting Sankalp Mantra, take a pledge, “I am so-and-so person, sitting at so-and-so place and time, going to worship you so that I should get scriptural results. First, worship Ganeshji and Mahalaxmi.
5. Take some water in your hand, and recollecting the name of God, offer worshipping materials to Him. Take Aakshat and flowers in your hand. Finally, complete the process of worshipping after taking Aarti of Mahalaxmi. Your home will be full of happiness, peace, and prosperity.
6. After worshipping Deepawali methodologically, Aarti of Mahalaxmi is taken with an alight Diya full of Ghee. For Aarti, take thali and make a Swastik with Roli, keep some Aakshat and flowers in it, light a Char- Mukhi Diya full of Cow Ghee, take Aarti of Mother Laxmi amidst the ringing of Sankh, Ghanti, Damru, etc.
7. While doing Aarti, all the family members should be altogether. Every family member should take Aarti of Mother Laxmi seven times. After taking Aarti seven times, the thali of Aarti should be handed over to the next family member standing in a queue. Every family member should do the same.
8. Worshipping of Goddess Saraswati is also emphasized on Diwali. Therefore, after worshipping Goddess Laxmi, one should worship Goddess Saraswati also.
9. In addition to worshipping Mahalaxmi, the lord of wealth, Kuber, should be worshipped on Diwali and Dhanteras. Worshipping of Kuber maintains a steady flow of wealth at home.
How to worship Ledger Account?
To worship ledger account, one should make a Swastik, using Sandalwood mixed with Kesar or red Kusum, on a ledger book during the auspicious time of worshipping. After that, one should write 'Om Ganeshay Namah' on it. Now, one should take a new satchel and keep five lumps of turmeric, Kamalgatta, Aakshat, Scutch grass, coriander, and some money in it. Also, make a Swastik on a satchel and offer it to Goddess Saraswati.
Crackers and Fireworks
Whatever negative feelings have developed in you for the last one year—anger, envy, and fear—should be exploded in the form of crackers. With every cracker, explode all the negative feelings you have for a particular person in your mind or write that person's name on a cracker for whom you have ill feelings and explode it, knowing that you have burnt all the negative feeling against him or her. But what do we do? Instead of eliminating negative feelings against that person, we tend to destroy that person or keep burning ourselves in negative feelings' fire. It would help if you had an alternative way also. Explode all your negative or ill feelings along with a cracker and befriend that person again. Then, you will feel lighter and better with love, peace, and pleasure. After that, distribute sweets along with him and indulge in merry-making. Do not explode the person but explode his vices along with crackers. Indeed, this is the right way to celebrate Diwali.
Economic Importance of Diwali
The biggest shopping season of the year starts on the Diwali festival. All the business, ranging from small to big, such as clothes, utensils, lime, colours, worshipping materials, decorative items, confectionery, and sweet shops and even gold and silver and vehicle shops—witness brisk sale during this festival's season.
Diwali festival is a great festival for all and sundry. It is a special festival for business people because they clear all the last year's dues and start afresh. Business people start a new business (See the link below to read more about this) transaction after worshipping Mother Laxmi with a new ledger and pen so that their business goes smoothly throughout the whole year. That's why this great festival has great economic importance.
What to Do on Diwali?
1. On Diwali day, ring Sankh or Ghanti in every room of the home after worshipping Goddess Laxmi. As a result of this, negative energies and poverty go out of the house, and Mother Laxmi enters home.
2. On Diwali day, light a Diya full of oil, keep a clove in a Diya, and take Aarti of Hanumanji. You can bring such a Diya from any Hanuman temple.
3. Go to any Shiva temple and offer Aakshat or some rice to the deity. Remember that rice is of full size and not broken. Do not offer broken rice on Shivling.
4. While worshipping Mahalaxmi, keep yellow clamshell. By keeping these things before Goddess Laxmi, you can please her easily. As a result, your problems related to money will disappear.
5. While worshipping Goddess Laxmi, keep turmeric roots before her. After worshipping Her, keep those turmeric roots in that place where you keep your money.
6. On Diwali day, you must buy Jhadu (broom). Clean your home wholly with it. When it is not in use, hide it at a certain place.
7. On Diwali day, donate a Jhadu in any temple. If there are Mahalaxmi temples near your home, then donate fragrant Agarbatti there.
8. On this day, there is Amavasya. So, on this day, offer water to the Peepal tree. Doing this eliminates Shani Dosh and Kaal Sarp Dosh.
9. For worshipping Goddess Laxmi on Diwali day, stable Lagna is considered appropriate. Worshipping in this Lagna enables Goddess Laxmi to live in your home permanently. Keep Lakshmi yantra, Kuber Yantra, and Shri yantra while worshipping. The use of Sphatik yantra is considered appropriate.
10. Light a Diya full of oil under a Peepal tree near your home.
11. Offer scutch grass to the first-worshipped Shir Ganesh. By offering 21 scutch blades of grass to Ganesha, you can get His grace. Doing this on Diwali day, Goddess Laxmi’s grace is also sought along with Lord Ganesha.
12. Worship Mahalaxmi’s picture, where Laxmi Goddess is sitting near lord Vishnu’s legs. Worshipping such an image makes Goddess Lakshmi happy very quickly.
13. On Diwali day, recite Sri Sukta and Kanakadhara Stotra. Ram Raksha Stotra or Hanuman Chalisa, or Sundarkand, can also be recited.
14. Remember that home should be cleaned appropriately on every Amavasya of the month. After cleaning, burn Dhoop and Deep. Doing this purifies your home’s atmosphere, and there will always be prosperity in your home.
15. Light a Diya near a Tulsi plant in your home on Diwali night. Also, offer a piece of cloth to the Tulsi plant.
16. Chant Mahalaxmi’s Maha Mantra, “Om Shree Shri Shree Kamle Kamalalaye Praseed Praseedshri Shri Shree Om Mahalakshmi” at least 108 times with a mala (necklace) made up of Kamalgatta (stem of Lotus).
You can read my views of astrology for new business ideas.
Bhai Dooj is a festival to celebrate the sacred relationship of a brother and a sister. Bhai Dooj or Bhaiya Dooj is also known as Bhai Teeka, Yam Dwitiya, and Bhatru Dwitiya. It is celebrated on the second day of Shukla Paksha of the Kartik Month. This date falls on the second day of Diwali. On this day, sisters apply 'Tilak' on their brother's forehead and pray for their long life, happiness, and prosperity. And in return, brothers gift them with gifts. God of Death, Yamraja, is also worshipped on this day. It is believed that Yamraja came to his sister's house, Yamuna, to have food.
इस पेज को हिंदी में पढ़ने के लिए “भाई दूज” पर क्लिक करें।
Importance of Bhai Dooj
Dedicated to celebrating the pure relationship of brothers and sisters, Bhai Dooj is a significant festival in Hinduism. This festival's main aim is always to uphold the flow of love and goodwill of brothers and sisters. The relationship between Yamraja and his sister Yamuna is proof that relationships are above everything. Bhai Dooj teaches us that no matter how busy we are in our lives, we should try to make sure that we must take time out for our relatives on special occasions. This is the purpose of celebrating this festival every year.
Why do we celebrate Bhai Dooj?
Dedicated to glorify the relationship between the brothers and sisters, this festival holds the utmost importance in Hinduism. Celebrated on the second day of the Krishna Paksha of the Kartik month, this festival is also known as Yam Dwitiya.
How do we celebrate Bhai Dooj?
