1st House in Vedic Astrology


Although 1st House in astrology is known by many Sanskrit names, Lagna (Ascendant) and Tanu (Self) are the most common names. The names of question chart, monthly-chart, yearly-chart, and birth-chart are prefixed to ‘Lagna’ words for quick and better understanding, distinction, and clarity, viz. Prashna Lagna (Ascendant in the Question chart), Masa-Lagna (Ascendant in the monthly chart), Varsh-Lagna (Ascendant in the yearly chart), and Janma-Lagna (Ascendant at birth).

Significance of First House in Astrology 

  • The 1st House in Vedic astrology throws light on the development, event, and every aspect in life because it is the House of Self, and everything that concerns or affects the Self is co-related to this House. Nevertheless, the most important and directly related subjects to 1st House astrology are explained below:
  • Personality, complexion, physical built, general physiology, height, facial appearance, and the first impression created or made by others.
  • Physiognomy, culture, cult, habits, nature, traits and tendencies, style and walking, attitude towards self and others, sitting/eating, gesturing while talking, facial indications exposing the inner traits of action and thoughtsexposition of sexual personality (for example, while gesturing/laughing/ eating/talking/walking; some males behaving or appearing like females, while females are behaving/appearing like a masculine person).
  • Bodyweight, built of the body; special features of some particular limb of body or part, including neck/head/nose/eyes, shoulders/lips/belly/chest/waist/arms and hands/feet/thigh legs, etc.
  • Behaviour towards grandparents and parents (of self-spouse), elders and youngsters, teachers (priest/Guru), immediate family and in the wider family and towards distant relations of spouse/self; towards junior and seniors school/training institute/college/university/, co-commuters/co-workers/towards subordinates and superiors, towards partners/associates, towards employees or employers/domestic help/servants, towards the general public and other people with whom the person comes in contact with.
  • The basic instinct of dishonesty and honesty, /liberal, cruelty, or miserly attitude towards those who need compassion/help, generosity and kindness or conservativeness.
  • Paternal grandfather and maternal grandfather.
  • Natural faculty of IQ/intelligence/imagination/thinking, capacity for intuition/guess-work, to express oneself to become understandable to listeners.
  • Body part from throat/neck/upwards of chin including a skull, head, tongue, teeth, cheeks, lips, mouth, ears, eyes, the hair on the head and other parts of the face, entire mechanism, and vocal cord.
  • The 3rd child or 3rd pregnancy; 6th brother or sister.
  • Paramour of wife and mistress of husband (sexual relationship in it).
  • Tending to dominate the spouse or vice versa; domination over the opposite sex or vice versa.
  • Tolerance or participation in group orgies.
  • Capacity and courage of oratory to lecture/speak to general public/audience/gathering or lack of these qualities, capacity, and quality of imparting knowledge and teaching.
  • Order and system in the style of working/living, general cleanliness, colouring and painting, drawing, quality of handwriting, sketches, etc.
  • Vocal power, including the capacity for shouting, crying, singing, etc. 
  • Brother/Sister of son-in-law and daughter-in-law.
  • Pimples, baldness, skin ailment of any part of the cheeks/head, any other ailment of the chin, jaw bones, nose, tonsils, mouth, tongue, teeth, lips, ears, eyes, skull; external or inner injury to any of these parts; disfigurement of face or any part of the body by birth or subsequently by any injury or accident by a human being.
  • Deformity by birth/physical invalidity, by human mistake, by accident, or by human mischief.
  • Odour of the body, including that of private parts, thigh joints, armpits, mouth; its good or bad impact companion or spouse.
  • Sense of shame/shyness/modesty vis-à-vis expression on the physical gestures, face, purdah/veil/burqa for females (its use and non-use by tradition/customer/own choice.
  • Hideous and malicious behaviour/attitude (by words/thoughts/action).
  • Humane/courageous/dignified attitude/behaviour (by action, words, and thoughts).
  • Boldness mixed with tolerance and patience or absence of these qualities; the opposite of these qualities (including bragging and arrogance, insulting others).
  • Addiction to drugs/drinks from youth/childhood at an advanced age.