There is a unique way to celebrate this festival. Early morning, sisters take a bath and worship Lord Vishnu and Lord Ganesha. After this, they apply Tilak on their brother's forehead. Brothers visit their sister's house and even have food there. They also give them gifts. To take a bath in the Yamuna river and worship on the banks of this river is considered to be very promising.
Rules for celebrating Bhai Dooj
1. According to the scriptures, after two days of Diwali or when the second date comes in the afternoon of Kartik Shukla Paksha, Bhai Dooj is celebrated on that day. If the second date falls on both days, then there is a law to celebrate Bhai Dooj the next day. Apart from this, if the second date does not come on the afternoon of both days, Bhai Dooj should be celebrated the next day. These three views are more popular and valid.
2. According to another opinion, if Pratipada Tithi starts in the midday (the third part of the day) in Kartik Shukla Paksha, then Bhai Dooj should be celebrated. This opinion is not said to be logical.
3. The brother should offer Tilak and food only afternoon on the day of Bhai Dooj. Apart from this, Yama Pujan should also be done afternoon.
Story of Bhai Dooj
There was a king who used to play Chaupar with his brother in law. His brother in law used always to defeat him. The King thought that he wins every time because he celebrates Bhai Dooj every year and his sister's majesty.
He ordered that his brother in law will not celebrate the Bhai Dooj with his sister. He closed all gates and made sure that he cannot get in any way. When Lord Yamraja looked at this, he immediately turned the brother in law into a dog. The dog went inside the palace. The queen recognized that the dog is his brother and applied Tilak on his forehead and rubbed her hand on his head, and the dog left.
After this, the queen's brother went to the King and challenged him to play Chaupar with him again. King was shocked to know that his brother in law met his wife and even celebrated Bhai Dooj with her with Lord Yamraja. After this, the King also went to his sister's house to celebrate Bhai dooj with her. On hearing this, Yama got worried and started thinking that in this way, the existence of Yampuri will end. Seeing his brother worried, his sister Yamuna told him, that brother, you should not worry, give me this boon that people who have a meal with sister today and take a bath at Vishramghat in Mathura city, They do not have to go to Yampuri. They can get free from this bond of life and death. Lord Yamraja granted his sister's wish, and since then, the festival is celebrated by all sisters and brothers.
What to do on Bhai Dooj
1. Sisters should invite brothers to their place and apply Tilak, Chandan, and Roli on their forehead.
2. Sisters should gift their brothers Tambul. It is believed that it signifies the sister's good luck.
3. Brothers should take a bath in the Yamuna river. They get freedom from their Yamdosh.
4. brothers should bring water to their homes from River Yamuna.
5. Sisters should prepare rice kheer. It is a symbol of the long lives of both brothers and sisters.
6. Brothers should give gifts to their sisters on this day.
7. Seek blessings from your elder sister by touching her feet.
8. While applying Tilak on your brother's forehead, make sure he's facing the north direction.
9. Seek blessings from the elderly of the house.
10. Both of them should do Isht ki Pooja.
What to not do on Bhai Dooj
1. Do not eat alone. Make sure you eat the meal with your sister. If you're unable to meet your sister, have food sitting near a cow.
2. Brothers and sisters should not fight on this day.
3. Do not disrespect the food cooked by your sister.
4. Do not disrespect the gift given by the brother.
5. Do not lie to your sister on this day. If you do this, Yamraja will be angry with you.
6. do not eat or drink on this day.
7. brothers and sisters should not eat anything before performing the ceremony.
8. Sisters should cook food for their brothers with full of affection and care.
9. Offer the brother sweets after applying Tilak
10. Do not forget to give the brother a 'gola' as it is considered very sacred.
The pure and pious Govardhan Puja has significant importance in Hinduism. The festival is one of the most incredible ways to show love and gratitude to nature and other humans. Along with that, just on the second day of the Shukla Paksha, the fantastic festival of Govardhan Puja or Anna Koot is widely celebrated across the country. The beautiful festival is celebrated all over the country. Still, it appears to be it is the most vital festivals of North India especially in Braj Bhoomi such as Mathura, Vrindavan, Nandgaon, Gokul and Barsana. Also, Govardhan Puja is popularly known as Annakoot. One could witness the authentic essence of this wonderful festival just on the next day Deepawali, especially celebrated in Braj. Eventually, Godhan is the worship of cows during the Govardhan Puja. The beautiful reference is just like Goddess Lakshmi Provides happiness, Joy, Prosperity and serenity to everyone in the same way the serene cow mother also ensures good health and money. As per the ancient believe when Lord Sri Krishna lifted the Govardhan Parvat for consecutive seven days on his youngest fingers to save everyone from the destructive torrential rain of the Braj, the Gopikas remained happily content in his shadow.
इस पेज को हिंदी में पढ़ने के लिए “गोवर्धन पूजा” पर क्लिक करें।
On the seventh day, the powerful Lord Krishna laid down the huge Govardhan Parvat and declared the auspicious and beautiful celebration of Annakoot by worshipping the Govardhan every year. Since then, the wonderful festival is named as Annakoot. On Kartik Shukla Pratipada, which is one the second day of the Deepawali, worshipping Govardhan or Cow Worshipping, holds significant importance. Along with that, it is also believed that on this day after worshipping cow, one should also gift cow spinach, gifts, food and clothes.
Anyone who worships cow and celebrates Govardhan Puja would be truly blessed with true joy, happiness and prosperity. It is widely celebrated numerous beautiful parts of the country such as Vrindavan and Mathura, and this is one of the primary festivals which is widely celebrated. The pious teachings of the religious legend Lord Krishna, the one who has lifted the people of Gokul from the Indra's anger by lifting the giant Govardhan Mountain on his little finger to break the pride of Indra.
Just after the Indra's Pride was destroyed, Lord Krishna stated that on the day of Kartik Shukla Pratipada, one should make 56 Bhog and worship the huge and powerful Govardhan Parvat. Even the residents of Gokul get fodder for the animals from the wonderful Govardhan Parvat. It is this huge mountain that stops the cloud and gives them rain which is eventually helpful in improving the agriculture and fertility of the land.
And so this proves this immense significance of celebrating Govardhan Puja. Since then, there is a wonderful ritual that one has to follow to worship the Govardhan Parvat, and that is by preparing Annakoot on the day of Govardhan Puja. As per another religious belief, this beautiful festival is celebrated because Kanha eventually raised the huge the Govardhan on his little finger to save the people of Gokul from Indra'sIndra's anger. The people in a way to show gratitude and thankfulness prepared 56 Bhog and offered it to the great Lord Krishna. Pleased and content with this gesture of Gokul dwellers, Shri Krishna blessed the people that he would always protect the people of Gokul.
Importance of Govardhan Puja
Govardhan Puja holds immense importance in Indian Society. As per the authentic Vedas and tradition, there is a wonderful rule to worship the powerful Gods of Varuna, Indra and Agni and many others. On this day, one should worship the huge Govardhan Parvat, Godhan that is a cow, and of course, Lord Shri Krishna holds special importance. This festival disseminates the message to save mankind and show immense gratitude towards all the resources provided by nature. By celebrating Govardhan Puja, we get a chance to express our gratitude and thankfulness to nature and all its resources. The huge and beautiful Govardhan Parvat is worshipped during this puja. The message is that one should show gratitude and respect towards the various natural resources which enrich our life such as trees, animals, birds, river and mountains.
One of the main reasons behind the balance of the climate in India is the presence of mountains, garlands and rivers. And so, this is the day to show gratitude, thankfulness towards all the different natural resources or which are popularly known as natural wealth. On this day, you must worship cow as it is their ghee, milk, buttermilk, curd and butter as well as cow dung, which has definitely enriched the living standards of mankind. In this kind of circumstances, a cow which is considered to be as important as the pious River Ganga in Hinduism is widely worshipped. On this day, people worship by singing, dancing and thanking the beautiful Govardhan Parvat by making Annakoot that refers to different kind of food items. The belief is that the mountain is eventually the real God or Guardian as it gives the human beings a way to live, provides shelter in crucial moments in order to save lives. Every year, Govardhan Pooja is beautifully celebrated by following various important customs and traditions. People worship Lord Krishna on this auspicious day to celebrate the victory of good over the bad, God over the evil. People do worship Govardhan Parvat because it has protected the people.
People bathe their cows and oxen in the morning and do decorate them with saffron and garlands. People also make a pile of cow dung and worship it by preparing delicious food items such as Kheer, Batasay, Garland, sweet, delicious food. Also, many of them also prepare ''Navaidha or 108 types of food for Chappan Bhog that is 56 kind of food which is specially prepared and offer to God.
The shape of Govardhan Parvat is peacock shaped which could be easily described as Radha Kunda, and Shyam Kunda makes eyes, Dan Gati makes the neck, Mukharbind forms mouth and Panchari makes long-winged waist. It is believed that Pulastya Muni. The curse of Pulastya Muni, it is believed that the height of the mountain is decreasing every day, which appears to be equal to a seed of mustard every day. The story is once in Satyug, Pulastya Muni went to Dronakaila which appears to be the king of the mountains. The kind was immensely sad, and then appealed to and requested to the sage that he is not able to tolerate the disconnection from his son.
With a special condition, he sent his son with sage but he was kept down on the way, he would stay there only forever. Passing through the Brijmandal, Muni did put him down to defecate. As soon as he was back, he did realize that he could not pick him up from that place and got angry and cursed Govardhan that he would gradually shrink in size. Earlier it was 64 miles long, 40 miles wide and 16 miles high which was later reduced to 80 feet. The beautiful Govardhan Puja is popularly known as Annakoot. It is almost a modern-day party as it lasts for months. In many places, even Bhandara is also arranged for people.
Why is Govardhan Puja celebrated?
Eventually, the Annakoot and Govardhan Puja have begun from the Dwapar Yuga after the wonderful incarnation of the powerful Lord Krishna. In Hinduism, worshipping of Lord Govardhan Nathji with cow dung is worshipped. Just After that, to please the powerful Giriraj Bhagwan that is referred to the mountain is offered delicious and pure food to Annakoot. It is widely celebrated in temples on this day. The religious belief behind worshipping Govardhan is that the almighty, the superior Lord Krishna wanted to break the unreasonable pride of powerful Lord Indra as he got furious because people started worshipping the Govardhan Mountain. To protect the people of Gokul and to save everyone from the destructive anger of Indra, Krishna raised the huge and powerful Govardhan Mountain on his little finger and protected the people of Gokul from the anger destructive anger of Indra.
Also, It is stated that after this Lord Krishna himself suggested preparing the delicious 56 Bhog on the pious and serene day of Kartik Shukla Pratipada to worship Govardhan Parvat.
Since that time only, the serene practice of Govardhan Puja and Annakoot is widely celebrated every year. Lord Krishna and Govardhan Parvat and Annakoot are properly worshipped.
On this day, everyone prays and please Maa Lakshmi and Lord Krishna to gather courage, wealth, beautiful house and so on. If you could please them, you could absolutely notice a significant profit in various ventures. You must also make new and delicious dishes.
You must not use anything related to onion or garlic. You must also offer food to powerful Lord Krishna. You would witness happiness, satisfaction and joy. It is performed on the second day of Diwali. Basically, it is all about worshipping nature and was started by Shri Krishna. The Govardhan Mountain is worshipped based on nature, cow and everything that is offered to you. The puja begins in Braj, and it soon became popular.
Why is Lord Indra worshipped?
Along with Govardhan and Lord Krishna, Indra is also worshipped. It is a great festival to thank and show gratitude to all the Gods who have helped in growing food like Lord Indra, Agni. Also, Tree and Water Gods are also worshipped. Specifically, Lord Indra is praised and worshipped because he apologizes to the almighty Lord Krishna. He was pardoned, and so he is also worshipped at Govardhan Puja.
Why was Indra angry?
It is believed that every year before Govardhan Puja the people of Brij performed Govardhan Puja as he provides rain which helps in growing crops and keeping the weather favourable. However, during the Dwapara Yuga, when Shri Krishna saw his Mother Yashoda preparing for the Indra Puja, he asked them to worship the Govardhan Parvat, trees, plants rather than Indradev as nature helps make everyone's life better and more affluent. All the Brij Wasis did agree and started to worship to Govardhan. By looking at this, Lord Indra got angry then made it rain for the next seven consecutive days. Lord Krishna lifted the huge Govardhan Parvat on the smallest finger. But in the end, Indra had to apologies to Lord Krishna.
Govardhan Puja Procedure
1. Govardhan is made from cow dung, and then it is beautifully decorated with flowers. Govardhan Puja is done in the morning or evening. During worship, incense, lamp, Naivedya, water, fruits etc. should be offered to Govardhan. On this day, cattle and animals used in agricultural work are worshipped.
2. Govardhan Ji is made as a man lying with cow dung. An earthen lamp is placed in the place of the navel. In this lamp, milk, curd, Ganga water, honey, Betashe etc. are put during worship and later on as Prasad.
3. After the pooja, You must say Jai Govardhanji while doing seven circumambulations.
4. At this time just after the parikrama, the circumambulation is done by dropping water from the lotus and sowing barley.
5. Truly, Govardhan Giri is considered as God and worship him in the house on this day increases the wealth, progeny and cow juice.
6. The powerful Lord Vishwakarma is also worshipped on this day of Govardhan Puja. On this occasion, machines are worshipped in all factories and industries.
गोवर्धन पूजा मंत् :
गोवर्धन धराधार गोकुल त्राणकारक/
विष्णुबाहु कृतोच्छ्राय गवां कोटिप्रभो भव//
नैवेद्य अर्पित कर निम्न मंत्र से प्रार्थना करें:
लक्ष्मीर्या लोक पालानाम् धेनुरूपेण संस्थिता।
घृतं वहति यज्ञार्थे मम पापं व्यपोहतु।।
गोवर्धन आरती (Govardhan Aarti) :
श्री गोवर्धन महाराज, ओ महाराज,
तेरे माथे मुकुट विराज रहेओ।
तोपे पान चढ़े तोपे फूल चढ़े,
तोपे चढ़े दूध की धार।
तेरे माथे मुकुट विराज रहेओ।
तेरी सात कोस की परिकम्मा,
और चकलेश्वर विश्राम
तेरे माथे मुकुट विराज रहेओ।
तेरे गले में कण्ठा साज रहेओ,
ठोड़ी पे हीरा लाल।
तेरे माथे मुकुट विराज रहेओ।
तेरे कानन कुण्डल चमक रहेओ,
तेरी झाँकी बनी विशाल।
तेरे माथे मुकुट विराज रहेओ।
गिरिराज धरण प्रभु तेरी शरण।
करो भक्त का बेड़ा पार
तेरे माथे मुकुट विराज रहेओ।
Why is Govardhan Puja called Annakoot?
If you wish to perform this Puja, You must remember that Yashoda Nandan Krishna and Govardhan Parvat are worshipped by making Annakoot, and this probably could be in reason it is named as 'Annakoot'. It is eventually the kind of food that is prepared by vegetables, milk and rice.