  • Honesty and faithfulness in conduct; behaviour and dealings with outsiders, friends, elders, Guru, teachers, and parents.
  • Exhibitive tendency.
  • Sexual impotence partial or complete, psychological/physical or both, dislike for sex despite stamina, competence, and capacity. 
  • Frigidity in females, partial or complete, psychological or physical, dislike for actual sex without any physical reasons.
  • Insanity/fickle-mindedness/madness—chronic or occasional, complete or partial, causing violence or depression.
  • Open-mindedness or secretive, if secretive, would it lead to any job related to investigations, intelligence, or spying.
  • Appearance—older/younger to one’s actual age; includes mental immaturity or maturity visibly reflecting in personality.
  • Habits influencing gulping/eating—fast or slow; light or heavy and fond of eating as if eating for living or as if living only for eating and fastidious/Critical or simple-natured about variety/quality of food/drinkable items/water.
  • Fastidious/critical/fashionable in dress, including its texture, manufacture, make, stitching, colour, quality, accepting whatever comes your way or overall presentation.
  • Critical or non-critical about eating habits/dress/style of eating by family members, spouse, outsiders, or wider family. 
  • Habit of gossip/ anecdotes, carrying stories/humours/jokes/rumours or lack of this type of habit.
  • Qualities of leadership or lack of it—partial or total.
  • Self-oriented and active worker with our without initiative; attending entrusted work only; lethargic/lazy/timer killer.
  • Eyes (small or big) communicating/impressive/expressive, sober, squint, average, or any other abnormality of the eyes.
  • Blind by birth or by any subsequent event; loss or reduction in vision in both eyes or one eye, human cruelty or natural causes, or by old age. This includes colour blindness or night blindness by birth or subsequent development, or any other causes thereof.
  • Ears—long/large/small/ deformed or well-formed, lobes distinct and joined or unjoined to the skin, any defect of hearing since birth or subsequent—attributable to any injury (intentional or accidental).
  • Deafness, partial or complete by birth or by any subsequent event; human-made or natural.
  • Back hunch, by birth or subsequent development; causes thereof. It includes any deformity or defect in legs/hand or deformity of any other body part by birth, or subsequent in development, causes thereof.
  • After-effects of diseases, like high fever, smallpox/ child polio.
  • Epilepsy, by birth or subsequent development, causes, and remedies.
  • Extra body or extra thin body by birth or by subsequent development, unlikable or likable, impacting self and others.
  • Adoption within a wider family; by outsiders; its impact on relations with brothers/sisters or parents. It includes the outcome of adoption concerning inheritance rights in the original family of birth, litigation/disputes, etc. It also includes litigation/disputes concerning inheritance in the family of adoption.
  • Impact of adoption by such persons as have own child; disputes, problems/litigation concerning inheritance.
  • Situation and status of the adopted person in the event of parents getting a successor or child of their own by natural birth after adoption; legal status of a child born by insemination some-times vis-à-vis adopted person.
  • Fondness for dancing/painting/sculpture/music/games/sports/hunting/ involvement of self or mere interest.
  • Fondness for agriculture/farming, gardening, and hobbies as involved in manual attention and labour by self and others.
  • Intellectual hobbies, such as knowledge, photography, the practice of medicine/any future telling science or any other branches. 

Important Note: Most of the subjects mentioned above come within the scope of 1st house astrology and many other houses in the birth chart. For instance—disease/illness comes under the 6th and 8th houses, adoption of a child comes under the 4th and 10th houses, disputes about inherited asses/ancestral property come under the 4th, 6th, and 9th houses. If violence escalates concerning these disputes, the 8th house is directly concerned. An endeavour has been made to refer to the other concerned houses whenever possible by explaining them as the “Referral House.” Nevertheless, one’s own experience would give a clue as to which particular Houses have to be thoroughly studied concerning a particular House. Suggestions can be had from the authors, too, if one has a genuine doubt. 

You may read more about all 12 Astrology housesPlanets in astrology and Planetary transits and its effects.