Method of making Annakoot
One is supposed to make all seasonal vegetables; milk, Mawa, dry fruits and rice are used to make Annakoot. Also, fresh fruits and sweets are brought to God. Fifty-six types of foods are included in Annakoot. With all these, Lord Krishna is worshipped in the Pradosh Kaal (evening time) by law. Along with this, worshipping cow and feeding jaggery and green fodder are considered auspicious.
How is Annakoot worshipped?
- On this auspicious occasion, Varuna, Indra, Agni are worshipped on this day in the Vedas.
- Along with the cows, their Aarti is done, and they are fed fruit sweets.
- Cow dung replicates Govardhan Parvat
- After this, it is worshipped with flowers, incense, lamps, Naivedya.
- On this day, every member of the household cooks from the same kitchen.
- Get to taste various delicious and different types of dishes are made in food.
Events on Govardhan Puja
1. Govardhan Puja is widely celebrated and is a festival that is dedicated to ensuring gratitude and thankfulness to nature and Lord Krishna. On this occasion of Govardhan Puja, a religious occasion like Annakoot which is Bhandara are organized in various temples. Food is also distributed among the people.
2. It is an amazing idea to put circumambulation of Mount Govardhan on Govardhan Puja. It brings a lot of blessing, joy and prosperity with the blessing of Lord Krishna.
Story of Govardhan worship
There is a serious story behind the celebration of Govardhan Puja, and according to the sayings, Lord Krishna has advised people to perform Govardhan Puja. It is also stated that one day when the mother of Krishna, Yashoda was praying to Lord Indra, Krishna abruptly asked his mother why is she worshipping Lord Indra. Krishna's mother innocently answered that all the dwellers are praying to Lord Indra for rain. The rain will be immensely helpful in growing the crops, and even cows will get fodder to eat. While listening to his mother, Krishna immediately replied that everyone should pray to Govardhan rather than Lord Indra. He further added that cows get grasses to eat when they visit the huge Govardhan Parvat. This convinced Yashoda, and she further influenced people of the village as well. Gradually, the villagers started to pray to Govardhan than Indra. When the Brijwasis were praying, Indra Devta saw it, and he got extremely angry and started the rain. Due to heavy torrential rain, the villagers got to face many troubles, and then they went to Lord Krishna for help. At the same time, due to incessant rains, water started filling the homes of the people, and they could not find any place to hide their heads. To protect the people from the troubles, Lord Krishna lifted the huge Govardhan Mountain on his little finger and under it all the Brjwasis for shelter as the rain did not stop for consecutive seven days. As soon as Lord Indra realized that Lord Krishna is another form of Lord Vishnu, he realized his mistake and stopped the rain. After the rain stopped, Lord Krishna put the mountain down and ordered people to worship Govardhan Mountain, and since then this festival is beautifully celebrated in many places.
How to get enormous profit during Govardhan Puja?
Measures of financial prosperity and everlasting success
For financial consistency and success, you must perform this:
1. Make sure you give a cow a bath and then put Tilak on her
2. Make sure your fruit and fresh vegetables
3. Revolve cow seven-time
4. Take the soil near the hoof of the cow
5. Make sure you do maintain the safety
6. If you go to this soil by applying Tilak, then you will definitely get success.
To get better jobs and seek better opportunities
a) You must visit Peepal Tree on any Saturday
b) You must tie a black thread
c) You are supposed to put nine knots in the threads, and then you must pray for change
d) Come straight home from there
e) There will be a change in the job (See the link below to read more about this) as soon as possible.
Ways to get children
1. Make Panchamrit with milk, curd, honey, sugar and ghee.
2. Mix Ganga water and Tulsi Dal in it
3. Offer Panchamrit to Lord Krishna by filling it in a conch.
4. fter this, chant "Mala Krishna Klein" 11 beads.
5. Take Panchamrit. Your wish will be fulfilled, and you will be blessed with a child (See the link below to read more about this).
Things to do and what not do during Puja hours
What to do?
1. One must perform Govardhan Puja at a proper time auspiciously to complete the rituals properly. It is better that you must invite a Pandit to proceed with the rituals.
2. You must put massage oil in the morning, and you must take bathe before worship
3. You must make a Govardhan Parvat and then properly worship the huge and powerful Govardhan Parvat
What not to do?
1. Make sure you do not arrange the Govardhan Puja and Annakoot in a closed room
2. Do not forget to worship Ishtadeva or Lord Krishna while worshipping cows.
3. Make sure you do worship 'Ishtadeva or Lord Krishna' while worshipping cows
4. Make sure you do not see the moon on this day.
Chhath Parva or Chhath Puja is a folk festival of India celebrated on the Shashthi Tithi of Kartik Shukla Paksha. Chhath Puja is also known as Surya Shashthi. This festival is celebrated six days after Diwali. Chhath Puja is predominantly and grandly celebrated in the North Indian states of Bihar, Jharkhand, and Eastern Uttar Pradesh. On this day, Sun God and Chhathi Maiyya are worshipped. The main ritual of this festival involves offering Arghya (water) to Sun God and Chhathi Maiyya. Since the past few years, Chhath Puja has gained significant importance among the folk festivals of India, and due to this reason, it has emerged as one of the most popular and widely celebrated festivals of not just Bihar and Jharkhand but also other regions of India.
इस पेज को हिंदी में पढ़ने के लिए “छठ पूजा” पर क्लिक करें।
In Bihar, the grandeur and spirit of Chhath Puja are all-pervasive and spectacularly matchless. Basically, Chhath Puja is dedicated to the worship of the Sun. As per the mythological beliefs, Chhath is considered the sister of Sun. It is believed that worshipping Sun God on Chhath Parva pleases Chhath Mai (Chhath Maiyya), and she grants boon such as wealth and prosperity, peace and harmony to everyone who worships Sun God with full devotion.
History of Chhath Puja?
The biggest and most important festival of Hindus, Diwali, is like an exquisite string of festivals. This beautiful festival does not end on Bhai Dooj but continues till Chhath. Chiefly celebrated in Uttar Pradesh and Bihar, the Chhath Parva is an important festival of North India, now enthusiastically celebrated across the country. Chhath is not just a one-day festival, but a grand celebration during which festivities continue for four days. It starts with Nahay-Khay on day-1 and culminates with the offering of Arghya to the rising Sun on the fourth day, the festival of Chhath holds unique mythological significance in Hinduism.
Mythological significance of Chhath/Legend of Chhath
During Chhath Parva, Goddess Chhathi is worshipped, whose legends find a mention in Brahmavaivarta Purana. As per the legends, the son of first Manu Swayambhuva, King Priyavrata, had no children of his own, and this made him utterly unhappy and desolate. Sage Kashyapa suggested the King should perform a Yajna to be blessed with a son. The King performed the Yajna as per the command of the sage. As a result of the boon received, Queen Malini gave birth to a boy, but unfortunately, the baby was stillborn. This misfortune made the King, the Queen, and the entire clan even more miserable.
As they were mourning the loss, a plane descended from the sky carrying Goddess Shashthi. When the King reverently bowed his head in front of the Goddess, she said - I am Goddess Shashthi, the adopted daughter of Lord Brahma. I am the protector of children and bless all those childless couples with their own child who worship me with full devotion. Then she put her hand on the dead child, and with her divine touch, the baby was alive again. King could not contain his happiness to see his dead son alive and worshipped Goddess Shashthi devotedly. Henceforth, people started worshipping Goddess Shashthi to get her blessings.
The Scientific significance of Chhath Parva
There are deep scientific insights hidden behind the significance of Chhath Parva. Actually, Shashthi Tithi is a special astronomical event. On this day, Sun’s ultraviolet rays hit the surface of the Earth with more intensity and frequency. The rituals followed on Shashthi Tithi have immense powers to protect the life on Earth with potential ill-effects of accumulated ultraviolet rays. Observance of Chhath Parva protects living beings from the harmful effects of Sun’s (star) ultraviolet rays.
Observance of Chhath began in Mahabharata Era
As per the beliefs, the observance of Chhath began in the Era of Mahabharata. It was Karna, the son of Sun God, who initiated the Chhath ritual by worshipping Sun on this day. Karna was an ardent devotee of Sun, and he would stand in waist-deep water for hours every day and offer Arghya to Sun. With the blessings of Sun, Karna became a mighty and formidable warrior. Even in this age, the ritual of offering Arghya (Arghya-Daan) on Chhath is observed with full devotion.
Draupadi observed Chhath Vrat
There is one more legend associated with Chhath Parva. According to this legend, Draupadi observed Chhath Vrat when Pandavas lost their kingdom in the game of dice. With the power of this Vrat, Draupadi’s wish was granted, and Pandavas regained their lost kingdom. According to folk tales, Sun God and Goddess Chhathi are brother and sister. Therefore, worshipping Sun on Chhath is considered highly propitious.
Observance of Chhath as a penance of killing Ravana
There is a Chhath legend associated with Lord Rama and Goddess Sita. As per the mythological legend, when Lord Rama and Goddess Sita returned to Ayodhya after their 14-year exile, on the command of sages and saints, they decided to perform Rajsurya Yajna as an act of atonement of the sin of killing Ravana. To perform the Yajna rituals, they invited Rishi Mudgal. Rishi Mudgal sprinkled some holy water from the river Ganges on Goddess Sita and suggested that she should worship Sun on the Shashthi Tithi of Kartik Shukla Paksha. Goddess Sita worshipped Sun for six days while staying at the Ashrama of sage Mudgal.
When is Chhath Parva celebrated?
The festival of Chhath, which is dedicated to the worship of Sun God, is celebrated twice a year, on Chaitra Shukla Shashthi and Kartik Shukla Shashthi. However, the festival celebrated on the Kartik Shukla Shashthi is more important and main Chhath Parva. Kartik Chhath Puja holds high religious and mythological significance. This four-day-long festival is also known as Chhath Puja, Dala Chhath, Chhathi Mai, Chhath, Chhath Mai Puja, Surya Shashthi Puja, etc.
Why Chhath Puja is observed?
There are various reasons for performing Chhath Puja and observing the Vrat, but Chhath Puja is chiefly performed to worship Sun and to seek his blessings. With the blessings of Sun, a person remains in good health throughout the year. Sun also bestows material comfort and prosperity on his devotees. Childless couples seek Sun’s blessings to conceive. Chhath Vrat is also observed to be blessed with a virtuous child (See the link below to read more about this). This Vrat is observed for the fulfillment of all the worldly as well as the non-worldly desires.
Who is Goddess Shashthi, and how she originated?
Goddess Chhath is considered to be the sister of Sun God. But according to Chhath Vrat legend, Goddess Chhath is shown as Devsena, the daughter of Supreme God. According to Devsena herself, she originated from the sixth part of the primal nature, Prakriti, the feminine manifestation of divine power, and this is the reason she is called Shashthi. Goddess says anyone who wants to be blessed with a virtuous child should observe my Vrat and worship me ritualistically on the day of Kartik Shukla Shashthi.
In religious scripture, the legend of Chhath Vrat is also associated with Lord Rama and Goddess Sita. After returning to Ayodhya from their 14-year exile, Lord Rama and Goddess Sita observed Shashthi Vrat and worshipped Sun God on Kartik Shukla Shashthi. According to another legend, during Mahabharata Era, Kunti worshipped Sun God before marriage and was blessed with a mighty and formidable son, Karna.
Karna, who was born to an unmarried mother Kunti with the blessings of Sun God, and was abandoned in the river by his own mother, was himself an ardent devotee of Sun. He would worship Sun for hours while standing inside the water. It is believed that Sun blessed Karna with great powers and benedictions. Hence, people worship Sun on Kartik Shukla Shashthi to seek his blessings and grace.
Chhath Parva continues till four days
Goddess Chhath is the sister of Sun God. The festival of Chhath is dedicated to the worship of Sun. To propitiate Goddess Chhath (Chhath Maiyya), Sun is worshipped on Shashthi Tithi. People meditate upon Goddess Chhath (Chhath Maiyya) and worship Sun on the banks of holy rivers Ganges and Yamuna or any water body nearby their place. The main and most important ritual of Chhath Puja is performing Sun’s Puja, offering the Arghya and taking a holy bath in some water body, like a river, pond, or lake. On the first day of this 4-day long festival, the house is cleaned and dusted extensively. Rural India follows this tradition religiously and performs a comprehensive cleaning of their houses.
During the four days of the festivities, only vegetarian food is consumed. On the second day, the rituals of Kharna are observed. On the third day, the setting Sun is worshipped, and Sandhya Arghya is given to the Sun. On the fourth day of the festival, Usha Arghya is offered to the rising Sun. Observing Vrat on Chhath is considered highly propitious. Those who observe Chhath Vrat with full devotion and rituals become worthy of Sun’s grace and are bestowed with wealth and happiness. Worshipping Sun on Chhath blesses childless couples with a virtuous child.
The first day of Chhath Puja, Nahay Khay - Although Chhath Puja is observed on Kartik Shukla Shashthi, the festivities begin on Kartik Shukla Chaturthi with the observance of Nahay Khay. According to the belief, Vrattis (those who observe the Chhath Vrat) take a holy bath in a water body, especially in a river, wear new clothes and partake in vegetarian food as Prasad. As per the customs, the Vratti eats first, and then other members of the family take their food.
The second day of Chhath Puja, Kharna - On the day of Kartik Shukla Panchami, the Vratti observe a whole-day Vrat (fast) and takes their meal after performing the Puja in the evening. The observance of the second day is known as Kharna. On this day, the Vratti abstains from eating and drinking even a single drop of water the whole day. In the evening, Kheer is prepared with rice and jaggery. Salt and sugar are not used in Kheer preparation. Rice Pittha and Roti, greased with Ghee, are also served as Prasad in the evening.
The third day of Chhath Puja, Sandhya Arghya - On the third day of Chhath festivities, which is Kartik Shukla Shashthi, Sandhya Arghya is given to Sun during the Sandhya Kaal. In the evening, seasonal fruits are placed in a bamboo basket, and the winnowing basket of Arghya is decorated with Thekua, rice Laddu, and other items. After making all these arrangements, the Vratti, along with their family, step inside the water and offer Arghya to the Sun. While giving the Arghya, water, and milk is offered to Sun, and Chhathi Maiyya is worshipped by offering the contents of the winnowing basket (Sup). After worshipping the setting sun in the evening, folk songs dedicated to Goddess Chhathi are sung later in the night, and Vrat Katha is narrated.
The fourth day of Chhath, Usha Arghya - On the last day of Chhath Parva, Usha Arghya is given to Sun God. On this day, devotees reach the riverbank before Sunrise and offer Arghya to the rising Sun. Then, Vrattis pray to Goddess Chhath for the long and prosperous life of their children and the peace and prosperity of their whole family. After worshipping and offering the Arghya to Sun, Vrattis break their fast by drinking a concoction of raw milk and taking a little Prasad. The breaking of the fast is called Vrat Parana.
Chhath Puja Vidhi/Rituals
1. Collect the following items before Chhath Puja and then offer Arghya to Sun God by following all the important rituals.
2. Three large bamboo baskets, three winnowing baskets (Sup) either in bamboo or brass, a plate (Thali), milk, and glass.
3. Rice, vermilion, lamp (Deepak), coconut, turmeric, sugarcane, lesser yam, vegetables, and sweet potato.
4. Pears, a large lemon, honey, a betel leaf, an unbroken betel nut, Keraw (small green peas), camphor, sandalwood, and sweets.
5.For Prasad (food offering), take these items -Thekua, Malpua, Kheer-Puri, Suji Halwa, and rice Laddu.
6. Wake up before Sunrise on the day of Chhath.
7. One should take a holy bath in some nearby lake, pond, or river.
8. After the holy bath, while standing inside the water, pray to the rising Sun and perform ritualistic worship.
9. Light a Diya using pure Ghee, and offer Dhup and flowers to the Sun.
10. Mix seven kind of flowers, rice, sandalwood, and sesame in water and offer Arghya to Sun on Chhath.
11. Bow your head reverently and pray to Sun God and chant one of the following Mantras 108 times - ‘Om Ghrini Suryaya Namah,’ ‘Om Ghrini Suryah Adityah’, ‘Om Hreem Hreem Suryaya’, ‘Sahastrakiranaya Manovanchhit Phalam Dehi Dehi Swaha’, or ‘Om Suryaya Namah’.
12. The right method to offer Arghya - Place the aforementioned items in a bamboo basket. While offering the Arghya, place Prasad items in a winnowing basket along with a lit Diya. Then step inside the river and make the offering of Arghya to Sun God.
13. Donate food items to Brahmins and the poor as per your ability.
14. Donate clothes, food, food grain, etc., to the poor.
Some basic information regarding Chhath Puja
The folk festival of Chhath, also known as Surya Shashthi, is celebrated across the world by the diaspora of people who migrated from Bihar, Jharkhand, and eastern Uttar Pradesh. Despite the increasing popularity of the festival, a large section of Indian people is still not familiar with the most basic information related to the Chhath Puja. Furthermore, many questions regarding this festival arise in the mind of those people who celebrate this festival every year.
1. Which deities are worshipped on Chhath or Surya Shashthi Vrat?
On Chhath or Surya Shashthi Vrat, Sun is worshipped as a prime deity, who is the direct manifestation of divine power and the prime source of life on Earth. Along with Sun, Goddess Shashthi, also known as Chhath Maiyya, is also worshipped. As per the mythological beliefs, Goddess Shashthi blesses children with good health (See the link below to read more about this) and long life and protect them from all adversities. On this day, the Arghya is also given to the wives of Sun God, Usha, and Pratyusha. During Chhath Vrat, Sun and Goddess Shashthi are worshipped together, and due to this reason, Chhath Parva is one of the most unique and popular festivals in India.
2. Sun is an important Hindu deity, but who is Goddess Chhath?
A manifestation of Prakriti as its integral part, the primal feminine power, which governs the very nature of life on Earth, is described in religious scripture as Devsena. Because she is the sixth part of Prakriti, Devsena came to be known as Goddess Shashthi. She is also known as the adopted daughter of Lord Brahma. In Purana, she is also identified with the name Katyayani. During Navaratri, she is worshipped on the sixth day or Shashthi Tithi. On the regional level, Shashthi Tithi is known as Chhath Maiyya, who blesses childless couples with a child and protect all children in the world.
3. Where do you find the mention of Sun-worship in our religious scripture?
In our religious scripture, Sun is considered a Guru, a teacher. Sun was also the Guru of Lord Hanuman. Lord Rama chanted ‘Adityahridayastotram’ to seek the blessings of the Sun before aiming the last arrow on Ravana and triumphing over the evil forces. When Lord Krishna’s son Samba was afflicted with leprosy, then he worshipped Sun God and got rid of the disease (See the link below to read more about this). Sun has been a primal deity being worshipped since the ages prior to the Vedic period.
4. What is the place of Sun among other deities of Sanatana Dharma?
Sun is placed among those five prime deities, who are first-worshipped during any religious ceremony or event. As per Matsya Purana, these deities are collectively called Panchadeva - Sun God, Lord Ganesha, Goddess Durga, Lord Shiva, and Lord Vishnu.
5. What are the benefits of worshipping the Sun God, and what does Puranas opine on this matter?
Sun God is a benevolent and compassionate deity. He bestows all of his worshipers with long life, good health, wealth and prosperity, progeny, glory, fame, fortune, and success. Above all, he is the ultimate source of light on Earth and enlightens people to conquer darkness. Those who worship Sun with full devotion get rid of all mental and physical afflictions. Those who worship him never face penury, misery, sorrow, and blindness in life. Sun is considered as the glory of Lord Brahma. Sun blesses his devotees with Purushartha, that is, Dharma (Righteousness), Artha (Prosperity), Kama (Pleasure), and Moksha (Liberation), and is the protector of the entire universe.
6. Why do people gather at river banks or around lake and ponds during Chhath Puja?
The most important ritual of Sun worship on Chhath Puja is the offering of Arghya. Taking holy bath in rivers such as the Ganges and offering Arghya to Sun God while standing inside the water is considered very auspicious. However, this Puja can also be done at any clean place.
7. A large crowd gather around water bodies on Chhath. What measures can one take to comfortably perform the Puja?
Because a lot of people don’t prefer performing Chhath Puja at crowded river banks, the practice of performing the Puja at home is fast gaining popularity. Many people observe Chhath Vrat and offer Arghya from their courtyard or terrace. People adapt rituals with changing times and their convenience.
8. Why do mostly women observe Chhath Vrat?
It is highly usual for women natives to take extreme pains to perform various rituals and prayers for ensuring the safety and wellbeing of their family. It is associated with the sacrificial nature of women in general. Thus, most women keep this fast. However, Chhath Vrat can be performed by both men and women. Childless women observe this Vrat to be blessed with a virtuous child. Mothers observe this fast for the longevity and good health of their children.
9. Can this Puja be performed by a person of any social status or caste?
Sun does not discriminate with his subjects, and he provides his light and energy uniformly and equally upon us. There is no restriction based on Varna or caste; people from all caste and Varna can perform this Puja. People coming from all sections of society perform Chhath Puja with full devotion. Everyone participates in rituals with the spirit of togetherness and brotherhood. Those who have faith in the Sun, whatever religion or caste they come from can perform Chhath Puja.
10. Does Chhath Puja give any social message?
During Surya Shashthi Vrat, people worship the setting Sun with the same devotion as they worship the rising Sun. This provides many significant clues and insights about this unique festival. It showcases the spiritual supremacy of India in the world. This festival doesn’t discriminate on the basis of caste and treats all people equally. The bamboo baskets, which are used to offer Prasad to Sun, are made by underprivileged people of our society. All these points made the social significance of Chhath quite evident.
11. Why is there a special association of Bihar with Chhath Puja?
The unique tradition of worshipping the Sun along with Goddess Shashthi, is seen during this folk festival. Due to this very reason, Chhath Parva is closely associated with Bihar. In Bihar, the tradition of Sun worship is prevalent for ages. One can find the mention of Bihar’s many famous Surya temples in Surya Purana. Also, Bihar is the birthplace of Karna, the son of Sun. This all leads up to a special devotion for Sun in the hearts of the Bihari people.
12. What is the significance of Bihar’s Deo Surya Mandir?
The most important factor that makes this temple unique is that the main entrance of this temple opens in the west direction, while generally, Sun temples open in the east direction. It is believed that this unique Surya temple was built by the architect of God, Vishvakarma. This Surya temple is a sublime example of Hindu architecture.
13. Apart from the Kartik month, when is Chhath Puja observed in a year?
Apart from Kartik month, Chhath Vrat is also observed from Chaturthi to Saptami Tithi of Chaitra Shukla Paksha. Colloquially, this Chhath is called ‘Chaiti Chhath’.
14. During Chhath Puja, why some devotees take pains such as prostrating and reaching the river banks by rolling over the ground?
Colloquially, this practice is called ‘Kashti Dena’, which translates as ‘to take pains’. In most of cases, only those who have taken an oath or vow for various reasons perform this practice as a sign of devotion.
The Ekadashi fast is of enormous interest in the Sanatan Dharma. The Ekadashi, which occurs in the Shukla Paksha of Kartik month, is also known as Devotthan, Devauthani, or Prabodhini Ekadashi. Generally, this Ekadashi occurs after the festival of Diwali. Ashadh Devashayana on this day of Ekadashi in the Shukla paksha rise up, and hence it is known as Devotthan Ekadashi. It is considered that on this auspicious day of Ekadashi, Lord Vishnu gets up after four months of sleep in Kshirsagar. Any kind of marriage or any special functions are rarely done in these four months of Vishnu's slumber time. All the fortunate function commences after Lord Hari wakes up on Devotthan Ekadashi. Tulsi-vivah is also performed on this day, and the person who fasts on this day is said to attain BaikunthaDham.
इस पेज को हिंदी में पढ़ने के लिए “देव उठानी एकादशी” पर क्लिक करें।
Importance of Devuthani Ekadashi
In our Vedas and Puranas, there is a faith that on this Ekadashi, which occurs after Diwali, the almighty rises. So that is why all the prosperous practices like marriage, upanayana, or Graha Pravesh, etc., begins after the occasion of Devauthanigyarasi. Hence Tulsi marriage is also performed on this day of Gyarasi. Chalk is made in houses with rice flour. Lord Vishnu is worshipped between the cane canopy. Firecrackers are burned on this day. DevauthaniGyarasi is most commonly known as Chhoti Diwali. From this day of Gyarasi, the carrier of Mars gets its strength again. On this day of Kartik Shukla Ekadashi, along with the tulsi marriage, it is hoped that all the positive tasks in the house should be done sleekly. As the tulsi plant is also a portrayal of nature and is also considered as a medicinal plant, it is donated among all for it benefits everyone. After four months of sleep, awakened Lord Vishnu resumes all the auspicious works after this moment. According to the Indian Calendar, the day of Ekadashi is also actually ponderous. Hence this day is celebrated with exceptional rituals. From this day, onwards marriages and many auspicious functions start. Keeping a fast on this day is also said to be of huge importance. Women perform Tulsi marriage and renovate their lawn with khadi, and celebrates the festival with bhajans and songs.
Why is Devouthani Ekadashi celebrated?
On this day, Shri Hari wakes up. This day is called Dev Prabodhini Ekadashi or Devauthanigyarasi. All the Manglik tasks, which has been stopped for four months, also starts. According to the Vishnu Purana, Lord Vishnu annihilated a ghastly beast named Shankhasura and then the Ekadashi of Asadh Shukla Paksha, which is known as Harishayani Ekadashi in which Shri Hari slept on the bed of Sheshnag started. The awakening of Lord Vishnu after relinquishing the yoga sleep of four months means that in four months, we can reorganize the energy which we gathered from self-study and worship, into karmas which will have advantages in our lives.
The KartikPanchTirthaMahasnan starts as well, and it continues till Kartik Purnima. 'PanchabhikaVrat' starts from the Ekadashi day in the month of Kartik, in which bathing is done for five days while staying without water(nirjala). This is performed for the fulfillment of Dharma, Artha, Kama, and Moksha. According to Ekadashi Mahatyam termed in PadamPurana, the fruit of Devotthan Ekadashi fasts is equivalent to a thousand AshwameghYajna and a hundred RajasuyaYajna. Keeping a fast on Ekadashi day is knowledgeable and delightful. Having a bath in holy rivers and praying to Lord Vishnu on this day is of great importance. This fast on Ekadashi is considered to lessen the sins which we do after taking birth in this world and makes it easier for us to get the cycle of birth and death.
Benefits of donating a lamp
It is said in the testament of Devotthan Ekadashi is the Shaligram figure of Lord Vishnu and the marriage day of Goddess Vrinda, i.e., Tulsi. On this day, Lord Vishnu wakes up after a sleep of four months and resume the works of managing the universe. Lord Rudra relaxes as he is free from the task of creation during the four months of Lord Vishnu's sleep. So on this day, Lord Vishnu is worshipped with full dedication and faithfulness. On this daylight, some lamps on the roof of the house and don't keep any part of the house dark in the night as it increases happiness and well-being.
Do not pluck basil leaves
Tulsi should not be plucked from the plants on the day of Devotthan Ekadashi. On this day of Ekadashi, Shaligram form of Goddess Tulsi and Lord Vishnu were married, so Tulsi leaves should be worn on this day. Lamps should lighten up under Tulsi plants. On the next day, i.e., Dwadashi tithi, the fasting should be broken by consuming tulsi leaves, and the leaves should not be plucked by the one who was fasting, so children or elders who have not fasted should pluck the leaves.
After all, Why does Shri Hari fall asleep?
Once upon a time, his beloved Lakshmi Ji said to Lord Vishnu-Lord, you stay awake the whole day, and when you sleep, you sleep for years, and the balance of nature loses. Therefore take the lesson from it and sleep by a schedule as it will also help me. After hearing what Lakshmi Ji said, Lord Vishnu smiled and replied, 'Devi' what you have said is true and appropriate; waking up does not give rest to all the other Gods and especially to you because of my service. From today onwards, I will sleep for the four months of the rainy season, which will be called Alpnidra and Yojanidra, which will be the ultimate blessing for my followers. During this time, all the fanatic who will care for me in the spirit of my sleep, I will always stay in their homes with you and bless them.
Tulsi Shaligram marriage
The marriage of Lord Vishnu, who is also known as Shaligram and Vishupriya Tulsi, is performed on Ekadashi by women who bath in Kartik. The marriage ceremony of the Tulsi tree and Shaligram is performed under the beautiful mandap. Vishnushastram, including Namastak, is recited during the ceremony. According to the scriptures, the reason to celebrate this Tulsi-Shaligram marriage is the attainment of virtues and happy married life. In the month of Kartik, no donation is greater than donating a tulsi tree. In Prithvi Lok, Goddess Tulsi is recognized by eight names, and they are:-
Vrindavani, Vrinda, Vishvapujita, Vishvapavani, Pushpasara, Nandini, Krishnajivani, and Tulsi. In the holy offerings of Shree Hari, the Presence of Tulsi leaf is compulsory, and Tulsi leaves are offered in Lord's rosary and feet.
Devotthan Ekadashi Vrat and Puja Vidhi
Lord Vishnu is worshipped and awakened on the day of Prabhodhini Ekadashi.
• Religious deeds performed on this day are as follows-
• On this day, we are expected to get up in the morning, take a vow and do meditation on Lord Vishnu.
• Just After taking a bath and cleaning the house, the feet of Lord Vishnu are drawn in the courtyard.
• After drawing the pounder from ochre, fruit, sweet, plum, water chestnut, season fruit, and sugarcane are put in it, and it is covered with thread.
• On this day in the night, lamps and Diyas are lightened at the place of worship and also outside the house.
• Every family members of the house should worship Lord Vishnu and other deities at the night
• After this, Lord Vishnu should be awakened with the help of concha, bell-gharial, etc. And this sentence should be repeated:-Utho Deva, Baitha Deva, Anguriya Chatko Deva, New Cotton, New Cotton, Dev Raise Karthik month.
Chanting of Mantras
In Hinduism, the chanting of mantras has great importance. Almost all the predestination is done using the mantras. There is also predestination of awakening the Gods by chanting mantras, recitation, strings, bell sound, and bhajan-kirtan on the day of Devuthani Ekadashi.
This mantra is chanted
Uttistha Govind Tyaj Nidran Jagatpatye. Tvayi Supte Jagannath Jagat Suptam Bhavedidam
Uttheta Chestate Sarvamuttishottistha Madhava. Gatamegha Viachaiva Nirmalam Nirmaladishsh
Sharadanchi Pushpani Grihaan Mam Keshav.
And if the above mantra is not known or if there is not a pure accent, raise Shri Narayana by saying 'Get up deva, sit deva'. After awakening Srihari, worship him with the Shodashopachari method. Lord's Charanamrit must be taken to increase happiness and good luck. It is believed that Charanamrit destroys all diseases, and protects them from premature death, eliminates all suffering. On the day of Devothani Ekadashi, recitation and fasting of Vishnu praise, Shaligram, and Tulsi glory should be observed.
Devauthani Ekadashi: Mythological Fast Story
Once there was a king, and in his kingdom, everyone used to keep fasting on Ekadashi. on the day of Ekadashi, food was not given to anyone, including the animals. One day a man came to the King from another state and requested the King to hire him. The King agreed to hire him, but he has put a condition before him that he will get food every day to expect on the day of Ekadashi. For that time, the man accepted the King's condition, but on the day of Ekadashi, when fruits were given to the man, he disagreed with having the fruits; instead, he went to the King and pleaded with him that fruit is not sufficient for him and he will die of hunger and requested the King to give him food. After this, the King reminded him of the condition, but he didn't agree to give up on food, so the King gave me flour, daal, rice, etc. After getting the food from the King, the man, as usual, went to the river, took his bath, and started to prepare the food. After the food was cooked, he started calling God to come and have the food. On his call, God wearing Pitambar came in quadrilateral form and started eating with him with love.
The Lord became impeded after having the meal, and the man went to his work. After fifteen days, when again came the Ekadashi, the man requested the King to give him the food in double amount. After asking for a reason, he replied to the King that he remained hungry that day because God also used to eat with him, and the food was not enough for two people. After hearing this, the King was surprised and was not ready to believe the fact that God eats with the man. The King Said that he used to keep fast on Ekadashi, worship God, but God never appeared before him. After hearing this, the man said that if he is not able to believe, then he must come along with him and hide behind the tree and see everything that's happening there.
As the King wanted to check whether the man is true or not, he went near the river and hid behind the tree. As usual, the man-made the food and kept calling God till the evening, but God didn't appear. Finally, the man prayed to God that if he does not come, then he will jump into the river and die. But then also God didn't come. So he started moving towards the river to kill himself. Knowing his strong intention to give up his life, God soon appeared and stopped him from doing that, and both enjoyed the meal together. After completing the meal, God took him to his abode in his plane. Seeing this, the King realized that there is no benefit of fasting until the mind is pure. The King got a lesson from this. He, too, started fasting from the heart and finally got to heaven.
Devauthani Ekadashi Story
There was a king, and the people lived happily in his kingdom. However, no one in his kingdom ever sells 'anna' or food items; everyone only sold fruits. Once God decided to take his test, and God converted himself into a beautiful girl, and then he sat on the road. At that time only, King was passing by, and he got utterly surprised. And then he asked her, 'who are you? Why are you sitting here? Then the beautiful woman said that I am destitute and I have no identity in this city and so I could not ask for help from anyone. The King got attracted to her looks, and then he said, 'why don't you come to my palace and live there as my queen?' The beautiful lady said that 'I would listen to you only if you give all your responsibilities.
Also, I would have all rights over your kingdom. Whatever I will cook, you will eat' As King was already extremely attracted, so he agreed to all her sayings. The next day, it was Ekadashi and queen ordered to sell food at the market. She also cooked fish and mutton and asked the King to eat it. When King saw it he said, it is Ekadashi, and so he would only eat fruits. At that point only, the queen reminded him about the promise that he made, and then she said, either you eat food or else I would behead your elder son. At this point, the King decided to explain his situation and share his problem with the other queen, and so the elder queen said, 'dear King does not get sad, but you must not give up on virtue or ethics, and so she suggested sacrificing his son. At this time only, the son returned and saw tears in his mother's eye, and so he asked the reason behind it. When he came to know the reason, he agreed to sacrifice his head. He said you must respect and protect ethics and virtue.
When King agreed to do it, God Vishnu appeared and said 'I am impressed by your values, you can ask me anything as a blessing' Then King said that 'with your mercy, we do have everything, all we expect from you is to guide us'At that only, King gave his son and then the son flew in into the heavenly world.
Special things that you must perform on Devathaon Ekadashi
Let's try to understand a few important solutions:
1. On this day, you should donate milk mixed with Kesar to the almighty Lord Vishnu. If God gets happy and feels content, he would make all your wish come true
2. On this auspicious day, devotees must get up early in the morning and take a bath. If you do this, your entire family would be blessed. After that, you must also chant the pious and pure 'Gayatri Mantra', which would make your health better
3. For financial benefits, on the day of Ekadashi, you must offer any white sweets or rice pudding to the powerful Lord Vishnu. Make sure you do put 'Tulsi' in it
4. Devotees must offer coconut and almonds to Lord Vishnu consecutively for 11 Ekadashis
5. Try to wear yellow colored clothes on this day. You could also offer yellow fruit to the Almighty
6. On this day, towards evening, you must light pure Ghee Diyas and chant 'वासुदेवाय नम' eleven times and also take around. This would help you to keep your house calm and serene
7. On this day, you must collect water in 'दक्षिणावर्ती शंख' and offer to Lord Vishnu. This will impress Lord Vishnu and Maa Lakshmi
8. On this day, you must offer water to the Peepal tree and also lit some Diyas. It is believed that the peepal is the symbol of Lord Vishnu. You must perform this ritual to get over the debts
9. You must keep a picture of the statue of Lord Vishnu when you are praying. You must include some money and then keep it with you after puja
10. On this day, you must visit any spiritual place and chat Gayatri Mantra
11. On this day, if anyone proceeds with 'Tulsi- Shaligram' Marriage, he or she would be blessed for life
12. There are eight popular names, such as:
देवी तुलसी आठ नामों वृंदावनी, वृंदा, विश्वपूजिता, विश्वपावनी, पुष्पसारा, नंदिनी, कृष्णजीवनी और तुलसी. You must add Tulsi in it to make your prayers more effective
13. On this day, you must roam around the 'Tulsi' eleven times
What to do and What not to do on this day?
Things you should do:
• You must light some candles and Diyas on this day.
• You must put the light everywhere in your house.
• People could prefer 'Tulsi-Shaligram' Marriage on this day.
• You must keep fast on this day.
• You must pray to Lord Vishnu and also sing spiritual songs.
• You must offer Tulsi to Lord Vishnu.
• Married people who chant 'Tulsi Namastak' would be blessed.
• You must not consume salt on this day.
• You must also not drink water.
• You must also eat fruits.
• You must chant beautiful and effective prayers.
• You must donate food to the poor and needy.